16 found
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  1.  14
    The Time Course of Conflict on the Cognitive Reflection Test.Eoin Travers, Jonathan J. Rolison & Aidan Feeney - 2016 - Cognition 150:109-118.
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  2.  23
    When Some is Actually All: Scalar Inferences in Face-Threatening Contexts.Jean-François Bonnefon, Aidan Feeney & Gaëlle Villejoubert - 2009 - Cognition 112 (2):249-258.
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  3.  70
    Background Beliefs and Evidence Interpretation.Aidan Feeney, Jonathan StB. T. Evans & John Clibbens - 2000 - Thinking and Reasoning 6 (2):97-124.
    In this paper we argue that it is often adaptive to use one's background beliefs when interpreting information that, from a normative point of view, is incomplete. In both of the experiments reported here participants were presented with an item possessing two features and were asked to judge, in the light of some evidence concerning the features, to which of two categories it was more likely that the item belonged. It was found that when participants received evidence relevant to just (...)
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  4. Inductive Reasoning: Experimental, Developmental, and Computational Approaches.Aidan Feeney & Evan Heit (eds.) - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Without inductive reasoning, we couldn't generalize from one instance to another, derive scientific hypotheses, or predict that the sun will rise again tomorrow morning. Despite the widespread nature of inductive reasoning, books on this topic are rare. Indeed, this is the first book on the psychology of inductive reasoning in twenty years. The chapters survey recent advances in the study of inductive reasoning and address questions about how it develops, the role of knowledge in induction, how best to model people's (...)
     
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  5.  47
    Properties of the Diversity Effect in Category-Based Inductive Reasoning.Aidan Feeney & Evan Heit - 2011 - Thinking and Reasoning 17 (2):156 - 181.
    Four experiments investigated how people judge the plausibility of category-based arguments, focusing on the diversity effect, in which arguments with diverse premise categories are considered particularly strong. In Experiment 1 we show that priming people as to the nature of the blank property determines whether sensitivity to diversity is observed. In Experiment 2 we find that people's hypotheses about the nature of the blank property predict judgements of argument strength. In Experiment 3 we examine the effect of our priming methodology (...)
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  6.  4
    Do Development and Learning Really Decrease Memory? On Similarity and Category-Based Induction in Adults and Children.Catherine Wilburn & Aidan Feeney - 2008 - Cognition 106 (3):1451-1464.
  7.  90
    Rarity, Pseudodiagnosticity and Bayesian Reasoning.Simon Venn, Jonathan Evans & Aidan Feeney - 2008 - Thinking and Reasoning 14 (3):209-230.
    Three experiments investigated the effect of rarity on people's selection and interpretation of data in a variant of the pseudodiagnosticity task. For familiar (Experiment 1) but not for arbitrary (Experiment 3) materials, participants were more likely to select evidence so as to complete a likelihood ratio when the initial evidence they received was a single likelihood concerning a rare feature. This rarity effect with familiar materials was replicated in Experiment 2 where it was shown that participants were relatively insensitive to (...)
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  8.  11
    The Development of the Experience and Anticipation of Regret.Teresa McCormack & Aidan Feeney - 2015 - Cognition and Emotion 29 (2):266-280.
  9.  8
    And Causal Claims.Aidan Feeney & SimonJ Handley - 2011 - In Christoph Hoerl, Teresa McCormack & Sarah R. Beck (eds.), Understanding Counterfactuals, Understanding Causation. Oxford University Press. pp. 242.
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  10.  16
    Simple Heuristics: From One Infinite Regress to Another?Aidan Feeney - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):749-750.
    Gigerenzer, Todd, and the ABC Research Group argue that optimisation under constraints leads to an infinite regress due to decisions about how much information to consider when deciding. In certain cases, however, their fast and frugal heuristics lead instead to an endless series of decisions about how best to decide.
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  11.  51
    Inductive Reasoning and Semantic Cognition: More Than Just Different Names for the Same Thing?Aidan Feeney, Aimee K. Crisp & Catherine J. Wilburn - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (6):715-716.
    We describe evidence that certain inductive phenomena are associated with IQ, that different inductive phenomena emerge at different ages, and that the effects of causal knowledge on induction are decreased under conditions of memory load. On the basis of this evidence we argue that there is more to inductive reasoning than semantic cognition.
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  12.  6
    Knowing When to Hold ‘Em: Regret and the Relation Between Missed Opportunities and Risk Taking in Children, Adolescents and Adults.Aidan Feeney, Eoin Travers, Eimear O’Connor, Sarah R. Beck & Teresa McCormack - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (3):608-615.
    ABSTRACTRegret over missed opportunities leads adults to take more risks. Given recent evidence that the ability to experience regret impacts decisions made by 6-year-olds, and pronounced interest in the antecedents to risk taking in adolescence, we investigated the age at which a relationship between missed opportunities and risky decision-making emerges, and whether that relationship changes at different points in development. Six- and 8-year-olds, adolescents and adults completed a sequential risky decision-making task on which information about missed opportunities was available. Children (...)
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  13.  11
    Deciding Between Theories of How Reasoning Develops is Hard.Aidan Feeney & Catherine Wilburn - 2008 - Cognition 108 (2):507-511.
  14.  12
    Norms and High-Level Cognition: Consequences, Trends, and Antidotes.Simon McNair & Aidan Feeney - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (5):260-261.
    We are neither as pessimistic nor as optimistic as Elqayam & Evans (E&E). The consequences of normativism have not been uniformly disastrous, even among the examples they consider. However, normativism won't be going away any time soon and in the literature on causal Bayes nets new debates about normativism are emerging. Finally, we suggest that to concentrate on expert reasoners as an antidote to normativism may limit the contribution of research on thinking to basic psychological science.
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  15.  7
    The Engine of Thought is a Hybrid: Roles of Associative and Structured Knowledge in Reasoning.Aimée K. Bright & Aidan Feeney - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (6):2082-2102.
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  16.  12
    Semifactual: Byrne's Account of Even-If.Simon J. Handley & Aidan Feeney - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (5-6):458-459.
    Byrne's approach to the semifactual conditional captures the reasoning data. However, we argue that it does not account for the processes or principles by which people arrive at representations of even-if conditionals, upon which their reasoning is said to be based. Drawing upon recent work on the suppositional conditional we present such an account.
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