26 found
Order:
See also
  1.  47
    Libertarian approaches to the COVID‐19 pandemic.Susumu Cato & Akira Inoue - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (4):445-452.
    Bioethics, Volume 36, Issue 4, Page 445-452, May 2022.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  2.  58
    Luck vs. Capability? Testing Egalitarian Theories.Akira Inoue, Kazumi Shimizu, Daisuke Udagawa & Yoshiki Wakamatsu - 2019 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 10 (4):809-823.
    The issue of distributive justice receives substantial amount of attention in our society. On the one hand, we are sensitive to whether and the extent to which people are responsible for being worse off. On the other hand, we are mindful of society’s worst-off members. There has been a debate over luck egalitarianism, which relates to the former concern, and relational egalitarianism, which echoes the latter. By investigating the psychological processes of these two concerns, this paper examines the reliability of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  3.  41
    Can Luck Egalitarianism Serve as a Basis for Distributive Justice? A Critique of Kok-Chor Tan’s Institutional Luck Egalitarianism.Akira Inoue - 2016 - Law and Philosophy 35 (4):391-414.
    This paper examines whether Kok-Chor Tan’s institutional luck egalitarianism is successful as a pluralist luck egalitarian theory of justice and morality. In recent years, pluralist luck egalitarianism has become a salient theory of justice. Tan’s pluralist proposal for institutional luck egalitarianism is attractive because it seems to refute the metaphysical and practical challenges against luck egalitarianism. This paper demonstrates that, although Tan’s institutional luck egalitarianism is indeed a most sophisticated systematic pluralist theory of justice and morality, his argument fails because (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  4.  5
    Refund: a defense of luck egalitarian policy in healthcare.Masahiro Yoshida & Akira Inoue - 2024 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 45 (1):25-40.
    Luck egalitarianism assigns a central role to personal responsibility in egalitarian justice. In the context of healthcare, luck egalitarianism is the view that the distribution of medical and healthcare resources—or common resources in general—should respond to the (im)prudence of individuals. Recently, Joar Björk, Gert Helgesson, and Niklas Juth have argued that it is impractical to use luck egalitarianism as a normative framework in healthcare because it has no reasonable way of dealing with the imprudent. In response to their argument, this (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  40
    The Harshness Objection is Not (too) Harsh for Luck Egalitarianism.Akira Inoue - 2022 - Philosophia 50 (5):2571-2583.
    The harshness objection is the most important challenge to luck egalitarianism. Very recently, Andreas Albertsen and Lasse Nielsen provided a scrupulous analysis of the harshness objection and claim that only the inconsistency objection—the objection that luck egalitarianism is incompatible with the ideal of basic moral equality—has real bite. I argue that the relevantly construed incoherence objection is not as strong as Albertsen and Nielsen believe. In doing so, first, I show that the deontological luck egalitarian conception of equal treatment does (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  12
    The Proper Scope of the All-Subjected Principle.Akira Inoue - forthcoming - Political Studies Review:1-9.
    This article shows that the democratic borders argument is defensible, albeit not in the way Arash Abizadeh proposes. The democratic borders argument depends on the All-Subjected Principle, according to which the exercise of political power is justified only insofar as everyone who is subjected to that power is guaranteed a right to vote. According to the so-called “scope objection,” the scope of the All-Subjected Principle is too broad, however, and therefore, the argument can be refuted by reductio ad absurdum. Here (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  12
    A Lockean Theory of Climate Justice for Food Security.Akira Inoue - 2023 - The Journal of Ethics 27 (2):151-172.
    This paper argues that the Lockean proviso can be utilized as a relevant principle of justice for food security under global climate change. Since reducing GHG emissions is key to enhancing food security, we suggest a global food security scheme that systematically allots, among all people, access to GHG sinks in food systems impacted by global climate change. For consideration of the scheme, it is important to have a principle of justice. Furthermore, it should incorporate the value of fairness. A (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  16
    The Trolley Problem and the Ethics of Autonomous Vehicles in the Eyes of the Public: Experimental Evidence.Akira Inoue, Kazumi Shimizu, Daisuke Udagawa & Yoshiki Wakamatsu - 2022 - In David Černý, Ryan Jenkins & Tomáš Hříbek (eds.), Autonomous Vehicles Ethics: Beyond the Trolley Problem. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 80-98.
    The trolley problem is a classic thought experiment that evokes an ethical dilemma. Thomson’s “bystander” and “footbridge” versions of the trolley problem induce different intuitive judgments about what to choose in the ethical dilemma. However, we can question how robust these intuitive judgments are. We thus conducted an online survey experiment of Thomson’s versions of the trolley problem which showed that more respondents tended to choose not pulling the lever in the bystander version and pushing a person off the bridge (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  26
    A Defense of Pluralist Egalitarianism under Severe Uncertainty: Axiomatic Characterization.Akira Inoue & Kaname Miyagishima - 2022 - Wiley: Journal of Political Philosophy 30 (3):370-394.
    Journal of Political Philosophy, Volume 30, Issue 3, Page 370-394, September 2022.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  9
    Making the Veil of Ignorance Work: Evidence from Survey Experiments.Akira Inoue, Masahiro Zenkyo & Haruya Sakamoto - 2021 - In Tania Lombrozo, Joshua Knobe & Shaun Nichols (eds.), Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy Volume 4. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 53-80.
