Results for 'Aleksandra Sherman'

789 found
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  1.  12
    What Is Art Good For? The Socio-Epistemic Value of Art.Aleksandra Sherman & Clair Morrissey - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
    Scientists, humanists, and art lovers alike value art not just for its beauty, but also for its social and epistemic importance; that is, for its communicative nature, its capacity to increase one's self-knowledge and encourage personal growth, and its ability to challenge our schemas and preconceptions. However, empirical research tends to discount the importance of such social and epistemic outcomes of art engagement, instead focusing on individuals' preferences, judgments of beauty, pleasure, or other emotional appraisals as the primary outcomes of (...)
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  2.  1
    Response To: Commentary: What Is Art Good For? The Socio-Epistemic Value of Art.Aleksandra Sherman & Clair Morrissey - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  3.  18
    Review: Sherman, Reasons and Feelings in Kantian Morality[REVIEW]Nancy Sherman - 1995 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (2):369 - 377.
  4.  18
    The Fate of a Warrior Culture: Nancy Sherman on Jonathan Lear's "Radical Hope" (Harvard: 2006).Nancy Sherman - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 144 (1):71 - 80.
    Jonathan Lear in "Radical Hope" tackles the idea of cultural devastation, in the specific case of the Crow Indians. What do we mean by "annihilation" of a culture? The moral point of view that he imagines as he reconstructs the eve and aftermath of this annihilation is not second personal, of obligation, but first personal, in the collective and singular, as told by the Crows, with Lear as "analyst." "Radical Hope" is a study of representative character of a people—of virtue, (...)
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  5.  3
    Note of Clarification on Scholten and Sherman : Erratum.Marc Scholten & Steven J. Sherman - 2006 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 135 (4):552-552.
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  6. The Fabric of Character: Aristotle's Theory of Virtue.Nancy Sherman - 1989 - Oxford University Press.
    Most traditional accounts of Aristotle's theory of ethical education neglect its cognitive aspects. This book asserts that, in Aristotle's view, excellence of character comprises both the sentiments and practical reason. Sherman focuses particularly on four aspects of practical reason as they relate to character: moral perception, choicemaking, collaboration, and the development of those capacities in moral education. Throughout the book, she is sensitive to contemporary moral debates, and indicates the extent to which Aristotle's account of practical reason provides an (...)
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  7.  49
    Making a Necessity of Virtue: Aristotle and Kant on Virtue.Nancy Sherman - 1997 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is the first to offer a detailed analysis of Aristotelian and Kantian ethics together, in a way that remains faithful to the texts and responsive to debates in contemporary ethics. Recent moral philosophy has seen a revival of interest in the concept of virtue, and with it a reassessment of the role of virtue in the work of Aristotle and Kant. This book brings that re-assessment to a new level of sophistication. Nancy Sherman argues that Kant preserves (...)
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  8.  29
    Stoic Warriors: The Ancient Philosophy Behind the Military Mind.Nancy Sherman - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    While few soldiers may have read the works of Epictetus or Marcus Aurelius, it is undoubtedly true that the ancient philosophy known as Stoicism guides the actions of many in the military. Soldiers and seamen learn early in their training "to suck it up," to endure, to put aside their feelings and to get on with the mission. Stoic Warriors is the first book to delve deeply into the ancient legacy of this relationship, exploring what the Stoic philosophy actually is, (...)
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  9.  30
    Empathy, Respect, and Humanitarian Intervention.Nancy Sherman - 1998 - Ethics and International Affairs 12 (1):103–119.
    Sherman presents a slightly revised definition of empathy, in which empathy is the cognitive ability to place oneself in the world of another, imagining all of the realities, feelings, and circumstances of that person in the context of their world.
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  10. Afterwar: Healing the Moral Wounds of Our Soldiers.Nancy Sherman - 2015 - Oup Usa.
    Drawing on in-depth interviews with service women and men, Nancy Sherman weaves narrative with a philosophical and psychological analysis of the moral and emotional attitudes at the heart of the afterwars. Afterwar offers no easy answers for reintegration. It insists that we widen the scope of veteran outreach to engaged, one-on-one relationships with veterans.
