Results for 'Alan Beaton'

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  1. We Are at Something of a Loss to Explain Our Observations and Wonder Whether Any Reader Can Enlighten Us. Alan Beaton, Paul Norman, Guy Richardson.Alan Beaton - 1996 - In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview. pp. 25--373.
  2.  15
    Going for Broca? I Wouldn't Bet on It!Alan A. Beaton - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (2):212-213.
    The role of Broca's area is currently unclear even with regard to language. Suggestions that this area was enlarged on the left in certain of our hominid ancestors are unconvincing. Broca's area may have nothing to do with a lateralized gestural or vocal system Handedness may have evolved more than four million years ago.
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  3.  29
    Alan Turing's Legacy: Info-Computational Philosophy of Nature.Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic - 2013 - In Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic Raffaela Giovagnoli (ed.), Computing Nature. Heidelberg: Springer. pp. 115--123.
    Alan Turing’s pioneering work on computability, and his ideas on morphological computing support Andrew Hodges’ view of Turing as a natural philosopher. Turing’s natural philosophy differs importantly from Galileo’s view that the book of nature is written in the language of mathematics (The Assayer, 1623). Computing is more than a language used to describe nature as computation produces real time physical behaviors. This article presents the framework of Natural info-computationalism as a contemporary natural philosophy that builds on the legacy (...)
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  4.  44
    ‘It is a Beautiful Experiment’: Queering the Work of Alan Turing.G. S. Voss - 2013 - AI and Society 28 (4):567-573.
    Alan Turing is known for both his mathematical creativity and genius and role in cryptography war efforts, and for his homosexuality, for which he was persecuted. Yet there is little work that brings these two parts of his life together. This paper deconstructs and moves beyond the extant stereotypes around perceived associations between gay men and creativity, to consider how Turing’s lived experience as a queer mathematician provides a rich seam of insight into the ways in which his life, (...)
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  5.  32
    Alan Macfarlane: Entre El Mundo Moderno y la Sociedad Tradicional.Gabriel Andrade - 2004 - Utopía y Praxis Latinoamericana 9 (26):113-118.
    In this in ter view, the pres ti gious an thro - pol o gist, his to rian and T.V. anaouncer, Alan Macfarlane com ments on some of the is sues that have been ad dressed in his writ ings. His main the o ret i cal con cern has been to study the pe cu - liar con di tions that gave rise to the mod e..
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  6.  32
    Alan Ware, The Dynamics of Two Party Politics (Oxford University Press, 2009).M. I. Marsh - 2011 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 12 (3):421-425.
    This small book packs a considerable theoretical and practical punch. Alan Ware challenges much received wisdom about the dynamics of two party politics. In the process, he adds considerably to contemporary discussion of the intersection of structure and agency in the development and adaptation of political systems. Ware picks out two party systems for concentrated attention because of their relative tractability – in his words: ‘these systems are ideal for analysing the capacity of parties to pursue their interests in (...)
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  7.  54
    Why Alan Musgrave Should Become an Essentialist.Alan F. Chalmers - 2006 - In Colin Cheyne & John Worrall (eds.), Rationality and Reality: Conversations with Alan Musgrave. Springer. pp. 165--181.
  8.  30
    Alan Watts: The Immediate Magic of God.Alan Keightley - 2012 - In Peter J. Columbus & Donadrian L. Rice (eds.), Alan Watts--Here and Now: Contributions to Psychology, Philosophy, and Religion. State University of New York Press. pp. 43.
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  9.  27
    Contributions and Conundrums in the Psychospiritual Transformation of Alan Watts.Alan Pope - 2012 - In Peter J. Columbus & Donadrian L. Rice (eds.), Alan Watts--Here and Now: Contributions to Psychology, Philosophy, and Religion. State University of New York Press. pp. 183.
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  10.  81
    The Philosophical Papers of Alan Donagan.Alan Donagan - 1994 - University of Chicago Press.
