95 found
Order:
  1. Patient Autonomy and the Ethics of Responsibility.Alfred I. Tauber - 2005 - MIT Press.
    The principle of patient autonomy dominates the contemporary debate over medical ethics. In this examination of the doctor-patient relationship, physician and philosopher Alfred Tauber argues that the idea of patient autonomy -- which was inspired by other rights-based movements of the 1960s -- was an extrapolation from political and social philosophy that fails to ground medicine's moral philosophy. He proposes instead a reconfiguration of personal autonomy and a renewed commitment to an ethics of care. In this formulation, physician beneficence and (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  2.  8
    Philosophy of Immunology.Bartlomiej Swiatczak & Alfred I. Tauber - 2020 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy 2020.
    Philosophy of immunology is a subfield of philosophy of biology dealing with ontological and epistemological issues related to the studies of the immune system. While speculative investigations and abstract analyses have always been part of immune theorizing, until recently philosophers have largely ignored immunology. Yet the implications for understanding the philosophical basis of organismal functions framed by immunity offer new perspectives on fundamental questions of biology and medicine. Developed in the context of history of medicine, theoretical biology, and medical anthropology, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  3. The Immune Self: Theory or Metaphor?Alfred I. Tauber - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is one of the first books in a new series that will publish the very best work in the philosophy of biology. The series will be non-sectarian in character, will extend across the broadest range of topics, and will be genuinely interdisciplinary. The Immune Self is a critical study of immunology from its origins at the end of the nineteenth century to its contemporary formulation. The book offers the first extended philosophical critique of immunology, in which the function of (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   29 citations  
  4.  5
    Freud, the Reluctant Philosopher.Alfred I. Tauber - 2010 - Princeton University Press.
    Freud began university intending to study both medicine and philosophy. But he was ambivalent about philosophy, regarding it as metaphysical, too limited to the conscious mind, and ignorant of empirical knowledge. Yet his private correspondence and his writings on culture and history reveal that he never forsook his original philosophical ambitions. Indeed, while Freud remained firmly committed to positivist ideals, his thought was permeated with other aspects of German philosophy. Placed in dialogue with his intellectual contemporaries, Freud appears as a (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  5.  29
    Rethinking Individuality: The Dialectics of the Holobiont.Scott F. Gilbert & Alfred I. Tauber - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (6):839-853.
    Given immunity’s general role in the organism’s economy—both in terms of its internal environment as well as mediating its external relations—immune theory has expanded its traditional formulation of preserving individual autonomy to one that includes accounting for nutritional processes and symbiotic relationships that require immune tolerance. When such a full ecological alignment is adopted, the immune system becomes the mediator of both defensive and assimilative environmental intercourse, where a balance of immune rejection and tolerance governs the complex interactions of the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  6. The Immune Self: Theory or Metaphor?Alfred I. Tauber - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is one of the first books in a new series that will publish the very best work in the philosophy of biology. The series will be non-sectarian in character, will extend across the broadest range of topics, and will be genuinely interdisciplinary. The Immune Self is a critical study of immunology from its origins at the end of the nineteenth century to its contemporary formulation. The book offers the first extended philosophical critique of immunology, in which the function of (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  7.  41
    Outside the Subject.Alfred I. Tauber - 1995 - Human Studies 18 (4):439-446.
  8.  48
    The Immune System and its Ecology.Alfred I. Tauber - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (2):224-245.
    In biology, the ‘ecological orientation' rests on a commitment to examining systems, and the conceptual challenge of defining that system now employs techniques and concepts adapted from diverse disciplines (i.e., systems philosophy, cybernetics, information theory, computer science) that are applied to biological simulations and model building. Immunology has joined these efforts, and the question posed here is whether the discipline will remain committed to its theoretical concerns framed by the notions of protecting an insular self, an entity demarcated from its (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  9.  10
    Confessions of a Medicine Man: An Essay in Popular Philosophy.Alfred I. Tauber - 2000 - Bradford.
