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Alfred I. Tauber [93]Alfred Tauber [9]
  1. Patient Autonomy and the Ethics of Responsibility.Alfred I. Tauber - 2005 - MIT Press.
    The principle of patient autonomy dominates the contemporary debate over medical ethics. In this examination of the doctor-patient relationship, physician and philosopher Alfred Tauber argues that the idea of patient autonomy -- which was inspired by other rights-based movements of the 1960s -- was an extrapolation from political and social philosophy that fails to ground medicine's moral philosophy. He proposes instead a reconfiguration of personal autonomy and a renewed commitment to an ethics of care. In this formulation, physician beneficence and (...)
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  2. The Immune Self Theory or Metaphor?Alfred I. Tauber - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is one of the first books in a new series that will publish the very best work in the philosophy of biology. The series will be non-sectarian in character, will extend across the broadest range of topics, and will be genuinely interdisciplinary. The Immune Self is a critical study of immunology from its origins at the end of the nineteenth century to its contemporary formulation. The book offers the first extended philosophical critique of immunology, in which the function of (...)
     
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  3.  7
    Rethinking Individuality: The Dialectics of the Holobiont.Scott F. Gilbert & Alfred I. Tauber - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (6):839-853.
    Given immunity’s general role in the organism’s economy—both in terms of its internal environment as well as mediating its external relations—immune theory has expanded its traditional formulation of preserving individual autonomy to one that includes accounting for nutritional processes and symbiotic relationships that require immune tolerance. When such a full ecological alignment is adopted, the immune system becomes the mediator of both defensive and assimilative environmental intercourse, where a balance of immune rejection and tolerance governs the complex interactions of the (...)
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  4. Freud, the Reluctant Philosopher.Alfred I. Tauber - 2010 - Princeton University Press.
    Freud began university intending to study both medicine and philosophy. But he was ambivalent about philosophy, regarding it as metaphysical, too limited to the conscious mind, and ignorant of empirical knowledge. Yet his private correspondence and his writings on culture and history reveal that he never forsook his original philosophical ambitions. Indeed, while Freud remained firmly committed to positivist ideals, his thought was permeated with other aspects of German philosophy. Placed in dialogue with his intellectual contemporaries, Freud appears as a (...)
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  5.  7
    Immunity in Context.Alfred I. Tauber - 2016 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 31 (2):207-224.
    According to immunology’s prevailing paradigm, immunity is based on self/nonself discrimination and thus requires a construction of identity. Two orientations vie for dominance: The original conception, conceived in the context of infectious diseases, regards the organism as insular and autonomous, an entity that requires defense of its borders. An alternate view places the organism firmly in its environment in which both benign and onerous encounters occur. On this latter relational account, active tolerance allows for cooperative relationships with other organisms in (...)
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  6.  5
    Confessions of a Medicine Man: An Essay in Popular Philosophy.Alfred I. Tauber - 2000 - Bradford.
    This book probes the ethical structure of contemporary medicine in an argument accessible to lay readers, healthcare professionals, and ethicists alike.
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  7.  10
    The Immune System and its Ecology.Alfred I. Tauber - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (2):224-245.
    In biology, the ‘ecological orientation' rests on a commitment to examining systems, and the conceptual challenge of defining that system now employs techniques and concepts adapted from diverse disciplines (i.e., systems philosophy, cybernetics, information theory, computer science) that are applied to biological simulations and model building. Immunology has joined these efforts, and the question posed here is whether the discipline will remain committed to its theoretical concerns framed by the notions of protecting an insular self, an entity demarcated from its (...)
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  8.  57
    Frank Macfarlane Burnet and the Immune Self.Alfred I. Tauber & Scott H. Podolsky - 1994 - Journal of the History of Biology 27 (3):531-573.
  9.  8
    Metchnikoff and the Origins of Immunology: From Metaphor to Theory.Alfred I. Tauber, Leon Chernyak, Anne-Marie Moulin, Herman Friedman & Emily Martin - 1999 - Journal of the History of Biology 32 (1):205-215.
  10.  19
    The Elusive Synthesis: Aesthetics and Science.Alfred I. Tauber (ed.) - 1996 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    This collection of essays ranges from phenomenological descriptions of the beautiful in science to analytical explorations of the philosophical conjunction of ...
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  11.  9
    Freud's Social Theory Modernist and Postmodernist Revisions.Alfred I. Tauber - 2012 - History of the Human Sciences 25 (4):43-72.
