Results for 'Akira Yoshida'

436 found
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  1.  24
    Dynamic Synonym Candidates Extraction for Searching Documents in a Corpus.Minoru Yoshida, Hiroshi Nakagawa & Akira Terada - 2010 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 25 (1):122-132.
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  2.  21
    Left Posterior Orbitofrontal Cortex Is Associated With Odor-Induced Autobiographical Memory: An fMRI Study.Keiko Watanabe, Yuri Masaoka, Mitsuru Kawamura, Masaki Yoshida, Nobuyoshi Koiwa, Akira Yoshikawa, Satomi Kubota, Masahiro Ida, Kenjiro Ono & Masahiko Izumizaki - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  3.  4
    The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues Edited by Akira Akabayashi. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2014.Shuma Yoshida & Shintaro Tamate - 2019 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 28 (1):186-188.
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  4.  14
    Le bicentenaire de la révolution.Dominique Bourel, Jean-Yves Grenier, Nicolas Quillet, Édouard Guitton, Akira Yoshida, Pierre-François Moreau, Monique Cottret, Nicole Lemaitre, Ali Chenoufi, Joël Lefebvre & Anne-Marie Cocula - 1990 - Revue de Synthèse 111 (3):368-389.
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  5.  2
    Hippocampus and Parahippocampus Volume Reduction Associated With Impaired Olfactory Abilities in Subjects Without Evidence of Cognitive Decline.Satomi Kubota, Yuri Masaoka, Haruko Sugiyama, Masaki Yoshida, Akira Yoshikawa, Nobuyoshi Koiwa, Motoyasu Honma, Ryuta Kinno, Keiko Watanabe, Natsuko Iizuka, Masahiro Ida, Kenjiro Ono & Masahiko Izumizaki - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  6.  20
    Ronald Yoshida's Reduction in the Physical SciencesReduction in the Physical Sciences.Paul Teller & Ronald Yoshida - 1980 - Noûs 14 (1):136.
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  7.  71
    The Development of Perceptual Grouping Biases in Infancy: A Japanese-English Cross-Linguistic Study.Katherine A. Yoshida, John R. Iversen, Aniruddh D. Patel, Reiko Mazuka, Hiromi Nito, Judit Gervain & Janet F. Werker - 2010 - Cognition 115 (2):356-361.
    Perceptual grouping has traditionally been thought to be governed by innate, universal principles. However, recent work has found differences in Japanese and English speakers' non-linguistic perceptual grouping, implicating language in non-linguistic perceptual processes (Iversen, Patel, & Ohgushi, 2008). Two experiments test Japanese- and English-learning infants of 5-6 and 7-8 months of age to explore the development of grouping preferences. At 5-6 months, neither the Japanese nor the English infants revealed any systematic perceptual biases. However, by 7-8 months, the same age (...)
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  8. Rationality and Cultural Interpretivism: A Critical Assessment of Failed Solutions.Kei Yoshida - 2014 - Lexington Books.
    Kei Yoshida critically assesses five different theoretical approaches to cultural interpretivism and conclusions on rationality. This book reveals the need for a cogent solution to the problem of rationality and urges social scientists to interpret symbolic systems' or agents’ intentions as well as explain the consequences of human actions.
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  9.  76
    How Are Visuospatial Working Memory, Executive Functioning, and Spatial Abilities Related? A Latent-Variable Analysis.Akira Miyake, Naomi P. Friedman, David A. Rettinger, Priti Shah & Mary Hegarty - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (4):621.
  10.  33
    Re-Politicising Philosophy of Science: A Continuing Challenge for Social Epistemology.Kei Yoshida - 2012 - Social Epistemology 26 (3-4):365-378.
    The aim of this paper is to investigate how we can reunite social philosophy and philosophy of science to address problems in science and technology. First, referring to Don Howard?s, George Reisch?s, and Philip Mirowski?s works, I shall briefly explain how philosophy of science was depoliticised during the cold war. Second, I shall examine Steve Fuller?s criticism of Thomas Kuhn. Third, I shall scrutinise Philip Kitcher?s view of well-ordered science. Fourth, I shall emphasise the importance of autonomy and argue that (...)