    This book probes the ethical structure of contemporary medicine in an argument accessible to lay readers, healthcare professionals, and ethicists alike.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  10. The Immune Self: Theory or Metaphor?Alfred I. Tauber - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is one of the first books in a new series that will publish the very best work in the philosophy of biology. The series will be non-sectarian in character, will extend across the broadest range of topics, and will be genuinely interdisciplinary. The Immune Self is a critical study of immunology from its origins at the end of the nineteenth century to its contemporary formulation. The book offers the first extended philosophical critique of immunology, in which the function of (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  11.  17
    Metchnikoff and the Origins of Immunology: From Metaphor to Theory.Alfred I. Tauber, Leon Chernyak, Anne-Marie Moulin, Herman Friedman & Emily Martin - 1999 - Journal of the History of Biology 32 (1):205-215.
  12.  26
    Sick Autonomy.Alfred I. Tauber - 2003 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 46 (4):484-495.
  13.  1
    Acknowledgments.Alfred I. Tauber - 2010 - In Freud, the Reluctant Philosopher. Princeton University Press.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  14.  46
    Immunity in Context.Alfred I. Tauber - 2016 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 31 (2):207-224.
    According to immunology’s prevailing paradigm, immunity is based on self/nonself discrimination and thus requires a construction of identity. Two orientations vie for dominance: The original conception, conceived in the context of infectious diseases, regards the organism as insular and autonomous, an entity that requires defense of its borders. An alternate view places the organism firmly in its environment in which both benign and onerous encounters occur. On this latter relational account, active tolerance allows for cooperative relationships with other organisms in (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  15. Science and the Quest for Meaning.Alfred I. Tauber - 2009 - Baylor University Press.
    Introduction: Concerning scientific reason -- General themes -- Narrative plan -- What is science? -- Reason in dispute -- Rebuttal to an unfair indictment -- Science and the quest for reality -- Science and its values -- Nineteenth-century positivism -- The argument -- Cultures -- The human sciences -- The fall of positivism -- Polany : personalizing knowledge -- Kuhn : raising the lid of pandora's box -- Quine and the dismantling of logical positivism -- The constructivist challenge -- The (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  16.  15
    Expanding Immunology: Defensive Versus Ecological Perspectives.Alfred I. Tauber - 2008 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 51 (2):270-284.
  17. Immunity: The Evolution of an Idea.Alfred I. Tauber - 2017 - Oup Usa.
    In Immunity, Alfred Tauber sets forth a new theory of immunology that rejects the common principle of self and non-self, and the immune system's role as a protector of the self from external threats. Rather than serving to defend an independent entity, he argues, immunity participates in a large, complex eco-system of porous and flexible boundaries. Tauber's new approach to immunology necessitates a new biology in which symbiosis is the rule, not the exception.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  18.  28
    The Elusive Synthesis: Aesthetics and Science.Alfred I. Tauber (ed.) - 1996 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    This collection of essays ranges from phenomenological descriptions of the beautiful in science to analytical explorations of the philosophical conjunction of ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  19.  71
    Frank Macfarlane Burnet and the Immune Self.Alfred I. Tauber & Scott H. Podolsky - 1994 - Journal of the History of Biology 27 (3):531-573.
  20. Henry David Thoreau and the Moral Agency of Knowing.Alfred I. Tauber - 2001 - University of California Press.
    In his graceful philosophical account, Alfred I. Tauber shows why Thoreau still seems so relevant today—more relevant in many respects than he seemed to his contemporaries. Although Thoreau has been skillfully and thoroughly examined as a writer, naturalist, mystic, historian, social thinker, Transcendentalist, and lifelong student, we may find in Tauber's portrait of Thoreau the moralist a characterization that binds all these aspects of his career together. Thoreau was caught at a critical turn in the history of science, between the (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  21.  16
    The Human Genome Project: Has Blind Reductionism Gone Too Far?Alfred I. Tauber & Sahotra Sarkar - 1992 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 35 (2):220-235.
  22. Immunology and the Enigma of Selfhood.Alfred I. Tauber & Mn Norton Wise - 2004 - In M. Norton Wise (ed.), Growing Explanations: Historical Perspectives on Recent Science. Duke University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  23.  64
    Selfhood, Immunity, and the Biological Imagination: The Thought of Frank MacFarlane Burnet. [REVIEW]Eileen Crist & Alfred I. Tauber - 2000 - Biology and Philosophy 15 (4):509-533.
