Results for 'AhtiVeikko Pietarinen'

136 found
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  1.  29
    Why Pragmaticism is Neither Mathematical Structuralism nor Fictionalism.AhtiVeikko Pietarinen - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 41:19-25.
    Despite some surface similarities, Charles Peirce’s philosophy of mathematics, pragmaticism, is incompatible with both mathematical structuralism and fictionalism. Pragmaticism has to do with experimentation and observation concerning the forms of relations in diagrammatic and iconic representations ofmathematical entities. It does not presuppose mathematical foundations although it has these representations as its objects of study. But these objects do have a reality which structuralism and fictionalism deny.
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  2.  16
    Peirce’s Contributions to Possible-Worlds Semantics.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2006 - Studia Logica 82 (3):345-369.
    A century ago, Charles S. Peirce proposed a logical approach to modalities that came close to possible-worlds semantics. This paper investigates his views on modalities through his diagrammatic logic of Existential Graphs. The contribution of the GAMMA part of EGs to the study of modalities is examined. Some ramifications of Peirce's remarks are presented and placed into a contemporary perspective. An appendix is included that provides a transcription with commentary of Peirce's unpublished manuscript on modality from 1901.
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  3.  58
    New Light on Peirce's Conceptions of Retroduction, Deduction, and Scientific Reasoning.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen & Francesco Bellucci - 2014 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (4):353-373.
    We examine Charles S. Peirce's mature views on the logic of science, especially as contained in his later and still mostly unpublished writings. We focus on two main issues. The first concerns Peirce's late conception of retroduction. Peirce conceived inquiry as performed in three stages, which correspond to three classes of inferences: abduction or retroduction, deduction, and induction. The question of the logical form of retroduction, of its logical justification, and of its methodology stands out as the three major threads (...)
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  4.  23
    Exploring the Beta Quadrant.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2015 - Synthese 192 (4):941-970.
    The theory of existential graphs, which Peirce ultimately divided into four quadrants , is a rich method of analysis in the philosophy of logic. Its $$\upbeta $$ β -part boasts a diagrammatic theory of quantification, which by 1902 Peirce had used in the logical analysis of natural-language expressions such as complex donkey-type anaphora, quantificational patterns describing new mathematical concepts, and cognitive information processing. In the $$\upbeta $$ β -quadrant, he came close to inventing independence-friendly logic, the idea of which he (...)
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  5.  28
    Two Papers on Existential Graphs by Charles Peirce.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2015 - Synthese 192 (4):881-922.
    The following two articles comprise two sets of Charles Peirce’s manuscripts, “Recent Developments of Existential Graphs and their Consequences for Logic” (MS 498, MS 499, MS 490 & S-36, 1906) and “Assurance through Reasoning” (MS 669 & MS 670, 1911), written for the National Academy of Sciences meetings in 1906 and 1911. The papers are deposited at Houghton Library, Harvard University. Only some parts of MS 470 have been published before, and in somewhat defective form. Although “Assurance” follows “Recent Developments” (...)
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  6.  27
    To Peirce Hintikka’s Thoughts.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2019 - Logica Universalis 13 (2):241-262.
    This paper compares Peirce’s and Hintikka’s logical philosophies and identifies a cross-section of similarities in their thoughts in the areas of action-first epistemology, pragmaticist meaning, philosophy of science, and philosophy of logic and mathematics.
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  7.  49
    Existential Graphs: What a Diagrammatic Logic of Cognition Might Look Like.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2011 - History and Philosophy of Logic 32 (3):265-281.
    This paper examines the contemporary philosophical and cognitive relevance of Charles Peirce's diagrammatic logic of existential graphs (EGs), the ?moving pictures of thought?. The first part brings to the fore some hitherto unknown details about the reception of EGs in the early 1900s that took place amidst the emergence of modern conceptions of symbolic logic. In the second part, philosophical aspects of EGs and their contributions to contemporary logical theory are pointed out, including the relationship between iconic logic and images, (...)
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  8. Peirce's Pragmatic Theory of Proper Names.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2010 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 46 (3):341-363.
    Charles Peirce's theory of proper names is intimately connected to a number of central topics in contemporary philosophy of language and logic. Several papers have appeared in the past in which Peirce's theory of names has been attested to be a precursor of the causal-historical theory of reference.2 The causal-historical theory in turn has customarily been pigeonholed as the 'new' theories of reference that have been emerging since the 1950s (Devitt 1981; Donellan 1966; Kripke 1980; Marcus 1950; Putnam 1973). Among (...)