     
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  11.  14
    Sartre and Adorno: The Dialectics of Subjectivity.David Sherman - 2007 - Suny Press.
    Focusing on the notion of the subject in Sartre's and Adorno's philosophies, David Sherman argues that they offer complementary accounts of the subject that ...
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  12.  6
    Children Are in Control.Janet Cohen Sherman & Barbara Lust - 1993 - Cognition 46 (1):1-51.
  13.  41
    Cuteness and Disgust: The Humanizing and Dehumanizing Effects of Emotion.Gary D. Sherman & Jonathan Haidt - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (3):245-251.
    Moral emotions are evolved mechanisms that function in part to optimize social relationships. We discuss two moral emotions— disgust and the “cuteness response”—which modulate social-engagement motives in opposite directions, changing the degree to which the eliciting entity is imbued with mental states (i.e., mentalized). Disgust-inducing entities are hypo-mentalized (i.e., dehumanized); cute entities are hyper-mentalized (i.e., “humanized”). This view of cuteness—which challenges the prevailing view that cuteness is a releaser of parental instincts (Lorenz, 1950/1971)—explains (a) the broad range of affiliative behaviors (...)
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  14.  2
    Problem of Sex Differences in Space Perception and Aspects of Intellectual Functioning.Julia A. Sherman - 1967 - Psychological Review 74 (4):290-299.
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  15. Knowledge, Assumptions, Lotteries.Gilbert Harman & Brett Sherman - 2004 - Philosophical Issues 14 (1):492–500.
    John Hawthorne’s marvelous book contains a wealth of arguments and insights based on an impressive knowledge and understanding of contemporary discussion. We can address only a small aspect of the topic. In particular, we will offer our own answers to two questions about knowledge that he discusses.
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  16. Knowledge and Assumptions.Brett Sherman & Gilbert Harman - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 156 (1):131-140.
    When epistemologists talk about knowledge, the discussions traditionally include only a small class of other epistemic notions: belief, justification, probability, truth. In this paper, we propose that epistemologists should include an additional epistemic notion into the mix, namely the notion of assuming or taking for granted.
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  17. The Seriously Erotic Politics of Feminist Laughter.Cynthia Willett, Julie Willett & Yael D. Sherman - 2012 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 79 (1):217-246.
  18.  55
    Constructing Contexts.Brett Sherman - 2015 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 2.
    It is commonly held that the context with respect to which an indexical is interpreted is determined independently of the interpretation of the indexical. This view, which I call Context Realism, has explanatory significance: it is because the context is what it is that an indexical refers to what it does. In this paper, I provide an argument against Context Realism. I then develop an alternative that I call Context Constructivism, according to which indexicals are defined not in terms of (...)
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  19. Endogenous Oxytocin, Vasopressin, and Aggression in Domestic Dogs.Evan L. MacLean, Laurence R. Gesquiere, Margaret E. Gruen, Barbara L. Sherman, W. Lance Martin & C. Sue Carter - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  20.  41
    There’s No Justice: Why Pursuit of a Virtue is Not the Solution to Epistemic Injustice.Benjamin R. Sherman - 2016 - Social Epistemology 30 (3):229-250.
    Miranda Fricker’s book Epistemic Injustice calls attention to an important sort of moral and intellectual wrongdoing, that of failing to give others their intellectual due. When we fail to recognize others’ knowledge, or undervalue their beliefs and judgments, we fail in two important respects. First, we miss out on the opportunity to improve and refine our own sets of beliefs and judgments. Second—and more relevant to the term “injustice”—we can deny people the intellectual respect they deserve. Along with describing the (...)
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  21.  1
    Kuhn and Conceptual Change: On the Analogy Between Conceptual Changes in Science and Children.Christian Greiffenhagen & Wendy Sherman - 2008 - Science and Education 17 (1):1-26.
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  22.  86
    Teleology for the Perplexed: How Matter Began to Matter.Jeremy Sherman & Terrence W. Deacon - 2007 - Zygon 42 (4):873-901.
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  23.  20
    Perceiving Persons and Groups.David L. Hamilton & Steven J. Sherman - 1996 - Psychological Review 103 (2):336-355.
