Results for 'Akira Takada'

339 found
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  1. A Prelinguistic Gestural Universal of Human Communication.Ulf Liszkowski, Penny Brown, Tara Callaghan, Akira Takada & Conny de Vos - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (4):698-713.
    Several cognitive accounts of human communication argue for a language-independent, prelinguistic basis of human communication and language. The current study provides evidence for the universality of a prelinguistic gestural basis for human communication. We used a standardized, semi-natural elicitation procedure in seven very different cultures around the world to test for the existence of preverbal pointing in infants and their caregivers. Results were that by 10–14 months of age, infants and their caregivers pointed in all cultures in the same basic (...)
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  2.  6
    Socialization Practices Regarding Shame in Japanese Caregiver–Child Interactions.Akira Takada - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  3.  19
    The Relations Among Inhibition and Interference Control Functions: A Latent-Variable Analysis.Naomi P. Friedman & Akira Miyake - 2004 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 133 (1):101-135.
  4.  16
    Individual Differences in Executive Functions Are Almost Entirely Genetic in Origin.Naomi P. Friedman, Akira Miyake, Susan E. Young, John C. DeFries, Robin P. Corley & John K. Hewitt - 2008 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 137 (2):201-225.
  5.  13
    Advancing Understanding of Executive Function Impairments and Psychopathology: Bridging the Gap Between Clinical and Cognitive Approaches.Hannah R. Snyder, Akira Miyake & Benjamin L. Hankin - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  6.  3
    Interpretive Diversity Explains Metaphor–Simile Distinction.Akira Utsumi - 2007 - Metaphor and Symbol 22 (4):291-312.
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  7.  2
    Exploring What Is Encoded in Distributional Word Vectors: A Neurobiologically Motivated Analysis.Akira Utsumi - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (6).
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  8.  56
    An Eight-Year Follow-Up National Study of Medical School and General Hospital Ethics Committees in Japan.Akira Akabayashi, Brian T. Slingsby, Noriko Nagao, Ichiro Kai & Hajime Sato - 2007 - BMC Medical Ethics 8 (1):1-8.
    Background Ethics committees and their system of research protocol peer-review are currently used worldwide. To ensure an international standard for research ethics and safety, however, data is needed on the quality and function of each nation's ethics committees. The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics and developments of ethics committees established at medical schools and general hospitals in Japan. Methods This study consisted of four national surveys sent twice over a period of eight years to two separate (...)
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  9.  49
    Informed Consent Revisited: Japan and the U.S.Akira Akabayashi & Brian Taylor Slingsby - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (1):9 – 14.
    Informed consent, decision-making styles and the role of patient-physician relationships are imperative aspects of clinical medicine worldwide. We present the case of a 74-year-old woman afflicted with advanced liver cancer whose attending physician, per request of the family, did not inform her of her true diagnosis. In our analysis, we explore the differences in informed-consent styles between patients who hold an "independent" and "interdependent" construal of the self and then highlight the possible implications maintained by this position in the context (...)
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  10.  40
    Hyper-Active Gap Filling.Akira Omaki, Ellen F. Lau, Imogen Davidson White, Myles L. Dakan, Aaron Apple & Colin Phillips - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  11.  77
    How Are Visuospatial Working Memory, Executive Functioning, and Spatial Abilities Related? A Latent-Variable Analysis.Akira Miyake, Naomi P. Friedman, David A. Rettinger, Priti Shah & Mary Hegarty - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (4):621.
  12.  36
    Computational Exploration of Metaphor Comprehension Processes Using a Semantic Space Model.Akira Utsumi - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (2):251-296.
    Recent metaphor research has revealed that metaphor comprehension involves both categorization and comparison processes. This finding has triggered the following central question: Which property determines the choice between these two processes for metaphor comprehension? Three competing views have been proposed to answer this question: the conventionality view (Bowdle & Gentner, 2005), aptness view (Glucksberg & Haught, 2006b), and interpretive diversity view (Utsumi, 2007); these views, respectively, argue that vehicle conventionality, metaphor aptness, and interpretive diversity determine the choice between the categorization (...)
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  13.  16
    Endangerment of the iPSC Stock Project in Japan: On the Ethics of Public Funding Policies.Akira Akabayashi, Eisuke Nakazawa & Nancy S. Jecker - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (10):700-702.
    We examined the ethical justification for a national policy governing public funding for the induced pluripotent stem cell stock project in Japan and argue that the initiation of the iPSC stock project in 2012, when no clinical trial using iPSC-derived products had yet succeeded, was premature and unethical. Our analysis considers a generally accepted justice criterion and shows it fails to justify public funding of the iPSC stock project. We also raise concerns related to the massive amounts of public funding (...)