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  9.  96
    Intentional Identity Revisited.Ahti Pietarinen - 2001 - Nordic Journal of Philosophical Logic 6 (2):147-188.
    The problem of intentional identity, as originally offered by Peter Geach, says that there can be an anaphoric link between an indefinite term and a pronoun across a sentential boundary and across...
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  10.  19
    The Science to Save Us From Philosophy of Science.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2015 - Axiomathes 25 (2):149-166.
    Are knowledge and belief pivotal in science, as contemporary epistemology and philosophy of science nearly universally take them to be? I defend the view that scientists are not primarily concerned with knowing and that the methods of arriving at scientific hypotheses, models and scenarios do not commit us having stable beliefs about them. Instead, what drives scientific discovery is ignorance that scientists can cleverly exploit. Not an absence or negation of knowledge, ignorance concerns fundamental uncertainty, and is brought out by (...)
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  11.  13
    Assertion and Denial: A Contribution From Logical Notations.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen & Francesco Bellucci - 2017 - Journal of Applied Logic 25:1-22.
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  12. Compositionality, Relevance, and Peirce’s Logic of Existential Graphs.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2005 - Axiomathes 15 (4):513-540.
    Charles S. Peirce’s pragmatist theory of logic teaches us to take the context of utterances as an indispensable logical notion without which there is no meaning. This is not a spat against compositionality per se , since it is possible to posit extra arguments to the meaning function that composes complex meaning. However, that method would be inappropriate for a realistic notion of the meaning of assertions. To accomplish a realistic notion of meaning (as opposed e.g. to algebraic meaning), Sperber (...)
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  13.  59
    Peirce’s Contributions to Possible-Worlds Semantics.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2006 - Studia Logica 82 (3):345 - 369.
    A century ago, Charles S. Peirce proposed a logical approach to modalities that came close to possible-worlds semantics. This paper investigates his views on modalities through his diagrammatic logic of Existential Graphs (EGs). The contribution of the gamma part of EGs to the study of modalities is examined. Some ramifications of Peirce’s remarks are presented and placed into a contemporary perspective. An appendix is included that provides a transcription with commentary of Peirce’s unpublished manuscript on modality from 1901.
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  14.  77
    Grice in the Wake of Peirce.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2004 - Pragmatics and Cognition 12 (2):295-316.
    I argue that many of the pragmatic notions that are commonly attributed to 1-1. P. Grice, or are reported to be inspired by his work on pragmatics, such as assertion, conventional implicature, cooperation, common ground, common knowledge, presuppositions and conversational strategies, have their origins in C. S. Peirce's theory of signs and his pragmatic logic and philosophy. Both Grice and Peirce rooted their theories in normative rationality, anti-psychologism and the relevance of assertions. With respect to the post-Gricean era of pragmatics, (...)
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  15.  13
    Signs Systematically Studied: Invitation to Peirce’s Theory.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2015 - Sign Systems Studies 43 (4):372-398.
    This introductory presentation reviews noteworthy topics and concepts in Peirce’s interrelated kingdoms of the theory of signs, their classification, categories, logic and semeiotic.
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  16.  22
    Cultivating Habits of Reason: Peirce and the Logica Utens Versus Logica Docens Distinction.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2005 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 22 (4):357 - 372.
  17. Games in Philosophical Logic.Ahti Pietarinen & Gabriel Sandu - 1999 - Nordic Journal of Philosophical Logic 4:143-174.
  18.  51
    Games as Formal Tools Versus Games as Explanations in Logic and Science.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2003 - Foundations of Science 8 (4):317-364.
    This paper addresses the theoretical notion of a game as it arisesacross scientific inquiries, exploring its uses as a technical andformal asset in logic and science versus an explanatory mechanism. Whilegames comprise a widely used method in a broad intellectual realm(including, but not limited to, philosophy, logic, mathematics,cognitive science, artificial intelligence, computation, linguistics,physics, economics), each discipline advocates its own methodology and aunified understanding is lacking. In the first part of this paper, anumber of game theories in formal studies are critically (...)
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  19.  25
    The World as Active Power: Studies in the History of European Reason.Juhani Pietarinen & Valtteri Viljanen (eds.) - 2009 - Brill.
    This collection of essays discusses a central feature of European philosophy: the idea of a universal active power as the ultimate world-explanation.
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  20.  11
    On the Logical Philosophy of Assertive Graphs.Daniele Chiffi & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2020 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 29 (4):375-397.
