Results for 'Akos Szekely'

237 found
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  1.  6
    Context Learning for Threat Detection.Akos Szekely, Suparna Rajaram & Aprajita Mohanty - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (8):1525-1542.
    It is hypothesised that threatening stimuli are detected better due to their salience or physical properties. However, these stimuli are typically embedded in a rich context, motivating the question whether threat detection is facilitated via learning of contexts in which threat stimuli appear. To address this question, we presented threatening face targets in new or old spatial configurations consisting of schematic faces and found that detection of threatening targets was faster in old configurations. This indicates that individuals are able to (...)
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  2.  7
    Memory for Dangers Past: Threat Contexts Produce More Consistent Learning Than Do Non-Threatening Contexts.Akos Szekely, Suparna Rajaram & Aprajita Mohanty - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (5):1031-1040.
    ABSTRACTIn earlier work we showed that individuals learn the spatial regularities within contexts and use this knowledge to guide detection of threatening targets embedded in these contexts. While it is highly adaptive for humans to use contextual learning to detect threats, it is equally adaptive for individuals to flexibly readjust behaviour when contexts once associated with threatening stimuli begin to be associated with benign stimuli, and vice versa. Here, we presented face targets varying in salience in new or old spatial (...)
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  3.  31
    Zur Psychologie des inneren Verhaltens beim Lernen, Denken und Erfahren.Lajos Székely - 1947 - Theoria 13 (2-3):157-182.
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  4.  23
    The Shape of Things to Come? Reflections on the Ontological Turn in Anthropology.Akos Sivado - 2015 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 45 (1):83-99.
    Martin Paleček and Mark Risjord have recently put forward a critical evaluation of the ontological turn in anthropological theory. According to this philosophically informed theory of ethnographic practice, certain insights of twentieth-century analytic philosophy should play a part in the methodological debates concerning anthropological fieldwork: most importantly, the denial of representationalism and the acceptance of the extended mind thesis. In this paper, I will attempt to evaluate the advantages and potential drawbacks of ontological anthropology—arguing that to become a true alternative (...)
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  5.  14
    Goal Slippage: A Mechanism for Spontaneous Instrumental Helping in Infancy?John Michael & Marcell Székely - 2019 - Topoi 38 (1):173-183.
    In recent years, developmental psychologists have increasingly been interested in various forms of prosocial behavior observed in infants and young children—in particular comforting, sharing, pointing to provide information, and spontaneous instrumental helping. We briefly review several models that have been proposed to explain the psychological mechanisms underpinning these behaviors. Focusing on spontaneous instrumental helping, we home in on models based upon what Paulus :77–81, 2014) has dubbed ‘goal-alignment’, i.e. the idea that the identification of an agent’s goal leads infants to (...)
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  6.  27
    On Generalization of Definitional Equivalence to Languages with Non-Disjoint Signatures.Koen Lefever & Gergely Székely - unknown
    For simplicity, most of the literature introduces the concept of definitional equivalence only to languages with disjoint signatures. In a recent paper, Barrett and Halvorson introduce a straightforward generalization to languages with non-disjoint signatures and they show that their generalization is not equivalent to intertranslatability in general. In this paper,we show that their generalization is not transitive and hence it is not an equivalence relation. Then we introduce the Andréka and Németi generalization as one of the many equivalent formulations for (...)
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  7.  17
    Incidental Emotions in Moral Dilemmas: The Influence of Emotion Regulation.Raluca D. Szekely & Andrei C. Miu - 2015 - Cognition and Emotion 29 (1):64-75.
  8.  8
    The Transcendence of Words.Akos Krassoy - 2015 - Levinas Studies 10 (1):1-42.
  9. Joint Action Goals Reduce Visuomotor Interference Effects From a Partner’s Incongruent Actions.Sam Clarke, Luke McEllin, Anna Francová, Marcell Székely, Stephen Andrew Butterfill & John Michael - 2019 - Scientific Reports 9 (1).
    Joint actions often require agents to track others’ actions while planning and executing physically incongruent actions of their own. Previous research has indicated that this can lead to visuomotor interference effects when it occurs outside of joint action. How is this avoided or overcome in joint actions? We hypothesized that when joint action partners represent their actions as interrelated components of a plan to bring about a joint action goal, each partner’s movements need not be represented in relation to distinct, (...)
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  10.  92
    Axiomatizing Relativistic Dynamics Using Formal Thought Experiments.Attila Molnár & Gergely Székely - 2015 - Synthese 192 (7):2183-2222.