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  14.  60
    The Separability of Working Memory Resources for Spatial Thinking and Language Processing: An Individual Differences Approach.Priti Shah & Akira Miyake - 1996 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 125 (1):4.
  15.  36
    Is Asian Bioethics Really the Solution?Akira Akabayashi, Satoshi Kodama & Brian Taylor Slingsby - 2008 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 17 (3):270-272.
    Today Asia is attracting attention in the area of bioethics. In fact, the potential of bioethics is beginning to be discussed seriously at academic centers across Asia. In Japan, this discussion began a decade ago with the publication The book is one of the principal explorations of biomedical ethics involving Japan to date. Tom Beauchamp, an author of one of the book's chapters, compares Japanese and American standards of informed consent and refutes relativistic positions, concluding that.
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  16.  42
    The Development of a Brief and Objective Method for Evaluating Moral Sensitivity and Reasoning in Medical Students.Akira Akabayashi, Brian T. Slingsby, Ichiro Kai, Tadashi Nishimura & Akiko Yamagishi - 2004 - BMC Medical Ethics 5 (1):1-7.
    BackgroundMost medical schools in Japan have incorporated mandatory courses on medical ethics. To this date, however, there is no established means of evaluating medical ethics education in Japan. This study looks 1) To develop a brief, objective method of evaluation for moral sensitivity and reasoning; 2) To conduct a test battery for the PIT and the DIT on medical students who are either currently in school or who have recently graduated (residents); 3) To investigate changes in moral sensitivity and reasoning (...)
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  17.  38
    Predicting Word Reading and Comprehension with Executive Function and Speed Measures Across Development: A Latent Variable Analysis.Micaela E. Christopher, Akira Miyake, Janice M. Keenan, Bruce Pennington, John C. DeFries, Sally J. Wadsworth, Erik Willcutt & Richard K. Olson - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (3):470-488.
  18.  12
    A Global Dialogue on Withholding and Withdrawal of Medical Care: An East Asian Perspective.Akira Akabayashi, Reina Ozeki-Hayashi, Keiichiro Yamamoto & Eisuke Nakazawa - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (3):50-52.
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  19.  43
    Perspectives on Advance Directives in Japanese Society: A Population-Based Questionnaire Survey.Akira Akabayashi, Brian Taylor Slingsby & Ichiro Kai - 2003 - BMC Medical Ethics 4 (1):5.
    BackgroundIn Japan, discussion concerning advance directives has been on the rise during the past decade. ADs are one method proposed to facilitate the process of communication among patients, families and health care providers regarding the plan of care of a patient who is no longer capable of communicating. In this paper, we report the results of the first in-depth survey on the general population concerning the preferences and use of ADs in Japan.MethodA self-administered questionnaire was sent via mail to a (...)
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  20.  11
    Wh‐in‐Situ Languages.Akira Watanabe - 2001 - In Mark Baltin & Chris Collins (eds.), The Handbook of Contemporary Syntactic Theory. Blackwell. pp. 203--225.
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  21.  51
    Japanese Childhood Vaccination Policy.Peter Doshi & Akira Akabayashi - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (3):283-289.
    The ethical tension in childhood vaccination policies is often framed as one of balancing the value of choice with the duty to protect. Because infectious diseases spread from person to person, unvaccinated children are usually described as putting others around them at risk, violating a perceived right to be protected from harm. Editors of Lancet Infectious Diseases recently argued against mandatory vaccination, reminding us that the resort to mandatory vaccination as a means of achieving high vaccination rates is still very (...)
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  22.  7
    Visual Estimation of Spatial Requirements for Locomotion in Novice Wheelchair Users.Takahiro Higuchi, Hajime Takada, Yoshifusa Matsuura & Kuniyasu Imanaka - 2004 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 10 (1):55-66.
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  23.  72
    Perspectives on Advance Directives in Japanese Society: A Population-Based Questionnaire Survey. [REVIEW]Akira Akabayashi, Brian Taylor Slingsby & Ichiro Kai - 2003 - BMC Medical Ethics 4 (1):1-9.
    Background In Japan, discussion concerning advance directives (ADs) has been on the rise during the past decade. ADs are one method proposed to facilitate the process of communication among patients, families and health care providers regarding the plan of care of a patient who is no longer capable of communicating. In this paper, we report the results of the first in-depth survey on the general population concerning the preferences and use of ADs in Japan. Method A self-administered questionnaire was sent (...)
