The great three-volume Principia Mathematica is deservedly the most famous work ever written on the foundations of mathematics. Its aim is to deduce all the fundamental propositions of logic and mathematics from a small number of logical premisses and primitive ideas, and so to prove that mathematics is a development of logic. This abridged text of Volume I contains the material that is most relevant to an introductory study of logic and the philosophy of mathematics (more advanced students will wish (...) to refer to the complete edition). It contains the whole of the preliminary sections (which present the authors' justification of the philosophical standpoint adopted at the outset of their work); the whole of Part 1 (in which the logical properties of propositions, propositional functions, classes and relations are established); section 6 of Part 2 (dealing with unit classes and couples); and Appendices A and B (which give further developments of the argument on the theory of deduction and truth functions). (shrink)
This classic text in American Philosophy by one of the foremost figures in American philosophy offers a concise analysis of the various factors in human nature which go toward forming a religion, to exhibit the inevitable transformation of religion with the transformation of knowledge and to direct attention to the foundation of religion on our apprehension of those permanent elements by reason of which there is a stable order in the world, permanent elements apart from which there could be no (...) changing world. (shrink)
First published as part of the Cambridge Miscellany series in 1934, this book presents the content of two lectures delivered by Alfred North Whitehead at the University of Chicago in October 1933. The volume concerns itself chiefly with the complex relationship between nature, philosophy and science.
In addition to his brilliant achievements in theoretical mathematics, Alfred North Whitehead exercised an extensive knowledge of philosophy and literature that informs and elevates all of his works. In this book, he offers undergraduate students and other readers an absorbing exploration of the fundamental problems of substance, space, and time. The Concept of Nature originated with Whitehead's Tarner Lectures of 1919, and its discussions are highlighted by a criticism of Einstein's method of interpreting results, and by the author's alternative development (...) of the celebrated theory of the four-dimensional space-time manifold. 1920 ed. (shrink)
64 . 1. La théorie des objets percevants dépasse le cadre de cet ouvrage dont le but est de démontrer les principes de la connaissance naturelle par l’examen des données et des lois expérimentales fondamentales pour la physique. Un objet percevant est en un certain sens au-delà de la nature. Mais la nature inclut la vie ; et la manière de concevoir la nature dans le chapitre précédent..
La condición de la Vida en la Naturaleza es el problema sobre el que se erigen la Filosofía y la Ciencia. En efecto, es el punto central de encuentro de todos los esfuerzos del pensamiento sistemático, humanístico, naturalista o filosófico. El auténtico sentido de la vida resulta dudoso. Cuando lo entendamos, entenderemos también el significado que ella tiene en el mundo. Pero su esencia y su condición resultan por igual difícilmente comprensibles.