Results for 'Alexander Alm��r'

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  1.  97
    Biology and Ideology From Descartes to Dawkins.Denis R. Alexander & Ronald L. Numbers (eds.) - 2010 - University of Chicago Press.
    Over the course of human history, the sciences, and biology in particular, have often been manipulated to cause immense human suffering. For example, biology has been used to justify eugenic programs, forced sterilization, human experimentation, and death camps—all in an attempt to support notions of racial superiority. By investigating the past, the contributors to _Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins_ hope to better prepare us to discern ideological abuse of science when it occurs in the future. Denis R. (...) and Ronald L. Numbers bring together fourteen experts to examine the varied ways science has been used and abused for nonscientific purposes from the fifteenth century to the present day. Featuring an essay on eugenics from Edward J. Larson and an examination of the progress of evolution by Michael J. Ruse, _Biology and Ideology_ examines uses both benign and sinister, ultimately reminding us that ideological extrapolation continues today. An accessible survey, this collection will enlighten historians of science, their students, practicing scientists, and anyone interested in the relationship between science and culture. (shrink)
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  2.  5
    Evolution, Chance, Necessity, and Design.Denis R. Alexander - forthcoming - Zygon.
  3.  3
    Alexander of Aphrodisias on Fate: Text, Translation and Commentary.Alexander Aphrodisiensis, Alexander of Aphrodisias, Alexander & R. W. Sharples (eds.) - 1983 - Duckworth.
  4. Introduction.Amir R. Alexander - 2006 - Isis 97 (4):678-682.
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  5.  1
    Are We Slaves to Our Genes?Denis R. Alexander - 2020 - Cambridge University Press.
    There is a common misconception that our genomes - all unique, except for those in identical twins - have the upper hand in controlling our destiny. The latest genetic discoveries, however, do not support that view. Although genetic variation does influence differences in various human behaviours to a greater or lesser degree, most of the time this does not undermine our genuine free will. Genetic determinism comes into play only in various medical conditions, notably some psychiatric syndromes. Denis Alexander (...)
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  6.  34
    The Ontological Argument and the Motivational Centres of Lives: ALEXANDER R. PRUSS.Alexander R. Pruss - 2010 - Religious Studies 46 (2):233-249.
    Assuming S5, the main controversial premise in modal ontological arguments is the possibility premise, such as that possibly a maximally great being exists. I shall offer a new way of arguing that the possibility premise is probably true.
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  7. Alexander, Marc R. Church and Ministry in the Works ofG. H. Tavard,(Annua Nuntia Lova-Niensia, XXXVII), Leuven, Leuven UP/Peeters, ISBN 90-6186-639-1 (Leuven UP). [REVIEW]Raymond Etaix & Homeliaires Patristiques Latins - 1995 - Bijdragen, Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie En Theologie 56 (2).
     
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  8.  45
    The Limits of Uncertainty: A Note.Ernest R. Alexander - 1975 - Theory and Decision 6 (3):363-370.
  9.  13
    Signal Transduction and Regulation.Denis R. Alexander - 2003 - Bioessays 25 (2):192-193.
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  10.  4
    Tragic Mathematics.Amir R. Alexander - 2006 - Isis 97 (4):714-726.
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  11.  47
    From Restricted to Full Omniscience: ALEXANDER R. PRUSS.Alexander R. Pruss - 2011 - Religious Studies 47 (2):257-264.
    Some, notably Peter van Inwagen, in order to avoid problems with free will and omniscience, replace the condition that an omniscient being knows all true propositions with a version of the apparently weaker condition that an omniscient being knows all knowable true propositions. I shall show that the apparently weaker condition, when conjoined with uncontroversial claims and the logical closure of an omniscient being's knowledge, still yields the claim that an omniscient being knows all true propositions.
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  12.  29
    The Essential Divine-Perfection Objection to the Free-Will Defence: Alexander R. Pruss.Alexander R. Pruss - 2008 - Religious Studies 44 (4):433-444.
    The free-will defence holds that the value of significant free will is so great that God is justified in creating significantly free creatures even if there is a risk or certainty that these creatures will sin. A difficulty for the FWD, developed carefully by Quentin Smith, is that God is unable to do evil, and yet surely lacks no genuinely valuable kind of freedom. Smith argues that the kind of freedom that God has can be had by creatures, without a (...)
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  13.  22
    The Alexander Romance. R. Stoneman, K. Erickson, I. Netton the Alexander Romance in Persia and the East. Pp. XVI + 416, B/W & Colour Ills, Map. Groningen: Barkhuis Publishing and Groningen University Library, 2012. Cased, €90. Isbn: 978-94-91431-04-3. [REVIEW]Miles Lester-Pearson - 2015 - The Classical Review 65 (1):91-93.