    This chapter purports to give empirical feedback on impartial reasoning to justice by using online survey experiments. More precisely, the study focuses on whether and how the different conceptions of the veil of ignorance and John Rawls’s method of reflective equilibrium affect real people’s impartial reasoning to justice. The findings show that, while ordinary people support impartial reasoning to the difference principle (maximin), their endorsement of it echoes neither John Harsanyi’s nor Rawls’s reasoning. The results illuminate that findings in human (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  5
    Are good leaders truly good?Susumu Cato & Akira Inoue - 2023 - Analysis 83 (3):437-446.
    This paper offers a new insight on the Condorcet Jury Theorem (CJT) in the theory of epistemic democracy. This theorem states that democratic decision-making leads us to correct outcomes under certain assumptions. One key assumption is the ‘independence condition’, which requires that voters form their beliefs independently when they vote. This paper examines the role of an opinion leader as an informational source, which potentially violates independence. We demonstrate that voters’ beliefs may be correlated in the presence of the leader, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  11
    Beyond a Strictly Political Liberalism?Akira Inoue - 2008 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 2 (3):1-6.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. Bi to bijutsu.Akira Inoue - 1973
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  57
    Can a right of self-ownership be robust?Akira Inoue - 2007 - Law and Philosophy 26 (6):575-587.
    According to a renowned left-libertarian, Michael Otsuka, a libertarian right of self-ownership can be so robust that one need not sacrifice the use of one's mind and body to help others. In this article, I demonstrate that Otsuka's way of reconciling this robust conception of self-ownership with equality is not appealing and, at best, would provide limited guidance in the face of real-life uncertainty.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  15.  2
    Commentary: Justice, Fairness, and Deliberative Democracy in Health Care.Akira Inoue - 2014 - In The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 579–585.
    First, the author argues that Daniels and Sabin’s way of setting priorities in healthcare is implausible. Daniels and Sanin think there is a lack of consensus on comprehensive principle(s) of justice that can resolve the issue of priority-setting in healthcare. Nevertheless, their argument appeals to the deliberative democracy-based idea of accountability for reasonableness that involve the conception of justice construed naturally as comprehensive. The author then proposes a comprehensive conception of justice, an equal opportunity-based principle of justice, with which the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  88
    Discussion note: Beyond a strictly political liberalism? Critical response to Abbey.Akira Inoue - manuscript
    of (from Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy).
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. Geijutsuron.Akira Inoue - 1984 - Tōkyō: Kokubunsha.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. How Broad is the Scope of Sunstein's and Thaler’s Theory?Akira Inoue, Kazumi Shimizu, Daisuke Udagawa & Yoshiki Wakamatsu - 2016 - Australian Journal of Legal Philosophy 41:1-14.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  3
    Inequalities, responsibility and rational capacities: A defence of responsibility-sensitive egalitarianism.Akira Inoue - 2016 - Australian Journal of Political Science 51 (1):86-101.
    This article aims to defend responsibility-sensitive egalitarianism by arguing for the rational capacities-based principle of responsibility as a plausible conception of an agent's responsibility for inequalities caused by his or her choice in responsibility-sensitive egalitarianism. I show that the rational capacities-based principle of responsibility is not only philosophically defensible as a conception of genuine choice, but also promising enough to ward off two common worries which cast doubt on responsibility-sensitive egalitarianism (qua luck egalitarianism): first, the rational capacities-based principle of responsibility (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  13
    In the Shadow of Justice: Postwar Liberalism and the Remaking of Political Philosophy by Katrina Forrester.Akira Inoue - 2021 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 59 (3):527-528.
    In the Shadow of Justice presents a powerful reconstruction of Anglophone political philosophy. Although the central focus of the book is on the origin and influence of John Rawls's theory of justice, it also uncovers the significance of British political theories in ways that contrast them with the Rawlsian liberal egalitarian idea. The book is, thus, a work of intellectual history that engages with the traditions of normative political theories.By referring extensively to the literature of philosophy, political science, economics, sociology, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  19
    Keith Dowding, Power, Luck and Freedom: Collected Essays: Manchester: Manchester University Press. 2017. ISBN 978-1-5261-0456-4, Pbk £24.99.Akira Inoue - 2019 - Journal of Value Inquiry 53 (4):657-662.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  4
    Keith Dowding, Power, Luck and Freedom: Collected Essays: Manchester: Manchester University Press. 2017. ISBN 978-1-5261-0456-4, Pbk £24.99.Akira Inoue - 2019 - Journal of Value Inquiry 53 (4):657-662.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. Rawlsian contractualism and cognitive disabilities.Akira Inoue - 2018 - In Edwin E. Etieyibo (ed.), Perspectives in social contract theory. The Council for Research in Values and Philosophy.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. Responsibility for inequalities.Akira Inoue - manuscript
    This paper aims to specify the precise conditions under which an agent is responsible for inequalities. Admittedly, the careful examination of the conditions in question has been the main focus of contemporary egalitarianism. As a matter of fact, contemporary political philosophers take responsibility to be a core conception which in principle justifies inequalities. In particular, they tend to flesh out the conception of responsibility in terms of choice, in such a way that we should hold individuals responsible for chosen inequalities (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. Zōkei biron.Akira Inoue - 1984 - Tōkyō: Tōkyō Kasei Daigaku Shuppanbu.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  3
    Jissensuru seiji tetsugaku.Shigeki Uno, Akira Inoue & Nozomu Yamazaki (eds.) - 2012 - Kyōto-shi: Nakanishiya Shuppan.