Results for 'Alexandra Elbakyan'

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  1. Work and Pray.Katerina Elbakyan - 2016 - Ukrainian Religious Studies 79:33-48.
    "I believe in the principle of faith and works, and that the Lord will more abundantly bless a man who realizes everything he prays, and not the one who only prays." These words belong to the President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Ezra Taft Benson.Economic and labor ethics is an important component of the moral foundations of society. The historical evolution of different modes of production, trade, exchange, etc. is deeply connected with the history of religions. (...)
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  2.  28
    Some Probably-Not-Very-Good Thoughts on Underconfidence.Alexandra Plakias - 2020 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 23 (5):861-869.
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  3. The Good and the Gross.Alexandra Plakias - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (2):261-278.
    Recent empirical studies have established that disgust plays a role in moral judgment. The normative significance of this discovery remains an object of philosophical contention, however; ‘disgust skeptics’ such as Martha Nussbaum have argued that disgust is a distorting influence on moral judgment and has no legitimate role to play in assessments of moral wrongness. I argue, pace Nussbaum, that disgust’s role in the moral domain parallels its role in the physical domain. Just as physical disgust tracks physical contamination and (...)
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  4. Classifying Emotion: A Developmental Account.Alexandra Zinck & Albert Newen - 2008 - Synthese 161 (1):1 - 25.
    The aim of this paper is to propose a systematic classification of emotions which can also characterize their nature. The first challenge we address is the submission of clear criteria for a theory of emotions that determine which mental phenomena are emotions and which are not. We suggest that emotions as a subclass of mental states are determined by their functional roles. The second and main challenge is the presentation of a classification and theory of emotions that can account for (...)
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  5.  75
    Publishing Without Belief.Alexandra Plakias - 2019 - Analysis 79 (4):638-646.
    Is there anything wrong with publishing philosophical work which one does not believe? I argue that there is not: the practice isn’t intrinsically wrong, nor is there a compelling consequentialist argument against it. Therefore, the philosophical community should neither proscribe nor sanction it. The paper proceeds as follows. First, I’ll clarify and motivate the problem, using both hypothetical examples and a recent real-world case. Next, I’ll look at arguments that there is something wrong with PWB, and show that none is (...)
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  6.  9
    Evaluative Processing of Food Images: Longer Viewing for Indecisive Preference Formation.Alexandra Wolf, Kajornvut Ounjai, Muneyoshi Takahashi, Shunsuke Kobayashi, Tetsuya Matsuda & Johan Lauwereyns - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  7.  28
    The Response Model of Moral Disgust.Alexandra Plakias - 2018 - Synthese 195 (12):5453-5472.
    The philosophical debate over disgust and its role in moral discourse has focused on disgust’s epistemic status: can disgust justify judgments of moral wrongness? Or is it misplaced in the moral domain—irrelevant at best, positively distorting at worst? Correspondingly, empirical research into disgust has focused on its role as a cause or amplifier of moral judgment, seeking to establish how and when disgust either causes us to morally condemn actions, or strengthens our pre-existing tendencies to condemn certain actions. Both of (...)
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  8.  59
    Kant on Negation.Alexandra Newton - forthcoming - Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-20.
    Contrary to the contemporary view that negation is a logical operation that modifies the mere content of a thought or judgment, but not the act of thinking or judging it, Kant maintains that negati...
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  9.  14
    A Relational Framework for Integrating the Study of Empathy in Children and Adults.Alexandra Main & Carmen Kho - 2019 - Emotion Review 12 (4):280-290.
    The development of empathy is central to positive social adjustment. However, issues remain with integrating empathy research conducted with children, adolescents, and adults. The current article (...
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  10.  1
    Evaluative Processing of Food Images: A Conditional Role for Viewing in Preference Formation.Alexandra Wolf, Kajornvut Ounjai, Muneyoshi Takahashi, Shunsuke Kobayashi, Tetsuya Matsuda & Johan Lauwereyns - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  11.  81
    Kant and the Transparency of the Mind.Alexandra M. Newton - 2019 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 49 (7):890-915.