    A major voice in late twentieth-century philosophy, Alan Donagan is distinguished for his theories on the history of philosophy and the nature of morality. The Philosophical Papers of Alan Donagan, volumes 1 and 2, collect 28 of Donagan's most important and best-known essays on historical understanding and ethics from 1957 to 1991. Volume 2 addresses issues in the philosophy of action and moral theory. With papers on Kant, von Wright, Sellars, and Chisholm, this volume also covers a range (...)
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  11. Alan of Lille.Eileen C. Sweeney - 2013 - In Karla Pollmann & Willemien Otten (eds.), Oxford Guide to the Historical Reception of Augustine. Oxford University Press. pp. 12-14.
  12. Review of Alan H. Goldman, Practical Rules: When We Need Them and When We Don't. [REVIEW]Ben Eggleston - 2004 - Utilitas 16 (1):113-115.
    A review of Alan H. Goldman, _Practical Rules: When We Need Them and When We Don’t_ (Cambridge University Press, 2002), pp. xi + 210.
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  13. Total Brain Death: A Reply to Alan Shewmon.Patrick Lee & Germain Grisez - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (5):275-284.
    D. Alan Shewmon has advanced a well-documented challenge to the widely accepted total brain death criterion for death of the human being. We show that Shewmon's argument against this criterion is unsound, though he does refute the standard argument for that criterion. We advance a distinct argument for the total brain death criterion and answer likely objections. Since human beings are rational animals – sentient organisms of a specific type – the loss of the radical capacity for sentience involves (...)
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  14. I—Alan Millar: Why Knowledge Matters.Alan Millar - 2011 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):63-81.
    An explanation is given of why it is in the nature of inquiry into whether or not p that its aim is fully achieved only if one comes to know that p or to know that not-p and, further, comes to know how one knows, either way. In the absence of the latter one is in no position to take the inquiry to be successfully completed or to vouch for the truth of the matter in hand. An upshot is that (...)
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  15.  60
    The Dialectical Necessity of Morality: An Analysis and Defense of Alan Gewirth's Argument to the Principle of Generic Consistency.Deryck Beyleveld - 1991 - University of Chicago Press.
    Alan Gewirth's Reason and Morality , in which he set forth the Principle of Generic Consistency, is a major work of modern ethical theory that, though much debated and highly respected, has yet to gain full acceptance. Deryck Beyleveld contends that this resistance stems from misunderstanding of the method and logical operations of Gewirth's central argument. In this book Beyleveld seeks to remedy this deficiency. His rigorous reconstruction of Gewirth's argument gives its various parts their most compelling formulation and (...)
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  16. Alan Turing and the Mathematical Objection.Gualtiero Piccinini - 2003 - Minds and Machines 13 (1):23-48.
    This paper concerns Alan Turing’s ideas about machines, mathematical methods of proof, and intelligence. By the late 1930s, Kurt Gödel and other logicians, including Turing himself, had shown that no finite set of rules could be used to generate all true mathematical statements. Yet according to Turing, there was no upper bound to the number of mathematical truths provable by intelligent human beings, for they could invent new rules and methods of proof. So, the output of a human mathematician, (...)
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  17.  69
    Double Counting, Moral Rigorism, and Cohen’s Critique of Rawls: A Response to Alan Thomas.Brian Berkey - 2015 - Mind 124 (495):849-874.
    In a recent article in this journal, Alan Thomas presents a novel defence of what I call ‘Rawlsian Institutionalism about Justice’ against G. A. Cohen’s well-known critique. In this response I aim to defend Cohen’s rejection of Institutionalism against Thomas’s arguments. In part this defence requires clarifying precisely what is at issue between Institutionalists and their opponents. My primary focus, however, is on Thomas’s critical discussion of Cohen’s endorsement of an ethical prerogative, as well as his appeal to the (...)
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  18.  23
    Religião e Espiritismo: o conceito de religião da Doutrina Espírita segundo a concepção de Alan Kardec.Brasil Fernandes de Barros - 2019 - Horizonte - Revista de Estudos de Teologia E Ciências da Religião 17 (52):525-526.
    Dissertação de mestrado de: BARROS, Brasil Fernandes de. Religião e Espiritismo: o conceito de religião da Doutrina Espírita segundo a concepção de Alan Kardec. 2018. Dissertação – Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Religião, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG.