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  24.  4
    Postscript: A New Ritual Turn?Jacob Sherman - forthcoming - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology:1-7.
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  25.  3
    Making a Necessity of Virtue: Aristotle and Kant on Virtue.David O. Brink & Nancy Sherman - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (3):428.
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  26.  11
    'According To' Phrases and Epistemic Modals.Brett Sherman - forthcoming - Natural Language and Linguistic Theory.
    I provide an objection to an argument targeting the claim that epistemic modality concerns what is possible or necessary given what is known. The argument centers around uses of epistemic modals that co-occur with adjuncts of the form 'according to X', those in which the content of some reported information is at issue. I argue that such contexts do not license us to reach the sort of conclusion that the argument aims to reach.
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  27.  62
    Metasemantics: New Essays on the Foundations of Meaning.Alexis Burgess & Brett Sherman (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    Metasemantics presents new work on the philosophical foundations of linguistic semantics. Experts in the philosophy of language, metaphysics, and the theory of content provide new perspectives on old problems about linguistic meaning, pose questions that suggest novel research projects, and sharpen our understanding of linguistic representation.
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  28.  44
    Empathy and Imagination.Nancy Sherman - 1998 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 22 (1):82-119.
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  29.  63
    A New Instrumental Theory of Rights.James Sherman - 2010 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (2):215-228.
    My goal in this paper is to advance a long-standing debate about the nature of moral rights. The debate focuses on the questions: In virtue of what do persons possess moral rights? What could explain the fact that they possess moral rights? The predominant sides in this debate are the status theory and the instrumental theory. I aim to develop and defend a new instrumental theory. I take as my point of departure the influential view of Joseph Raz, which for (...)
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  30.  1
    The Self-Regulation of Automatic Associations and Behavioral Impulses.Jeffrey W. Sherman, Bertram Gawronski, Karen Gonsalkorale, Kurt Hugenberg, Thomas J. Allen & Carla J. Groom - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (2):314-335.
  31. Intellectual Virtue: Emotions, Luck, and the Ancients.Nancy Sherman & Heath White - 2003 - In Linda Zagzebski & Michael DePaul (eds.), Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives From Ethics and Epistemology. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 34--53.
     
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  32. Reclaimed by Sabbath Rest.Robert Sherman - 2005 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 59 (1):38-50.
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  33.  81
    Aristotle on Friendship and the Shared Life.Nancy Sherman - 1987 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47 (4):589-613.
    IN THIS PAPER I CONSIDER THE VALUE OF FRIENDSHIP FROM AN ARISTOTELIAN POINT OF VIEW. THE ISSUE IS OF CURRENT INTEREST GIVEN RECENT CHALLENGES TO IMPARTIALIST ETHICS TO TAKE MORE SERIOUSLY THE COMMITMENTS AND ATTACHMENTS OF A PERSON. HOWEVER, I ENTER THAT DEBATE IN ONLY A RESTRICTED WAY BY STRENGTHENING THE CHALLENGE ARTICULATED IN ARISTOTLE'S SYSTEMATIC DEFENSE OF FRIENDSHIP AND THE SHARED LIFE. AFTER SOME INTRODUCTORY REMARKS, I BEGIN BY CONSIDERING ARISTOTLE'S NOTION THAT GOOD LIVING OR HAPPINESS ("EUDAIMONIA") FOR AN (...)
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  34. Character Development and Aristotelian Virtue.Nancy Sherman - 1999 - In David Carr & J. W. Steutel (eds.), Virtue Ethics and Moral Education. Routledge. pp. 35--48.
  35.  9
    Prior Expectations Facilitate Metacognition for Perceptual Decision.M. T. Sherman, A. K. Seth, A. B. Barrett & R. Kanai - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 35:53-65.
  36. Epistemology of Disagreement and the Moral Non-Conformist.Benjamin Sherman - manuscript
    When people disagree about what is moral, we face an epistemological challenge—when the answer to a moral question is not obvious, how do we determine who is right? What if, under the circumstances, we do not have the means to show one party or the other is right? In recent years, a number of epistemologists have turned their attention to the general epistemic problem of how to respond reasonably to disagreement, and we can look to their work for guidance. While (...)
