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Alastair Norcross [46]Alastair James Norcross [1]
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Alastair Norcross
University of Colorado, Boulder
  1. Puppies, Pigs, and People: Eating Meat and Marginal Cases.Alastair Norcross - 2004 - Philosophical Perspectives 18 (1):229–245.
  2.  62
    Harming In Context.Alastair Norcross - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 123 (1-2):149-173.
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  3. Comparing Harms: Headaches and Human Lives.Alastair Norcross - 1997 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 26 (2):135-167.
  4. “The Scalar Approach to Utilitarianism”.Alastair Norcross - 2006 - In Henry West (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Mill's Utilitarianism. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 217--32.
  5. Off Her Trolley? Frances Kamm and the Metaphysics of Morality.Alastair Norcross - 2008 - Utilitas 20 (1):65-80.
    Frances Kamm's aptly titled Intricate Ethics is a tour de force of what Peter Unger calls the ‘preservationist’ approach to ethical theory. Here is some of what she says about her methodology: Consider as many case-based judgments of yours as prove necessary. Do not ignore some case-based judgments, assuming they are errors, just because they conflict with simple or intuitively plausible principles that account for some subset of your case-based judgments. Work on the assumption that a different principle can account (...)
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  6. Two Dogmas of Deontology: Aggregation, Rights, and the Separateness of Persons: Alastair Norcross.Alastair Norcross - 2009 - Social Philosophy and Policy 26 (1):76-95.
    One of the currently popular dogmata of anti-consequentialism is that consequentialism doesn't respect, recognize, or in some important way account for what is referred to as the The charge is often made, but rarely explained in any detail, much less argued for. In this paper I explain what I take to be the most plausible interpretation of the separateness of persons charge. I argue that the charge itself can be deconstructed into at least two further objections to consequentialist theories. These (...)
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  7. Killing, Abortion, and Contraception: A Reply to Marquis.Alastair Norcross - 1990 - Journal of Philosophy 87 (5):268-277.
  8. Killing and Letting Die.Bonnie Steinbock & Alastair Norcross (eds.) - 1994 - Fordham University Press.
    This collection contains twenty-one thought-provoking essays on the controversies surrounding the moral and legal distinctions between euthanasia and "letting die." Since public awareness of this issue has increased this second edition includes nine entirely new essays which bring the treatment of the subject up-to-date. The urgency of this issue can be gauged in recent developments such as the legalization of physician-assisted suicide in the Netherlands, "how-to" manuals topping the bestseller charts in the United States, and the many headlines devoted to (...)
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  9.  92
    Good and Bad Actions.Alastair Norcross - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (1):1-34.
    It is usually assumed to be possible, and sometimes even desirable, for consequentialists to make judgments about both the rightness and the goodness of actions. Whether a particular action is right or wrong is one question addressed by a consequentialist theory such as utilitarianism. Whether the action is good or bad, and how good or bad it is, are two others. I will argue in this paper that consequentialism cannot provide a satisfactory account of the goodness of actions, on the (...)
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  10.  67
    Contextualism for Consequentialists.Alastair Norcross - 2005 - Acta Analytica 20 (2):80-90.
    If, as I have argued elsewhere, consequentialism is not fundamentally concerned with such staples of moral theory as rightness, duty, obligation, moral requirements, goodness (as applied to actions), and harm, what, if anything, does it have to say about such notions? While such notions have no part to play at the deepest level of the theory, they may nonetheless be of practical significance. By way of explanation I provide a linguistic contextualist account of these notions. A contextualist approach to all (...)
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  11.  50
    Reasons Without Demands: Rethinking Rightness.Alastair Norcross - 2006 - In James Lawrence Dreier (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory. Blackwell. pp. 6--38.
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  12.  65
    Consequentialism and the Unforeseeable Future.Alastair Norcross - 1990 - Analysis 50 (4):253 - 256.
    If consequentialism is understood as claiming, at least, that the moral character of an action depends only on the consequences of the action, it might be thought that the difficulty of knowing what all the consequences of any action will be poses a problem for consequentialism. J. J. C. Smart writes that in most cases..
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  13. Great Harms From Small Benefits Grow: How Death Can Be Outweighed by Headaches.Alastair Norcross - 1998 - Analysis 58 (2):152–158.