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  19.  33
    Defining ‘Gratuitous Evil’: A Response to Alan R. Rhoda: William Hasker.William Hasker - 2010 - Religious Studies 46 (3):303-309.
    In his article, ‘Gratuitous evil and divine providence’, Alan Rhoda claims to have produced an uncontroversial theological premise for the evidential argument from evil. I argue that his premise is by no means uncontroversial among theists, and I doubt that any premise can be found that is both uncontroversial and useful for the argument from evil.
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  20.  76
    Defining 'Gratuitous Evil': A Response to Alan R. Rhoda.William Hasker - 2010 - Religious Studies 46 (3):303-309.
    In his article, 'Gratuitous evil and divine providence', Alan Rhoda claims to have produced an uncontroversial theological premise for the evidential argument from evil. I argue that his premise is by no means uncontroversial among theists, and I doubt that any premise can be found that is both uncontroversial and useful for the argument from evil.
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  21. Biocentric Consequentialism, Pluralism, and ‘The Minimax Implication’: A Reply to Alan Carter: Robin Attfield.Robin Attfield - 2003 - Utilitas 15 (1):76-91.
    Alan Carter's recent review in Mind of my Ethics of the Global Environment combines praise of biocentric consequentialism with criticisms that it could advocate both minimal satisfaction of human needs and the extinction of ‘inessential species’ for the sake of generating extra people; Carter also maintains that as a monistic theory it is predictably inadequate to cover the full range of ethical issues, since only a pluralistic theory has this capacity. In this reply, I explain how the counter-intuitive implications (...)
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  22. Alan Weir. Truth Through Proof: A Formalist Foundation for Mathematics. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-19-954149-2. Pp. Xiv&Plus;281: Critical Studies/Book Reviews. [REVIEW]John P. Burgess - 2011 - Philosophia Mathematica 19 (2):213-219.
    Alan Weir’s new book is, like Darwin’s Origin of Species, ‘one long argument’. The author has devised a new kind of have-it-both-ways philosophy of mathematics, supposed to allow him to say out of one side of his mouth that the integer 1,000,000 exists and even that the cardinal ℵω exists, while saying out of the other side of his mouth that no numbers exist at all, and the whole book is devoted to an exposition and defense of this new (...)
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  23.  57
    ‘Philosophy and the Novel’, by Goldman, Alan H.Eileen John - 2014 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (3):590-593.
    (2014). ‘Philosophy and the Novel’, by Goldman, Alan H. Australasian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 92, No. 3, pp. 590-593. doi: 10.1080/00048402.2014.885069.
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  24.  58
    Rights, Indirect Utilitarianism, and Contractarianism: Alan P. Hamlin.Alan P. Hamlin - 1989 - Economics and Philosophy 5 (2):167-188.
    Economic approaches to both social evaluation and decision-making are typically Paretian or utilitarian in nature and so display commitments to both welfarism and consequentialism. The contrast between the economic approach and any rights-based social philosophy has spawned a large literature that may be divided into two branches. The first is concerned with the compatibility of rights and utilitarianism seen as independent moral forces. This branch of the literature may be characterized as an example of the broader debate between the teleological (...)
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  25.  41
    D. Alan Shewmon and the PCBE's White Paper on Brain Death: Are Brain-Dead Patients Dead?E. C. Brugger - 2013 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (2):205-218.
    The December 2008 White Paper (WP) on “Brain Death” published by the President’s Council on Bioethics (PCBE) reaffirmed its support for the traditional neurological criteria for human death. It spends considerable time explaining and critiquing what it takes to be the most challenging recent argument opposing the neurological criteria formulated by D. Alan Shewmon, a leading critic of the “whole brain death” standard. The purpose of this essay is to evaluate and critique the PCBE’s argument. The essay begins with (...)
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  26.  51
    Alan Turing.Peter Cave - 2004 - Minds and Machines 10 (4):461-461.
