Results for 'Alfredo Pereira Jr'

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  1.  7
    Recent Advances in Brain Physiology and Cognitive Processing.Alfredo Pereira Jr, Maria AliceOrnellas Pereira & FábioAugusto Furlan - 2011 - Mens Sana Monographs 9 (1):183.
    The discovery of participation of astrocytes as active elements in glutamatergic tripartite synapses (composed by functional units of two neurons and one astrocyte) has led to the construction of models of cognitive functioning in the human brain, focusing on associative learning, sensory integration, conscious processing and memory formation/retrieval. We have modelled human cognitive functions by means of an ensemble of functional units (tripartite synapses) connected by gap junctions that link distributed astrocytes, allowing the formation of intra- and intercellular calcium waves (...)
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  2.  3
    Recent Advances in Brain Physiology and Cognitive Processing.Alfredo Pereira Jr, Maria Ornellas Pereira & Fábio Furlan - 2011 - Mens Sana Monographs 9 (1):183-192.
    The discovery of participation of astrocytes as active elements in glutamatergic tripartite synapses has led to the construction of models of cognitive functioning in the human brain, focusing on associative learning, sensory integration, conscious processing and memory formation/retrieval. We have modelled human cognitive functions by means of an ensemble of functional units connected by gap junctions that link distributed astrocytes, allowing the formation of intra- and intercellular calcium waves that putatively mediate large-scale cognitive information processing. The model contains a diagram (...)
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  3.  7
    Recent Advances in Brain Physiology and Cognitive Processing.Pereira Alfredo Jr, M. A. Pereira & Fábio Augusto Furlan - 2011 - Mens Sana Monographs 9 (1):183-192.
  4.  41
    Projecting the Trees but Ignoring the Forest: A Brief Critique of Alfredo Pereira Jr.'s Target Essay.Gregory Michael Nixon - 2018 - Trans/Form/Ação 41 (s1):269-292.
    Pereira’s “The Projective Theory of Consciousness” is an experimental statement, drawing on many diverse sources, exploring how consciousness might be produced by a projective mechanism that results both in private selves and an experienced world. Unfortunately, pulling together so many unrelated sources and methods means none gets full attention. Furthermore, it seems to me that the uncomfortable breadth of this paper unnecessarily complicates his project; in fact it may hide what it seeks to reveal. If this conglomeration of diverse (...)
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  5.  10
    Neuromodulation, Emotional Feelings and Affective Disorders.Alfredo Pereira & Fushun Wang - 2015 - Mens Sana Monographs.
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  6.  12
    Exposure to Trauma-Relevant Pictures is Associated with Tachycardia in Victims Who Had Experienced an Intense Peritraumatic Defensive Response: The Tonic Immobility.Rita de Cassia S. Alves, Liana C. L. Portugal, Orlando Fernandes Jr, Izabela Mocaiber, Gabriela G. L. Souza, Isabel de Paula A. David, Eliane Volchan, Leticia de Oliveira & Mirtes G. Pereira - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  7. The Quantum Mind/Classical Brain Problem.Alfredo Pereira - 2003 - Neuroquantology.
  8. Is Global Workspace a Cartesian Theater? How the Neuro-Astroglial Interaction Model Solves Conceptual Issues.Samuel Bellini-Leite & Alfredo Pereira - 2013 - Journal of Cognitive Science 14 (4):335-360.
    The Global Workspace Theory (GWT) proposed by Bernard Baars (1988) along with Daniel Dennett’s (1991) Multiple Drafts Model (MDM) of consciousness are renowned cognitive theories of consciousness bearing similarities and differences. Although Dennett displays sympathy for GWT, his own MDM does not seem to be fully compatible with it. This work discusses this compatibility, by asking if GWT suffers from Daniel Dennett’s criticism of what he calls a “Cartesian Theater”. We identified in Dennett 10 requirements for avoiding the Cartesian Theater. (...)