    ABSTRACTIt has become standard to treat Kant’s characterization of pure apperception as involving the claim that questions about what I think are transparent to questions about the world. By contra...
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  12.  36
    The Beneficiary Pays Principle and Strict Liability: Exploring the Normative Significance of Causal Relations.Alexandra Couto - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (9):2169-2189.
    I will discuss the relationship between two different accounts of remedial duty ascriptions. According to one account, the beneficiary account, individuals who benefit innocently from injustices ought to bear remedial responsibilities towards the victims of these injustices. According to another account, the causal account, individuals who caused injustices ought to bear remedial duties towards the victim. In this paper, I examine the relation between the principles central to these accounts: the Beneficiary Pays Principle and the well-established principle of Strict Liability (...)
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  13. Kant on the Logical Origin of Concepts.Alexandra Newton - 2015 - European Journal of Philosophy 23 (3):456-484.
    In his lectures on general logic Kant maintains that the generality of a representation (the form of a concept) arises from the logical acts of comparison, reflection and abstraction. These acts are commonly understood to be identical with the acts that generate reflected schemata. I argue that this is mistaken, and that the generality of concepts, as products of the understanding, should be distinguished from the classificatory generality of schemata, which are products of the imagination. A Kantian concept does not (...)
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  14.  4
    Where Stool is a Drug: International Approaches to Regulating the Use of Fecal Microbiota for Transplantation.Alexandra Scheeler - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (4):524-540.
    Regulatory agencies vary widely in their classification of FMT, with significant impact on patient access. This article conducts a global survey of national regulations and collates existing FMT classification statuses, ultimately suggesting that the human cell and tissue product designation best fits FMT's characteristics and that definitional objectives to that classification may be overcome.
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  15.  17
    Patients' Substantialization of Disease, the Hybrid Symptom and Meta Physical Care.Alexandra Pârvan - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (3):380-388.
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  16.  2
    Hostility and Civic Moral Disengagement: Cognitive Reappraisal and Expressive Suppression as Moderators.Alexandra Maftei, Cristina-Maria Bostan & Daniela-Victoria Zaharia - 2021 - Journal of Moral Education 50 (2):202-218.
    ABSTRACT The present study focuses on explaining the incremental role of emotion regulation and hostility in the tendency of young adults to use moral disengagement strategies to avoid self-condemnation for their immoral conduct. We aimed to extend the area of investigation concerning the moral effects of emotion regulation and hostility, by exploring the association between hostility and civic moral disengagement, and the moderating role of emotional regulation strategies within this association. One hundred and sixty-three young adults aged 16 to 30 (...)
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  17.  12
    The Mind Electric: Challenges to Clinical Categories From a Person-Centred Perspective and the Possibilities of Metaphysics and Art for Clinician, Patient, and Treatment.Alexandra Pârvan - 2018 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24 (5):1065-1078.
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  18.  17
    The Metaphysics of Logical Consequence.Alexandra Zinke - 2018 - Frankfurt a.M.: Klostermann.
    The book discusses the central notion of logic: the concept of logical consequence. It shows that the classical definition of consequence as truth preservation in all models must be restricted to all admissible models. The challenge for the philosophy of logic is therefore to supplement the definition with a criterion for admissible models. -/- The problem of logical constants, so prominent in the current debate, constitutes but a special case of this much more general demarcation problem. The book explores the (...)
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  19.  30
    A Plea for Complex Categories in Ontologies.Alexandra Arapinis & Laure Vieu - 2015 - Applied Ontology 10 (3-4):285-296.
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  20.  1
    Is God His Law? Or How Religious Education Affects the Dehristianization of Mass Consciousness.Larysa Andreyeva & Katerina Elbakyan - 2014 - Ukrainian Religious Studies 70:104-114.
    In the twentieth century, the Russian Empire acted as a country where the state religion - Orthodoxy - was legally established. According to the census of 1897, the number of Orthodox Christians was 87.3 million, or 69.5% of the population. The Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church in its report for 1902 stated: "The Orthodox Russian people, who by nature deeply believe, consider all phenomena of life not only family and social, but also state life only in the light of (...)