    Thought experiments are widely used in the informal explanation of Relativity Theories; however, they are not present explicitly in formalized versions of Relativity Theory. In this paper, we present an axiom system of Special Relativity which is able to grasp thought experiments formally and explicitly. Moreover, using these thought experiments, we can provide an explicit definition of relativistic mass based only on kinematical concepts and we can geometrically prove the Mass Increase Formula in a natural way, without postulates of conservation (...)
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  11.  22
    Comparing Classical and Relativistic Kinematics in First-Order Logic.Koen Lefever & Gergely Székely - unknown
    The aim of this paper is to present a new logic-based understanding of the connection between classical kinematics and relativistic kinematics. We show that the axioms of special relativity can be interpreted in the language of classical kinematics. This means that there is a logical translation function from the language of special relativity to the language of classical kinematics which translates the axioms of special relativity into consequences of classical kinematics. We will also show that if we distinguish a class (...)
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  12.  37
    On Generalization of Definitional Equivalence to Non-Disjoint Languages.Koen Lefever & Gergely Székely - 2019 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 48 (4):709-729.
    For simplicity, most of the literature introduces the concept of definitional equivalence only for disjoint languages. In a recent paper, Barrett and Halvorson introduce a straightforward generalization to non-disjoint languages and they show that their generalization is not equivalent to intertranslatability in general. In this paper, we show that their generalization is not transitive and hence it is not an equivalence relation. Then we introduce another formalization of definitional equivalence due to Andréka and Németi which is equivalent to the Barrett–Halvorson (...)
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  13.  15
    Lack of Correlation Between Hypnotic Susceptibility and Various Components of Attention.Katalin Varga, Zoltán Németh & Anna Szekely - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1872-1881.
    The purpose of our study was to measure the relationship between performance on various attentional tasks and hypnotic susceptibility. Healthy volunteers participated in a study, where they had to perform several tasks measuring various attention components in a waking state: sustained attention, selective or focused attention, divided attention and executive attention in task switching. Hypnotic susceptibility was measured in a separate setting by the Waterloo-Stanford Groups Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility, Form C .We found no significant correlation between any of the (...)
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  14.  38
    Investing in Commitment : Persistence in a Joint Action is Enhanced by the Perception of a Partner's Effort.Marcell Székely & John Michael - 2018 - Cognition 174:37-42.
    Can the perception that one’s partner is investing effort generate a sense of commitment to a joint action? To test this, we developed a 2-player version of the classic snake game which became increasingly boring over the course of each round. This enabled us to operationalize commitment in terms of how long participants persisted before pressing a ‘finish’ button to conclude each round. Our results from three experiments reveal that participants persisted longer when they perceived what they believed to be (...)
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  15.  18
    The Developmental Origins of Commitment.John Michael & Marcell Székely - 2018 - Journal of Social Philosophy 49 (1):106-123.
  16.  29
    Investing in Commitment: Persistence in a Joint Action is Enhanced by the Perception of a Partner’s Effort.Marcell Székely & John Michael - 2018 - Cognition 174:37-42.
    Can the perception that one’s partner is investing effort generate a sense of commitment to a joint action? To test this, we developed a 2-player version of the classic snake game which became increasingly boring over the course of each round. This enabled us to operationalize commitment in terms of how long participants persisted before pressing a ‘finish’ button to conclude each round. Our results from three experiments reveal that participants persisted longer when they perceived what they believed to be (...)
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  17.  4
    Ako a čím sa od seba odlišujú slabo, stredne a silne usmernené procesy.Robert Burgan - 2012 - E-Logos 19 (1):1-31.
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  18.  7
    On Antiochus’ Moral Psychology.Ákos Brunner - 2014 - Rhizomata 2 (2):187-212.
  19.  16
    Using Episodic Memory to Gauge Implicit and/or Indeterminate Social Commitments.John Michael, Marcell Székely & Wayne Christensen - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  20.  18
    The Ethics of the Face in Art: On the Margins of Levinas’s Theory of Ethical Signification in Art.Akos Krassoy - 2016 - Estetika 53 (1):42-73.
    In ‘Reality and Its Shadow’, Levinas dismisses knowledge as a whole from art. This has deep implications for the ethical. The aesthetic event has nothing to do with the ethical event – art does not seem to hold a place for ethical knowledge. This situation is problematic with respect to the conflicting phenomenological evidence as well as with respect to Levinas himself, who occasionally relies on works of art in his ethical phenomenological analyses. My article aims to fill in the (...)
