Results for 'Aleksandra Sherman'

826 found
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  1.  46
    What Is Art Good For? The Socio-Epistemic Value of Art.Aleksandra Sherman & Clair Morrissey - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
    Scientists, humanists, and art lovers alike value art not just for its beauty, but also for its social and epistemic importance; that is, for its communicative nature, its capacity to increase one's self-knowledge and encourage personal growth, and its ability to challenge our schemas and preconceptions. However, empirical research tends to discount the importance of such social and epistemic outcomes of art engagement, instead focusing on individuals' preferences, judgments of beauty, pleasure, or other emotional appraisals as the primary outcomes of (...)
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  2.  4
    Response To: Commentary: What Is Art Good For? The Socio-Epistemic Value of Art.Aleksandra Sherman & Clair Morrissey - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  3.  30
    The Fate of a Warrior Culture: Nancy Sherman on Jonathan Lear's "Radical Hope" (Harvard: 2006).Nancy Sherman - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 144 (1):71 - 80.
    Jonathan Lear in "Radical Hope" tackles the idea of cultural devastation, in the specific case of the Crow Indians. What do we mean by "annihilation" of a culture? The moral point of view that he imagines as he reconstructs the eve and aftermath of this annihilation is not second personal, of obligation, but first personal, in the collective and singular, as told by the Crows, with Lear as "analyst." "Radical Hope" is a study of representative character of a people—of virtue, (...)
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  4.  7
    Note of Clarification on Scholten and Sherman : Erratum.Marc Scholten & Steven J. Sherman - 2006 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 135 (4):552-552.
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  5.  69
    Making a Necessity of Virtue. Aristotle and Kant on Virtue.Nancy Sherman - 1997 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is the first to offer a detailed analysis of Aristotelian and Kantian ethics together, in a way that remains faithful to the texts and responsive to debates in contemporary ethics. Recent moral philosophy has seen a revival of interest in the concept of virtue, and with it a reassessment of the role of virtue in the work of Aristotle and Kant. This book brings that re-assessment to a new level of sophistication. Nancy Sherman argues that Kant preserves (...)
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  6. The Fabric of Character: Aristotle's Theory of Virtue.Nancy Sherman - 1989 - Oxford University Press.
    Most traditional accounts of Aristotle's theory of ethical education neglect its cognitive aspects. This book asserts that, in Aristotle's view, excellence of character comprises both the sentiments and practical reason. Sherman focuses particularly on four aspects of practical reason as they relate to character: moral perception, choicemaking, collaboration, and the development of those capacities in moral education. Throughout the book, she is sensitive to contemporary moral debates, and indicates the extent to which Aristotle's account of practical reason provides an (...)
  7.  52
    Stoic Warriors: The Ancient Philosophy Behind the Military Mind.Nancy Sherman - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    While few soldiers may have read the works of Epictetus or Marcus Aurelius, it is undoubtedly true that the ancient philosophy known as Stoicism guides the actions of many in the military. Soldiers and seamen learn early in their training "to suck it up," to endure, to put aside their feelings and to get on with the mission. Stoic Warriors is the first book to delve deeply into the ancient legacy of this relationship, exploring what the Stoic philosophy actually is, (...)
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  8. Afterwar: Healing the Moral Wounds of Our Soldiers.Nancy Sherman - 2015 - Oup Usa.
    Drawing on in-depth interviews with service women and men, Nancy Sherman weaves narrative with a philosophical and psychological analysis of the moral and emotional attitudes at the heart of the afterwars. Afterwar offers no easy answers for reintegration. It insists that we widen the scope of veteran outreach to engaged, one-on-one relationships with veterans.
     
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  9.  36
    Empathy, Respect, and Humanitarian Intervention.Nancy Sherman - 1998 - Ethics and International Affairs 12:103–119.
    Sherman presents a slightly revised definition of empathy, in which empathy is the cognitive ability to place oneself in the world of another, imagining all of the realities, feelings, and circumstances of that person in the context of their world.
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  10.  19
    Sartre and Adorno: The Dialectics of Subjectivity.David Sherman - 2007 - Suny Press.
    Focusing on the notion of the subject in Sartre's and Adorno's philosophies, David Sherman argues that they offer complementary accounts of the subject that ...
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  11.  24
    Open Questions and Epistemic Necessity.Brett Sherman - 2018 - Philosophical Quarterly 68 (273):819-840.
