Results for 'Alexander W. Dromerick'

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  1.  39
    Critical Periods After Stroke Study: Translating Animal Stroke Recovery Experiments Into a Clinical Trial.Alexander W. Dromerick, Matthew A. Edwardson, Dorothy F. Edwards, Margot L. Giannetti, Jessica Barth, Kathaleen P. Brady, Evan Chan, Ming T. Tan, Irfan Tamboli, Ruth Chia, Michael Orquiza, Robert M. Padilla, Amrita K. Cheema, Mark E. Mapstone, Massimo S. Fiandaca, Howard J. Federoff & Elissa L. Newport - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  2. Against Conventional Wisdom.Alexander W. Kocurek, Ethan Jerzak & Rachel Etta Rudolph - 2020 - Philosophers' Imprint 20 (22):1-27.
    Conventional wisdom has it that truth is always evaluated using our actual linguistic conventions, even when considering counterfactual scenarios in which different conventions are adopted. This principle has been invoked in a number of philosophical arguments, including Kripke’s defense of the necessity of identity and Lewy’s objection to modal conventionalism. But it is false. It fails in the presence of what Einheuser (2006) calls c-monsters, or convention-shifting expressions (on analogy with Kaplan’s monsters, or context-shifting expressions). We show that c-monsters naturally (...)
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  3. Counteridenticals.Alexander W. Kocurek - 2018 - The Philosophical Review 127 (3):323-369.
    A counteridentical is a counterfactual with an identity statement in the antecedent. While counteridenticals generally seem non-trivial, most semantic theories for counterfactuals, when combined with the necessity of identity and distinctness, attribute vacuous truth conditions to such counterfactuals. In light of this, one could try to save the orthodox theories either by appealing to pragmatics or by denying that the antecedents of alleged counteridenticals really contain identity claims. Or one could reject the orthodox theory of counterfactuals in favor of a (...)
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  4. On the Substitution of Identicals in Counterfactual Reasoning.Alexander W. Kocurek - 2020 - Noûs 54 (3):600-631.
    It is widely held that counterfactuals, unlike attitude ascriptions, preserve the referential transparency of their constituents, i.e., that counterfactuals validate the substitution of identicals when their constituents do. The only putative counterexamples in the literature come from counterpossibles, i.e., counterfactuals with impossible antecedents. Advocates of counterpossibilism, i.e., the view that counterpossibles are not all vacuous, argue that counterpossibles can generate referential opacity. But in order to explain why most substitution inferences into counterfactuals seem valid, counterpossibilists also often maintain that counterfactuals (...)
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  5.  31
    Philosophers Have Avoided Sex.W. M. Alexander - 1970 - Diogenes 18 (72):56-74.
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  6.  42
    Disability Compensation and Responsibility.Alexander W. Cappelen, Ole Frithjof Norheim & Bertil Tungodden - 2010 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 9 (4):411-427.
    It is a central political goal to secure disabled individuals the same opportunities as others to pursue their conception of a good life. This goal reflects an ambition to combine an egalitarian and a liberal moral intuition. In this article, we analyse how disabled individuals who take part in economic activity should be compensated in order to respect these two intuitions. The article asks how a system of disability compensation should be structured and what the level of such compensation should (...)
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  7.  12
    The Moral Rationale for International Fiscal Law.Alexander W. Cappelen - 2001 - Ethics and International Affairs 15 (1):97-110.
    A country's right to levy taxes is a fundamental aspect of its sovereignty. Without the power to tax, a government would be unable to redistribute resources among its citizens and provide public goods.
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  8.  72
    Relocating the Responsibility Cut: Should More Responsibility Imply Less Redistribution?Alexander W. Cappelen & Bertil Tungodden - 2006 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 5 (3):353-362.
    Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration and Chr. Michelsen Institute, Norway, bertil.tungodden{at}nhh.no ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Liberal egalitarian theories of justice argue that inequalities arising from non-responsibility factors should be eliminated, but that inequalities arising from responsibility factors should be accepted. This article discusses how the fairness argument for redistribution within a liberal egalitarian framework is affected by a relocation of the cut between responsibility and non-responsibility factors. The article also discusses the claim (...)
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  9.  57
    A Liberal Egalitarian Paradox.Alexander W. Cappelen & Bertil Tungodden - 2006 - Economics and Philosophy 22 (3):393-408.
    A liberal egalitarian theory of justice seeks to combine the values of equality, personal freedom, and personal responsibility. It is considered a much more promising position than strict egalitarianism, because it supposedly provides a fairness argument for inequalities reflecting differences in choice. However, we show that it is inherently difficult to fulfill this ambition. We present a liberal egalitarian paradox which shows that there does not exist any robust reward system that satisfies a minimal egalitarian and a minimal liberal requirement. (...)