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  37.  20
    The Participatory Turn: Spirituality, Mysticism, Religious Studies.Jorge N. Ferrer & Jacob H. Sherman (eds.) - 2008 - State University of New York Press.
    The contributors to this volume argue that we can, and they offer a new way: the "participatory turn," which proposes that individuals and communities have an ...
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  38.  36
    Of Manners and Morals.Nancy Sherman - 2005 - British Journal of Educational Studies 53 (3):272-289.
    In this paper I explore the role of manners and morals. In particular, what is the connection between emotional demeanor and the inner stuff of virtue? Does the fact that we can pose faces and hide our inner sentiments, i.e., 'fake it,' detract from or add to our capacity for virtue? I argue, following a line from the Stoics, that it can add to our virtue and that, as a result, moral education needs to take seriously both a commitment to (...)
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  39. A Plea for the Metaphysics of Meaning.Alexis Burgess & Brett Sherman - 2014 - In Alexis Burgess & Brett Sherman (eds.), Metasemantics: New Essays on the Foundations of Meaning. Oxford University Press.
  40. The Fabric of Character: Aristotle's Theory of Virtue.Nancy Sherman - 1991 - Mind 100 (3):415-416.
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  41.  1
    Pictures in Sentences: Understanding Without Words.Mary C. Potter, Judith F. Kroll, Betsy Yachzel, Elisabeth Carpenter & Janet Sherman - 1986 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 115 (3):281-294.
  42.  13
    Unresolved Problems in the Service Conception of Authority.James Sherman - 2010 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 30 (3):419-440.
    This article introduces and discusses a series of problems which any adequate account of legitimate practical authority must be able to solve. I then argue that Joseph Raz's influential Service Conception of Authority is unable to solve them. I develop a new account of legitimate authority by integrating many of the important insights of the Service Conception into my own framework for understanding the nature of moral rights and duties. I argue that this account has the resources to solve these (...)
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  43.  48
    Wise Maxims / Wise Judging.Nancy Sherman - 1993 - The Monist 76 (1):41-65.
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  44.  11
    Who Understands? II: A Survey of 27 Words, Phrases, or Symbols Used in Proposed Clinical Research Consent Forms.William C. Waggoner & Barbara B. Sherman - forthcoming - IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
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  45. Aristotle on the Shared Life.Nancy Sherman - 1993 - In Neera Kapur Badhwar (ed.), Friendship: A Philosophical Reader. Cornell University Press. pp. 91--107.
     
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  46.  92
    The Moral Psychology of War.Nancy Sherman - 2010 - The Philosophers' Magazine 50 (50):100-101.
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  47.  2
    Stoic Warriors.Nancy Sherman - 2005 - The Philosophers' Magazine 32:34-38.
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  48.  57
    Taking Responsibility for Our Emotions.Nancy Sherman - 1999 - Social Philosophy and Policy 16 (2):294.
    We often hold people morally responsible for their emotions. We praise individuals for their compassion, think less of them for their ingratitude or hatred, reproach self-righteousness and unjust anger. In the cases I have in mind, the ascriptions of responsibility are not simply for offensive behaviors or actions which may accompany the emotions, but for the emotions themselves as motives or states of mind. We praise and blame people for what they feel and not just for how they act. In (...)
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  49. Becoming Bent: Moral Careers of Corrupt Policemen.Lawrence W. Sherman - 1985 - In Frederick Elliston & Michael Feldberg (eds.), Moral Issues in Police Work. Rowman & Allanheld. pp. 253--273.
     
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  50.  41
    Authenticity and Diversity: A Comparative Reading of Charles Taylor and Martin Heidegger.Edward Sherman - 2005 - Dialogue 44 (1):145-160.
    Authenticity and diversity have both become catch words in contemporary North Atlantic societies. What has not, however, been widely explored is the interrelation ofthese two ideas. To this end, the present article takes up the sometime convergent, sometime divergent writings of Charles Taylor and Martin Heidegger, drawing out their thoughts on authenticity and showing how they can serve as a ground for a new form of cultural diversity. For both, authentic being-in-the-world affords us access to our own deep reservoir of (...)
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