    The logic of assertive graphs is a modification of Peirce’s logic of existential graphs, which is intuitionistic and which takes assertions as its explicit object of study. In this paper we extend AGs into a classical graphical logic of assertions whose internal logic is classical. The characteristic feature is that both AGs and ClAG retain deep-inference rules of transformation. Unlike classical EGs, both AGs and ClAG can do so without explicitly introducing polarities of areas in their language. We then compare (...)
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  21.  44
    Significs and the Origins of Analytic Philosophy.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2009 - Journal of the History of Ideas 70 (3):467-490.
    In this article I bring to light a group of scientific and philosophical ideas and intellectual currents from the early era of the significs movement, contemporaneous with the origins of early analytic philosophy. Significs was a strong candidate for the science of language, meaning, and communication during the new century. Its heyday coincided with the forums of the Vienna Circle, yet its intellectual and cultural climate persisted until fading in the turmoil of the mid-century's analytic thought.
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  22.  1
    To Peirce Hintikka’s Thoughts.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2019 - Logica Universalis 13 (2):241-262.
    This paper compares Peirce’s and Hintikka’s logical philosophies and identifies a cross-section of similarities in their thoughts in the areas of action-first epistemology, pragmaticist meaning, philosophy of science, and philosophy of logic and mathematics.
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  23.  17
    Grice in the Wake of Peirce.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2004 - Pragmatics and Cognition 12 (2):295-315.
    I argue that many of the pragmatic notions that are commonly attributed to H. P. Grice, or are reported to be inspired by his work on pragmatics, such as assertion, conventional implicature, cooperation, common ground, common knowledge, presuppositions and conversational strategies, have their origins in C. S. Peirce's theory of signs and his pragmatic logic and philosophy. Both Grice and Peirce rooted their theories in normative rationality, anti-psychologism and the relevance of assertions. With respect to the post-Gricean era of pragmatics, (...)
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  24.  20
    Reprint Of: Assertion and Denial: A Contribution From Logical Notations.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen & Francesco Bellucci - 2017 - Journal of Applied Logic 25:S3-S24.
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  25.  53
    Interdisciplinarity and Peirce's Classification of the Sciences: A Centennial Reassessment.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2006 - Perspectives on Science 14 (2):127-152.
    : This paper discusses the American scientist and philosopher Charles S. Peirce's (1839–1914) classification of the sciences from the contemporary perspective of interdisciplinary studies. Three theses are defended: (1) Studies on interdisciplinarity pertain to the intermediate class of Peirce's classification of all science, the sciences of review (retrospective science), ranking below the sciences of discovery (heuretic sciences) and above practical science (the arts). (2) Scientific research methods adopted by interdisciplinary inquiries are cross-categorial. Making them converge to an increasing extent with (...)
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  26.  35
    Christine Ladd-Franklin's and Victoria Welby's Correspondence with Charles Peirce.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2013 - Semiotica 2013 (196):139-161.
    Journal Name: Semiotica - Journal of the International Association for Semiotic Studies / Revue de l'Association Internationale de Sémiotique Volume: 2013 Issue: 196 Pages: 139-161.
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  27.  15
    On the Possibilities of Philosophical Research: Remembering Jaakko Hintikka.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2016 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 4 (1):132-155.
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  28.  11
    Lawlikeness, Analogy, and Inductive Logic.Juhani Pietarinen - 1972 - Amsterdam: North-Holland Pub. Co..
  29. The Composition of Concepts and Peirce's Pragmatic Logic.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2005 - In M. Wening, E. Machery & G. Schurz (eds.), The Compositionality of Concepts and Meanings: Foundational Issues. Ontos. pp. 247--270.
     
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  30.  27
    Gamma Graph Calculi for Modal Logics.Minghui Ma & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2018 - Synthese 195 (8):3621-3650.
    We describe Peirce’s 1903 system of modal gamma graphs, its transformation rules of inference, and the interpretation of the broken-cut modal operator. We show that Peirce proposed the normality rule in his gamma system. We then show how various normal modal logics arise from Peirce’s assumptions concerning the broken-cut notation. By developing an algebraic semantics we establish the completeness of fifteen modal logics of gamma graphs. We show that, besides logical necessity and possibility, Peirce proposed an epistemic interpretation of the (...)
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  31.  45
    Abductive Inference Within a Pragmatic Framework.Daniele Chiffi & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - forthcoming - Synthese:1-17.