    Why can I not appropriately utter ‘It must be raining’ while standing outside in the rain, even though every world consistent with my knowledge is one in which it is raining? The common response to this problem is to hold that epistemic must, in addition to quantifying over epistemic possibilities, carries some additional evidential information concerning the source of one'S evidence. I argue that this is a mistake: epistemic modals are mere quantifiers over epistemic possibilities. My central claim is that (...)
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  12. Cuteness and Disgust: The Humanizing and Dehumanizing Effects of Emotion.Gary D. Sherman & Jonathan Haidt - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (3):245-251.
    Moral emotions are evolved mechanisms that function in part to optimize social relationships. We discuss two moral emotions— disgust and the “cuteness response”—which modulate social-engagement motives in opposite directions, changing the degree to which the eliciting entity is imbued with mental states (i.e., mentalized). Disgust-inducing entities are hypo-mentalized (i.e., dehumanized); cute entities are hyper-mentalized (i.e., “humanized”). This view of cuteness—which challenges the prevailing view that cuteness is a releaser of parental instincts (Lorenz, 1950/1971)—explains (a) the broad range of affiliative behaviors (...)
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  13. Knowledge and Assumptions.Brett Sherman & Gilbert Harman - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 156 (1):131-140.
    When epistemologists talk about knowledge, the discussions traditionally include only a small class of other epistemic notions: belief, justification, probability, truth. In this paper, we propose that epistemologists should include an additional epistemic notion into the mix, namely the notion of assuming or taking for granted.
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  14. A Plea for the Metaphysics of Meaning.Alexis Burgess & Brett Sherman - 2014 - In Alexis Burgess & Brett Sherman (eds.), Metasemantics: New Essays on the Foundations of Meaning. Oxford University Press.
  15.  17
    Children Are in Control.Janet Cohen Sherman & Barbara Lust - 1993 - Cognition 46 (1):1-51.
  16. Knowledge, Assumptions, Lotteries.Gilbert Harman & Brett Sherman - 2004 - Philosophical Issues 14 (1):492–500.
    John Hawthorne’s marvelous book contains a wealth of arguments and insights based on an impressive knowledge and understanding of contemporary discussion. We can address only a small aspect of the topic. In particular, we will offer our own answers to two questions about knowledge that he discusses.
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  17.  6
    Problem of Sex Differences in Space Perception and Aspects of Intellectual Functioning.Julia A. Sherman - 1967 - Psychological Review 74 (4):290-299.
  18.  67
    Constructing Contexts.Brett Sherman - 2015 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 2.
    It is commonly held that the context with respect to which an indexical is interpreted is determined independently of the interpretation of the indexical. This view, which I call Context Realism, has explanatory significance: it is because the context is what it is that an indexical refers to what it does. In this paper, I provide an argument against Context Realism. I then develop an alternative that I call Context Constructivism, according to which indexicals are defined not in terms of (...)
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  19.  6
    Making a Necessity of Virtue. Aristotle and Kant on Virtue.Nancy Sherman - 1997 - Mind 111 (443):707-711.
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  20.  13
    The Self-Regulation of Automatic Associations and Behavioral Impulses.Jeffrey W. Sherman, Bertram Gawronski, Karen Gonsalkorale, Kurt Hugenberg, Thomas J. Allen & Carla J. Groom - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (2):314-335.
  21.  13
    Endogenous Oxytocin, Vasopressin, and Aggression in Domestic Dogs.Evan L. MacLean, Laurence R. Gesquiere, Margaret E. Gruen, Barbara L. Sherman, W. Lance Martin & C. Sue Carter - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  22.  79
    Metasemantics: New Essays on the Foundations of Meaning.Alexis Burgess & Brett Sherman (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    Metasemantics comprises new work on the philosophical foundations of linguistic semantics, by a diverse group of established and emerging experts in the philosophy of language, metaphysics, and the theory of content. The science of semantics aspires to systematically specify the meanings of linguistic expressions in context. The paradigmatic metasemantic question is accordingly: what more basic or fundamental features of the world metaphysically determine these semantic facts? Efforts to answer this question inevitably raise others, including: where are the boundaries of semantics?; (...)
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  23.  37
    Kuhn and Conceptual Change: On the Analogy Between Conceptual Changes in Science and Children.Christian Greiffenhagen & Wendy Sherman - 2008 - Science & Education 17 (1):1-26.
  24. Making a Necessity of Virtue. Aristotle and Kant on Virtue.Nancy Sherman - 1997 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 61 (1):178-179.