    Acknowledging the power of the id-drives, Freud held on to the authority of reason as the ego’s best tool to control instinctual desire. He thereby placed analytic reason at the foundation of his own ambivalent social theory, which, on the one hand, held utopian promise based upon psychoanalytic insight, and, on the other hand, despaired of reason’s capacity to control the self-destructive elements of the psyche. Moving beyond the recourse of sublimation, post-Freudians attacked reason’s hegemony in quelling disruptive psycho-dynamics and, (...)
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  12. Requiem for the Ego: Freud and the Origins of Postmodernism.Alfred Tauber - 2013 - Stanford University Press.
    _Requiem for the Ego_ recounts Freud's last great attempt to 'save' the autonomy of the ego, which drew philosophical criticism from the most prominent philosophers of the period—Adorno, Heidegger, and Wittgenstein. Despite their divergent orientations, each contested the ego's capacity to represent mental states through word and symbol to an agent surveying its own cognizance. By discarding the subject-object divide as a model of the mind, they dethroned Freud's depiction of the ego as a conceit of a misleading self-consciousness and (...)
     
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  13. Science and the Quest for Meaning.Alfred I. Tauber - 2009 - Baylor University Press.
    Introduction: Concerning scientific reason -- General themes -- Narrative plan -- What is science? -- Reason in dispute -- Rebuttal to an unfair indictment -- Science and the quest for reality -- Science and its values -- Nineteenth-century positivism -- The argument -- Cultures -- The human sciences -- The fall of positivism -- Polany : personalizing knowledge -- Kuhn : raising the lid of pandora's box -- Quine and the dismantling of logical positivism -- The constructivist challenge -- The (...)
     
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  14.  71
    The Foundations of American Bioethics.Michael Grodin, George Annas, Martha Montello & Alfred Tauber - 1993 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (6):593-594.
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  15.  10
    Medicine, Public Health, and the Ethics of Rationing.Alfred I. Tauber - 2002 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 45 (1):16-30.
  16.  14
    Expanding Immunology: Defensive Versus Ecological Perspectives.Alfred I. Tauber - 2008 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 51 (2):270-284.
  17.  24
    Freud's Dreams of Reason: The Kantian Structure of Psychoanalysis.Alfred I. Tauber - 2009 - History of the Human Sciences 22 (4):1-29.
    Freud (and later commentators) have failed to explain how the origins of psychoanalytical theory began with a positivist investment without recognizing a dual epistemological commitment: simply, Freud engaged positivism because he believed it generally equated with empiricism, which he valued, and he rejected ‘philosophy’, and, more specifically, Kantianism, because of the associated transcendental qualities of its epistemology. But this simple dismissal belies a deep investment in Kant’s formulation of human reason, in which rationality escapes natural cause and thereby bestows humans (...)
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  18.  6
    In Search of Medicine's Moral Glue.Alfred I. Tauber - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (1):41 – 44.
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  19.  25
    Selfhood, Immunity, and the Biological Imagination: The Thought of Frank MacFarlane Burnet. [REVIEW]Eileen Crist & Alfred I. Tauber - 2000 - Biology and Philosophy 15 (4):509-533.
    The language of self and nonself has had a prominent place inimmunology. This paper examines Frank Macfarlane Burnet's introductionof the language of selfhood into the science. The distinction betweenself and nonself was an integral part of Burnet's biological outlook– of his interest in the living organism in its totality, itsactivities, and interactions. We show the empirical and conceptualwork of the language of selfhood in the science. The relation betweenself and nonself tied into Burnet's ecological vision of host-parasiteinteraction. The idiom of (...)
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  20.  15
    Sick Autonomy.Alfred I. Tauber - 2003 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 46 (4):484-495.
  21. Henry David Thoreau and the Moral Agency of Knowing.Alfred I. Tauber - 2001 - University of California Press.
    In his graceful philosophical account, Alfred I. Tauber shows why Thoreau still seems so relevant today—more relevant in many respects than he seemed to his contemporaries. Although Thoreau has been skillfully and thoroughly examined as a writer, naturalist, mystic, historian, social thinker, Transcendentalist, and lifelong student, we may find in Tauber's portrait of Thoreau the moralist a characterization that binds all these aspects of his career together. Thoreau was caught at a critical turn in the history of science, between the (...)
     
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  22.  4
    Postmodernism and Immune Selfhood.Alfred I. Tauber - 1995 - Science in Context 8 (4).