    This paper presents an enrichment of the Gabbay–Woods schema of Peirce’s 1903 logical form of abduction with illocutionary acts, drawing from logic for pragmatics and its resources to model justified assertions. It analyses the enriched schema and puts it into the perspective of Peirce’s logic and philosophy.
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  32.  14
    Recent Studies on Signs: Commentary and Perspectives.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2015 - Sign Systems Studies 43 (4):616-650.
    In this commentary, I reply to the fourteen papers published in the Sign Systems Studies special issue on Peirce’s Theory of Signs, with a view on connecting some of their central themes and theses and in putting some of the key points in those papers into a wider perspective of Peirce’s logic and philosophy.
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  33.  18
    Existential Graphs as an Instrument of Logical Analysis: Part I. Alpha.Francesco Bellucci & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2016 - Review of Symbolic Logic 9 (2):209-237.
    Peirce considered the principal business of logic to be the analysis of reasoning. He argued that the diagrammatic system of Existential Graphs, which he had invented in 1896, carries the logical analysis of reasoning to the furthest point possible. The present paper investigates the analytic virtues of the Alpha part of the system, which corresponds to the sentential calculus. We examine Peirce’s proposal that the relation of illation is the primitive relation of logic and defend the view that this idea (...)
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  34.  30
    Peirce’s Calculi for Classical Propositional Logic.Minghui Ma & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2020 - Review of Symbolic Logic 13 (3):509-540.
    This article investigates Charles Peirce’s development of logical calculi for classical propositional logic in 1880–1896. Peirce’s 1880 work on the algebra of logic resulted in a successful calculus for Boolean algebra. This calculus, denoted byPC, is here presented as a sequent calculus and not as a natural deduction system. It is shown that Peirce’s aim was to presentPCas a sequent calculus. The law of distributivity, which Peirce states in 1880, is proved using Peirce’s Rule, which is a residuation, inPC. The (...)
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  35.  26
    Let Us Investigate! Dynamic Conjecture-Making as the Formal Logic of Abduction.Minghui Ma & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 47 (6):913-945.
    We present a dynamic approach to Peirce’s original construal of abductive logic as a logic of conjecture making, and provide a new decidable, contraction-free and cut-free proof system for the dynamic logic of abductive inferences with neighborhood semantics. Our formulation of the dynamic logic of abduction follows the philosophical and scientific track that led Peirce to his late, post-1903 characterization of abductive conclusions as investigands, namely invitations to investigate propositions conjectured at the level of pre-beliefs.
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  36.  22
    Propositional Logic of Imperfect Information: Foundations and Applications.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2001 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 42 (4):193-210.
    I will show that the semantic structure of a new imperfect-information propositional logic can be described in terms of extensive forms of semantic games. I will discuss some ensuing properties of these games such as imperfect recall, informational consistency, and team playing. Finally, I will suggest a couple of applications that arise in physics, and most notably in quantum theory and quantum logics.
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  37.  39
    Simplex Sigillum Veri: Peano, Frege, and Peirce on the Primitives of Logic.Francesco Bellucci, Amirouche Moktefi & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2018 - History and Philosophy of Logic 39 (1):80-95.
    We propose a reconstruction of the constellation of problems and philosophical positions on the nature and number of the primitives of logic in four authors of the nineteenth century logical scene: Peano, Padoa, Frege and Peirce. We argue that the proposed reconstruction forces us to recognize that it is in at least four different senses that a notation can be said to be simpler than another, and we trace the origins of these four senses in the writings of these authors. (...)
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  38.  27
    Clinical Equipoise and Moral Leeway: An Epistemological Stance.Daniele Chiffi & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2019 - Topoi 38 (2):447-456.
    Clinical equipoise has been proposed as an ethical principle relating uncertainty and moral leeway in clinical research. Although CE has traditionally been indicated as a necessary condition for a morally justified introduction of a new RCT, questions related to the interpretation of this principle remain woefully open. Recent proposals to rehabilitate CE have divided the bioethical community on its ethical merits. This paper presents a new argument that brings out the epistemological difficulties we encounter in justifying CE as a principle (...)
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  39. The Place of Logic in Pragmatism.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2008 - Cognitio 9 (2)):247.
     
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  40.  10
    Assertive Graphs.F. Bellucci, D. Chiffi & A.-V. Pietarinen - 2018 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 28 (1):72-91.