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  14.  50
    Entitlement and Epistemic Upgrading.Alexander C. R. Oldemeier - 2013 - Analytic Philosophy 54 (4):436-446.
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  15.  20
    A BIOGRAPHY OF ALEXANDER. T.R. Martin, C.W. Blackwell Alexander the Great. The Story of an Ancient Life. Pp. Xiv + 193, Maps. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. Paper, £15.99, US$24.99 . ISBN: 978-0-521-14844-3. [REVIEW]Vincent Farenga - 2015 - The Classical Review 65 (1):177-179.
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  16.  22
    The Role of Phosphotyrosine Phosphatases in Haematopoietic Cell Signal Transduction.Julie A. Frearson & Denis R. Alexander - 1997 - Bioessays 19 (5):417-427.
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  17.  13
    The Alexander Romance_- (R.) Stoneman, (K.) Nawotka, (A.) Wojciechowska (Edd.) The _Alexander Romance:_ History and Literature. ( _Ancient Narrative Supplementum 25.) Pp. XVI + 322, B/W & Colour Ills, B/W & Colour Maps. Groningen: Barkhuis & Groningen University Library, 2018. Cased, €95. Isbn: 978-949244471-4. 1. [REVIEW]Jacqueline Arthur-Montagne - 2020 - The Classical Review 70 (1):70-72.
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  18.  6
    Becoming Real: The Metaphysics of Samuel Alexander and R.G. Collingwood.James M. Connelly - 2021 - In A. R. J. Fisher (ed.), Marking the Centenary of Samuel Alexander’s Space, Time and Deity. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 193-210.
    This chapter considers and evaluates the philosophical relationship between Alexander and R.G. Collingwood, focusing particularly on metaphysics and the philosophy of history. Their relationship was founded not on their agreement but to a considerable extent on their differences and their willingness to offer and accept critical commentary on each other’s writings. Following the publication of his An Essay on Philosophical Method in 1933, Collingwood sought to develop his own positive metaphysical system, which consists of a developmental and historical view (...)
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  19.  19
    Infinity, Causation, and Paradox.Alexander R. Pruss - 2018 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    Alexander R. Pruss examines a large family of paradoxes to do with infinity - ranging from deterministic supertasks to infinite lotteries and decision theory. Having identified their common structure, Pruss considers at length how these paradoxes can be resolved by embracing causal finitism.
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  20. Alms and Vagabonds: Buddhist Temples and Popular Patronage in Medieval Japan. Janet R. Goodwin.Clark Chilson - 1996 - Buddhist Studies Review 13 (2):198-200.
    Alms and Vagabonds: Buddhist Temples and Popular Patronage in Medieval Japan. Janet R. Goodwin. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu 1994. vii, 181 pp. US$27.
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  21. The Principle of Sufficient Reason: A Reassessment.Alexander R. Pruss - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason says that all contingent facts must have explanation. In this 2006 volume, which was the first on the topic in the English language in nearly half a century, Alexander Pruss examines the substantive philosophical issues raised by the Principle Reason. Discussing various forms of the PSR and selected historical episodes, from Parmenides, Leibnez, and Hume, Pruss defends the claim that every true contingent proposition must have an explanation against major objections, including Hume's imaginability argument (...)
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  22. Paul R. Moorcraft and Mark A. Lewis, Mechanistic Home Range Analysis.R. McNeill Alexander - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (4):433.
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  23.  39
    Necessary Existence.Alexander R. Pruss & Joshua L. Rasmussen - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    Necessary Existence breaks ground on one of the deepest questions anyone ever asks: why is there anything? Pruss and Rasmussen present an original defence of the hypothesis that there is a necessarily existing being capable of providing an ultimate foundation for the existence of all things.
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  24.  8
    One Body: An Essay in Christian Sexual Ethics.Alexander R. Pruss - 2012 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    This important philosophical reflection on love and sexuality from a broadly Christian perspective is aimed at philosophers, theologians, and educated Christian readers. Alexander R. Pruss focuses on foundational questions on the nature of romantic love and on controversial questions in sexual ethics on the basis of the fundamental idea that romantic love pursues union of two persons as one body. _One Body_ begins with an account, inspired by St. Thomas Aquinas, of the general nature of love as constituted by (...)
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  25.  44
    Book Review:On the Nature of Value: The Philosophy of Samuel Alexander. Milton R. Konvitz. [REVIEW]Bertram Morris - 1946 - Ethics 57 (2):143-.
  26.  15
    Sorting Out Ethics.David Alm & R. M. Hare - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (1):122.
