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Alan Carter [81]Alan B. Carter [1]
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  1.  41
    Can We Harm Furture People?Alan Carter - 2001 - Environmental Values 10 (4):429-454.
    It appears to have been established that it is not possible for us to harm distant future generations by failing to adopt long-range welfare policies which would conserve resources or limit pollution. By exploring a number of possible worlds, the present article shows, first, that the argument appears to be at least as telling against Aristotelian, rights-based and Rawlsian approaches as it seems to be against utilitarianism, but second, and most importantly, that it only holds if we fail to view (...)
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  2. Is Utilitarian Morality Necessarily Too Demanding.Alan Carter - 2009 - In T. D. J. Chappell (ed.), The Problem of Moral Demandingness. Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
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  3.  85
    On Pascal's Wager, or Why All Bets Are Off.Alan Carter - 2000 - Philosophical Quarterly 50 (198):22-27.
  4.  19
    Value-Pluralist Egalitarianism.Alan Carter - 2002 - Journal of Philosophy 99 (11):577.
  5. Moral Theory and Global Population.Alan Carter - 1999 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 99 (3):289–313.
    Ascertaining the optimum global population raises not just substantive moral problems but also philosophical ones, too. In particular, serious problems arise for utilitarianism. For example, should one attempt to bring about the greatest total happiness or the highest level of average happiness? This article argues that neither approach on its own provides a satisfactory answer, and nor do rights-based or Rawlsian approaches, either. Instead, what is required is a multidimensional approach to moral questions—one which recognises the plurality of our values. (...)
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  6.  43
    In Defence of Radical Disobedience.Alan Carter - 1998 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 15 (1):29–47.
  7. Biodiversity and All That Jazz.Alan Carter - 2010 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 80 (1):58-75.
    This article considers several of the most famous arguments for our being under a moral obligation to preserve species, and finds them all wanting. The most promising argument for preserving all varieties of species might seem to be an aesthetic one. Unfortunately, the suggestion that the moral basis for the preservation of species should be construed as similar to the moral basis for the preservation of a work of art seems to presume (what are now widely regarded as) erroneous conceptualizations (...)
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  8.  64
    Value-Pluralist Egalitarianism.Alan Carter - 2002 - Journal of Philosophy 99 (11):577-599.
  9.  46
    A Solution to the Purported Non-Transitivity of Normative Evaluation.Alan Carter - 2015 - Journal of Philosophy 112 (1):23-45.
    Derek Parfit presents his Mere Addition Paradox in order to demonstrate that it is extremely difficult to avoid the Repugnant Conclusion. And in order to avoid it, Parfit has embraced perfectionism. However, Stuart Rachels and Larry Temkin, taking their lead from Parfit, have concluded, instead, that the Repugnant Conclusion can be avoided by denying the axiom of transitivity with respect to the all-things-considered-better-than relation. But this seems to present a major challenge to how we evaluate normatively. In this article I (...)
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  10. Analytical Anarchism.Alan Carter - 2000 - Political Theory 28 (2):230-253.
  11.  21
    ‘Self‐Exploitation’ and Workers' Co‐Operatives—or How the British Left Get Their Concepts Wrong.Alan Carter - 1989 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 6 (2):195-200.
    ABSTRACT In this article I examine the concept ‘self‐exploitation’ and its use in criticising workers' co‐operatives. I argue that the concept is incoherent and that the kind of exploitation which members of workers' co‐ops actually face is ‘market‐exploitation’. Moreover, some of the criticisms of workers' co‐ops which are made by those who employ the confused concept ‘self‐exploitation’ are shown to be inapposite when ‘market‐exploitation’ is recognised to be the real problem. I conclude with a discussion of the reasons for the (...)
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  12.  40
    Presumptive Benefits and Political Obligation.Alan Carter - 2001 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 18 (3):229–243.
  13.  9
    XIII—Moral Theory and Global Population.Alan Carter - 1999 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 99 (3):289-313.
  14. Some Groundwork for a Multidimensional Axiology.Alan Carter - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 154 (3):389 - 408.
    By distinguishing between contributory values and overall value, and by arguing that contributory values are variable values insofar as they contribute diminishing marginal overall value, this article helps to establish the superiority of a certain kind of maximizing, value-pluralist axiology over both sufficientarianism and prioritarianism, as well as over all varieties of value-monism, including utilitarianism and pure egalitarianism.
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  15.  32
    Projectivism and the Last Person Argument.Alan Carter - 2004 - American Philosophical Quarterly 41 (1):51-62.
  16.  21
    Simplifying "Inequality".Alan Carter - 2001 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 30 (1):88-100.
  17. Inegalitarian Biocentric Consequentialism, the Minimax Implication and Multidimensional Value Theory: A Brief Proposal for a New Direction in Environmental Ethics.Alan Carter - 2005 - Utilitas 17 (1):62-84.
