9 found
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  1.  12
    Empirical Research and Recommendations for Moral Action: A Plea for the Transparent Reporting of Bridge Principles in Public Health Research.Katja Kuehlmeyer, Marcel Mertz, Joschka Haltaufderheide, Alexander Kremling, Sebastian Schleidgen & Julia Inthorn - 2022 - Public Health Ethics 15 (2):147-159.
    Academic publications of empirical public health research often entail recommendations for moral action that address practitioners and policy makers. These recommendations are regularly based on implicit moral judgments with the underlying reasons not explicitly stated. In this paper, we elaborate on the moral relevance of such judgments and the need to explain them in order to account for academic argumentation. We argue for an explicit reporting of bridge principles to increase the transparency of the reporting of public health research. The (...)
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  2.  33
    How to derive ethically appropriate recommendations for action? A methodology for applied ethics.Sebastian Schleidgen, Alexander Kremling, Marcel Mertz, Katja Kuehlmeyer, Julia Inthorn & Joschka Haltaufderheide - 2022 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 26 (2):175-184.
    Researchers in applied ethics, and some areas of bioethics particularly, aim to develop concrete and appropriate recommendations for action in morally relevant real-world situations. When proceeding from more abstract levels of ethical reasoning to such concrete recommendations, however, even with regard to the very same normative principle or norm, it seems possible to develop divergent or even contradictory recommendations for action regarding a certain situation. This may give the impression that such recommendations would be arbitrary and, hence, not well justified. (...)
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  3.  14
    From book to bedside? A critical perspective on the debate about “translational bioethics”.Alexander Kremling, Jan Schildmann & Marcel Mertz - 2024 - Bioethics 38 (3):177-186.
    The concept of “translational bioethics” has received considerable attention in recent years. Most publications draw an analogy to translational medicine and describe bioethical research that aims at implementing and evaluating ethical interventions. However, current accounts of translational bioethics are often rather vague and seem to differ with regard to conceptual and methodological assumptions. It is not clear and scarcely analyzed what exactly “translation” in the field of bioethics means, in particular regarding goals and processes so that it is justified to (...)
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  4.  10
    A New Argument Scheme for Causal Explanations by Analogy? The Case of Galileo’s Explanation of the Tides.Alexander Kremling - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 55 (1):131-149.
    This paper is a case study. After formulating three norms for critical assessment of argumentation (section 1), I give a brief overview of Galileo’s argumentative strategy in his Dialogue and present his argument for the cause of the tides, which appears as an argument by analogy (section 2). I then discuss possible reconstructions of this argumentation, with one particular suggestion in detail. These arguments seem to fall short, given the aforementioned set of norms (section 3). This leads to my own (...)
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  5. A new argument scheme for causal explanations by analogy? The case of Galileo's explanation of the tides.Alexander Kremling - 2018 - In Martin Hinton & Marcin Koszowy (eds.), The philosophy of argumentation. Białystok: University of Białystok.
     
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  6.  2
    Eingreifen und Schliessen: interventionistische Kritik kausaler Erkenntnis.Alexander Kremling - 2018 - Freiburg: Verlag Karl Alber.
    Welche Rolle spielt Handlungswissen bei der Erkenntnis von Ursachen und Wirkungen? Wie argumentiert man etwa mit Experimentalergebnissen in der Evolutionsbiologie oder therapeutischem Wissen in der Medizin? Lassen sich Grenzen kausaler Erkenntnis gerade auch an Moglichkeiten des Eingreifens festmachen? Diesen Fragen geht das Buch nach - mit einer Diskussion der philosophischen Kausalitatstheorie des Interventionismus und einer Reihe wissenschaftstheoretischer Fallstudien aus der Physik, Biologie, Evolutionsbiologie, Psychologie, Medizin sowie psychiatrischer und psychoanalytischer Forschung.
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  7.  25
    Handlungstheoretischer Interventionismus und Modelle.Alexander Kremling - 2014 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 28 (1):98-115.
    The “model argument” against action-theories of causation is a reply to a strategy for avoiding the “argument of unmanipulable causes”. The critics follow the action- theorists in a certain shift of topic – leaving the explication debate towards one of justified assertion of causal claims – and end up at a wrong position concerning the role of practical knowledge for justifying causal claims about events that are not under technical control. Following them the justification would take the form of “analogy (...)
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  8. Handlungstheoretischer Interventionismus und Modelle.Alexander Kremling - 2014 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 1 (28):98-115.
    The “model argument” against action-theories of causation is a reply to a strategy for avoiding the “argument of unmanipulable causes”. The critics follow the action-theorists in a certain shift of topic - leaving the explication debate towards one of justified assertion of causal claims - and end up at a wrong position concerning the role of practical knowledge for justifying causal claims about events that are not under technical control. Following them the justification would take the form of “analogy arguments“, (...)
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  9.  23
    “Ceteris Paribus” and Morally Relevant Facts.Jan Schildmann, Florian Bruns & Alexander Kremling - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (3):66-67.
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