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  23. Freud’s Social Theory.Alfred I. Tauber - 2012 - History of the Human Sciences 25 (4):43-72.
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  24.  12
    Medicine and the Call for a Moral Epistemology.Alfred I. Tauber - 2005 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 48 (1):42-53.
  25. Organism and the Origins of Self.Alfred I. Tauber & Elias L. Khalil - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):355.
    Alfred I. Tauber (ed.), Organism and the Origins of Self. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991. xix + 384 pp., US$ 110.00 (US$ 25.00 paperback). This is a fascinating book based on a 1990 symposium at Boston University. It promises to change the way one conceives of the organism. The authors start from different specializations but provide a most tantalizing feast of ideas. Richard Lewontin commences the book with a strange foreword. Lewontin submits that the concern with the "self and (...)
     
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  26.  9
    Historical and Philosophical Perspectives Concerning Immune Cognition.Alfred I. Tauber - 1997 - Journal of the History of Biology 30 (3):419 - 440.
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  27.  1
    The Human Genome Project: Has Blind Reductionism Gone Too Far?Alfred I. Tauber & Sahotra Sarkar - 1992 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 35 (2):220-235.
  28.  27
    The Reflexive Project: Reconstructing the Moral Agent.Alfred I. Tauber - 2005 - History of the Human Sciences 18 (4):49-75.
    In the 17th century, ‘reflexivity’ was coined as a new term for introspection and self-awareness. It thus was poised to serve the instrumental function of combating skepticism by asserting a knowing self. In this Cartesian paradigm, introspection ends in an entity of self-identity. An alternate interpretation recognized how an infinite regress of reflexivity would render ‘the self’ elusive, if not unknowable. Reflexivity in this latter mode was rediscovered by post-Kantian philosophers, most notably Hegel, who defined the self in its self-reflective (...)
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  29.  8
    Introduction: Immunology as a Historical Object. [REVIEW]Alberto Cambrosio, Peter Keating & Alfred I. Tauber - 1994 - Journal of the History of Biology 27 (3):375-378.
  30. Immunology and the Enigma of Selfhood.Alfred I. Tauber & Mn Norton Wise - 2004 - In M. Norton Wise (ed.), Growing Explanations: Historical Perspectives on Recent Science. Duke University Press.
  31.  13
    Historical and Philosophical Reflections on Patient Autonomy.Alfred I. Tauber - 2001 - Health Care Analysis 9 (3):299-319.
    Contemporary American medical ethics was born during a period of social ferment, a key theme of which was the espousal of individual rights. Driven by complex cultural forces united in the effort to protect individuality and self-determined choices, an extrapolation from case law to rights of patients was accomplished under the philosophical auspices of ‘autonomy’. Autonomy has a complex history; arising in the modern period as the idea of self-governance, it received its most ambitious philosophical elaboration in Kant's moral philosophy. (...)
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  32. Index.Alfred I. Tauber - 2010 - In Freud, the Reluctant Philosopher. Princeton University Press. pp. 305-318.
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  33.  43
    Debating Humoral Immunity and Epistemology: The Rivalry of the Immunochemists Jules Bordet and Paul Ehrlich. [REVIEW]Eileen Crist & Alfred I. Tauber - 1997 - Journal of the History of Biology 30 (3):321 - 356.
  34.  27
    Autonomy Gone Mad.Alfred I. Tauber - 2003 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 10 (1):75-80.
    Medicine’s fundamental moral philosophy is the responsibility of caring for the ill, yet beneficence is not under the province of the law.Indeed, fiduciary responsibilities of doctors are limited. Instead, American law is preoccupied with protecting patient rights under the precept of patient autonomy, and contemporary medical ethics is dominated by these concerns. The extrapolation of autonomy rights from the political and judicial culture to medicine is, under ordinary circumstance, non-problematic. However, in instances of conflict, the dominance of autonomy reveals a (...)
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  35.  12
    The Idea of Immunity: Metchnikoff's Metaphysics and Science.Leon Chernyak & Alfred I. Tauber - 1990 - Journal of the History of Biology 23 (2):187-249.
  36.  8
    Medicine and the Call for a Moral Epistemology, Part II: Constructing a Synthesis of Values.Alfred I. Tauber - 2008 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 51 (3):450-463.
  37.  23
    A Typology of Nietzsche's Biology.Alfred I. Tauber - 1994 - Biology and Philosophy 9 (1):25-44.