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  21.  33
    Gender Equality in the Olympic Movement: Not a Simple Question, Not a Simple Answer.Alexandra Avena Koenigsberger - 2017 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 44 (3):329-341.
    This article explores the strategies followed by the International Olympic Committee for the achievement of gender equality. It is argued that this international body can go beyond simply adopting an equality of opportunities approach to gender equality. It suggests which other strategies can be incorporated for which it draws on the different ways of understanding gender equality in gender political theory.
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  22.  19
    Seeing the World Through Another Person’s Eyes: Simulating Selective Attention Via Action Observation.Alexandra Frischen, Daniel Loach & Steven P. Tipper - 2009 - Cognition 111 (2):212-218.
  23.  11
    Making Blood ‘Melanesian’: Fieldwork and Isolating Techniques in Genetic Epidemiology.Alexandra Widmer - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 47:118-129.
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  24.  16
    The Interpersonal Functions of Empathy: A Relational Perspective.Alexandra Main, Eric A. Walle, Carmen Kho & Jodi Halpern - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (4):358-366.
    Empathy is an extensively studied construct, but operationalization of effective empathy is routinely debated in popular culture, theory, and empirical research. This article offers a process-focused approach emphasizing the relational functions of empathy in interpersonal contexts. We argue that this perspective offers advantages over more traditional conceptualizations that focus on primarily intrapsychic features. Our aim is to enrich current conceptualizations and empirical approaches to the study of empathy by drawing on psychological, philosophical, medical, linguistic, and anthropological perspectives. In doing so, (...)
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  25.  27
    Five Reasons to Doubt the Existence of a Geometric Module.Alexandra D. Twyman & Nora S. Newcombe - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (7):1315-1356.
    It is frequently claimed that the human mind is organized in a modular fashion, a hypothesis linked historically, though not inevitably, to the claim that many aspects of the human mind are innately specified. A specific instance of this line of thought is the proposal of an innately specified geometric module for human reorientation. From a massive modularity position, the reorientation module would be one of a large number that organized the mind. From the core knowledge position, the reorientation module (...)
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  26.  1
    Interpersonal Movement Synchrony Responds to High- and Low-Level Conversational Constraints.Alexandra Paxton & Rick Dale - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  27.  5
    Parsson and Savulescu’s Unfit for the Future or the Starting Point for the Deconstruction of the Concept of Parentality.Alexandra Huidu - 2019 - Postmodern Openings 10 (1):200-219.
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  28.  51
    Luck Egalitarianism and What Valuing Responsibility Requires.Alexandra Couto - 2018 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 21 (2):193-217.
  29.  71
    Non-Conceptualism and Knowledge in Lucy Allais’s Manifest Reality.Alexandra Newton - 2016 - Kantian Review 21 (2):273-282.
    Lucy Allais’s Manifest Reality presents a systematic discussion of the role that Kant assigns to concepts in making knowledge of objects possible. In this paper, I ascribe to Allais a version of non-conceptualism, according to which knowledge is a ‘hybrid’ or loose unity of concept and intuition; concept relates to intuition as form relates to matter in an artefact. I will show how this view has trouble accommodating the distinction between knowledge and accidentally true belief, and how it leads to (...)
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  30.  30
    When Having Two Names Facilitates Lexical Selection: Similar Results in the Picture-Word Task From Translation Distractors in Bilinguals and Synonym Distractors in Monolinguals.Alexandra S. Dylman & Christopher Barry - 2018 - Cognition 171:151-171.
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  31.  60
    Self-Referential Emotions.Alexandra Zinck - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (2):496-505.
    The aim of this paper is to examine a special subgroup of emotion: self-referential emo- tions such as shame, pride and guilt. Self-referential emotions are usually conceptualized as (i) essentially involving the subject herself and as (ii) having complex conditions such as the capacity to represent others’ thoughts. I will show that rather than depending on a fully fledged ‘theory of mind’ and an explicit language-based self-representation, (i) pre-forms of self-referential emotions appear at early developmental stages already exhib- iting their (...)