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  11.  48
    Informed Consent Revisited: Japan and the U.S.Akira Akabayashi & Brian Taylor Slingsby - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (1):9 – 14.
    Informed consent, decision-making styles and the role of patient-physician relationships are imperative aspects of clinical medicine worldwide. We present the case of a 74-year-old woman afflicted with advanced liver cancer whose attending physician, per request of the family, did not inform her of her true diagnosis. In our analysis, we explore the differences in informed-consent styles between patients who hold an "independent" and "interdependent" construal of the self and then highlight the possible implications maintained by this position in the context (...)
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  12.  40
    Hyper-Active Gap Filling.Akira Omaki, Ellen F. Lau, Imogen Davidson White, Myles L. Dakan, Aaron Apple & Colin Phillips - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  13.  57
    Defending Scientific Study of the Social: Against Clifford Geertz (and His Critics).Kei Yoshida - 2007 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37 (3):289-314.
    This paper will defend scientific study of the social by scrutinizing Clifford Geertz's interpretive anthropology, and evolutionary psychologists' criticism of it. I shall critically examine Geertz's identification of anthropology with literary criticism, his assumption that a science of society is possible only on a positivist model, his view of the relation between culture and mind, and his anti anti-relativism. Then I shall discuss evolutionary psychologists' criticism of Geertz's view as an exemplar of the so-called "Standard Social Science Model." Finally, I (...)
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  14.  24
    Reduction in the Physical Sciences.Ronald M. Yoshida - 1977 - Published for the Canadian Association for Publishing in Philosophy by Dalhousie University Press.
  15.  16
    Endangerment of the iPSC Stock Project in Japan: On the Ethics of Public Funding Policies.Akira Akabayashi, Eisuke Nakazawa & Nancy S. Jecker - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (10):700-702.
    We examined the ethical justification for a national policy governing public funding for the induced pluripotent stem cell stock project in Japan and argue that the initiation of the iPSC stock project in 2012, when no clinical trial using iPSC-derived products had yet succeeded, was premature and unethical. Our analysis considers a generally accepted justice criterion and shows it fails to justify public funding of the iPSC stock project. We also raise concerns related to the massive amounts of public funding (...)
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  16.  13
    The Banach-Steinhaus Theorem for the Space [Mathematical Script Capital D] in Constructive Analysis.Satoru Yoshida - 2003 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 49 (3):305-315.
    We prove the Banach-Steinhaus theorem for distributions on the space [MATHEMATICAL SCRIPT CAPITAL D] within Bishop's constructive mathematics. To this end, we investigate the constructive sequential completion equation image of [MATHEMATICAL SCRIPT CAPITAL D].
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  17.  31
    EvoDevo as a Motley Aggregation: Local Integration and Conflicting Views of Genes During the 1980s.Yoshinari Yoshida & Hisashi Nakao - 2015 - Biological Theory 10 (2):156-166.
    Although there are many historical and philosophical analyses of evolutionary developmental biology (EvoDevo), its development in the 1980s, when many individual or collective attempts to synthesize evolution and development were made, has not been examined in detail. This article focuses on some interdisciplinary studies during the 1980s and argues that they had important characteristics that previous historical and philosophical work has not recognized. First, we clarify how each set of studies from the 1980s integrated the results or approaches from different (...)
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  18.  89
    Obtaining Subjects' Consent to Publish Identifying Personal Information: Current Practices and Identifying Potential Issues.Akiko Yoshida, Yuri Dowa, Hiromi Murakami & Shinji Kosugi - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):47.
    In studies publishing identifying personal information, obtaining consent is regarded as necessary, as it is impossible to ensure complete anonymity. However, current journal practices around specific points to consider when obtaining consent, the contents of consent forms and how consent forms are managed have not yet been fully examined. This study was conducted to identify potential issues surrounding consent to publish identifying personal information.
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  19.  94
    Towards Intersectionality in the European Court of Human Rights: The Case of B.S. V Spain. [REVIEW]Keina Yoshida - 2013 - Feminist Legal Studies 21 (2):195-204.