    In his short life, Alan Turing (1912-1954) made foundational contributions to philosophy, mathematics, biology, artificial intelligence, and computer science. He, as much as anyone, invented and showed how to program the digital electronic computer. From September, 1939, his work on computation was war-driven and brutally practical. He developed high speed computing devices needed to decipher German Enigma Machine messages to and from U-boats, countering the most serious threat by far to Britain..
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  27.  14
    Paul C. Eklof and Alan H. Mekler. Almost Free Modules. Set-Theoretic Methods. North Holland Mathematical Library, Vol. 46. North-Holland, Amsterdam Etc. 1990, Xvi + 481 Pp. [REVIEW]Alan Dow & Juris Steprāns - 1995 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 60 (2):696-698.
  28.  36
    From Alan Turing to Modern AI: Practical Solutions and an Implicit Epistemic Stance.George F. Luger & Chayan Chakrabarti - 2017 - AI and Society 32 (3):321-338.
    It has been just over 100 years since the birth of Alan Turing and more than 65 years since he published in Mind his seminal paper, Computing Machinery and Intelligence. In the Mind paper, Turing asked a number of questions, including whether computers could ever be said to have the power of “thinking”. Turing also set up a number of criteria—including his imitation game—under which a human could judge whether a computer could be said to be “intelligent”. Turing’s paper, (...)
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  29.  49
    The Justification of Equal Opportunity: ALAN H. GOLDMAN.Alan H. Goldman - 1987 - Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (1):88-103.
    As a preliminary to the justification of equal opportunity, we require a few words on the concept. An opportunity is a chance to attain some goal or obtain some benefit. More precisely, it is the lack of some obstacle or obstacles to the attainment of some goal or benefit. Opportunities are equal in some specified or understood sense when persons face roughly the same obstacles or obstacles of roughly the same difficulty of some specified or understood sort. In different contexts (...)
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  30.  17
    Formalisation and Evaluation of Alan Gewirth's Proof for the Principle of Generic Consistency in Isabelle/HOL.David Fuenmayor & Christoph Benzmüller - unknown
    An ambitious ethical theory ---Alan Gewirth's "Principle of Generic Consistency"--- is encoded and analysed in Isabelle/HOL. Gewirth's theory has stirred much attention in philosophy and ethics and has been proposed as a potential means to bound the impact of artificial general intelligence.
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  31.  85
    Turing and the Fragility and Insubstantiality of Evolutionary Explanations: A Puzzle About the Unity of Alan Turing's Work with Some Larger Implications.Justin Leiber - 2001 - Philosophical Psychology 14 (1):83-94.
    As is well known, Alan Turing drew a line, embodied in the "Turing test," between intellectual and physical abilities, and hence between cognitive and natural sciences. Less familiarly, he proposed that one way to produce a "passer" would be to educate a "child machine," equating the experimenter's improvements in the initial structure of the child machine with genetic mutations, while supposing that the experimenter might achieve improvements more expeditiously than natural selection. On the other hand, in his foundational "On (...)
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  32. The Dialectical Necessity of Morality: An Analysis and Defense of Alan Gewirth's Argument to the Principle of Generic Consistency.Deryck Beyleveld - 1992 - University of Chicago Press.
    Alan Gewirth's _Reason and Morality_, in which he set forth the Principle of Generic Consistency, is a major work of modern ethical theory that, though much debated and highly respected, has yet to gain full acceptance. Deryck Beyleveld contends that this resistance stems from misunderstanding of the method and logical operations of Gewirth's central argument. In this book Beyleveld seeks to remedy this deficiency. His rigorous reconstruction of Gewirth's argument gives its various parts their most compelling formulation and clarifies (...)
     
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  33.  12
    Alan L. Mittleman (Ed.) Holiness in Jewish Thought. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018). Pp. X + 241. £65.00 (Hbk). ISBN: 978 0 19 879649 7. [REVIEW]Jonathan Nassim - 2019 - Religious Studies 55.
    Review of Alan L. Mittleman (ed.) Holiness in Jewish Thought.
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  34.  51
    Alan Haworth Anti-Libertarianism[REVIEW]J. C. Lester - 1997 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 14:92-92.