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  32.  15
    Monistic Dualism and the Body Electric: An Ontology of Disease, Patient and Clinician for Person-Centred Healthcare.Alexandra Pârvan - 2016 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 22 (4):530-538.
  33.  32
    Examining the Effects of Incremental Case Presentation and Forecasting Outcomes on Case-Based Ethics Instruction.Alexandra E. MacDougall, Lauren N. Harkrider, Zhanna Bagdasarov, James F. Johnson, Chase E. Thiel, Juandre Peacock, Michael D. Mumford, Lynn D. Devenport & Shane Connelly - 2014 - Ethics and Behavior 24 (2):126-150.
    Case-based reasoning has long been used to facilitate instructional effectiveness. Although much remains to be known concerning the most beneficial way to present case material, recent literature suggests that simplifying case material is favorable. Accordingly, the current study manipulated two instructional techniques, incremental case presentation and forecasting outcomes, in a training environment in an attempt to better understand the utility of simplified versus complicated case presentation for learning. Findings suggest that pairing these two cognitively demanding techniques reduces satisfaction and detracts (...)
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  34.  31
    The Western Time of Ancient History: Historiographical Encounters with the Greek and Roman Pasts.Alexandra Lianeri (ed.) - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Introduction. Unfounding times: the idea and ideal of ancient history in Western historical thought Alexandra Lianeri; Part I. Theorising Western Time: Concepts and Models: 1. Time's authority François Hartog; 2. Exemplarity and anti-exemplarity in Early Modern Europe Peter Burke; 3. Greek philosophy and Western history: a philosophy-centred temporality Giuseppe Cambiano; 4. Historiography and political theology: Momigliano and the end of history Howard Caygill; Part II. Ancient History and Modern Temporalities: 5. The making of a bourgeois (...)
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  35.  2
    A Review on Research and Evaluation Methods for Investigating Self-Transcendence.Alexandra Kitson, Alice Chirico, Andrea Gaggioli & Bernhard E. Riecke - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Self-transcendence has been characterized as a decrease in self-saliency and increased connection, and has been growing in research interest in the past decade. Several measures have been developed and published with some degree of psychometric validity and reliability. However, to date, there has been no review systematically describing, contrasting, and evaluating the different methodological approaches toward measuring self-transcendence including questionnaires, neurological and physiological measures, and qualitative methods. To address this gap, we conducted a review to describe existing methods of measuring (...)
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  36.  10
    Immersive Interactive Technologies for Positive Change: A Scoping Review and Design Considerations.Alexandra Kitson, Mirjana Prpa & Bernhard E. Riecke - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  37.  18
    The Expanded Access Cure: A Twenty-First Century Framework for Companies.Alexandra Murata & Stacey Lee - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 156 (1):155-171.
    Through expanded access protocols, the Food and Drug Administration allows patients with serious or immediately life-threatening diseases access to experimental drugs outside the clinical trial setting when no satisfactory alternative treatment is available. While the FDA has established a mechanism for providing patients with unapproved drug access, the regulations do not require the pharmaceutical company to provide the drug. The drug company’s permission to use its experimental drug is a necessary prerequisite to using the FDA’s expanded access mechanism. Increasingly, drug (...)
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  38.  9
    Orienting Attention Via Observed Gaze Shift Evokes Longer Term Inhibitory Effects: Implications for Social Interactions, Attention, and Memory.Alexandra Frischen & Steven P. Tipper - 2004 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 133 (4):516-533.
  39.  11
    Beyond Type 1 Vs. Type 2 Processing: The Tri-Dimensional Way.Alexandra L. Varga & Kai Hamburger - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  40.  17
    Referring to Institutional Entities: Semantic and Ontological Perspectives.Alexandra Arapinis - 2013 - Applied Ontology 8 (1):31-57.
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  41.  55
    Reactive Attitudes, Forgiveness, and the Second-Person Standpoint.Alexandra Couto - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (5):1309-1323.
