Results for 'Alan H. Berger'

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  1.  19
    A Review.Alan H. Berger - 1996 - Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (4):481-482.
    Editors’ Note: As a matter of policy, the editors believe that publishing several reviews of selected texts is a valuable exercise which will enable a cross-section of views to be aired.Copies of this report can be obtained from the Nuffield Council on Bioethics, 28 Bedford Square, London WC1B 3EG, U.K. . The report publishes the recommendation of a Working Party set up in January 1995. Following a wide public consultation, the Working Party prepared its report on xenotransplantation which has been (...)
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  2.  69
    The Justification of Equal Opportunity: ALAN H. GOLDMAN.Alan H. Goldman - 1987 - Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (1):88-103.
    As a preliminary to the justification of equal opportunity, we require a few words on the concept. An opportunity is a chance to attain some goal or obtain some benefit. More precisely, it is the lack of some obstacle or obstacles to the attainment of some goal or benefit. Opportunities are equal in some specified or understood sense when persons face roughly the same obstacles or obstacles of roughly the same difficulty of some specified or understood sort. In different contexts (...)
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  3.  60
    Reasons From Within: Desires and Values.Alan H. Goldman - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    Alan H. Goldman argues for the internalist or subjectivist view of practical reasons on the grounds that it is simpler, more unified, and more comprehensible ...
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  4.  14
    Life's Values: Pleasure, Happiness, Well-Being, and Meaning.Alan H. Goldman - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    Life's Values offers new analyses of the nature of pleasure, happiness, well-being, and meaning in life. Recognizing how individuals have different priorities, Goldman explains what is of ultimate value in our lives and argues that making our desires rational - relevantly informed of what it's like to satisfy them - maximizes well-being.
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  5. Aesthetic Value.Alan H. Goldman - 1995 - Westview Press.
    At the heart of aesthetics lie fundamental questions about value in art and the objectivity of aesthetic valuation. A theory of aesthetic value must explain how the properties of artworks contribute to the values derived from contemplating and appreciating works of art. When someone passes judgment on a work of art, just what is it that is happening, and how can such judgments be criticized and defended?In this concise survey, intended for advanced undergraduate students of aesthetics, Alan Goldman focuses (...)
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  6. The Moral Foundations of Professional Ethics.Alan H. Goldman (ed.) - 1980 - Rowman & Littlefield.
    This books examines the fundamental values and principles of conduct in the professions, focusing specifically on four areas: law, politics, medicine and business. One central question unifies its inquiry into the different professions: should the principles for judging the actions of professionals be the same as those used to judge private individuals, or do these professions require special moral principles to guide their conduct. The author considers arguments deriving from the underlying institutional goals of each profession in turn.
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  7.  1
    Uncommon Sense: The Heretical Nature of Science.Alan H. Cromer - 1993 - Oxford University Press.
    Most people believe that science arose as a natural end-product of our innate intelligence and curiosity, as an inevitable stage in human intellectual development. But physicist and educator Alan Cromer disputes this belief. Cromer argues that science is not the natural unfolding of human potential, but the invention of a particular culture, Greece, in a particular historical period. Indeed, far from being natural, scientific thinking goes so far against the grain of conventional human thought that if it hadn't been (...)
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  8.  18
    Moral Knowledge.Alan H. Goldman - 1988 - Routledge.
    Originally published in 1988, this book discusses if moral knowledge exists, and if so, if it is similar to other forms of knowledge. This book approaches the issues from both historical and contemporary perspectives and in order to determine whether there is a real property of rightness, looks to the ethical theories of Hobbes, Hume and Kant. This historical analysis leads to a systematic comparison of three theories of the nature of ethics: realism, emotivism and coherentism. The nature of coherence (...)
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  9.  64
    What Desires Are, and Are Not.Alan H. Goldman - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (2):333-352.
    This paper criticizes the account of desire defended by Nomy Arpaly and Timothy Schroeder in their recent book, In Praise of Desire. It contrasts their account with one that I favor, a cluster analysis listing various criteria that are together sufficient for having paradigm desires, but none of which is necessary or sufficient for desiring. I argue that their account fails to state necessary or sufficient conditions, that it is explanatorily weaker than the cluster account, that it fails to provide (...)
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  10.  17
    Representation and Make-Believe.Alan H. Goldman - 1990 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 36 (3):335 – 350.
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  11. The Paradox of Punishment.Alan H. Goldman - 1979 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 9 (1):42-58.
  12.  74
    Connected Knowledge: Science, Philosophy, and Education.Alan H. Cromer - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
    When physicist Alan Sokal recently submitted an article to the postmodernist journal Social Text, the periodical's editors were happy to publish it--for here was a respected scientist offering support for the journal's view that science is a subjective, socially constructed discipline. But as Sokal himself soon revealed in Lingua Franca magazine, the essay was a spectacular hoax--filled with scientific gibberish anyone with a basic knowledge of physics should have caught--and the academic world suddenly awoke to the vast gap that (...)
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  13.  8
    Alan H. Lockwood, Heat Advisory: Protecting Health on a Warming Planet.Thomas E. Randall - 2017 - Environmental Values 26 (5):655-657.