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  10.  41
    Natural Theology in the Middle Ages.Alexander W. Hall - 2013 - In J. H. Brooke, F. Watts & R. R. Manning (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Natural Theology. Oxford Up. pp. 350--57.
    The development of natural theology in the Middle Ages was driven by the rebirth experienced by Western Europe beginning in the 1000s owing to the emergence of stable monarchies and reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula. This expansion gave scholars access to the vast libraries of scientific and philosophical literature held in Arabic cultural centres – libraries that contained Aristotelian works on natural, ethical, and metaphysical sciences, which had for centuries been lost to the Latin West. The new texts fed the (...)
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  11.  22
    Alexander W. Williamson on the Atomic Theory: A Study of Nineteenth-Century British Atomism.E. Robert Paul - 1978 - Annals of Science 35 (1):17-31.
    Although not universally accepted at the time, the atomic hypothesis during the 19th century provided a definite ordering scheme for certain relatively sophisticated chemical phenomena. As such, it was conceptually responsible for the formulation and precise articulation of important seminal ideas in chemical studies. In this paper we will explore this claim with regard to the views of the British chemist Alexander W. Williamson.
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  12.  14
    New Perspectives on the Evolution of Exaggerated Traits.Alexander W. Shingleton & W. Anthony Frankino - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (2):100-107.
  13.  44
    Rationing and Social Value Judgments.Alexander W. Friedman - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (7):28 - 29.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 7, Page 28-29, July 2011.
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  14.  12
    National Responsibility and the Just Distribution of Debt Relief.Alexander W. Cappelen, Rune Jansen Hagen & Bertil Tungodden - 2007 - Ethics and International Affairs 21 (1):151-166.
    The Highly Indebted Poor Countries initiative is the largest multilateral effort aimed at providing debt relief. this essay, we address the question of whether this program is consistent with a view of justice commonly known as liberal egalitarianism.
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  15. The Control of Education.W. P. Alexander - 1964 - British Journal of Educational Studies 12 (2):214-215.
  16.  4
    Measuring the Titchener Circles and Delboeuf Illusions with the Method of Adjustment.Alexander W. Pressey - 1977 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 10 (2):118-120.
  17.  72
    Reward and Responsibility: How Should We Be Affected When Others Change Their Effort?Alexander W. Cappelen & Bertil Tungodden - 2003 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 2 (2):191-211.
    University of Oslo and Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration, Norway We look at how one should reward effort without rewarding talent. One way to approach this issue is to ask how an increase in one individual's effort should be allowed to affect the post-tax income of others. The article provides characterizations of three main classes of redistribution mechanism on the basis of how these answer this question. Key Words: reward • effort • responsibility • equal opportunity • distributive (...)
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  18.  87
    Assessment for Excellence: The Philosophy and Practice of Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education.Alexander W. Astin - 1990 - Oryx Press.
    To find more information on Rowman & Littlefield titles, please visit us at www.rowmanlittlefield.com.
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  19.  42
    Demonstration and Scientific Knowledge in William of Ockham: A Translation of Summa Logicae III-II: De Syllogismo Demonstrativo, and Selections From the Prologue to the Ordinatio (Review).Alexander W. Hall - 2008 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 46 (1):170-172.
    Alexander W. Hall - Demonstration and Scientific Knowledge in William of Ockham: A Translation of Summa Logicae III-II: De Syllogismo Demonstrativo, and Selections from the Prologue to the Ordinatio - Journal of the History of Philosophy 46:1 Journal of the History of Philosophy 46.1 170-172 Muse Search Journals This Journal Contents Reviewed by Alexander W. Hall Clayton State University John Lee Longeway, translator. Demonstration and Scientific Knowledge in William of Ockham: A Translation of Summa Logicae III–II: De Syllogismo (...)
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  20.  14
    A Two-Dimensional Logic for Two Paradoxes of Deontic Modality.Melissa Fusco & Alexander W. Kocurek - forthcoming - Review of Symbolic Logic:1-32.
    In this paper, we axiomatize the deontic logic in Fusco, which uses a Stalnaker-inspired account of diagonal acceptance and a two-dimensional account of disjunction to treat Ross’s Paradox and the Puzzle of Free Choice Permission. On this account, disjunction-involving validities are a priori rather than necessary. We show how to axiomatize two-dimensional disjunction so that the introduction/elimination rules for boolean disjunction can be viewed as one-dimensional projections of more general two-dimensional rules. These completeness results help make explicit the restrictions Fusco’s (...)
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  21.  35
    Comparing Conventions.Rachel Etta Rudolph & Alexander W. Kocurek - 2020 - Semantics and Linguistic Theory 30:294-313.
