9 found
Alan F. Chalmers [9]Alan Francis Chalmers [1]
  1.  1
    One Hundred Years of Pressure: Hydrostatics From Stevin to Newton.Alan F. Chalmers - 2017 - Springer Verlag.
    This monograph investigates the development of hydrostatics as a science. In the process, it sheds new light on the nature of science and its origins in the Scientific Revolution. Readers will come to see that the history of hydrostatics reveals subtle ways in which the science of the seventeenth century differed from previous periods. The key, the author argues, is the new insights into the concept of pressure that emerged during the Scientific Revolution. This came about due to contributions from (...)
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  2.  67
    Boyle and the Origins of Modern Chemistry: Newman Tried in the Fire.Alan F. Chalmers - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (1):1-10.
    William Newman construes the Scientific Revolution as a change in matter theory, from a hylomorphic, Aristotelian to a corpuscular, mechanical one. He sees Robert Boyle as making a major contribution to that change by way of his corpuscular chemistry. In this article it is argued that it is seriously misleading to identify what was scientific about the Scientific Revolution in terms of a change in theories of the ultimate structure of matter. Boyle showed, especially in his pneumatics, how empirically accessible, (...)
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  3. The Theory‐Dependence of the Use of Instruments in Science.Alan F. Chalmers - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (3):493-509.
    The idea that the use of instruments in science is theory‐dependent seems to threaten the extent to which the output of those instruments can act as an independent arbiter of theory. This issue is explored by studying an early use of the electron microscope to observe dislocations in crystals. It is shown that this usage did indeed involve the theory of the electron microscope but that, nevertheless, it was possible to argue strongly for the experimental results, the theory of dislocations (...)
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  4.  94
    Atom and Aether in Nineteenth-Century Physical Science.Alan F. Chalmers - 2008 - Foundations of Chemistry 10 (3):157-166.
    This paper suggests that the cases made for atoms and the aether in nineteenth-century physical science were analogous, with the implication that the case for the atom was less than compelling, since there is no aether. It is argued that atoms did not play a productive role in nineteenth-century chemistry any more than the aether did in physics. Atoms and molecules did eventually find an indispensable home in chemistry but by the time that they did so they were different kinds (...)
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  5.  52
    The Heuristic Role of Maxwell's Mechanical Model of Electromagnetic Phenomena.Alan F. Chalmers - 1985 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 17 (4):415.
  6.  19
    Methodological Individualism: An Incongruity in Popper's Philosophy.Alan F. Chalmers - 1985 - In Gregory Currie & Alan Musgrave (eds.), Popper and the Human Sciences. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 73--87.
  7.  70
    Why Alan Musgrave Should Become an Essentialist.Alan F. Chalmers - 2006 - In Colin Cheyne & John Worrall (eds.), Rationality and Reality: Conversations with Alan Musgrave. Springer. pp. 165--181.
  8.  15
    Aristotle: Critic or Pioneer of Atomism?Alan F. Chalmers - unknown
    Aristotle is typically construed as a critic of atomism. He was indeed a critic of atomism of the extreme kind formulated by Democritus, according to which bulk matter is made of nothing other than unchangeable pieces of universal matter possessing shape and size and capable of motion in the void. However, there is a weaker kind of atomism involving the assumption that macroscopic substances have least parts which have properties sufficient to account for the properties of the bulk substances that (...)
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  9.  17
    Qualitative Novelty in Seventeenth-Century Science: Hydrostatics From Stevin to Pascal.Alan F. Chalmers - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 51:1-10.
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