Results for 'Alexander A. Pechenkin'

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  1. Vital Symbolism:Harley Burr Alexander's Basis For A Naturalistic Logic.Thomas Alexander - 1977 - Southwest Philosophical Studies.
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  2.  6
    The Importance of the Strasbourg Period in L. I. Mandelstam's Life for His Further Work in Science.Alexander A. Pechenkin - 1999 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 7 (1):93-104.
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  3.  49
    Crime and Culpability: A Theory of Criminal Law.Larry Alexander, Kimberly Kessler Ferzan & Stephen J. Morse - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book presents a comprehensive overview of what the criminal law would look like if organised around the principle that those who deserve punishment should receive punishment commensurate with, but no greater than, that which they deserve. Larry Alexander and Kimberly Kessler Ferzan argue that desert is a function of the actor's culpability, and that culpability is a function of the risks of harm to protected interests that the actor believes he is imposing and his reasons for acting in (...)
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  4. Is There a Right of Freedom of Expression?Larry Alexander - 2008 - Law and Philosophy 27 (1):97-104.
    In this provocative book, Alexander offers a sceptical appraisal of the claim that freedom of expression is a human right. He examines the various contexts in which a right to freedom of expression might be asserted and concludes that such a right cannot be supported in any of these contexts. He argues that some legal protection of freedom of expression is surely valuable, though the form such protection will take will vary with historical and cultural circumstances and is not (...)
     
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  5. A View From Somewhere: Explaining the Paradigms of Educational Research.Hanan A. Alexander - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 40 (2):205–221.
    In this paper I ask how educational researchers can believe the subjective perceptions of qualitative participant-observers given the concern for objectivity and generalisability of experimental research in the behavioural and social sciences. I critique the most common answer to this question within the educational research community, which posits the existence of two (or more) equally legitimate epistemological paradigms—positivism and constructivism—and offer an alternative that places a priority in educational research on understanding the purposes and meanings humans attribute to educational practices. (...)
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  6. A Machine That Knows Its Own Code.Samuel A. Alexander - 2014 - Studia Logica 102 (3):567-576.
  7.  35
    Learning to Signal in a Dynamic World.J. McKenzie Alexander - 2014 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (4):797-820.
    Sender–receiver games, first introduced by David Lewis ([1969]), have received increased attention in recent years as a formal model for the emergence of communication. Skyrms ([2010]) showed that simple models of reinforcement learning often succeed in forming efficient, albeit not necessarily minimal, signalling systems for a large family of games. Later, Alexander et al. ([2012]) showed that reinforcement learning, combined with forgetting, frequently produced both efficient and minimal signalling systems. In this article, I define a ‘dynamic’ sender–receiver game in (...)
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  8.  10
    Phronesis, Dialogue, and Hope: A Response to Nicholas Burbules.Hanan A. Alexander - 2019 - Ethics and Education 14 (2):138-142.
    ABSTRACTIn this essay I agree with Nicholas Burbules that ‘Phronesis’ is an ethical and political category that grounds the possibility of intercultural communication in translation from one particular context to another rather than in the presumption of one or another account of universalism. After a brief review of the development of this idea in key milestones of Western philosophy, I argue that it requires an education in dialogue across difference that can foster hope for peaceful coexistence among diverse traditions and (...)
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  9.  44
    Iconoclasts? Who, Us? A Reply to Dolinko.Larry Alexander & Kimberly Kessler Ferzan - 2012 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 6 (2):281-287.
    Iconoclasts? Who, Us? A Reply to Dolinko Content Type Journal Article Category Original Paper Pages 1-7 DOI 10.1007/s11572-012-9143-3 Authors Larry Alexander, San Diego, CA, USA Kimberly Kessler Ferzan, Camden, NJ, USA Journal Criminal Law and Philosophy Online ISSN 1871-9805 Print ISSN 1871-9791.