    In this book Alan Haworth tends to sneer at libertarians. However, there are, I believe, a few sound criticisms. I have always held similar opinions of Murray Rothbard‟s and Friedrich Hayek‟s definitions of liberty and coercion, Robert Nozick‟s account of natural rights, and Hayek‟s spontaneous-order arguments. I urge believers of these positions to read Haworth. But I don‟t personally know many libertarians who believe them (or who regard Hayek as a libertarian).
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  35. A Requiem for Whole Brain Death: A Response to D. Alan Shewmons the Brain and Somatic Integration.Michael Potts - 2001 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (5):479 – 491.
    Alan Shewmons article, The brain and somatic integration: Insights into the standard biological rationale for equating brain death with death (2001), strikes at the heart of the standard justification for whole brain death criteria. The standard justification, which I call the standard paradigm, holds that the permanent loss of the functions of the entire brain marks the end of the integrative unity of the body. In my response to Shewmons article, I first offer a brief summary of the standard (...)
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  36. Alan Turing's Systems of Logic: The Princeton Thesis.Andrew W. Appel (ed.) - 2012 - Princeton University Press.
    Between inventing the concept of a universal computer in 1936 and breaking the German Enigma code during World War II, Alan Turing, the British founder of computer science and artificial intelligence, came to Princeton University to study mathematical logic. Some of the greatest logicians in the world--including Alonzo Church, Kurt Gödel, John von Neumann, and Stephen Kleene--were at Princeton in the 1930s, and they were working on ideas that would lay the groundwork for what would become known as computer (...)
     
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  37.  55
    A Reply to Alan White’s Review of Hegel, Nietzsche, and the Criticism of Metaphysics.Stephen Houlgate - 1990 - The Owl of Minerva 21 (2):227-230.
    Alan White’s review in The Owl, 22, 1 : 91–96, of my book, Hegel, Nietzsche, and the Criticism of Metaphysics, offers a generous appraisal of what he considers to be the book’s merits and faults. White is clearly not satisfied that the book has successfully accomplished what it set out to achieve. However, after having been told by one reviewer that what “plainly” lay closest to my heart was a full-blooded defense of Hegel, and after having been scolded by (...)
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  38. Logic, Theology, and Poetry in Boethius, Abelard, and Alan of Lille: Words in the Absence of Things. [REVIEW]C. J. Mews - 2007 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (2):327-328.
    C. J. Mews - Logic, Theology, and Poetry in Boethius, Abelard, and Alan of Lille: Words in the Absence of Things - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45:2 Journal of the History of Philosophy 45.2 327-328 Muse Search Journals This Journal Contents Reviewed by Constant J. Mews Monash University Eileen C. Sweeney. Logic, Theology, and Poetry in Boethius, Abelard, and Alan of Lille: Words in the Absence of Things. The New Middle Ages. London: Palgrave MacMillan, 2006. Pp. (...)
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  39.  67
    Alan: An Action Language For Modelling Non-Markovian Domains.Graciela González, Chitta Baral & Michael Gelfond - 2005 - Studia Logica 79 (1):115-134.
    In this paper we present the syntax and semantics of a temporal action language named Alan, which was designed to model interactive multimedia presentations where the Markov property does not always hold. In general, Alan allows the specification of systems where the future state of the world depends not only on the current state, but also on the past states of the world. To the best of our knowledge, Alan is the first action language which incorporates causality (...)
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  40. The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations, by Duncan Pritchard, Alan Millar, and Adrian Haddock. [REVIEW]Ralph Wedgwood - 2012 - Analysis 72 (1):187-189.
    This is a review of "The nature and value of knowlege: Three investigations", by Duncan Pritchard, Alan Millar, and Adrian Haddock (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2011).
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  41.  43
    Alan Turing in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.Andrew Hodges - unknown
    The origin of my article lies in the appearance of Copeland and Proudfoot's feature article in Scientific American, April 1999. This preposterous paper, as described on another page, suggested that Turing was the prophet of 'hypercomputation'. In their references, the authors listed Copeland's entry on 'The Church-Turing thesis' in the Stanford Encyclopedia. In the summer of 1999, I circulated an open letter criticising the Scientific American article. I included criticism of this Encyclopedia entry. This was forwarded to Prof. Ed Zalta, (...)