    We offer a novel account of metalinguistic comparatives, such as 'Al is more wise than clever'. On our view, metalinguistic comparatives express comparative commitments to conventions. Thus, 'Al is more wise than clever' expresses that the speaker has a stronger commitment to a convention on which Al is wise than to a convention on which she is clever. This view avoids problems facing previous approaches to metalinguistic comparatives. It also fits within a broader framework—independently motivated by metalinguistic negotiations and convention-shiftingexpressions— (...)
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  22. Book Review: C. S. Lewis's Case for the Christian Faith. [REVIEW]W. M. Alexander - 1984 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 38 (1):104-106.
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  23. Book Review: Freud and the Problem of God. [REVIEW]W. W. Alexander - 1981 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 35 (1):103-104.
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  24.  5
    Book Review: God and Man in the Thought of Hamann. [REVIEW]W. M. Alexander - 1967 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 21 (2):229-230.
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  25.  9
    Book Review: Religion in Practice: An Outline of Christian Religious Teaching in the Light of the Religious Relevance of Humane Standards of Conduct. [REVIEW]W. M. Alexander - 1968 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 22 (2):246-248.
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  26. Book Review: The Symbolic Language of Religion. [REVIEW]W. M. Alexander - 1973 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 27 (1):118-120.
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  27.  1
    Book Review: The Secular Search for a New Christ, by Gustave H. Todrank. Westminster Press, Philadelphia, 1969. 174 Pp. $2.65; Jesus for a No-God World by Neill Q. Hamilton. Westminster Press, Philadelphia, 1969. 203 Pp. $6.50. [REVIEW]W. M. Alexander - 1971 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 25 (4):527-528.
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  28.  8
    Book Review: What's New in Religion? A Critical Study of New Theology, New Morality and Secular Christianity. [REVIEW]W. M. Alexander - 1970 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 24 (1):117-118.
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  29.  25
    Correspondence.W. H. Alexander - 1933 - The Classical Review 47 (04):153-.
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  30.  3
    County and Voluntary Schools.W. P. Alexander & F. Barraclough - 1956 - British Journal of Educational Studies 4 (2):192-192.
  31.  6
    Education in England: The National System-How It Works.W. P. Alexander - 1954 - British Journal of Educational Studies 3 (1):94-94.
  32.  22
    Further Notes on the Text of Seneca's De Beneficiis.W. H. Alexander - 1937 - Classical Quarterly 31 (1):55-60.
    These suggestions for the betterment and elucidation of the text of the De Beneficiis are additional to those already published in the Classical Quarterly in January, 1934. They are based on a conviction much deepened since that time that Buck1 is right when he says: N allein, und zwar ohne seine Ueberarbeitungen von späteren Händen, darf die Grundlage des Textes von de beneficiis bilden. Préchac3, the latest critical editor in this field, substantially confirms Buck's sweeping conclusion by an independent survey (...)
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  33.  24
    In Morbo Consumat.W. H. Alexander - 1936 - The Classical Review 50 (04):121-122.
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  34. Johann Georg Hamann: Philosophy and Faith.W. M. ALEXANDER - 1966
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  35.  56
    Notes on The De Beneficiis of Seneca.W. H. Alexander - 1934 - Classical Quarterly 28 (01):54-.
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  36. Assessment for Excellence: The Philosophy and Practice of Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education.Alexander W. Astin & Anthony Lising Antonio - 2012 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Assessment for Excellence introduces a philosophy of assessment based upon the talent development concept. Colleges and universities prioritize developing the talents of students and faculty, rather than gathering the most resources and status for their institutions. The Input-Environment-Outcome assessment model focuses on talent development and highlight the pitfalls of common assessment practices.
     
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  37.  16
    Heterogeneity in Fairness Views: A Challenge to the Mutualistic Approach?Alexander W. Cappelen & Bertil Tungodden - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (1):84-85.
    This commentary argues that the observed heterogeneity in fairness views, documented in many economic experiments, poses a challenge to the partner choice theory developed by Baumard et al. It also discusses the extent to which their theory can explain how people consider inequalities due to pure luck.
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  38.  12
    National Responsibility and the Just Distribution of Debt Relief.Alexander W. Cappelen, Rune Jansen Hagen & and Bertil Tungodden - 2007 - Ethics and International Affairs 21 (1):69–83.
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  39. Minimizing Harm: Three Problems in Moral Theory.Alexander W. Friedman - 2002 - Dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Distance and morality. I argue that in "Faminine Ethics: the Problem of Distance in Morality and Singer's Ethical Theory" Frances Kamm fails to produce a pair of cases in which a moral difference is present that is not attributable to factors other than distance. I also point out that Kamm's attempts at explaining why distance could possibly matter in morality fall far short. I conclude that there is no reason for us to believe that distance matters in morality and offer (...)