    The language of self and nonself has had a prominent place inimmunology. This paper examines Frank Macfarlane Burnet's introductionof the language of selfhood into the science. The distinction betweenself and nonself was an integral part of Burnet's biological outlook– of his interest in the living organism in its totality, itsactivities, and interactions. We show the empirical and conceptualwork of the language of selfhood in the science. The relation betweenself and nonself tied into Burnet's ecological vision of host-parasiteinteraction. The idiom of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  24. Organism and the Origins of Self.Alfred I. Tauber & Elias L. Khalil - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):355.
    Alfred I. Tauber (ed.), Organism and the Origins of Self. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991. xix + 384 pp., US$ 110.00 (US$ 25.00 paperback). This is a fascinating book based on a 1990 symposium at Boston University. It promises to change the way one conceives of the organism. The authors start from different specializations but provide a most tantalizing feast of ideas. Richard Lewontin commences the book with a strange foreword. Lewontin submits that the concern with the "self and (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  25.  45
    Freud’s Dreams of Reason: The Kantian Structure of Psychoanalysis.Alfred I. Tauber - 2009 - History of the Human Sciences 22 (4):1-29.
    Freud (and later commentators) have failed to explain how the origins of psychoanalytical theory began with a positivist investment without recognizing a dual epistemological commitment: simply, Freud engaged positivism because he believed it generally equated with empiricism, which he valued, and he rejected ‘philosophy’, and, more specifically, Kantianism, because of the associated transcendental qualities of its epistemology. But this simple dismissal belies a deep investment in Kant’s formulation of human reason, in which rationality escapes natural cause and thereby bestows humans (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  26.  32
    Freud’s Social Theory.Alfred I. Tauber - 2012 - History of the Human Sciences 25 (4):43-72.
    Acknowledging the power of the id-drives, Freud held on to the authority of reason as the ego’s best tool to control instinctual desire. He thereby placed analytic reason at the foundation of his own ambivalent social theory, which, on the one hand, held utopian promise based upon psychoanalytic insight, and, on the other hand, despaired of reason’s capacity to control the self-destructive elements of the psyche. Moving beyond the recourse of sublimation, post-Freudians attacked reason’s hegemony in quelling disruptive psycho-dynamics and, (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  27. Henry David Thoreau and the Moral Agency of Knowing.Alfred I. Tauber - 2001 - University of California Press.
    In his graceful philosophical account, Alfred I. Tauber shows why Thoreau still seems so relevant today—more relevant in many respects than he seemed to his contemporaries. Although Thoreau has been skillfully and thoroughly examined as a writer, naturalist, mystic, historian, social thinker, Transcendentalist, and lifelong student, we may find in Tauber's portrait of Thoreau the moralist a characterization that binds all these aspects of his career together. Thoreau was caught at a critical turn in the history of science, between the (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  28.  5
    The Elusive Immune Self: A Case of Category Errors.Alfred I. Tauber - 1999 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 42 (4):459-474.
  29.  53
    Conceptual Shifts in Immunology: Comments on the 'Two-Way Paradigm'. [REVIEW]Alfred I. Tauber - 1998 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (5):457-473.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  30.  25
    Medicine, Public Health, and the Ethics of Rationing.Alfred I. Tauber - 2002 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 45 (1):16-30.
  31.  17
    Postmodernism and Immune Selfhood.Alfred I. Tauber - 1995 - Science in Context 8 (4):579-607.
  32.  6
    Immunology's Theories of Cognition.Alfred I. Tauber - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (2):239-264.
    Contemporary immunology has established its fundamental theory as a biological expression of personal identity, wherein the "immune self" is defended by the immune system. Protection of this agent putatively requires a cognitive capacity by which the self and the foreign are perceived and thereby discriminated; from such information, discernment of the environment is achieved and activation of pathways leading to an immune response may be initiated. This so-called cognitive paradigm embeds such functions as "perception," "recognition," "learning," and "memory" to characterize (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  33.  17
    In Search of Medicine's Moral Glue.Alfred I. Tauber - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (1):41 – 44.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  34.  24
    Historical and Philosophical Reflections on Patient Autonomy.Alfred I. Tauber - 2001 - Health Care Analysis 9 (3):299-319.
    Contemporary American medical ethics was born during a period of social ferment, a key theme of which was the espousal of individual rights. Driven by complex cultural forces united in the effort to protect individuality and self-determined choices, an extrapolation from case law to rights of patients was accomplished under the philosophical auspices of ‘autonomy’. Autonomy has a complex history; arising in the modern period as the idea of self-governance, it received its most ambitious philosophical elaboration in Kant's moral philosophy. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  35.  44
    The Reflexive Project: Reconstructing the Moral Agent.Alfred I. Tauber - 2005 - History of the Human Sciences 18 (4):49-75.