    Suppose that a very large number of people, say one billion, will suffer a moderately severe headache for the next twenty-four hours. For these billion people, the next twenty-four hours will be fairly unpleasant, though by no means unbearable. However, there will be no side-effects from these headaches; no drop in productivity in the work-place, no lapses in concentration leading to accidents, no unkind words spoken to loved ones that will later fester. Nonetheless, it is clearly desirable that these billion (...)
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  14.  79
    Intransitivity and the Person-Affecting Principle.Alastair Norcross - 1999 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (3):769-776.
    Philosophy journals and conferences have recently seen several attempts to argue that 'all-things-considered better than' does not obey strict transitivity. This paper focuses on Larry Temkin's argument in "Intransitivity and the Mere Addition Paradox." Although his argument is not aimed just at utilitarians or even consequentialists in general, it is of prticular significance to consequentialists. If 'all-things-considered better than' does not obey transitivity, there may be choice situations in which there is no optimal choice, which would seem to open the (...)
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  15.  42
    Speed Limits, Human Lives, and Convenience: A Reply to Ridge.Alastair Norcross - 1998 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 27 (1):59-64.
  16.  67
    Consequentialism and Commitment.Alastair Norcross - 1997 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 78 (4):380–403.
    It is sometimes claimed that a consequentialist theory such as utilitarianism has problems accommodating the importance of personal commitments to other people. However, by emphasizing the distinction between criteria of rightness and decision procedures, a consequentialist can allow for non-consequentialist decision procedures, such as acting directly on the promptings of natural affection. Furthermore, such non-consequentialist motivational structures can co-exist happily with a commitment to consequentialism. It is possible to be a self-reflective consequentialist who has genuine commitments to individuals and to (...)
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  17. Causal Impotence and Eating Meat.Alastair Norcross - 2008 - Southwest Philosophy Review 24 (2):5-10.
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  18.  30
    Torturing Puppies and Eating Meat: It’s All in Good Taste.Alastair Norcross - 2004 - Southwest Philosophy Review 20 (1):117-123.
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  19.  13
    Animal Experimentation.Alastair Norcross - 2007 - In Bonnie Steinbock (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics. Oxford University Press.
    This article takes the central issue concerning the ethics of animal experimentation to be the moral status of animals. Since most animal experimentation involves treating experimental subjects in ways that would clearly not be morally acceptable if the subjects were human, and since no animal experimentation involves the informed consent of the experimental subject, any attempt to justify such experimentation must include a defense of the claim that the moral status of animals differs significantly from that of humans. The influence (...)
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  20.  90
    Torturing Puppies and Eating Meat.Älastair Norcross - 2004 - Southwest Philosophy Review 20 (1):117-123.
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  21.  40
    Should Utilitarianism Accommodate Moral Dilemmas?Alastair Norcross - 1995 - Philosophical Studies 79 (1):59 - 83.
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  22. Varieties of Hedonism in Feldman's Pleasure and the Good Life.Alastair Norcross - 2007 - Utilitas 19 (3):388-397.
    In these comments on Fred Feldman's Pleasure and the Good Life, I first challenge the dichotomy between sensory and attitudinal hedonisms as perhaps presenting a false dilemma. I suggest that there may be a form of hedonism that employs the concept of a that is not purely sensory. Next, I raise some problems for several of the versions of hedonism explored in the book.
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  23.  59
    A Consequentialist Case for Rejecting the Right.Frances Howard-Snyder & Alastair Norcross - 1993 - Journal of Philosophical Research 18:109-125.
    Satisficing and maximizing versions of consequentialism have both assumed that rightness is an alI-or-nothing property. We argue thal this is inimical to the spirit of consequentialism, and that, from the point of view of the consequentialist, actions should be evaluated purely in terms that admit of degree. We first consider the suggestion that rightness and wrongness are a matter of degree. If so, this raises the question of whether the claim that something is wrong says any more than that it (...)
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  24.  60
    Aggregation, Rights, and the Separateness of Persons.Alastair Norcross - 2006 - Southwest Philosophy Review 22 (1):1-15.
  25. Rights Violations and Distributive Constraints: Three Scenarios.Alastair Norcross - 1995 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 76 (2):159-167.
  26.  24
    Intending and Foreseeing Death.Alastair Norcross - 1999 - Southwest Philosophy Review 15 (1):115-123.
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  27.  5
    Contractualism and Aggregation.Alastair Norcross - 2002 - Social Theory and Practice 28 (2):303-314.
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  28.  43
    Puppies, Pigs, and Potency: A Response to Galvin and Harris.Alastair Norcross - 2012 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 15 (3):384 - 388.