    Peirce and Frege both distinguished between the propositional content of an assertion and the assertion of a propositional content, but with different notational means. We present a modification of Peirce’s graphical method of logic that can be used to reason about assertions in a manner similar to Peirce’s original method. We propose a new system of Assertive Graphs, which unlike the tradition that follows Frege involves no ad hoc sign of assertion. We show that axioms of intuitionistic logic can be (...)
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  41.  27
    From Mitchell to Carus: Fourteen Years of Logical Graphs in the Making.Francesco Bellucci & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2016 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 52 (4):539.
    It is well-known that by 1882, Peirce, influenced by Cayley’s, Clifford’s and Sylvester’s works on algebraic invariants and by the chemical analogy, had already achieved something like a diagrammatic treatment of quantificational logic of relatives. The details of that discovery and its implications to some wider issues in logical theory merit further investigation, however. This paper provides a reconstruction of the genesis of Peirce’s logical graphs from the early 1880s until 1896, covering the period of time during which he already (...)
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  42.  19
    Independence-Friendly Logic and Games of Incomplete Information.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2006 - In Johan van Benthem, Gerhard Heinzman, M. Rebushi & H. Visser (eds.), The Age of Alternative Logics. Springer. pp. 243--259.
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  43.  28
    If Logic, Game-Theoretical Semantics, and the Philosophy of Science.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen & Gabriel Sandu - 2004 - In S. Rahman J. Symons (ed.), Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science. Kluwer Academic Publisher. pp. 105--138.
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  44.  59
    Logic, Language Games and Ludics.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2003 - Acta Analytica 18 (30/31):89-123.
    Wittgenstein’s language games can be put into a wider service by virtue of elements they share with some contemporary opinions concerning logic and the semantics of computation. I will give two examples: manifestations of language games and their possible variations in logical studies, and their role in some of the recent developments in computer science. It turns out that the current paradigm of computation that Girard termed Ludics bears a striking resemblance to members of language games. Moreover, the kind of (...)
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  45.  16
    Fundamental Uncertainty and Values.Daniele Chiffi & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (3):1027-1037.
    This paper explores the intertwining of uncertainty and values. We consider an important but underexplored field of fundamental uncertainty and values in decision-making. Some proposed methodologies to deal with fundamental uncertainty have included potential surprise theory, scenario planning and hypothetical retrospection. We focus on the principle of uncertainty transduction in hypothetical retrospection as an illustrative case of how values interact with fundamental uncertainty. We show that while uncertainty transduction appears intuitive in decision contexts it nevertheless fails in important ranges of (...)
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  46.  16
    Proof Analysis of Peirce’s Alpha System of Graphs.Minghui Ma & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2017 - Studia Logica 105 (3):625-647.
    Charles Peirce’s alpha system \ is reformulated into a deep inference system where the rules are given in terms of deep graphical structures and each rule has its symmetrical rule in the system. The proof analysis of \ is given in terms of two embedding theorems: the system \ and Brünnler’s deep inference system for classical propositional logic can be embedded into each other; and the system \ and Gentzen sequent calculus \ can be embedded into each other.
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  47.  15
    Semantic Games in Logic and Epistemology.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2004 - In S. Rahman J. Symons (ed.), Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science. Kluwer Academic Publisher. pp. 57--103.
  48.  30
    Conatus as Active Power in Hobbes.Juhani Pietarinen - 2001 - Hobbes Studies 14 (1):71-82.
    The idea of active power played central role in the 17th Century philosophy and science. The idea is as follows: if not prevented, bodies necessarily do certain things in virtue of their power. This kind of thought naturally arose from what might properly be called the law of persistence, according to which moving bodies continue their motion unchanged if no new external force intervenes.1 What bodies do in virtue of their power was called actions, and in terms of actions such (...)
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  49.  8
    Peirce's Diagrammatic Logic in IF Perspective.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2004 - In A. Blackwell, K. Marriott & A. Shimojima (eds.), Diagrammatic Representation and Inference. Springer. pp. 97--111.
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  50.  5
    The Evolution of Semantics and Language‑Games for Meaning.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2006 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 7 (1):79-104.
    To understand evolutionary aspects of communication is to understand the evolutionary development of the meaning relations between language and the world. Such meaning relations are established by the application of the interactive systems of semantic games. Subsumed under the evolutionary framework of repeated games, semantics in such games refers to the cases in which stable meanings survive populations of strategically interacting players. The viability of compositionality, common ground and salience in such evolutionary games is assessed. Foundationally, the discussion is rooted (...)
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