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  10. Is There a Right of Freedom of Expression?Larry Alexander - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this provocative book, Alexander offers a sceptical appraisal of the claim that freedom of expression is a human right. He examines the various contexts in which a right to freedom of expression might be asserted and concludes that such a right cannot be supported in any of these contexts. He argues that some legal protection of freedom of expression is surely valuable, though the form such protection will take will vary with historical and cultural circumstances and is not (...)
     
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  11. A Common Faith: Second Edition.John Dewey & Thomas M. Alexander - 2013 - Yale University Press.
    In _A Common Faith,_ eminent American philosopher John Dewey calls for the “emancipation of the true religious quality” from the heritage of dogmatism and supernaturalism that he believes characterizes historical religions. He describes how the depth of religious experience and the creative role of faith in the resources of experience to generate meaning and value can be cultivated without making cognitive claims that compete with or contend with scientific ones. In a new introduction, Dewey scholar Thomas M. Alexander contextualizes (...)
     
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  12. Hypnosis Induces a Changed Composition of Brain Oscillations in EEG: A Case Study.A. Alexander, A. Andrew, Kallio Sakari & Revonsuo Antti - 2007 - Contemporary Hypnosis 24 (1):3-18.
     
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  13.  19
    Social Support During Delivery in Rural Central Ghana: A Mixed Methods Study of Women's Preferences for and Against Inclusion of a Lay Companion in the Delivery Room.Amir Alexander, Aesha Mustafa, Sarah A. V. Emil, Ebenezer Amekah, Cyril Engmann, Richard Adanu & Cheryl A. Moyer - 2014 - Journal of Biosocial Science 46 (5):669-685.
  14. Self-Defense and the Killing of Noncombatants: A Reply to Fullinwider.Lawrence A. Alexander - 1976 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 5 (4):408-415.
  15.  45
    Spirituality, Morality, and Criticism in Education: A Response to Kevin Gary. [REVIEW]Hanan A. Alexander - 2006 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 25 (4):327-334.
  16.  23
    Social Support During Delivery in Rural Central Ghana: A Mixed Methods Study of Women's Preferences for and Against Inclusion of a Lay Companion in the Delivery Room.Amir Alexander, Aesha Mustafa, Sarah A. V. Emil, Ebenezer Amekah, Cyril Engmann, Richard Adanu & Cheryl A. Moyer - 2013 - Journal of Biosocial Science 46 (5):1-17.
  17.  13
    International Ethics: A "Philosophy and Public Affairs" Reader.Lawrence A. Alexander - 1985 - Princeton University Press.
  18.  35
    Kaufman on Kaplan and Process Theology: A Post-Positivist Perspective.H. A. Alexander - 1991 - Process Studies 20 (4):200-203.
  19.  7
    A Note on Averaging Correlations.Ralph A. Alexander - 1990 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (4):335-336.
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  20.  18
    A Note on Combining Correlations.Richard A. Charter & Ralph A. Alexander - 1993 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 31 (2):123-124.
  21. Rethinking the Ethical Framework for Surrogate Decision Making: A Qualitative Study of Physicians (Vol 19, Pg 110, 2008). [REVIEW]A. M. Torke, Mary Simmerling, M. Siegler, D. Kaya & G. C. Alexander - 2008 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 19 (3):203-203.
     
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  22. A Type of Simulation Which Some Experimental Evidence Suggests We Don't Live In.Samuel Alexander - 2018 - The Reasoner 12 (7):56-56.
    Do we live in a computer simulation? I will present an argument that the results of a certain experiment constitute empirical evidence that we do not live in, at least, one type of simulation. The type of simulation ruled out is very specific. Perhaps that is the price one must pay to make any kind of Popperian progress.
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  23.  26
    The Concept of Self-Oscillations and the Rise of Synergetics Ideas in the Theory of Nonlinear Oscillations.Alexander Pechenkin - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 33 (2):269-295.