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  14. The Experiential Account of Aesthetic Value.Alan H. Goldman - 2006 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 64 (3):333–342.
  15.  10
    Musical Meaning and Expression.Alan H. Goldman - 1996 - Philosophical Quarterly 46 (185):533-535.
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  16.  60
    Music, Art, and Metaphysics: Essays in Philosophical Aesthetics.Alan H. Goldman - 1992 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 50 (4):327-329.
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  17. Aesthetic Qualities and Aesthetic Value.Alan H. Goldman - 1990 - Journal of Philosophy 87 (1):23-37.
    To say that an object is beautiful or ugly is seemingly to refer to a property of the object. But it is also to express a positive or negative response to it, a set of aesthetic values, and to suggest that others ought to respond in the same way. Such judg- ments are descriptive, expressive, and normative or prescriptive at once. These multiple features are captured well by Humean accounts that analyze the judgments as ascribing relational properties. To say that (...)
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  18. Stability of Nilpotent Groups of Class 2 and Prime Exponent.Alan H. Mekler - 1981 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 46 (4):781-788.
    Let p be an odd prime. A method is described which given a structure M of finite similarity type produces a nilpotent group of class 2 and exponent p which is in the same stability class as M. Theorem. There are nilpotent groups of class 2 and exponent p in all stability classes. Theorem. The problem of characterizing a stability class is equivalent to characterizing the (nilpotent, class 2, exponent p) groups in that class.
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  19.  22
    Philosophy and the Novel.Alan H. Goldman - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    Part I. Philosophy of novels. 1. Introduction: philosophical content and literary value -- 2. Interpreting novels -- 3. The sun also rises: incompatible interpretations -- 4. The appeal of the mystery -- Part II. Philosophy in novels. 5. Moral development in Pride and prejudice -- 6. Huckleberry Finn and moral motivation -- 7. What we learn about rules from The cider house rules -- 8. Nostromo and the fragility of the self.
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  20.  42
    Teaching Science and Ethics to Undergraduates: A Multidisciplinary Approach.Alan H. McGowan - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2):535-543.
    The teaching of the ethical implications of scientific advances in science courses for undergraduates has significant advantages for both science and non-science majors. The article describes three courses taught by the author as examples of the concept, and examines the disadvantages as well as the advantages. A significant advantage of this approach is that many students take the courses primarily because of the ethical component who would not otherwise take science. A disadvantage is less time in the course for the (...)
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  21. Realism About Aesthetic Properties.Alan H. Goldman - 1993 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 51 (1):31-37.
  22.  34
    Practical Rules: When We Need Them and When We Don’T.Alan H. Goldman (ed.) - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    Rules proliferate; some are kept with a bureaucratic stringency bordering on the absurd, while others are manipulated and ignored in ways that injure our sense of justice. Under what conditions should we make exceptions to rules, and when should they be followed despite particular circumstances? The two dominant models in the literature on rules are the particularist account and that which sees the application of rules as normative. Taking a position that falls between these two extremes, Alan Goldman provides (...)
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  23.  71
    The Broad View of Aesthetic Experience.Alan H. Goldman - 2013 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 71 (4):323-333.
    Peter Kivy and Noël Carroll advocate a narrow view of aesthetic experience according to which it consists mainly in attention to formal properties. Excluded are cognitive and moral properties. I defend the broader view that includes the latter properties. I argue first that cognition and moral assessment can be inseparable in experience from grasp of form and expressiveness. Second, Kivy and Carroll must extend the notion of form itself beyond ordinary usage to accommodate acknowledged aesthetic experience. Third, the broad view (...)
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  24. Affirmative Action.Alan H. Goldman - 1976 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 5 (2):178-195.
  25.  63
    Desire Based Reasons and Reasons for Desires.Alan H. Goldman - 2006 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (3):469-488.
  26. The Entitlement Theory of Distributive Justice.Alan H. Goldman - 1976 - Journal of Philosophy 73 (21):823-835.
  27. Business Ethics: Profits, Utilities, and Moral Rights.Alan H. Goldman - 1980 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 9 (3):260-286.
  28. Reason Internalism.Alan H. Goldman - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (3):505 - 533.
    This paper defends strong internalism about reasons, the view that reasons must relate to pre-existing motivational states, from several kinds of counterexamples, supposed desire independent reasons, that have been proposed. A central distinction drawn is that between there being a reason and an agent's having a reason. For an agent to have an F reason, she must be F-minded. Reasons, as what motivate us, are states of affairs and not themselves desires or motivational states, but they must connect to existing (...)
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  29.  83
    The Force of Precedent in Legal, Moral, and Empirical Reasoning.Alan H. Goldman - 1987 - Synthese 71 (3):323 - 346.
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  30.  24
    Universal Structures in Power ℵ1.Alan H. Mekler - 1990 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (2):466-477.
    It is consistent with ¬CH that every universal theory of relational structures with the joint embedding property and amalgamation for P --diagrams has a universal model of cardinality ℵ 1. For classes with amalgamation for P --diagrams it is consistent that $2^{\aleph_0} > \aleph_2$ and there is a universal model of cardinality ℵ 2.