    Philosophers discussing forgiveness have usually been split between those who think that forgiveness is typically virtuous, even when the wrongdoer doesn’t repent, and those who think that, for forgiveness to be virtuous, certain pre-conditions must be satisfied. I argue that Darwall’s second-personal account of morality offers significant theoretical support for the latter view. I argue that if, as Darwall claims, reactive attitudes issue a demand, this demand needs to be adequately answered for forgiveness to be warranted. It follows that we (...)
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  42.  6
    The Effects of Music Listening on Pain and Stress in the Daily Life of Patients with Fibromyalgia Syndrome.Alexandra Linnemann, Mattes B. Kappert, Susanne Fischer, Johanna M. Doerr, Jana Strahler & Urs M. Nater - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  43.  3
    Private Military and Security Companies: Ethics, Policies and Civil-Military Relations.Andrew Alexandra, Deane-Peter Baker & Marina Caparini (eds.) - 2008 - Routledge.
    Over the past twenty years, Private Military and Security Companies (PMSCs) have become significant elements of national security arrangements, assuming many of the functions that have traditionally been undertaken by state armies. Given the centrality of control over the use of coercive force to the functioning and identity of the modern state, and to international order, these developments clearly are of great practical and conceptual interest. This edited volume provides an interdisciplinary overview of PMSCs: what they are, why they have (...)
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  44.  5
    Hostility and Civic Moral Disengagement: Cognitive Reappraisal and Expressive Suppression as Moderators.Alexandra Maftei, Cristina-Maria Bostan & Daniela-Victoria Zaharia - 2019 - Journal of Moral Education:1-17.
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  45.  59
    On Exhibiting Representational Validity.Alexandra Zinke - 2015 - Synthese 192 (4):1157-1171.
    We can distinguish two non-equivalent ways in which a natural language argument can be valid: it can be interpretationally or representationally valid. However, there is just one notion of classical first-order validity for formal languages: truth-preservation in all classical first-order models. To ease the tension, Baumgartner suggests that we should understand interpretational and representational validity as imposing different adequacy conditions on formalizations of natural language arguments. I argue against this proposal. To that end, I first show that Baumgartner’s definition of (...)
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  46.  41
    Rewiring Juvenile Justice: The Intersection of Developmental Neuroscience and Legal Policy.Alexandra O. Cohen & B. J. Casey - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (2):63-65.
  47. Well-Being.Valerie Tiberius & Alexandra Plakias - 2010 - In John Michael Doris (ed.), The Moral Psychology Handbook. Oxford University Press. pp. 402--432.
    Whether it is to be maximized or promoted as the object of a duty of beneficence, well-being is a vitally important notion in ethical theory. Well-being is a value, but to play the role it has often been assigned by ethical theory it must also be something we can measure and compare. It is a normative concept, then, but it also seems to have empirical content. Historically, philosophical conceptions of well-being have been responsive to the paired demands for normative and (...)
     
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  48.  87
    Self as Cultural Construct? An Argument for Levels of Self-Representations.Alexandra Zinck, Daniela Simon, Martin Schmidt-Daffy, Gottfried Vosgerau, Kirsten G. Volz, Anne Springer & Tobias Schlicht - 2009 - Philosophical Psychology 22 (6):687-709.
    In this paper, we put forward an interdisciplinary framework describing different levels of self-representations, namely non-conceptual, conceptual and propositional self-representations. We argue that these different levels of self-representation are differently affected by cultural upbringing: while propositional self-representations rely on “theoretical” concepts and are thus strongly influenced by cultural upbringing, non-conceptual self-representations are uniform across cultures and thus universal. This differentiation offers a theoretical specification of the distinction between an independent and interdependent self-construal put forward in cross-cultural psychology. Hence, this does (...)
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  49.  24
    Liberal Perfectionism: The Reasons That Goodness Gives.Alexandra Couto - 2014 - De Gruyter.
  50. Should Hobbes’s State of Nature Be Represented as a Prisoner’s Dilemma?Andrew Alexandra - 1992 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (2):1-16.
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