    The term ‘intersectionality’ recognises the need for a ‘holistic approach’ in the determination of the right to be free from discrimination and violence. While the European Court of Human Rights has never expressly used the term, this article argues that the recent case of B.S. v Spain provides an example of a more robust use of Article 14 of the convention taking into account the real life experiences of those facing intersectional discrimination. The decision recognising the special vulnerability of a (...)
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  20.  42
    The Development of a Brief and Objective Method for Evaluating Moral Sensitivity and Reasoning in Medical Students.Akira Akabayashi, Brian T. Slingsby, Ichiro Kai, Tadashi Nishimura & Akiko Yamagishi - 2004 - BMC Medical Ethics 5 (1):1-7.
    BackgroundMost medical schools in Japan have incorporated mandatory courses on medical ethics. To this date, however, there is no established means of evaluating medical ethics education in Japan. This study looks 1) To develop a brief, objective method of evaluation for moral sensitivity and reasoning; 2) To conduct a test battery for the PIT and the DIT on medical students who are either currently in school or who have recently graduated (residents); 3) To investigate changes in moral sensitivity and reasoning (...)
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  21.  35
    Is Asian Bioethics Really the Solution?Akira Akabayashi, Satoshi Kodama & Brian Taylor Slingsby - 2008 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 17 (3):270-272.
    Today Asia is attracting attention in the area of bioethics. In fact, the potential of bioethics is beginning to be discussed seriously at academic centers across Asia. In Japan, this discussion began a decade ago with the publication The book is one of the principal explorations of biomedical ethics involving Japan to date. Tom Beauchamp, an author of one of the book's chapters, compares Japanese and American standards of informed consent and refutes relativistic positions, concluding that.
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  22.  12
    La conception herdérienne des chants populaires et une invention du goût universel.Hiroshi Yoshida - 2003 - Horizons Philosophiques 13 (2):51-58.
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  23.  12
    A Global Dialogue on Withholding and Withdrawal of Medical Care: An East Asian Perspective.Akira Akabayashi, Reina Ozeki-Hayashi, Keiichiro Yamamoto & Eisuke Nakazawa - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (3):50-52.
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  24.  43
    Perspectives on Advance Directives in Japanese Society: A Population-Based Questionnaire Survey.Akira Akabayashi, Brian Taylor Slingsby & Ichiro Kai - 2003 - BMC Medical Ethics 4 (1):5.
    BackgroundIn Japan, discussion concerning advance directives has been on the rise during the past decade. ADs are one method proposed to facilitate the process of communication among patients, families and health care providers regarding the plan of care of a patient who is no longer capable of communicating. In this paper, we report the results of the first in-depth survey on the general population concerning the preferences and use of ADs in Japan.MethodA self-administered questionnaire was sent via mail to a (...)
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  25.  36
    Five Duhemian Theses.R. M. Yoshida - 1975 - Philosophy of Science 42 (1):29-45.
  26.  18
    The Relations Among Inhibition and Interference Control Functions: A Latent-Variable Analysis.Naomi P. Friedman & Akira Miyake - 2004 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 133 (1):101-135.
  27.  17
    Early Noun Lexicons in English and Japanese.Hanako Yoshida & Linda B. Smith - 2001 - Cognition 82 (2):63-74.
    Previous research suggests that children learning a variety of languages acquire similar early noun vocabularies and do so by similar and universal processes. We report here results from two studies that show differences in the early noun learning of English- and Japanese-speaking children. Experiment 1 examined the relative numbers of animal names and object names in vocabularies of English-speaking and Japanese-speaking children. English-speaking children's vocabularies were heavily lopsided with many more object than animal names whereas Japanese-speaking children's vocabularies were more (...)
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  28.  3
    Interpretive Diversity Explains Metaphor–Simile Distinction.Akira Utsumi - 2007 - Metaphor and Symbol 22 (4):291-312.
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  29.  13
    A Study of Guinier-Preston Zones in Aluminium-Copper Alloys Using the Weak-Beam Technique of Electron Microscopy.H. Yoshida, D. J. H. Cockayne & M. J. Whelan - 1976 - Philosophical Magazine 34 (1):89-100.