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  31.  79
    Interpreting Art and Literature.Alan H. Goldman - 1990 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 48 (3):205-214.
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  32.  11
    Stationary Logic and its Friends. I.Alan H. Mekler & Saharon Shelah - 1985 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 26 (2):129-138.
  33. Toward a New Theory of Punishment.Alan H. Goldman - 1982 - Law and Philosophy 1 (1):57 - 76.
    Criteria for a successful theory of punishment include first, that it specify a reasonable limit to punishments in particular cases, and second, that it allow benefits to outweigh costs in a penal institution.It is argued that traditional utilitarian and retributive theories fail to satisfy both criteria, and that they cannot be coherently combined so as to do so. Retributivism specifies a reasonable limit in its demand that punishment equal crime, but this limit fails to allow benefits to outweigh costs of (...)
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  34. The Case Against Objective Values.Alan H. Goldman - 2008 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 11 (5):507-524.
    While objective values need not be intrinsically motivating, need not actually motivate us, they would determine what we ought to pursue and protect. They would provide reasons for actions. Objective values would come in degrees, and more objective value would provide stronger reasons. It follows that, if objective value exists, we ought to maximize it in the world. But virtually no one acts with that goal in mind. Furthermore, objective value would exist independently of our subjective valuings. But we have (...)
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  35.  17
    The Decree of Syrakosios.Alan H. Sommerstein - 1986 - Classical Quarterly 36 (01):101-.
    Our information about the Athenian politician Syrakosios is entirely derived from Ar. Birds 1297 and the scholia thereon. Syrakosios here figures among a long list of Athenians who are said to be nicknamed after various birds:δοκε δ κα ψήισμα τεθεικέναι μ κωμδεσθαι νομαστί τινα, ς Φρύνιχος ν Μονοτρόπ ησί [fr. 26 Kock]· “ψρ' χοι Συρακόσιον. πιανς γρ ατ κα μέγα τύχοι. είλετο γρ κωμδεν ος πεθύμουν.” διπικρότερον ατ προσέρονται, ς λάλ δ τν “ κίτταν” παρέθηκεν.
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  36.  20
    The Moral Significance of National Boundaries.Alan H. Goldman - 1982 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 7 (1):437-453.
  37.  8
    Stationary Logic and its Friends. II.Alan H. Mekler & Saharon Shelah - 1986 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 27 (1):39-50.
  38.  26
    An Explanatory Analysis of Knowledge.Alan H. Goldman - 1984 - American Philosophical Quarterly 21 (1):101 - 108.
  39.  17
    Aeschylus (B.) Deforge Une vie avec Eschyle. (Vérité des Mythes 35.) Pp. 304. Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 2010. Paper, €35. ISBN: 978-2-251-32458-6. [REVIEW]Alan H. Sommerstein - 2011 - The Classical Review 61 (2):380-381.
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  40. C. C. C. Forcing Without Combinatorics.Alan H. Mekler - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (3):830-832.
    c.c.c. posets are characterised in terms of N-generic conditions. This characterisation can be applied to get simple proofs of many facts about c.c.c. forcing including $\operatorname{Con}(MA + \neg CH)$.
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  41.  72
    Red and Right.Alan H. Goldman - 1987 - Journal of Philosophy 84 (7):349-362.
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  42. Criteriological Arguments in Perception.Alan H. Goldman - 1975 - Mind 84 (January):102-105.
  43.  22
    Fanciful Arguments for Realism.Alan H. Goldman - 1984 - Mind 93 (369):19-38.
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  44.  8
    Aesthetic Qualities and Aesthetic Value.Alan H. Goldman - 1990 - Journal of Philosophy 87 (1):23-37.
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  45.  9
    Red and Right.Alan H. Goldman - 1987 - Journal of Philosophy 84 (7):349.
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  46.  44
    The Rationality of Complying with Rules: Paradox Resolved.Alan H. Goldman - 2006 - Ethics 116 (3):453-470.
  47. 4.'Race': Normative, Not Metaphysical or Semantic 'Race': Normative, Not Metaphysical or Semantic (Pp. 525-551).Alan H. Goldman, Harry Brighouse, Adam Swift & Sarah Stroud - 2006 - Ethics 116 (3).
  48.  17
    How to Avoid Being a Komodoumenos1.Alan H. Sommerstein - 1996 - Classical Quarterly 46 (02):327-.
    This paper is based on two separate, though partly overlapping, registers of male Athenian citizens known to have been in the public eye between theyears 432/1 and 405/4 B.C., inclusive. Register I comprises those who are known inthis period to have held important elective public office, or to have proposed andcarried resolutions in the Assembly; a total of 176 persons. These are singled out fromthe much wider range of ‘officials’, most of them chosen by lot, to be found in theprosopography (...)
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  49.  38
    Epistemic Foundationalism and the Replaceability of Ordinary Language.Alan H. Goldman - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (3):136-154.
  50.  83
    Rawls's Original Position and the Difference Principle.Alan H. Goldman - 1976 - Journal of Philosophy 73 (21):845-849.
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