    The bulk of this volume consists of a somewhat revised version of the Axel Hägerström Lectures given in Uppsala, Sweden in 1991. It also contains previously published papers on the relevance of philosophy of language to ethics and the interpretation of Kant’s moral philosophy. The latter, in particular, deserves comment, but space considerations force me to devote my attention to the Hägerström Lectures, entitled “A Taxonomy of Ethical Theories.”.
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  27.  30
    Ideology and Science: D. R. Alexander and R. L. Numbers : Biology and Ideology: From Descartes to Dawkins. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2010, 453pp, £22.50 PB.David E. Packham - 2011 - Metascience 21 (1):171-174.
    Ideology and science Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9535-3 Authors David E. Packham, Materials Research Centre, University of Bath, Bath, BA2 7AY UK Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  28.  3
    Laruelle: Against the Digital.Alexander R. Galloway - 2014 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
    _Laruelle_ is one of the first books in English to undertake in an extended critical survey of the work of the idiosyncratic French thinker François Laruelle, the promulgator of non-standard philosophy. Laruelle, who was born in 1937, has recently gained widespread recognition, and Alexander R. Galloway suggests that readers may benefit from colliding Laruelle’s concept of the One with its binary counterpart, the Zero, to explore more fully the relationship between philosophy and the digital. In _Laruelle_, Galloway argues that (...)
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  29.  9
    Denis R. Alexander and Ronald L. Numbers, Eds. Biology and Ideology From Descartes to Dawkins. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010. Pp. 453. $95.00 , $35.00. [REVIEW]James R. Hofmann - 2013 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 3 (1):175-179.
  30.  29
    The Interface Effect.Alexander R. Galloway - 2012 - Polity.
    Introduction : the computer as a mode of mediation -- The unworkable interface -- Software and ideology -- Are some things unrepresentable? -- Disingenuous informatics -- Postscript : we are the gold farmers.
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  31. Probability, Regularity, and Cardinality.Alexander R. Pruss - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (2):231-240.
    Regularity is the thesis that all contingent propositions should be assigned probabilities strictly between zero and one. I will prove on cardinality grounds that if the domain is large enough, a regular probability assignment is impossible, even if we expand the range of values that probabilities can take, including, for instance, hyperreal values, and significantly weaken the axioms of probability.
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  32. Infinitesimals Are Too Small for Countably Infinite Fair Lotteries.Alexander R. Pruss - 2014 - Synthese 191 (6):1051-1057.
    We show that infinitesimal probabilities are much too small for modeling the individual outcome of a countably infinite fair lottery.
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  33.  7
    Entrepreneurial Potential and Gender Effects: The Role of Personality Traits in University Students’ Entrepreneurial Intentions.Alexander Ward, Brizeida R. Hernández-Sánchez & Jose C. Sánchez-García - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  34. Infinite Lotteries, Perfectly Thin Darts and Infinitesimals.Alexander R. Pruss - 2012 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 1 (2):81-89.
    One of the problems that Bayesian regularity, the thesis that all contingent propositions should be given probabilities strictly between zero and one, faces is the possibility of random processes that randomly and uniformly choose a number between zero and one. According to classical probability theory, the probability that such a process picks a particular number in the range is zero, but of course any number in the range can indeed be picked. There is a solution to this particular problem on (...)
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  35. Excommunication: Three Inquiries in Media and Mediation.Alexander R. Galloway, Eugene Thacker & McKenzie Wark - 2013 - University of Chicago Press.
    Always connect—that is the imperative of today’s media. But what about those moments when media cease to function properly, when messages go beyond the sender and receiver to become excluded from the world of communication itself—those messages that state: “There will be no more messages”? In this book, Alexander R. Galloway, Eugene Thacker, and McKenzie Wark turn our usual understanding of media and mediation on its head by arguing that these moments reveal the ways the impossibility of communication is (...)
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  36.  20
    Fronto-Temporal White Matter Connectivity Predicts Reversal Learning Errors.Kylie H. Alm, Tyler Rolheiser, Feroze B. Mohamed & Ingrid R. Olson - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  37.  8
    Leslie R. Alm. Crossing Borders, Crossing Boundaries: The Role of Scientists in the U.S. Acid Rain Debate. X + 147 Pp., Tables, Bibl., Index. Westport, Conn./London: Praeger Publishers, 2000. $50. [REVIEW]Amy C. Crumpton - 2002 - Isis 93 (2):349-350.
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  38.  3
    L. De Coninck, B. Coppieters't Wallant, and R. Demeulenaere, Eds., Augustinus—Sermones de Novo Testamento (51-70A). Corpus Christianorum Series Latina—CCSL 41Aa. Turnhout: Brepols, 2008. François Decret, Early Christianity in North Africa. Trans. EL Smither. Eugene, OR: Cascade Books, 2009. [REVIEW]Alexander Y. Hwang, Stephan Kampowski, Peter W. Martens & Margaret R. Miles - 2009 - Augustinian Studies 40 (1):179-180.