  29.  37
    Beastly Violence, or How Kant Screws Everything Up Yet Again.Alastair Norcross - 2011 - Southwest Philosophy Review 27 (2):63-66.
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  30.  30
    Death for Animals.Alastair Norcross - 2013 - In Fred Feldman Ben Bradley (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Death. pp. 465.
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  31.  43
    Moral Intuitions and fMRI Research.Alastair Norcross - 2009 - Southwest Philosophy Review 25 (2):19-23.
  32.  41
    Contractualism and the Ethical Status of Animals.Alastair Norcross - 2000 - Southwest Philosophy Review 17 (1):137-143.
  33.  25
    Why Legitimacy Doesn't Entail Obligation.Alastair Norcross - 2010 - Southwest Philosophy Review 26 (2):13-16.
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  34.  21
    Trading Lives for Convenience.Alastair Norcross - 1997 - Southwest Philosophy Review 13 (1):29-37.
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  35.  23
    Was Mill an “India House” Utilitarian?Alastair Norcross - 2007 - Southwest Philosophy Review 23 (2):1-4.
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  36.  20
    A Reply to Margery Naylor.Alastair Norcross - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (4):715-719.
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  37.  21
    Rationality and the Sure-Thing Principle.Alastair Norcross - 1996 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 74 (2):324 – 327.
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  38.  14
    Peacemaking Philosophy or Appeasement? Sterba's Argument for Compromise.Alastair Norcross - 2005 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (2):285-296.
    In The Triumph of Practice over Theory in Ethics James Sterba is not concerned merely to show that there is much convergence in the practical application of Utilitarianism, Kantianism, and Aristotelian virtue ethics. His project is the much more ambitious one of arguing that the theories do not really diverge very much at the theoretical level, and thus supplying an explanation for the apparent convergence at the practical level. Although I applaud him for the boldness, some might even say audacity, (...)
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  39.  4
    A Consequentialist Case for Rejecting the Right.Frances Howard-Snyder & Alastair Norcross - 1993 - Journal of Philosophical Research 18:109-125.
    Satisficing and maximizing versions of consequentialism have both assumed that rightness is an alI-or-nothing property. We argue thal this is inimical to the spirit of consequentialism, and that, from the point of view of the consequentialist, actions should be evaluated purely in terms that admit of degree. We first consider the suggestion that rightness and wrongness are a matter of degree. If so, this raises the question of whether the claim that something is wrong says any more than that it (...)
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  40.  4
    Intending and Foreseeing Death: Potholes on the Road to Hell.Alastair Norcross - 1999 - Southwest Philosophy Review 15 (1):115-123.
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  41.  13
    Rational Rouletie.Alastair Norcross - 1996 - Southwest Philosophy Review 12 (1):191-196.
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  42.  8
    Letters to the Editor.Anto Knezevic, Frank B. Dilley, C. Tabor Fisher, Eric Hoffman, Alastair Norcross, Thomas Urban, Dick Howard, Adrian Kuzminski & William J. Massicotte - 1994 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 67 (6):57 - 66.
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  43.  3
    Trading Lives for Convenience: It’s Not Just for Consequentialists.Alastair Norcross - 1997 - Southwest Philosophy Review 13 (1):29-37.
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  44.  3
    Why Legitimacy Doesn’T Entail Obligation: A Response to Wyckoff.Alastair Norcross - 2010 - Southwest Philosophy Review 26 (2):13-16.
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  45.  1
    Peacemaking Philosophy or Appeasement? Sterba’s Argument for Compromise.Alastair Norcross - 2005 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (2):285-296.
    In The Triumph of Practice over Theory in Ethics James Sterba is not concerned merely to show that there is much convergence in the practical application of Utilitarianism, Kantianism, and Aristotelian virtue ethics. His project is the much more ambitious one of arguing that the theories do not really diverge very much at the theoretical level, and thus supplying an explanation for the apparent convergence at the practical level. Although I applaud him for the boldness, some might even say audacity, (...)
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  46. Pt. VII. Research Ethics. Clinical Equipoise: Foundational Requirement or Fundamental Error / Alex John London ; Research on Cognitively Impaired Adults / Jason Karlawish ; Research in Developing Countries / Florencia Luna ; Animal Experimentation. [REVIEW]Alastair Norcross - 2007 - In Bonnie Steinbock (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics. Oxford University Press.