    Perhaps the most impressive environmental ethic developed to date in any detail is Robin Attfield's biocentric consequentialism. Indeed, on first study, it appears sufficiently impressive that, before presenting any alternative theoretical approach, one would first need to establish why one should not simply embrace Attfield's. After outlining a seemingly decisive flaw in his theory, and then criticizing his response to it, this article adumbrates a very different theoretical basis for an environmental ethic: namely, a value-pluralist one. In so doing, it (...)
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  18.  90
    A Defense of Egalitarianism.Alan Carter - 2006 - Philosophical Studies 131 (2):269-302.
    Recently in this journal, Michael Huemer has attempted to refute egalitarianism. His strategy consists in: first, distinguishing between three possible worlds ; second, showing that the first world is equal in value to the second world; third, dividing the second and third worlds into two temporal segments each, then showing that none of the temporal segments possesses greater moral value than any other, thereby demonstrating that the second and third worlds as a whole are equal in value; and finally, concluding (...)
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  19.  37
    The Method in Hobbes' Madness.Alan Carter - 1999 - Hobbes Studies 12 (1):72-89.
    Hobbes appears to subscribe to a form of the resolutive/compositive method not only as the appropriate means for understanding the natural world but also as the correct means for understanding the political world. However, the view that Hobbes adopts this methodology for understanding both 'bodies politic' and 'natural bodies' has been challenged in Tom Sorell's widely praised study of Hobbes' philosophy. In this article, I first rebut Sorell's challenge, and then consider several other objections which might be levelled against the (...)
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  20. Political Liberalism and Political Compliance: Part 2 of the Problem of Political Compliance in Rawls’s Theories of Justice.Alan Carter - 2006 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 3 (2):135-157.
    Three interlocking features appear to underpin Rawls’s justification of political compliance within the context of political liberalism: namely, a specific territory; a specific society; and a specific conception of what it is to be reasonable. When any one feature is subject to critical examination, while presupposing that the other two are acceptable, Rawls’s argument for political compliance may seem persuasive. But when all three features are critically examined together, his justification of political compliance within political liberalism can be seen to (...)
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  21.  55
    Animals, Pain and Morality.Alan Carter - 2005 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (1):17–22.
    While it is widely agreed that the infliction upon innocents of needless pain is immoral, many have argued that, even though nonhuman animals act as if they feel pain, there is no reason to think that they actually suffer painful experiences. And if our actions only appear to cause nonhuman animals pain, then such actions are not immoral. On the basis of the claim that certain behavioural responses to organismic harm are maladaptive, whereas the ability to feel pain is itself (...)
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  22.  47
    The Quest for an Egalitarian Metric.Alan Carter - 2004 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 7 (1):94-113.
    For two decades, egalitarian analytical philosophers have sought to identify the metric to be employed in order to ascertain whether any distribution is equal or not. This essay provides a review of the seminal contributions to this debate by Amartya Sen, Ronald Dworkin, Richard Arneson and G.A. Cohen.
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  23.  88
    The Evolution of Rawls's Justification of Political Compliance: Part 1 of the Problem of Political Compliance in Rawls's Theories of Justice.Alan Carter - 2006 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 3 (1):7-21.
    As Rawls's thought evolved from his 1958 article ‘Justice as Fairness’ to the 1996 edition of his book Political Liberalism, his response to the problem of political compliance would seem to have undergone a number of changes. This article critically evaluates the development of Rawls's various explicit or implied arguments that serve to justify compliance to just social arrangements, and concludes that the problem of political compliance remains without any cogent solution within the vast corpus of Rawls's work. Key Words: (...)
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  24.  8
    Biodiversity and All That Jazz.Alan Carter - 2010 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 80 (1):58-75.
    This article considers several of the most famous arguments for our being under a moral obligation to preserve species, and finds them all wanting. The most promising argument for preserving all varieties of species might seem to be an aesthetic one. Unfortunately, the suggestion that the moral basis for the preservation of species should be construed as similar to the moral basis for the preservation of a work of art seems to presume erroneous conceptualizations of "species". The article concludes by (...)
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  25.  68
    Eco-Authoritarianism, Eco-Reformism or Eco-Marxism?: Part Two of ’Foundations for Developing a Green Political Theory’.Alan Carter - 1996 - Cogito 10 (2):115-123.
  26. Anarchism: Some Theoretical Foundations.Alan Carter - 2011 - Journal of Political Ideologies 16 (3):245-264.
    This article considers two different, yet related, theoretical approaches that could be employed to ground the anarchist critique of Marxist-Leninist revolutionary practice, and thus of the state in general: the State-Primacy Theory and the Quadruplex Theory. The State-Primacy Theory appears to be consistent with several of Bakunin's claims about the state. However, the Quadruplex Theory might, in fact, turn out to be no less consistent with Bakunin's claims than the State-Primacy Theory. In addition, the Quadruplex Theory seems no less capable (...)
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  27. Deep Ecology or Social Ecology?Alan Carter - 1995 - Heythrop Journal 36 (3):328–350.
  28.  39
    A Radical Green Political Theory.Alan Carter - 1999 - Routledge.
    This volume analyzes authoritarian, reformist, Marxist and anarchist approaches to the environmental problem, exposing the relationships between environmental crises, economic structures and the role of the state.