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  24.  24
    Biomedical Ethics in Japan: The Second Stage.Akira Akabayashi & Brian T. Slingsby - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (3):261-264.
    In Japan, modern biomedical ethics emerged in the early 1980s. One of the main triggers was the nationwide debate on organ transplantation and brain death. A lengthy process of academic, religious, and political discussion concerning organ transplantation, lasting well over a few decades, resulted in the enactment of the Organ Transplantation Law in 1997.1 The defining of death and other bioethical issues, including death with dignity and euthanasia, were also stimulating topics throughout the latter end of the twentieth century. For (...)
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  25.  15
    Grain Boundary Relaxation in Fine-Grained Magnesium Solid Solutions.Hiroyuki Watanabe, Akira Owashi, Tokuteru Uesugi, Yorinobu Takigawa & Kenji Higashi - 2011 - Philosophical Magazine 91 (32):4158-4171.
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  26.  26
    The Relationship Between Weight Loss and Time and Risk Preference Parameters: A Randomized Controlled Trial.Akemi Takada, Ryota Nakamura, Masakazu Furukawa, Yoshimitsu Takahashi, Shuzo Nishimura & Shinji Kosugi - 2011 - Journal of Biosocial Science 43 (4):481-503.
  27.  44
    Ethics in Developing Economies of Asia.Akira Takahashi - 1997 - Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (3):33-45.
    This essay aims to deepen our comprehension of the economic ethics of different peoples in Asia, as well as realizing a degree of cultural relativism, in order to enhance amicable economic associations. It counterbalances the conventionally strong West-oriented views which regard exotic features of non-Western economies as backward and illogical elements that disturb smooth and orthodox development and, hence, should be eradicated. The author, first, recalls a number of facts which depict the eruptive economic transformation in Asia. He, then, criticizes (...)
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  28.  2
    Mathematical Economics.Akira Takayama - 1985 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book provides a systematic exposition of mathematical economics, presenting and surveying existing theories and showing ways in which they can be extended. One of its strongest features is that it emphasises the unifying structure of economic theory in such a way as to provide the reader with the technical tools and methodological approaches necessary for undertaking original research. The author offers explanations and discussion at an accessible and intuitive level providing illustrative examples. He begins the work at an elementary (...)
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  29.  37
    Conflict of Interest: A Japanese Perspective.Akira Akabayashi, Brian Taylor Slingsby & Yoshiyuki Takimoto - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (3):277-280.
    Until recently, many of Japan's medical and bioethical communities had ignored the issue of conflicts of interest . This is no longer the case. Discussion on the economic and ethical problems defined by CIs is now apparent in academic, political, and even industrial spheres. In June 2004, this debate was sparked by a scandal involving AnGes MG, Inc., a bioventure company set up by a faculty member at Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine. AnGes MG developed a gene therapy using (...)
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  30.  14
    The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues.Akira Akabayashi (ed.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    This is the first book to bring West and East together in a broad investigation of contemporary bioethics. A distinguished international team of experts presents original research addressing issues that emerge from new medical technologies, address global challenges arising from social change, and set the agenda for the future.
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  31.  17
    Bioethics in Japan, 1980-2009: Importation, Development, and the Future.Akira Akabayashi - 2009 - Asian Bioethics Review 1 (3):267-278.
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  32. Edo Ni Manabu Kigyō Rinri: Nihon Ni Okeru Csr No Genryū.Akira Genma & Shunji Kobayashi (eds.) - 2006 - Seisansei Shuppan.
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  33.  10
    Differential Roles for Visuospatial and Verbal Working Memory in Situation Model Construction.Naomi P. Friedman & Akira Miyake - 2000 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 129 (1):61-83.
  34.  49
    A Five Year Follow-Up National Study of Ethics Committees in Medical Organizations in Japan.Akira Akabayashi, Brian Taylor Slingsby, Noriko Nagao, Ichiro Kai & Hajime Sato - 2008 - HEC Forum 20 (1):49-60.
    Compared to institutional and area-based ethics committees, little is known about the structure and activities performed by ethics committees at national medical organizations and societies. This five year follow-up study aimed to determine (1) the creation and function of ethics committees at medical organizations in Japan, and (2) their general strategies to deal with ethical problems. The study sample included the member societies of the Japanese Association of Medical Sciences (n=92 in 1998, n=96 in 2003). Instruments consisted of two sections: (...)
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  35.  16
    Individual Differences in Working Memory: Introduction to the Special Section.Akira Miyake - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (2):163.