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  21.  13
    Automation-Induced Complacency Potential: Development and Validation of a New Scale.Stephanie M. Merritt, Alicia Ako-Brew, William J. Bryant, Amy Staley, Michael McKenna, Austin Leone & Lei Shirase - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  22.  17
    Sally Haslanger, Resisting Reality: Social Construction and Social Critique. Reviewed By.Akos Sivado - 2015 - Philosophy in Review 35 (5):270-272.
  23.  4
    Existence of Faster Than Light Signals Implies Hypercomputation Already in Special Relativity.Péter Németi & Gergely Székely - 2012 - In S. Barry Cooper (ed.), How the World Computes. pp. 528--538.
  24. A Geometrical Characterization of the Twin Paradox and its Variants.Gergely Székely - 2010 - Studia Logica 95 (1-2):161 - 182.
    The aim of this paper is to provide a logic-based conceptual analysis of the twin paradox (TwP) theorem within a first-order logic framework. A geometrical characterization of TwP and its variants is given. It is shown that TwP is not logically equivalent to the assumption of the slowing down of moving clocks, and the lack of TwP is not logically equivalent to the Newtonian assumption of absolute time. The logical connection between TwP and a symmetry axiom of special relativity is (...)
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  25.  3
    The Perception of a Robot Partner’s Effort Elicits a Sense of Commitment to Human-Robot Interaction.Marcell Székely, Henry Powell, Fabio Vannucci, Francesco Rea, Alessandra Sciutti & John Michael - 2019 - Interaction Studies 20 (2):234-255.
    Previous research has shown that the perception that one’s partner is investing effort in a joint action can generate a sense of commitment, leading participants to persist longer despite increasing boredom. The current research extends this finding to human-robot interaction. We implemented a 2-player version of the classic snake game which became increasingly boring over the course of each round, and operationalized commitment in terms of how long participants persisted before pressing a ‘finish’ button to conclude each round. Participants were (...)
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  26. A Logic Road From Special Relativity to General Relativity.Hajnal Andréka, Judit X. Madarász, István Németi & Gergely Székely - 2012 - Synthese 186 (3):633 - 649.
    We present a streamlined axiom system of special relativity in first-order logic. From this axiom system we "derive" an axiom system of general relativity in two natural steps. We will also see how the axioms of special relativity transform into those of general relativity. This way we hope to make general relativity more accessible for the non-specialist.
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  27.  4
    Zwei Schüler Brentanos: Äkos von Pauler Und Meinong.Róbert Somos - 1995 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 50 (1):591-601.
    Der Aufsatz skizziert kurz den Lebenslauf des ungarischen Philosophen Äkos von Pauler. Zweitens stellt er jenen Abschnitt seines Lebens dar, in welchem sich von Pauler mit der österreichischen philosophischen Tradition auseinandersetzte und anfreundete. Die Wichtigkeit dieser Richtung für ihn besteht darin, daß die Philosophie von allem Subjektivismus befreit werden muß, der zum Relativismus und Skeptizismus führt. Drittens wird die Beziehung zwischen Brentano und Pauler und die zwischen Meinong und Pauler erörtert. Die Brentanosche Intentionalitätslehre, die Konzeption der nach ihrem Wesen als (...)
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  28.  10
    ROELOFS,਀MONIQUE. The Cultural Promise of the Aesthetic. New York, NY: Bloomsbury Academic, 2015, 288 Pp., $34.95 Paper. [REVIEW]Michael Szekely - 2017 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 75 (1):97-100.
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  29.  13
    The Sense of Effort: a Cost-Benefit Theory of the Phenomenology of Mental Effort.Marcell Székely & John Michael - 2021 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 12 (4):889-904.
    In the current paper, we articulate a theory to explain the phenomenology of mental effort. The theory provides a working definition of mental effort, explains in what sense mental effort is a limited resource, and specifies the factors that determine whether or not mental effort is experienced as aversive. The core of our theory is the conjecture that the sense of effort is the output of a cost-benefit analysis. This cost-benefit analysis employs heuristics to weigh the current and anticipated costs (...)
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  30.  3
    The Existence of Superluminal Particles is Consistent with Relativistic Dynamics.Judit X. Madarász & Gergely Székely - 2014 - Journal of Applied Logic 12 (4):477-500.