    I take the phrase ''the theory of nonlinear oscillations'' to identify a historical phenomenon. Under this heading a powerful school in Soviet science, L. I. Mandelstam's school, developed its version of what was later called ''nonlinear dynamics''. The theory of nonlinear oscillations was formed around the concept of self-oscillations, which was elaborated by Mandelstam's graduate student A. A. Andronov. This concept determined the paradigm of the theory of nonlinear oscillations as well as its ideology, that is, a set of characteristic (...)
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  24.  21
    On the Origin of the Belousov–Zhabotinsky Reaction.Alexander Pechenkin - 2009 - Biological Theory 4 (2):196-206.
    The Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction is a far-from-equilibrium reaction involving bromine and citric acid that results in the establishment of a nonlinear chemical oscillator. In addition to providing a paradigmatic chemical model of nonequilibrium biological phenomena, the mathematical models of the BZ reaction are theoretically interesting. The present article concentrates on the personal trajectory of Boris Pavlovich Belousov ; it attempts to explain what, in his routine work in applied and industrial chemistry, could have induced his discovery. The second section describes Belousov’s (...)
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  25.  34
    A Biological Interpretation of Moral Systems.Richard D. Alexander - 1985 - Zygon 20 (1):3-20.
    . Moral systems are described as systems of indirect reciprocity, existing because of histories of conflicts of interest and arising as outcomes of the complexity of social interactions in groups of long‐lived individuals with varying conflicts and confluences of interest and indefinitely iterated social interactions. Although morality is commonly defined as involving justice for all people, or consistency in the social treatment of all humans, it may have arisen for immoral reasons, as a force leading to cohesiveness within human groups (...)
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  26.  30
    Grammaticality, Acceptability, and Probability: A Probabilistic View of Linguistic Knowledge.Lau Jey Han, Clark Alexander & Lappin Shalom - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (5):1202-1241.
    The question of whether humans represent grammatical knowledge as a binary condition on membership in a set of well-formed sentences, or as a probabilistic property has been the subject of debate among linguists, psychologists, and cognitive scientists for many decades. Acceptability judgments present a serious problem for both classical binary and probabilistic theories of grammaticality. These judgements are gradient in nature, and so cannot be directly accommodated in a binary formal grammar. However, it is also not possible to simply reduce (...)
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  27. Book Review: Doing Justice: Congregations and Community OrganizingDoing Justice: Congregations and Community OrganizingbyJacobsenDennis A.Fortress, Minneapolis, 2001. 140 Pp. $14.00. ISBN 0-8006-3244-3. [REVIEW]Lea Alexander - 2003 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 57 (3):338-338.
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  28.  31
    A Genealogy of Political Theory: A Polemic.James Alexander - 2019 - Contemporary Political Theory 18 (3):402-423.
    Here is a sketch of a genealogy of political theory for the last century. This is a genealogy in Nietzsche’s sense: therefore, neither unhistorical taxonomy, nor a history of political theory as it is written by historians, but a typology in time. Four types of modern political theory are distinguished. These are called, with some justification, positive, normative, third way and sceptical political theory. Seen from the vantage of the twenty-first century, they form an instructive sequence, emerging as a series (...)
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  29.  60
    Problems for Moral/Natural Supervenience: DAVID E. ALEXANDER.David E. Alexander - 2011 - Religious Studies 47 (1):73-84.
    ???Everyone agrees that the moral features of things supervene on their natural features??? , 22). Everyone is wrong, or so I will argue. In the first section, I explain the version of moral supervenience that Smith and others argue everyone should accept. In the second section, I argue that the mere conceptual possibility of a divine command theory of morality is sufficient to refute the version of moral supervenience under consideration. Lastly, I consider and respond to two objections, showing, among (...)
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  30.  67
    Introduction to Issues 2 and 3: Symposium on Consent in Sexual Relations: Larry Alexander.Larry Alexander - 1996 - Legal Theory 2 (2):87-88.