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  30.  72
    Perspectives on Advance Directives in Japanese Society: A Population-Based Questionnaire Survey. [REVIEW]Akira Akabayashi, Brian Taylor Slingsby & Ichiro Kai - 2003 - BMC Medical Ethics 4 (1):1-9.
    Background In Japan, discussion concerning advance directives (ADs) has been on the rise during the past decade. ADs are one method proposed to facilitate the process of communication among patients, families and health care providers regarding the plan of care of a patient who is no longer capable of communicating. In this paper, we report the results of the first in-depth survey on the general population concerning the preferences and use of ADs in Japan. Method A self-administered questionnaire was sent (...)
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  31.  16
    Individual Differences in Executive Functions Are Almost Entirely Genetic in Origin.Naomi P. Friedman, Akira Miyake, Susan E. Young, John C. DeFries, Robin P. Corley & John K. Hewitt - 2008 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 137 (2):201-225.
  32.  23
    Biomedical Ethics in Japan: The Second Stage.Akira Akabayashi & Brian T. Slingsby - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (3):261-264.
    In Japan, modern biomedical ethics emerged in the early 1980s. One of the main triggers was the nationwide debate on organ transplantation and brain death. A lengthy process of academic, religious, and political discussion concerning organ transplantation, lasting well over a few decades, resulted in the enactment of the Organ Transplantation Law in 1997.1 The defining of death and other bioethical issues, including death with dignity and euthanasia, were also stimulating topics throughout the latter end of the twentieth century. For (...)
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  33.  13
    Advancing Understanding of Executive Function Impairments and Psychopathology: Bridging the Gap Between Clinical and Cognitive Approaches.Hannah R. Snyder, Akira Miyake & Benjamin L. Hankin - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  34.  51
    De Sousa On Kripke and Theoretical Identities.R. M. Yoshida - 1975 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 5 (1):137-141.
    In the by now well known talks he gave at Princeton, Saul Kripke claimed that “[t]heoretical identities … are generally identities involving two rigid designators and therefore are examples of the necessary a posteriori.” 253-355; A rigid designator is an expression that designates the same object in all possible worlds when it is used. So Kripke is claiming that ‘Water is H20’ and ‘Heat is the motion of molecules’ are generally identities involving expressions like ‘water’ and ‘the motion of molecules’ (...)
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  35.  27
    The Constructive Completion of the Space?Satoru Yoshida - 2005 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 51 (1):77-82.
    We prove in the framework of Bishop's constructive mathematics that the sequential completion equation image of the space [MATHEMATICAL SCRIPT CAPITAL D] is filter-complete. Then it follows as a corollary that the filter-completeness of [MATHEMATICAL SCRIPT CAPITAL D] is equivalent to the principle BD-ℕ, which can be proved in classical mathematics, Brouwer's intuitionistic mathematics and constructive recursive mathematics of Markov's school, but does not in Bishop's constructive mathematics. We also show that equation image is identical with the filter-completion which was (...)
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  36.  55
    An Eight-Year Follow-Up National Study of Medical School and General Hospital Ethics Committees in Japan.Akira Akabayashi, Brian T. Slingsby, Noriko Nagao, Ichiro Kai & Hajime Sato - 2007 - BMC Medical Ethics 8 (1):1-8.
    Background Ethics committees and their system of research protocol peer-review are currently used worldwide. To ensure an international standard for research ethics and safety, however, data is needed on the quality and function of each nation's ethics committees. The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics and developments of ethics committees established at medical schools and general hospitals in Japan. Methods This study consisted of four national surveys sent twice over a period of eight years to two separate (...)
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  37.  24
    Integrating Tables on the World Wide Web.Minoru Yoshida, Kentaro Torisawa & Jun'ichi Tsujii - 2004 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 19:548-560.
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  38.  44
    Ethics in Developing Economies of Asia.Akira Takahashi - 1997 - Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (3):33-45.