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  31.  48
    On Why-Questions in Physics.Gergely Székely - unknown
    In natural sciences, the most interesting and relevant questions are the so-called why-questions. There are several different approaches to why-questions and explanations in the literature, however, most of the literature deals with why-questions about particular events, such as ``Why did Adam eat the apple?''. Even the best known theory of explanation, Hempel's covering law model, is designed for explaining particular events. Here we only deal with purely theoretical why-questions about general phenomena of physics, for instance ``Why can no observer move (...)
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  32.  17
    Ako sa vyjadrova' rozumne a zmysluplne Uvedenie do filozofickej metodológie.Michal Chabada - 2009 - Studia Neoaristotelica 6 (2):295-295.
    This paper is a review of 'Ako sa vyjadrova' rozumne a zmysluplne Uvedenie do filozofickej metodológie' by Lubos Rojka.
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  33.  10
    Anafora Ako Premenná?M. Kosterec & Anaphora as A. Variable - 2012 - Filozofia 67 (3):221.
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  34.  6
    Rhuks Ako: Environmental Justice in Developing Countries: Perspectives From Africa and Asia-Pacific. [REVIEW]Joseph A. Tuminello Iii - 2015 - Environmental Ethics 37 (3):381-382.
  35.  14
    A Preliminary Report on the Theory of Unification of Sciences and its Concept Transforming Automation.D. L. Székely - 1962 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 3 (4):234-242.
  36.  1
    A Theory of Translation and Transformation of Languages.D. L. Székely - 1962 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 3 (3):152-166.
  37.  9
    Die Theorie der Umgangssprache als interpretierter Kompositkalkül.D. L. Székely - 1960 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 1 (4):150-170.
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  38.  5
    The Principles of the Theory of the Unification of Sciences.D. L. Székely - 1969 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 10 (2):181-213.
  39. The African Inspiration of the Black Arts Movement.Edward O. Ako - 1986 - Diogenes 34 (135):93-104.
  40. Proximity and Distance: On Some Interconnections Between Phenomenology and Literature.Ákos Krassóy - 2008 - Studia Phaenomenologica 8:47-63.
    Relations between literature and phenomenology vary greatly from proximity to distance depending on whether writers or philosophers give the definition. Writers in favour of the mission of phenomenology and phenomenologist relying on the visional power of literary examples can equally have a high regard for the other discipline thereby, nonetheless, preserving the demarcation. In the following, I will try to investigate these connections by debating the viewpoints of authors showing visible signs of appreciation on both sides. My examples are meant (...)
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  41.  8
    The Problem of Experience in the Gestalt Psychology.Szekely Lajos - 1959 - Theoria 25 (3):179-186.
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  42.  36
    In Defence of Language-Interpretive Social Science: On the Critiques of Peter Winch’s Conception of Understanding.Akos Sivado - 2011 - History of the Human Sciences 24 (5):103-123.
    In his highly influential book (The Idea of a Social Science and its Relation to Philosophy, first published in 1958), Peter Winch introduces an alternative concept of interpretive social science, in which the focus is shifted from the actors’ subjective motives to the common elements found in every understandable action: language-games and rule-following. This Wittgensteinian, linguistic version of interpretive social science has had its vast array of critics throughout the years: according to some of them, it neglects the practical side (...)
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  43.  30
    Die Bedeutung der Situation fur das Denken.L. Szekely - 1943 - Theoria 9 (1):1-21.
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  44.  23
    Regulating the Future? Law, Ethics, and Emerging Technologies.Iván Székely, Máté Dániel Szabó & Beatrix Vissy - 2011 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 9 (3):180-194.
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  45.  12
    Individual Differences in Flow Proneness Are Linked to a Dopamine D2 Receptor Gene Variant.Mate Gyurkovics, Eszter Kotyuk, Eniko Rozsa Katonai, Erzsebet Zsofia Horvath, Andrea Vereczkei & Anna Szekely - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 42:1-8.
  46.  4
    Filozofia ako výskům využívajúci umenie filozofia na scéně.Arno Böhler - 2013 - Filozofia 68 (5).
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  47. A Középkor És Az Esztétika.Ákos Cseke - 2011 - Akadémiai Kiadó.
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  48. A Távol Közelében.Ákos Cseke - 2011 - Kairosz.
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  49. Ako je možná metafyzika? Východisko a metóda metafyziky u Johanna Dunsa Scota.Ludger Honnefelder - 2002 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 9 (3):294-307.
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  50.  18
    A Palestinian Christian Cry for Reconciliation.Ora Szekely - 2010 - Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 20 (1):100-103.
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