    Friedrich Nietzsche''s will to power, and the philosophical ediface built on this foundation, is formulated on a biologicism that is indebted to a particular post-Darwinian vision of the organism. Of the various models that attempt to formulate a comprehensive organismal biology, Nietzsche unknowingly grasped that of Elie Metchnikoff, who authored the theoretical foundation of modern immunology. Metchnikoff regarded the organism as a disharmonious entity, in constant inner strife between competing cellular activities. Immune functions were responsible for mediating harmonization, which however (...)
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  38.  31
    Response to Melvin Cohn.Alfred I. Tauber - 1998 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (5):485-494.
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  39.  9
    Revisiting Hume's Law.Steven P. Segal & Alfred I. Tauber - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (11):43 – 45.
  40.  4
    The Moral Domain of the Medical Record: The Routine Ethics Evaluation.Alfred Tauber - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (4):W1-W16.
    The structure, content, and orientation of the contemporary medical record inadequately reflect the appropriate influence of patients' rights and bioethics on health care. Most tellingly, the medical chart reveals a remarkable absence of attention to medical ethics, except in the case of crisis management. But medical ethics informs both crisis decision-making and virtually all clinical interventions. Indeed, clinical care embodies a complex array of choices influenced by individual and cultural values, themselves reflecting religious beliefs, personal histories, psychologies, and social mores. (...)
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  41.  39
    From the Immune Self to Moral Agency. Comments.Alfred I. Tauber - 2012 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 3 (1):101-105.
    Author comments on the changes in the philosophy of immunology that have occurred since the publication of his book The Immune Self: Theory or Metaphor?, as well as on the dangers, misunderstandings and expectations in this area. Finally, he presents his account of moral agency in the context of his own works discussing this question.
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  42.  9
    The Philosopher as Prophet.Alfred I. Tauber - 2003 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 10 (2):89-103.
    Emerson articulated his metaphysics of selfhood within a theistic framework; Thoreau reconfigured his ideas as a mystical pantheism. In this latter form, Transcendentalism offered twentieth century Americans a new religious sensibility based on an intimacy with nature, which became a spiritual and aesthetic resource for personal fulfillment.
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  43. Science and the Quest for Reality.Alfred I. Tauber (ed.) - 1997 - New York University Press.
    Since Galileo, critics have waged a relentless assault against science, attacking it as dehumanizing, reductionist, relativistic, dominating, and imperialistic. Supporters meanwhile view science as synonymous with modernity and progress. The current debates over the role of science-- described by such headlines as Scientists are Urged to Fight Back Against `Politically Correct' Critics in The Chronicle of Higher Education--testify to how deeply divided we remain about the values and responsibilities of science in the modern age. Acknowledging the validity of a deep (...)
     
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  44.  45
    Conceptual Shifts in Immunology: Comments on the 'Two-Way Paradigm'. [REVIEW]Alfred I. Tauber - 1998 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (5):457-473.
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  45. The Immune Self: Theory or Metaphor?Alfred I. Tauber - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is one of the first books in a new series that will publish the very best work in the philosophy of biology. The series will be non-sectarian in character, will extend across the broadest range of topics, and will be genuinely interdisciplinary. The Immune Self is a critical study of immunology from its origins at the end of the nineteenth century to its contemporary formulation. The book offers the first extended philosophical critique of immunology, in which the function of (...)
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  46.  3
    Outside the Subject: Levinas's Jewish Perspective on Time.Alfred Tauber - 1998 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 20 (2/1):439-459.
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  47.  22
    Philosophy as Self-Knowledge.Alfred I. Tauber - 2014 - Philosophia 42 (1):1-23.
    An autobiographical account is offered of how the medical study of self (immunology) became a chapter in the philosophical study of human agency (from Nietzsche and Thoreau to Freud by way of Wittgenstein). Whether viewed scientifically or philosophically, several themes converge on the intractable instability of any notion of selfhood—epistemological or moral. How this problematic motivated an extended analysis of selfhood refracts the psychology of the author and his pursuit of philosophy as self‐knowledge.
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  48.  15
    An Introduction: The Symposium on The Evolution of Individuality by Leo W. Buss.Scott F. Gilbert, Sahotra Sarkar & Alfred I. Tauber - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (4):461-462.
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  49. The Elusive Immune Self: A Case of Category Errors.Alfred I. Tauber - 1999 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 42 (4):459-474.
  50.  18
    Thoreau's Living Ethics: Walden and the Pursuit of Virtue.Alfred I. Tauber - 2005 - Environmental Ethics 27 (4):441-444.
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