  36.  4
    Nobuo Okishio, Le capitalisme moderne et l’économie politique. Tokyo, 1986, Iwanami-Shotén, 224 p.Akira Ebizuka - 1987 - Actuel Marx 2:96.
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  37.  5
    Akira Nakamura. A Remark on the Truth-Value Stipulation for the Modal System M′. Zeitschrift Für Mathematische Logik Und Grundlagen der Mathematik, Vol. 13 , Pp. 11–14. - Akira Nakamura. On an Axiomatic System of Modal Logic. Zeitschrift Für Mathematische Logik Und Grundlagen der Mathematik Vol. 14 , Pp. 61–66. - R. A. Bull. On a Paper of Akira Nakamura. Zeitschrift Für Mathematische Logik Und Grundlagen der Mathematik Vol. 15 , Pp. 155–156. [REVIEW]M. K. Rennie - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (2):351-351.
  38.  7
    Review: Akira Nakamura, A Remark on the Truth-Value Stipulation for the Modal System $M$'; Akira Nakamura, On an Axiomatic System of Modal Logic; R. A. Bull, On a Paper of Akira Nakamura. [REVIEW]M. K. Rennie - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (2):351-351.
  39.  21
    No Elementary Embedding From V Into V is Definable From Parameters.Akira Suzuki - 1999 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (4):1591-1594.
  40.  13
    Understanding the Cognitive and Genetic Underpinnings of Procrastination: Evidence for Shared Genetic Influences with Goal Management and Executive Function Abilities.Daniel E. Gustavson, Akira Miyake, John K. Hewitt & Naomi P. Friedman - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (6):1063-1079.
  41.  16
    Visualization of Balancing Systems Based on Naïve Psychological Approaches.Akira Notsu, Hidetomo Ichihashi, Katsuhiro Honda & Osamu Katai - 2009 - AI and Society 23 (2):281-296.
    In this paper, we propose a novel medium for interactions based on an interpersonal psychological approach referred to as ‘naïve psychology’. We adopt the visual assessment of clustering tendency (VAT) to naïve psychology for the visual understanding of other people. The VAT algorithm produces a visual display that can be used to assess clustering tendencies in a set of persons (notions) by reconstructing a digital image representation of a square relational dissimilarity matrix for its set. This algorithm clearly represents two (...)
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  42.  9
    Mutual Images: Essays in American-Japanese Relations.Stephen E. Pelz & Akira Irye - 1976 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 96 (3):444.
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  43.  21
    The Multidimensional Nature of Hyperspeech: Evidence From Japanese Vowel Devoicing.Andrew Martin, Akira Utsugi & Reiko Mazuka - 2014 - Cognition 132 (2):216-228.
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  44.  22
    Regarding Doubt and Certainty in Al-Ghazālī's Deliverance From Error and Descartes' Meditations.O. Ruddle-Miyamoto Akira - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (1):160-176.
    Man is the measure of all things: of things that are, that they are; of things that are not, that they are not. In “The Age of the World Picture” Heidegger writes that the “essence of the modern age can be seen in the fact that man frees himself from the bonds of the Middle Ages in freeing himself to himself.”1 He goes on to explain that “What is decisive is not that man frees himself to himself from previous obligations, (...)
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  45.  19
    Numeration Models of Λβ‐Calculus.Akira Kanda - 1986 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 32 (25‐30):409-414.
  46.  13
    On an Axiomatic System of the Infinitely Many‐Valued Threshold Predicate Calculi.Akira Nakamura - 1963 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 9 (21):321-329.
  47.  18
    Trait Worry is Associated with Difficulties in Working Memory Updating.Daniel E. Gustavson & Akira Miyake - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (7).
  48.  13
    Acceptable Numerations of Function Spaces.Akira Kanda - 1985 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 31 (31‐34):503-508.
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  49. Performance of Bimanual Finger Coordination Tasks in Speakers Who Stutter.Akira Toyomura, Tetsunoshin Fujii & Paul F. Sowman - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Stuttering is a neurodevelopmental speech disorder characterized by the symptoms of speech repetition, prolongation, and blocking. Stuttering-related dysfluency can be transiently alleviated by providing an external timing signal such as a metronome or the voice of another person. Therefore, the existence of a core motor timing deficit in stuttering has been speculated. If this is the case, then motoric behaviors other than speech should be disrupted in stuttering. This study examined motoric performance on four complex bimanual tasks in 37 adults (...)
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  50.  14
    Akira Nakamura. Tati Ronri to Sono Kôrikei Ni Tuite . Kagaku Kisoron Kenkyû , Vol. 5 No. 4 , Pp. 165–171.Takeo Sugihara - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (2):274-275.
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