    In the 17th century, ‘reflexivity’ was coined as a new term for introspection and self-awareness. It thus was poised to serve the instrumental function of combating skepticism by asserting a knowing self. In this Cartesian paradigm, introspection ends in an entity of self-identity. An alternate interpretation recognized how an infinite regress of reflexivity would render ‘the self’ elusive, if not unknowable. Reflexivity in this latter mode was rediscovered by post-Kantian philosophers, most notably Hegel, who defined the self in its self-reflective (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  36.  8
    Freud’s Social Theory.Alfred I. Tauber - 2012 - History of the Human Sciences 25 (4):43-72.
  37.  4
    A Hypothesis: Establishing the Microbiome Through Immune Mimicry.Alfred I. Tauber - 2016 - Bioessays 38 (11):1062-1062.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  38.  14
    Arthur M. Silverstein. A History of Immunology. Second Edition. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2009. $79.96.Ed Cohen. A Body Worth Defending: Immunity, Biopolitics, and the Apotheosis of the Modern Body. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2009. $89.95. [REVIEW]Alfred I. Tauber - 2010 - Isis 101 (3):636-637.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  39.  31
    The Philosopher as Prophet: The Case of Emerson and Thoreau.Alfred I. Tauber - 2003 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 10 (2):89-103.
    Emerson articulated his metaphysics of selfhood within a theistic framework; Thoreau reconfigured his ideas as a mystical pantheism. In this latter form, Transcendentalism offered twentieth century Americans a new religious sensibility based on an intimacy with nature, which became a spiritual and aesthetic resource for personal fulfillment.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  40.  52
    From the Immune Self to Moral Agency. Comments.Alfred I. Tauber - 2012 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 3 (1):101-105.
    Author comments on the changes in the philosophy of immunology that have occurred since the publication of his book The Immune Self: Theory or Metaphor?, as well as on the dangers, misunderstandings and expectations in this area. Finally, he presents his account of moral agency in the context of his own works discussing this question.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  17
    Historical and Philosophical Perspectives Concerning Immune Cognition.Alfred I. Tauber - 1997 - Journal of the History of Biology 30 (3):419 - 440.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  42.  19
    Introduction: Immunology as a Historical Object. [REVIEW]Alberto Cambrosio, Peter Keating & Alfred I. Tauber - 1994 - Journal of the History of Biology 27 (3):375-378.
  43.  11
    From Descartes' Dream to Husserl's Nightmare.Alfred I. Tauber - 1996 - In The Elusive Synthesis: Aesthetics and Science. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 289--312.
  44.  18
    Medicine and the Call for a Moral Epistemology, Part II: Constructing a Synthesis of Values.Alfred I. Tauber - 2008 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 51 (3):450-463.
  45.  45
    Autonomy Gone Mad.Alfred I. Tauber - 2003 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 10 (1):75-80.
    Medicine’s fundamental moral philosophy is the responsibility of caring for the ill, yet beneficence is not under the province of the law.Indeed, fiduciary responsibilities of doctors are limited. Instead, American law is preoccupied with protecting patient rights under the precept of patient autonomy, and contemporary medical ethics is dominated by these concerns. The extrapolation of autonomy rights from the political and judicial culture to medicine is, under ordinary circumstance, non-problematic. However, in instances of conflict, the dominance of autonomy reveals a (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  46.  6
    The Cambridge Handbook of Human Dignity: Interdisciplinary Perspectives Ed. By Marcus Düwell Et Al.Alfred I. Tauber - 2014 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 57 (4):560-568.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  47.  18
    Revisiting Hume's Law.Steven P. Segal & Alfred I. Tauber - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (11):43 – 45.
  48.  29
    Medicine and the Call for a Moral Epistemology.Alfred I. Tauber - 2005 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 48 (1):42-53.
  49.  38
    Response to Melvin Cohn.Alfred I. Tauber - 1998 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (5):485-494.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  50.  7
    Freud Without Oedipus: The Cognitive Unconscious.Alfred I. Tauber - 2013 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 20 (3):231-241.
1 — 50 / 95