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  25.  80
    There’s No Justice: Why Pursuit of a Virtue is Not the Solution to Epistemic Injustice.Benjamin R. Sherman - 2016 - Social Epistemology 30 (3):229-250.
    Miranda Fricker’s book Epistemic Injustice calls attention to an important sort of moral and intellectual wrongdoing, that of failing to give others their intellectual due. When we fail to recognize others’ knowledge, or undervalue their beliefs and judgments, we fail in two important respects. First, we miss out on the opportunity to improve and refine our own sets of beliefs and judgments. Second—and more relevant to the term “injustice”—we can deny people the intellectual respect they deserve. Along with describing the (...)
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  26. The Seriously Erotic Politics of Feminist Laughter.Cynthia Willett, Julie Willett & Yael D. Sherman - 2012 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 79 (1):217-246.
  27. The Fabric of Character: Aristotle's Theory of Virtue.Nancy Sherman - 1991 - Mind 100 (3):415-416.
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  28.  6
    The Fabric of Character: Aristotle's Theory of Virtue.Nancy Sherman - 1990 - Ethics 100 (4):894-895.
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  29.  43
    Perceiving Persons and Groups.David L. Hamilton & Steven J. Sherman - 1996 - Psychological Review 103 (2):336-355.
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  30. Aristotle on Friendship and the Shared Life.Nancy Sherman - 1987 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47 (4):589-613.
    IN THIS PAPER I CONSIDER THE VALUE OF FRIENDSHIP FROM AN ARISTOTELIAN POINT OF VIEW. THE ISSUE IS OF CURRENT INTEREST GIVEN RECENT CHALLENGES TO IMPARTIALIST ETHICS TO TAKE MORE SERIOUSLY THE COMMITMENTS AND ATTACHMENTS OF A PERSON. HOWEVER, I ENTER THAT DEBATE IN ONLY A RESTRICTED WAY BY STRENGTHENING THE CHALLENGE ARTICULATED IN ARISTOTLE'S SYSTEMATIC DEFENSE OF FRIENDSHIP AND THE SHARED LIFE. AFTER SOME INTRODUCTORY REMARKS, I BEGIN BY CONSIDERING ARISTOTLE'S NOTION THAT GOOD LIVING OR HAPPINESS ("EUDAIMONIA") FOR AN (...)
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  31.  32
    Mourning Becomes the Law: Philosophy and Representation. [REVIEW]David Sherman - 1999 - Dialogue 38 (2):458-460.
    Adorning the cover of Mourning Becomes the Law is a replica of Gathering the Ashes of Phocion, a painting by Nicholas Poussin. An Athenian beyond reproach, Phocion had been put to death by tyrants who had taken control of the city, his ashes left on the pyre. In the darkened foreground, Phocion’s wife gathers her husband’s ashes on her hands and knees while her female attendant shields her from the view of the city, which rises up behind them. With its (...)
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  32. Teleology for the Perplexed: How Matter Began to Matter.Jeremy Sherman & Terrence W. Deacon - 2007 - Zygon 42 (4):873-901.
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  33.  15
    Stoic Warriors.Nancy Sherman - 2005 - The Philosophers' Magazine 32:34-38.
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  34.  54
    Of Manners and Morals.Nancy Sherman - 2005 - British Journal of Educational Studies 53 (3):272-289.
    In this paper I explore the role of manners and morals. In particular, what is the connection between emotional demeanor and the inner stuff of virtue? Does the fact that we can pose faces and hide our inner sentiments, i.e., 'fake it,' detract from or add to our capacity for virtue? I argue, following a line from the Stoics, that it can add to our virtue and that, as a result, moral education needs to take seriously both a commitment to (...)
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  35.  7
    Moral Disagreement and Epistemic Advantages.Ben Sherman - 2015 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 8 (3):1-20.
    Sarah McGrath argues that, when it comes to our controversial moral views, we have no reason to think that we are less likely to be in error than those who disagree with us. I refer to this position as the Moral Peer View. Under pressure from Nathan King, McGrath admits that the MPV need not always have been true, though she maintains it is true now. Although King seems to think that there should be current counterexamples to the MPV, he (...)
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  36.  55
    Empathy and Imagination.Nancy Sherman - 1998 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 22 (1):82-119.
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  37.  76
    Taking Responsibility for Our Emotions.Nancy Sherman - 1999 - Social Philosophy and Policy 16 (2):294.