    This essay aims to deepen our comprehension of the economic ethics of different peoples in Asia, as well as realizing a degree of cultural relativism, in order to enhance amicable economic associations. It counterbalances the conventionally strong West-oriented views which regard exotic features of non-Western economies as backward and illogical elements that disturb smooth and orthodox development and, hence, should be eradicated. The author, first, recalls a number of facts which depict the eruptive economic transformation in Asia. He, then, criticizes (...)
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  39.  16
    Semantic Facilitation in Bilingual First Language Acquisition.Samuel Bilson, Hanako Yoshida, Crystal D. Tran, Elizabeth A. Woods & Thomas T. Hills - 2015 - Cognition 140:122-134.
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  40.  12
    Peace as a Transnational Theme.Akira Iriye - 2013 - Ethics and International Affairs 27 (2):147-156.
    Peace is normally understood as the absence of war among nations. But that definition presupposes the overarching importance of nations as the key units of human association. There are, however, many other non-national entities, such as races, ethnic communities, religions, cultures, and civilizations. These entities, too, engage in conflict from time to time, as exemplified by the interracial violence and religious antagonisms in various parts of the world today and, of course, that which took place in the past. Yet why (...)
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  41.  42
    Alternative Characterizations of Precomplete Numerations.Akira Kanda & Alistair H. Lachlan - 1987 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 33 (2):97-100.
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  42.  3
    Jacques Derrida’s Echopoiesis and Narcissism Adrift.Akira Mizuta Lippit - 2016 - Rue Descartes 89 (2):105.
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  43.  37
    Conflict of Interest: A Japanese Perspective.Akira Akabayashi, Brian Taylor Slingsby & Yoshiyuki Takimoto - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (3):277-280.
    Until recently, many of Japan's medical and bioethical communities had ignored the issue of conflicts of interest . This is no longer the case. Discussion on the economic and ethical problems defined by CIs is now apparent in academic, political, and even industrial spheres. In June 2004, this debate was sparked by a scandal involving AnGes MG, Inc., a bioventure company set up by a faculty member at Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine. AnGes MG developed a gene therapy using (...)
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  44.  36
    Computational Exploration of Metaphor Comprehension Processes Using a Semantic Space Model.Akira Utsumi - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (2):251-296.
    Recent metaphor research has revealed that metaphor comprehension involves both categorization and comparison processes. This finding has triggered the following central question: Which property determines the choice between these two processes for metaphor comprehension? Three competing views have been proposed to answer this question: the conventionality view (Bowdle & Gentner, 2005), aptness view (Glucksberg & Haught, 2006b), and interpretive diversity view (Utsumi, 2007); these views, respectively, argue that vehicle conventionality, metaphor aptness, and interpretive diversity determine the choice between the categorization (...)
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  45.  1
    Exploring What Is Encoded in Distributional Word Vectors: A Neurobiologically Motivated Analysis.Akira Utsumi - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (6).
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  46.  14
    The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues.Akira Akabayashi (ed.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    This is the first book to bring West and East together in a broad investigation of contemporary bioethics. A distinguished international team of experts presents original research addressing issues that emerge from new medical technologies, address global challenges arising from social change, and set the agenda for the future.
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  47.  14
    Individual Differences in Working Memory: Introduction to the Special Section.Akira Miyake - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (2):163.
  48.  21
    Trichostatin A and Trapoxin: Novel Chemical Probes for the Role of Histone Acetylation in Chromatin Structure and Function.Minoru Yoshida, Sueharu Horinouchi & Teruhiko Beppu - 1995 - Bioessays 17 (5):423-430.
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  49. A Constructive Look at the Completeness of the Space $\Mathcal{D} (\Mathbb{R})$.Hajime Ishihara & Satoru Yoshida - 2002 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 67 (4):1511-1519.
    We show, within the framework of Bishop's constructive mathematics, that (sequential) completeness of the locally convex space $\mathcal{D} (\mathbb{R})$ of test functions is equivalent to the principle BD-N which holds in classical mathemtatics, Brouwer's intuitionism and Markov's constructive recursive mathematics, but does not hold in Bishop's constructivism.
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  50.  59
    The Separability of Working Memory Resources for Spatial Thinking and Language Processing: An Individual Differences Approach.Priti Shah & Akira Miyake - 1996 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 125 (1):4.
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