1. Respect for autonomy and medical paternalism reconsidered.L. B. McCullough & Alan W. Cross - 1985 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 6 (3).
    We offer a critique of one prominent understanding of the principle of respect for autonomy and of analyses of medical paternalism based on that understanding. Our main critique is that understanding respect for autonomy as respect for freedom from interference is mistaken because it is overly influenced by four-alarm cases, because it fails to appreciate the full dimensions of legal self-determination (one of its main sources), because it conflates the research and therapeutic settings, and because it fails to appreciate themes (...)
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    The Physician as Captain of the Ship: A Critical Reappraisal.N. M. King, L. R. Churchill & Alan W. Cross - 2013 - Springer.
    "The fixed person for fixed duties, who in older societies was such a godsend, in the future ill be a public danger." Twenty years ago, a single legal metaphor accurately captured the role that American society accorded to physicians. The physician was "c- tain of the ship." Physicians were in charge of the clinic, the Operating room, and the health care team, responsible - and held accountabl- for all that happened within the scope of their supervision. This grant of responsibility (...)
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  3. Moralist, technician, sophist, teacher/learner: Reflections on the ethicist in the clinical setting.Larry R. Churchill & Alan W. Cross - 1986 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 7 (1).
    The ethicist's role in the clinical context is not presently well defined. Ethicists can be thought of as moralists, technicians, Sophists, or as teachers and learners. Each of these roles is examined in turn. An argument is made for the ethicist as a teacher who must also learn a great deal about the clinical setting in order to encourage an effective critical examination of basic values. Four specific tasks of this teaching role are discussed: describing moral experience, eliciting assumptions, considering (...)
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