     
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  40. Alexander W. Hall, Thomas Aquinas and John Duns Scotus: Natural Theology in the Middle Ages Reviewed By.Daniel B. Gallagher - 2008 - Philosophy in Review 28 (1):19-21.
     
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  41. Thomas Aquinas and John Duns Scotus on Our Natural Knowledge of God.Alexander W. Hall - 2004 - Dissertation, Emory University
    In 1277, Stephen Tempier, bishop of Paris, drafted the famous Condemnation of 219 articles in theology and natural philosophy. This Condemnation was a reaction against a group of theologians, led by Siger of Brabant, who were accused of holding that truths of reason could contradict those of revelation. Writing before the Condemnation, which impugned reason's autonomy, Thomas Aquinas critiqued Siger and his followers, and argued that reason could never generate truths that contradict revelation. As a consequence, Aquinas sometimes dwells on (...)
     
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  42.  5
    Thomas Aquinas.Alexander W. Hall - 2011 - In H. Lagerlund (ed.), Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy. Springer. pp. 1279--1287.
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  43. Counterlogicals as Counterconventionals.Alexander W. Kocurek & Ethan J. Jerzak - forthcoming - Journal of Philosophical Logic:1-32.
    We develop and defend a new approach to counterlogicals. Non-vacuous counterlogicals, we argue, fall within a broader class of counterfactuals known as counterconventionals. Existing semantics for counterconventionals (developed by Einheuser (2006) and Kocurek et al. (2020)) allow counterfactuals to shift the interpretation of predicates and relations. We extend these theories to counterlogicals by allowing counterfactuals to shift the interpretation of logical vocabulary. This yields an elegant semantics for counterlogicals that avoids problems with the usual impossible worlds semantics. We conclude by (...)
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  44.  87
    Hyperlogic: A System for Talking About Logics.Alexander W. Kocurek - 2019 - Proceedings for the 22nd Amsterdam Colloquium.
    Sentences about logic are often used to show that certain embedding expressions, including attitude verbs, conditionals, and epistemic modals, are hyperintensional. Yet it not clear how to regiment “logic talk” in the object language so that it can be compositionally embedded under such expressions. This paper does two things. First, it argues against a standard account of logic talk, viz., the impossible worlds semantics. It is shown that this semantics does not easily extend to a language with propositional quantifiers, which (...)
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  45. On the Concept of a Notational Variant.Alexander W. Kocurek - 2017 - In Alexandru Baltag, Jeremy Seligman & Tomoyuki Yamada (eds.), Logic, Rationality, and Interaction (LORI 2017, Sapporo, Japan). pp. 284-298.
    In the study of modal and nonclassical logics, translations have frequently been employed as a way of measuring the inferential capabilities of a logic. It is sometimes claimed that two logics are “notational variants” if they are translationally equivalent. However, we will show that this cannot be quite right, since first-order logic and propositional logic are translationally equivalent. Others have claimed that for two logics to be notational variants, they must at least be compositionally intertranslatable. The definition of compositionality these (...)
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  46.  27
    Sappho's Ode to Aphrodite.Alexander W. Lawrence - 1922 - The Classical Review 36 (1-2):2-.
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  47.  9
    Another Look at Age Changes in Geometric Illusions.Alexander W. Pressey & Alexander E. Wilson - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 12 (4):333-336.
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  48.  12
    The Neutrino Concept.Alexander W. Stern - 1941 - Philosophy of Science 8 (4):614-617.
  49.  18
    Alexander (W.) Heckel, (L.A.) Tritle (Edd.) Alexander the Great. A New History. Pp. Xxii + 366, Ills, Map, Colour Pls. Malden, MA and Oxford: Wiley–Blackwell, 2009. Paper, £19.99, €24 (Cased, £55, €66). ISBN: 978-1-4051-3082-0 (978-1-4051-3081-3 Hbk). [REVIEW]Richard Stoneman - 2010 - The Classical Review 60 (2):495-497.
  50.  74
    Computational Models of Performance Monitoring and Cognitive Control.William H. Alexander & Joshua W. Brown - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (4):658-677.
    The medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) has been the subject of intense interest as a locus of cognitive control. Several computational models have been proposed to account for a range of effects, including error detection, conflict monitoring, error likelihood prediction, and numerous other effects observed with single-unit neurophysiology, fMRI, and lesion studies. Here, we review the state of computational models of cognitive control and offer a new theoretical synthesis of the mPFC as signaling response–outcome predictions. This new synthesis has two interacting (...)
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