    We often hold people morally responsible for their emotions. We praise individuals for their compassion, think less of them for their ingratitude or hatred, reproach self-righteousness and unjust anger. In the cases I have in mind, the ascriptions of responsibility are not simply for offensive behaviors or actions which may accompany the emotions, but for the emotions themselves as motives or states of mind. We praise and blame people for what they feel and not just for how they act. In (...)
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  38. Wisdom and Action Guidance in the Agent-Based Virtue Ethics of Aristotle.Thomas Sherman - 2006 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 80 (4):481-506.
    While Aristotle in the Nicomachean Ethics does not provide a guide for action in the form of rules for a decision process as deontological or consequentialistethical theories purport to do, he does present a description of the virtuous agent and the virtues that this agent exercises in his choices of action. In this paper Iargue that Aristotle’s mature virtuous agent characteristically exercises the virtue of wisdom as well as the practical virtues of character and intelligence in his choices of action (...)
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  39.  12
    Prior Expectations Facilitate Metacognition for Perceptual Decision.M. T. Sherman, A. K. Seth, A. B. Barrett & R. Kanai - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 35:53-65.
  40. Aristotle on the Shared Life.Nancy Sherman - 1993 - In Neera Kapur Badhwar (ed.), Friendship: A Philosophical Reader. Cornell University Press. pp. 91--107.
  41. Intellectual Virtue: Emotions, Luck, and the Ancients.Nancy Sherman & Heath White - 2003 - In Linda Zagzebski & Michael DePaul (eds.), Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives From Ethics and Epistemology. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 34--53.
     
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  42.  26
    The Participatory Turn: Spirituality, Mysticism, Religious Studies.Jorge N. Ferrer & Jacob H. Sherman (eds.) - 2008 - State University of New York Press.
    The contributors to this volume argue that we can, and they offer a new way: the "participatory turn," which proposes that individuals and communities have an ...
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  43.  34
    Reasons and Feelings in Kantian MoralityKant and the Experience of Freedom.Nancy Sherman & Paul Guyer - 1995 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (2):369.
  44. Character Development and Aristotelian Virtue.Nancy Sherman - 1999 - In David Carr & J. W. Steutel (eds.), Virtue Ethics and Moral Education. Routledge. pp. 35--48.
  45.  15
    Omitting Types and AF Algebras.Kevin Carlson, Enoch Cheung, Ilijas Farah, Alexander Gerhardt-Bourke, Bradd Hart, Leanne Mezuman, Nigel Sequeira & Alexander Sherman - 2014 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 53 (1-2):157-169.
  46.  51
    Unconfirmed Peers and Spinelessness.Ben Sherman - 2015 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 45 (4):425-444.
    The Equal Weight View holds that, when we discover we disagree with an epistemic peer, we should give our peer’s judgment as much weight as our own. But how should we respond when we cannot tell whether those who disagree with us are our epistemic peers? I argue for a position I will call the Earn-a-Spine View. According to this view, parties to a disagreement can remain confident, at least in some situations, by finding justifiable reasons to think their opponents (...)
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  47.  7
    Pictures in Sentences: Understanding Without Words.Mary C. Potter, Judith F. Kroll, Betsy Yachzel, Elisabeth Carpenter & Janet Sherman - 1986 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 115 (3):281-294.
  48. Epistemology of Disagreement and the Moral Non-Conformist.Benjamin Sherman - manuscript
    When people disagree about what is moral, we face an epistemological challenge—when the answer to a moral question is not obvious, how do we determine who is right? What if, under the circumstances, we do not have the means to show one party or the other is right? In recent years, a number of epistemologists have turned their attention to the general epistemic problem of how to respond reasonably to disagreement, and we can look to their work for guidance. While (...)
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  49.  73
    A New Instrumental Theory of Rights.James Sherman - 2010 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (2):215-228.
    My goal in this paper is to advance a long-standing debate about the nature of moral rights. The debate focuses on the questions: In virtue of what do persons possess moral rights? What could explain the fact that they possess moral rights? The predominant sides in this debate are the status theory and the instrumental theory. I aim to develop and defend a new instrumental theory. I take as my point of departure the influential view of Joseph Raz, which for (...)
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  50. Forward and Backward: Alternative Approaches to Studying Human Social Evolution.Paul W. Sherman & Hudson K. Reeve - 1997 - Human Nature: A Critical Reader 11:147.
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