    Legal and social norms regarding gender relations have undergone dramatic changes in the past 25 years. The changes have come about largely because of the confluence of changing economic and technological realities, the unfolding of the norm dictating equal treatment of individuals, the sexual revolution and its corollaries of improved contraception and legal abortion, the rise of women as a self-conscious group and a presence in the academy, and the interrelations of all of these factors. As men and women have (...)
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  31.  40
    Causing the Conditions of One’s Defense: A Theoretical Non-Problem. [REVIEW]Larry Alexander - 2013 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 7 (3):623-628.
    My contribution to this symposium is short and negative: There are no theoretical problems that attach to one’s causing the conditions that permit him to claim a defense to some otherwise criminal act. If one assesses the culpability of an actor at each of the various times he acts in a course of conduct, then it is obvious that he can be nonculpable at T2 but culpable at T1, and that a nonculpable act at T2 has no bearing on whether (...)
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  32. Knowledge, Certainty, and Skepticism: A Cross-Cultural Study.John Philip Waterman, Chad Gonnerman, Karen Yan & Joshua Alexander - 2018 - In Stephen Stich, Masaharu Mizumoto & Eric McCready (eds.), Epistemology for the rest of the world. Oxford University Press. pp. 187-214.
    We present several new studies focusing on “salience effects”—the decreased tendency to attribute knowledge to someone when an unrealized possibility of error has been made salient in a given conversational context. These studies suggest a complicated picture of epistemic universalism: there may be structural universals, universal epistemic parameters that influence epistemic intuitions, but that these parameters vary in such a way that epistemic intuitions, in either their strength or propositional content, can display patterns of genuine cross-cultural diversity.
     
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  33.  38
    Inferences About Seeing1: Peter Alexander.Peter Alexander - 1969 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 3:73-90.
    In his book Attention, Professor Alan White says ‘When you see X, it follows that if X is Y, you see Y whether you realise it or not.’ If, in passing through Paris, I saw a tall complex iron structure and that structure is the Eiffel Tower, then I saw the Eiffel Tower whether I realised it or not. I accept this, but because recent philosophical writings and discussions have cast doubt on the validity of the inference-pattern I saw x (...)
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  34.  7
    A Note on the Stag: Odyssey 10.156–72.Caroline Alexander - 1991 - Classical Quarterly 41 (2):520-524.
    On the morning of the third day on Circe's island of Aeaea, Odysseus takes sword and spear in hand and leaves his demoralized and exhausted crew to seek out some sign of habitation. Eventually, from the height of a rocky point, he spies smoke rising in the distance. After debating with himself whether or not to investigate immediately, he determines first to return to his ships, in order to see about his comrades' dinner. Returning to the beach, he encounters an (...)
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  35. Striking Back at the Empire: A Brief Survey of Problems in Dworkin's Theory of Law. [REVIEW]Larry Alexander - 1987 - Law and Philosophy 6 (3):419 - 438.
    In Law's Empire Dworkin remains committed to carving out a middleground between natural law and legal positivism. But natural law andlegal positivism are best viewed as complementary answers to differ-ent questions, There is no middle ground between them. Nor is thequestion that Dworkin's Integrity asks one that could be coherentlyanswered i f it were an important question. Fortunately, it is not.
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  36.  25
    Is There a Case for Strict Liability?Larry Alexander - 2018 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 12 (3):531-538.
    In this short paper, I shall answer the title’s question first in the context of criminal law and then in the context of tort law. In that latter section, I shall also mention in passing contractual and other forms of civil liability that are strict, although they will not be my principal focus. My conclusions will be that strict liability is never proper as the basis for retributive punishment; that it is a very crude device for achieving deterrence through nonretributive (...)
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  37.  76
    Dewey: A Beginner's Guide.Thomas M. Alexander - 2011 - The Pluralist 6 (2):54-56.