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  42.  86
    Alan W. Richardson. 'The Tenacious, Malleable, Indefatigable, and yet, Eternally Modifiable Will': Hans Reichenbach's Knowing Subject.Alan W. Richardson & Thomas E. Uebel - 2005 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 79 (1):73–87.
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  43.  8
    The Whittrick Play of No Nothing: Alan Spence, Edwin Morgan, and Indra’s Net.Monika Kocot - 2018 - Text Matters - a Journal of Literature, Theory and Culture 8 (8):189-211.
    The article will attempt a reading of Alan Spence’s play No Nothing. Special attention will be given to the issue of literal and metaphorical space, a peculiar, liminal setting of the play, and the ways it determines the flyting between the two characters, two iconic Glaswegians: Edwin Morgan and Jimmy Reid. It seems that in this theatrical space history, politics and poetry inter-are. We may notice how two completely different masters of speech exchange their views on life, how they (...)
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  44. Review of Alan Musgrave, Essays on Realism and Rationalism. [REVIEW]Stathos Psillos - unknown
    Alan Musgrave has been one of the most important philosophers of science in the last quarter of the 20th century. He has exemplified an exceptional combination of clearheaded and profound philosophical thinking. Two seem to be the pillars of his thought: an uncompromising commitment to scientific realism and an equally uncompromising commitment to deductivism. The essays reprinted in this volume (which span a period of 25 years, from 1974 to 1999) testify to these two commitments. (There are two omissions (...)
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  45.  22
    Gewirth's Ethical Rationalism: Critical Essays with a Reply by Alan Gewirth.Edward Regis (ed.) - 1984 - University of Chicago Press.
    Alan Gewirth's Reason and Morality directed philosophical attention to the possibility of presenting a rational and rigorous demonstration of fundamental moral principles. Now, these previously unpublished essays from some of the most distinguished philosophers of our generation subject Gewirth's program to thorough evaluation and assessment. In a tour de force of philosophical analysis, Professor Gewirth provides detailed replies to all of his critics--a major, genuinely clarifying essay of intrinsic philosophical interest.
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  46. Alan Sokal's "Transgression" By.Stanley Aronowitz - unknown
    Explaining his now famous parody in Social Text's "Science Wars" issue, Alan Sokal writes in Dissent : But why did I do it? I confess that I'm an unabashed Old Leftist who never quite understood how deconstruction was supposed to help the working class. And I'm a stodgy old scientist who believes, naively, that there exists an external world, that there exist objective truths about that world, and that my job is to discover some of them. There is much (...)
     
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  47.  30
    Mill's Essay On Liberty: Alan Ryan.Alan Ryan - 1986 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 20:171-194.
    John Stuart Mill is—surprisingly—a difficult writer. He writes clearly, non-technically, and in a very plain prose which Bertrand Russell once described as a model for philosophers. It is never hard to see what the general drift of the argument is, and never hard to see which side he is on. He is, none the less, a difficult writer because his clarity hides complicated arguments and assumptions which often take a good deal of unpicking. And when we have done that unpicking, (...)
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  48.  67
    Philosophy and Religion in Early Medieval China Ed. By Alan K. L. Chan and Yuet-Keung Lo (Review).James D. Sellmann - 2013 - Philosophy East and West 63 (3):451-455.
    The Early Han enjoyed some prosperity while it struggled with centralization and political control of the kingdom. The Later Han was plagued by the court intrigue, corrupt eunuchs, and massive flooding of the Yellow River that eventually culminated in popular uprisings that led to the demise of the dynasty. The period that followed was a renewed warring states period that likewise stimulated a rebirth of philosophical and religious debate, growth, and innovations. Alan K. L. Chan and Yuet-Keung Lo's Philosophy (...)
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  49.  10
    The Economic Entomologist: An Interview with Alan Kirman.Alan Kirman - 2011 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 4 (2):42-66.
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  50.  15
    I—Alan Weir.Alan Weir - 2003 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 77 (1):47-72.
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