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  39. Incompatibilism Proved.Alexander R. Pruss - 2013 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (4):430-437.
    (2013). Incompatibilism proved. Canadian Journal of Philosophy. ???aop.label???
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  40.  5
    Akert, K. 95 Alexander, S. 205 B Baenninger, R. 282.R. Baldwin, A. Barenco, J. Barrow, G. Bataille, A. Bell, E. Beltrametti, P. Benioff, M. Berry, D. Bierman & M. Brookes - 2001 - In P. Van Loocke (ed.), The Physical Nature of Consciousness. John Benjamins. pp. 313.
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  41. Might All Infinities Be the Same Size?Alexander R. Pruss - 2020 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 98 (3):604-617.
    Cantor proved that no set has a bijection between itself and its power set. This is widely taken to have shown that there infinitely many sizes of infinite sets. The argument depends on the princip...
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  42. Divine Creative Freedom.Alexander R. Pruss - 2016 - Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion 7:213-238.
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  43. I Was Once a Fetus: That is Why Abortion is Wrong.Alexander R. Pruss - unknown
     
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  44.  23
    Non-Classical Probabilities Invariant Under Symmetries.Alexander R. Pruss - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):8507-8532.
    Classical real-valued probabilities come at a philosophical cost: in many infinite situations, they assign the same probability value—namely, zero—to cases that are impossible as well as to cases that are possible. There are three non-classical approaches to probability that can avoid this drawback: full conditional probabilities, qualitative probabilities and hyperreal probabilities. These approaches have been criticized for failing to preserve intuitive symmetries that can be preserved by the classical probability framework, but there has not been a systematic study of the (...)
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  45. Ex Nihilo Nihil Fit: Arguments New and Old for the Principle of Sufficient Reason Alexander R. Pruss November 1, 2002 1. Introduction. [REVIEW]Alexander Pruss - manuscript
    “Ex nihilo nihil fit,” goes the classic adage: nothing comes from nothing. Parmenides used the Principle of Sufficient Reason to argue that there was no such thing as change: If there was change, why did it happen when it happened rather than earlier or later? “Nothing happens in vain, but everything for a reason and under necessitation,” claimed Leucippus. Saint Thomas insisted in the.
     
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  46. Do Cortical and Basal Ganglionic Motor Areas Use “Motor Programs” to Control Movement?Garrett E. Alexander, Mahlon R. DeLong & Michael D. Crutcher - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (4):656-665.
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  47. Sincerely Asserting What You Do Not Believe.Alexander R. Pruss - 2012 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (3):541 - 546.
    I offer examples showing that, pace G. E. Moore, it is possible to assert ?Q and I don't believe that Q? sincerely, truly, and without any absurdity. The examples also refute the following principles: (a) justification to assert p entails justification to assert that one believes p (Gareth Evans); (b) the sincerity condition on assertion is that one believes what one says (John Searle); and (c) to assert (to someone) something that one believes to be false is to lie (Don (...)
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  48.  33
    Where Animals Go: Mechanistic Home Range Analysis Paul R. Moorcraft and Mark A. Lewis Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press , 2006 (172 Pp; $26.95 Pbk; ISBN 0-691-00928-7). [REVIEW]R. McNeill Alexander - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (4):433-434.
  49.  30
    Avoiding Dutch Books despite inconsistent credences.Alexander R. Pruss - 2021 - Synthese 198 (12):11265-11289.
    It is often loosely said that Ramsey The foundations of mathematics and other logical essays, Routledge and Kegan Paul, Abingdon, pp 156–198, 1931) and de Finetti Studies in subjective probability, Kreiger Publishing, Huntington, 1937) proved that if your credences are inconsistent, then you will be willing to accept a Dutch Book, a wager portfolio that is sure to result in a loss. Of course, their theorems are true, but the claim about acceptance of Dutch Books assumes a particular method of (...)
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  50.  55
    Underdetermination of Infinitesimal Probabilities.Alexander R. Pruss - 2018 - Synthese 198 (1):777-799.
    A number of philosophers have attempted to solve the problem of null-probability possible events in Bayesian epistemology by proposing that there are infinitesimal probabilities. Hájek and Easwaran have argued that because there is no way to specify a particular hyperreal extension of the real numbers, solutions to the regularity problem involving infinitesimals, or at least hyperreal infinitesimals, involve an unsatisfactory ineffability or arbitrariness. The arguments depend on the alleged impossibility of picking out a particular hyperreal extension of the real numbers (...)
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