    Simply put, this book is the best short introduction to John Dewey’s philosophy.1 It is lucidly written and is sensitively accurate in things both great and small. It is concise yet broadly informed. It is balanced without straining to say everything, focused without being compressed. It directs the reader to Dewey’s key writings and indicates reliable commentary. It concludes by indicating Dewey’s relevance for contemporary issues: medical ethics, environmentalism, feminism. Nevertheless, that the book appears in a series called “Beginner’s Guides” (...)
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  38.  32
    A Systematic Theory of Tradition.James Alexander - 2016 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 10 (1):1-28.
    _ Source: _Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 1 - 28 We still lack a systematic or complete theory of tradition. By referring to the works of many major figures of the last century – Arendt, Boyer, Eisenstadt, Eliot, Gadamer, Goody, Hobsbawm, Kermode, Leavis, MacIntyre, Oakeshott, Pieper, Pocock, Popper, Prickett, Shils and others – I show that a theory of tradition must include insights taken not only from the study of sociology and anthropology, but also from the study of literature and (...)
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  39.  67
    Weak Inferential Internalism is Indistinguishable From Externalism – A Reply to Rhoda.David Alexander - 2012 - Journal of Philosophical Research 37:387-394.
    In “Weak Inferential Internalism” I defended the frequently voiced criticism that any internalist account of inferential justification generates a vicious regress. My defense involved criticizing a recent form of internalism, “Weak Inferential Internalism” (WII) defended by Hookway and Rhoda. I argued that while WII does not generate a vicious regress, the position is only distinguishable from externalism insofar as it makes an arbitrary distinction between individuals who believe for the very same reason. Either way, WII is not a defensible internalist (...)
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  40.  76
    Eros and Spirit: Toward a Humanistic Philosophy of Culture.Thomas M. Alexander - 2010 - The Pluralist 5 (2):18-44.
    "Philosophy and Civilization" is one of Dewey's most important—and most neglected—essays. It is unsettling to anyone who wants to think of Dewey primarily as a "pragmatist." Dewey says the aim of philosophy should be to deal with the meaning of culture and not "inquiry" or "truth": "Meaning is wider in scope as well as more precious in value than is truth and philosophy is occupied with meaning rather than with truth" (LW 3:4).1 Truths are one kind of meaning, but they (...)
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  41. On Liberty – Ed. Alexander.Edward Alexander (ed.) - 1999 - Broadview Press.
    Mill predicted that “[t]he Liberty is likely to survive longer than anything else that I have written … because the conjunction of [Harriet Taylor’s] mind with mine has rendered it a kind of philosophic text-book of a single truth, which the changes progressively taking place in modern society tend to bring out in ever greater relief.” Indeed, _On Liberty_ is one of the most influential books ever written, and remains a foundational document for the understanding of vital political, philosophical and (...)
     
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  42.  18
    On Indivisibles and Infinitesimals: A Response to David Sherry, “The Jesuits and the Method of Indivisibles”.Amir Alexander - 2018 - Foundations of Science 23 (2):393-398.
    In “The Jesuits and the Method of Indivisibles” David Sherry criticizes a central thesis of my book Infinitesimal: that in the seventeenth century the Jesuits sought to suppress the method of indivisibles because it undermined their efforts to establish a perfect rational and hierarchical order in the world, modeled on Euclidean Geometry. Sherry accepts that the Jesuits did indeed suppress the method, but offers two objections. First, that the book does not distinguish between indivisibles and infinitesimals, and that whereas the (...)
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  43.  25
    Quantum Gravity as a Fermi Liquid.Stephon H. S. Alexander & Gianluca Calcagni - 2008 - Foundations of Physics 38 (12):1148-1184.
    We present a reformulation of loop quantum gravity with a cosmological constant and no matter as a Fermi-liquid theory. When the topological sector is deformed and large gauge symmetry is broken, we show that the Chern–Simons state reduces to Jacobson’s degenerate sector describing 1+1 dimensional propagating fermions with nonlocal interactions. The Hamiltonian admits a dual description which we realize in the simple BCS model of superconductivity. On one hand, Cooper pairs are interpreted as wormhole correlations at the de Sitter horizon; (...)
