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Alex Viskovatoff [10]Alexander Viskovatoff [1]
  1.  93
    Foundations of Niklas Luhmann’s Theory of Social Systems.Alex Viskovatoff - 1999 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 29 (4):481-516.
    Of all contemporary social theorists, Luhmann has best understood the centrality of the concept of meaning to social theory and has most extensively worked out the notion's implications. However, despite the power of his theory, the theory suffers from difficulties impeding its reception. This article attempts to remedy this situation with some critical arguments and proposals for revision. First, the theory Luhmann adopted from biology as the basis of his own theory was a poor choice since that theory has no (...)
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  2.  13
    Rationalism and Mainstream Economics.Alex Viskovatoff - 2003 - Journal of Economic Methodology 10 (3):397-415.
    It is generally agreed that mainstream economics follows John Stuart Mill's economic methodology. Since Mill's deductivist methodology was explicitly anti?empirical, this raises the question of to what degree economics is an empirical science. To help answer this question, Gerald Holton's notion of themata is introduced. Themata are ideas and intuitions that influence scientists in their investigations that are based neither on empirical observation nor deductive reasoning, and so are often overlooked by empiricists. The question can then be posed as follows: (...)
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  3.  15
    Rationality as Optimal Choice Versus Rationality as Valid Inference.Alex Viskovatoff - 2001 - Journal of Economic Methodology 8 (2):313-337.
    While economics distinguishes itself from the other social sciences by its treatment of human action as rational, its notion of rationality is actually based on a profound skepticism about people's ability to reason. This notion goes back to Hume, according to whom 'Reason is the slave of the passions'. Hume's belief that people cannot determine their preferences by reasoning led to the notion of rationality based on representation: people are rational when they are able to represent their preferences vividly, accurately (...)
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  4.  22
    Searle's Background: Comments on Runde and Faulkner.Alex Viskovatoff - 2002 - Journal of Economic Methodology 9 (1):65-80.
    Searle's notion of the Background, a set of non-intentional mental states which makes intentionality possible, is receiving increasing interest from social theorists. This paper points out two commitments that the notion entails of which social theorists should be wary. The first is Searle's belief that 'Background abilities are not dependent on how things in fact work in the world'. This position is highly counter-intuitive - a person's ability to drive results from her having spent time operating automobiles - and derives (...)
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  5.  15
    Science, Rationality, and Neoclassical Economics, L. D. Keita. University of Delaware Press, 1992,187 Pages. [REVIEW]Alex Viskovatoff - 1995 - Economics and Philosophy 11 (1):216.
  6.  8
    The Market as an Environment.Alex Viskovatoff - 2004 - Journal des Economistes Et des Etudes Humaines 14 (2).
    More than perhaps any other major social theorist, Niklas Luhmann adopted a perspective on society at the opposite end of the atomistic-holistic spectrum to that of mainstream economics. While the position of mainstream economics is that society is nothing more than a collection of individuals, so that it can be understood simply in terms of those individuals and their interactions, Luhmann abstracts from individuals entirely, understanding social phenomena as being produced by society itself, with individuals playing a merely peripheral or (...)
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