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  29. Marx a Radical Critique.Alan Carter - 1988
     
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  30.  43
    The Real Meaning of Meaning.Alan Carter - 1991 - Heythrop Journal 32 (3):355–368.
  31.  14
    Revolution, Lenin and the Party.Alan Carter - 1994 - Cogito 8 (1):66-73.
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  32.  14
    Environmental Accidents: Personal Injury and Public Responsibility.Alan B. Carter - 1990 - Ethics 100 (4):901-902.
  33.  26
    On Individualism, Collectivism and Interrelationism.Alan Carter - 1990 - Heythrop Journal 31 (1):23–38.
  34.  4
    Some Theoretical Foundations for Radical Green Politics.Alan Carter - 2004 - Environmental Values 13 (3):305 - 328.
    On the basis of our apparent obligations to future generations, it would seem that we are morally obliged to reduce the risk our environmentally destructive behaviour poses for their well-being. But if, rather than choosing to destroy the environment, we are in fact driven to do so, then any obligation to reduce our environmental impact requires an understanding of the mechanism driving our behaviour. This article argues that the State-Primacy Theory provides a plausible explanation for the nature of that mechanism, (...)
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  35.  11
    A'counterfactualist'four-Dimensional Theory of Power.Alan Carter - 1992 - Heythrop Journal 33 (2):192–203.
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  36. Animals.Alan Carter - 2010 - In John Skorupski (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Ethics. Routledge.
     
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  37.  47
    A Distinction Within Egalitarianism.Alan Carter - 2011 - Journal of Philosophy 108 (10):535-554.
  38.  49
    Animal Life and Afterlife.Alan Carter - 1999 - Cogito 13 (1):27-31.
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  39.  51
    Animal Rights and Social Relations.Alan Carter - 1995 - Res Publica 1 (2):213-220.
  40.  7
    A Radical Environmentalist Political Theory: Part Three of 'Foundations for Developing a Green Political Theory'.Alan Carter - 1996 - Cogito 10 (3):209-219.
  41.  6
    A Radical Environmentalist Political Theory: Part Three of ‘Foundations for Developing a Green Political Theory’.Alan Carter - 1996 - Cogito 10 (3):209-219.
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  42.  2
    A‘Counterfactualist’Four‐Dimensional Theory of Power.Alan Carter - 1992 - Heythrop Journal 33 (2):192-203.
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  43. Beyond Primacy: Marxism, Anarchism and Radical Green Political Theory.Alan Carter - 2010 - Environmental Politics 19 (6):951–972.
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  44.  17
    Creating Co-Operative Autonomy: Or is the Dance of Shiva a Form of Maya?Alan Carter - 1993 - Cogito 7 (3):194-200.
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  45.  3
    Deep Ecology or Social Ecology?Alan Carter - 1995 - Heythrop Journal 36 (3):328-350.
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  46.  24
    Distributive Justice and Enviromental Sustainability.Alan Carter - 2000 - Heythrop Journal 41 (4):449–460.
    Andrew Dobson has outlined three conceptions of environmental sustainability: the ‘critical natural capital’ conception; the ‘irreversibility’ conception; and the ‘natural value’ conception. He has also attempted to map out the various ‘dimensions of social justice’– his purpose in so doing being to analyze the ‘encounter’ of each conception of environmental sustainability with the points on his map. Not surprisingly, Dobson concludes that as one moves from the ‘critical natural capital’ conception through the ‘irreversibility’ conception to the ‘natural value’ conception of (...)
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  47.  3
    Distributive Justice and Enviromental Sustainability.Alan Carter - 2000 - Heythrop Journal 41 (4):449-460.
    Andrew Dobson has outlined three conceptions of environmental sustainability: the ‘critical natural capital’ conception; the ‘irreversibility’ conception; and the ‘natural value’ conception. He has also attempted to map out the various ‘dimensions of social justice’– his purpose in so doing being to analyze the ‘encounter’ of each conception of environmental sustainability with the points on his map. Not surprisingly, Dobson concludes that as one moves from the ‘critical natural capital’ conception through the ‘irreversibility’ conception to the ‘natural value’ conception of (...)
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  48. Evolution and the Problem of Altruism.Alan Carter - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 123 (3):213-230.
    Genuine altruism would appear to be incompatible with evolutionary theory. And yet altruistic behavior would seem to occur, at least on occasion. This article first considers a game-theoretical attempt at solving this seeming paradox, before considering agroup selectionist approach. Neither approach, as they stand, would seem to render genuine, as opposed to reciprocal, altruism compatible with the theory of evolution. The article concludes by offering an alternative game-theoretical solution to the problem of altruism.
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  49.  30
    Environmental Culture: The Ecological Crisis of Reason.Alan Carter - 2004 - Environmental Ethics 26 (3):323-326.
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  50.  8
    Environmental Culture: The Ecological Crisis of Reason. [REVIEW]Alan Carter - 2004 - Environmental Ethics 26 (3):323-326.
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