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  44.  4
    A Note on the Stag: Odyssey 10.156–72.Caroline Alexander - 1991 - Classical Quarterly 41 (02):520-.
    On the morning of the third day on Circe's island of Aeaea, Odysseus takes sword and spear in hand and leaves his demoralized and exhausted crew to seek out some sign of habitation. Eventually, from the height of a rocky point, he spies smoke rising in the distance. After debating with himself whether or not to investigate immediately, he determines first to return to his ships, in order to see about his comrades' dinner . Returning to the beach, he encounters (...)
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  45.  31
    Brandt on Hopi Ethics:Hopi Ethics, A Theoretical Analysis.Hubert G. Alexander - 1955 - Review of Metaphysics 9 (1):106 - 111.
    Ethics, in the sense of a recognized branch of inquiry, reputedly began with Socrates and the Sophists, at least for the western world. Ethics, understood as a set of moral standards, traditionalized by maxims and admonitions, has existed in human cultures from so early a time that it would be hazardous indeed to conjecture the date of its probable origin. The "Hopi Ethics" which Mr. Brandt has studied is obviously that of this second sense, whereas his own study, at least (...)
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  46.  18
    Introduction: Toward a Definition of Biosemiosic Chance.Victoria N. Alexander - 2014 - Biosemiotics 7 (3):329-334.
    In this special issue, our objective is to clarify what biosemioticians may mean insofar as they claim that living systems are capable of making choices or that biosemiotic interpretations are partially indeterminate. A number of different senses of the term “chance” are discussed as we move toward a consensus. We find that biosemiosic chance may arise out of conditions involving quantum indeterminacy, randomness, deterministic chaos, or unpredictability, but biosemiosic chance is mainly due to the fact that living entities invest their (...)
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  47.  8
    A Conspiracy Of Optimism: Management Of The National Forests Since World War Two By Paul W. Hirt. [REVIEW]Thomas Alexander - 1995 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 86:690-691.
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  48.  5
    Weak Inferential Internalism is Indistinguishable From Externalism: A Reply to Rhoda.David Alexander - 2012 - Journal of Philosophical Research 37:387-394.
    In “Weak Inferential Internalism” I defended the frequently voiced criticism that any internalist account of inferential justification generates a vicious regress. My defense involved criticizing a recent form of internalism, “Weak Inferential Internalism”, defended by Hookway and Rhoda. I argued that while WII does not generate a vicious regress, the position is only distinguishable from externalism insofar as it makes an arbitrary distinction between individuals who believe for the very same reason. Either way, WII is not a defensible internalist account (...)
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  49.  5
    Confessions of a Late‐Blooming, “Miseducated” Philosopher of Science.Benjamin B. Alexander - 2016 - Zygon 51 (4):1043-1061.
    This article provides a survey of Walker Percy's criticism of what Pope Benedict XVI calls “scientificity,” which entails a constriction of the dynamic interaction of faith and reason. The process can result in the diminishment of ethical considerations raised by science's impact on public policy. Beginning in the 1950s, Percy begins speculating about the negative influence of scientificity. The threat of a political regime using weapons of mass destruction is only one of several menacing developments. The desacrilization of human life (...)
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  50. Education for a Change: Transforming the Way We Teach Our Children.Titus Alexander & John Potter - 2004 - Routledge.
    This challenging, hard-hitting book is about making schooling relevant to modern society. It starts from the premise that our present education system is ill equipped to serve students and society in the twenty-first century. In a series of positive yet powerful and provocative chapters, the authors look at critical issues shaping schools today, with a view to: * set out the critical issues behind the headlines * show evidence from research and examples of good practice * stimulate public debate and (...)
     
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