     
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  9.  61
    Peter Gärdenfors, Conceptual Spaces: The Geometry of Thought. [REVIEW]Alfredo Pereira - 2007 - Minds and Machines 17 (4):493-496.
  10.  53
    Steven Horst, Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Mind Series. [REVIEW]Alfredo Pereira - 2008 - Minds and Machines 18 (3):421-423.
  11.  14
    Grounding Word Learning in Multimodal Sensorimotor Interaction.Chen Yu, Linda B. Smith & Alfredo F. Pereira - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 1017--1022.
  12.  31
    Coexisting Spatio-Temporalsscales in Neuroscience.Alfredo Pereira - 2001 - Minds and Machines 11 (4).
    In this study I propose an epistemological discussion of multiple spatio-temporal scales in neuroscience. Are such scales merely convenient levels of description of structure and function, or do they correspond to irreducible levels of brain organization? What criteria should we employ in order to reduce one level to another, or to identify levels that are not reducible to others? Should we think of these criteria as based on empirical and/or theoretical reasons? Beginning with an empirical criterion – the necessity of (...)
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  13.  20
    The Jesuits and the Sino-Russian Treaty of Nerchinsk : The Diary of Thomas Pereira, S. J.B. Szczesniak, Thomas Pereira & Joseph Sebes - 1963 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 83 (1):162.
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  14.  20
    Bādarāyana: Creator of Systematic Theology: JOSÉ PEREIRA.JosÉ Pereira - 1986 - Religious Studies 22 (2):193-204.
    It is sometimes asserted that Philo of Alexandria is the creator of systematic theology – not because he created systematics , that is, a body of doctrine classified and integrated by a set of principles defined in philosophical terms, but because he created theology , that is, a mode of philosophizing which derives its main categories from a supernatural revelation. Such a mode was pursued by Philo's Christian disciples, among whom was Origen , one of the first of his faith (...)
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  15.  3
    How to Investigate Perceptual Projection: A Commentary on Pereira Jr., “The Projective Theory of Consciousness: From Neuroscience to Philosophical Psychology”.Max Velmans - 2018 - Trans/Form/Ação 41 (s1):233-242.
    : This commentary focuses on the scientific status of perceptual projection-a central feature of Pereira’s projective theory of consciousness. In his target article, he draws on my own earlier work to develop an explanatory framework for integrating first-person viewable conscious experience with the third-person viewable neural correlates and antecedent causes that form conscious experience into a bipolar structure that contains both a sense of self and a sense of the world. I stress that perceptual projection is a psychological effect (...)
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  16.  6
    The Projective Theory of Consciousness: From Neuroscience to Philosophical Psychology.Alfredo Pereira Jr - 2018 - Trans/Form/Ação 41 (s1):199-232.
    : The development of the interdisciplinary areas of cognitive, affective and action neurosciences contributes to the identification of neurobiological bases of conscious experience. The structure of consciousness was philosophically conceived a century ago as consisting of a subjective pole, the bearer of experiences, and an objective pole composed of experienced contents. In more recent formulations, Nagel refers to a “point of view”, in which qualitative experiences are anchored, while Velmans understands that phenomenal content is composed of mental representations “projected” to (...)
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  17. Consciousness and Cosmos: Building an Ontological Framework.Alfredo Pereira Jr, Chris Nunn, Greg Nixon & Massimo Pregnolato - 2018 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 25 (3-4):181-205.
    Contemporary theories of consciousness are based on widely different concepts of its nature, most or all of which probably embody aspects of the truth about it. Starting with a concept of consciousness indicated by the phrase “the feeling of what happens” (the title of a book by Antonio Damásio), we attempt to build a framework capable of supporting and resolving divergent views. We picture consciousness in terms of Reality experiencing itself from the perspective of cognitive agents. Each conscious experience is (...)
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  18.  2
    A Constituição Do Eu Em Merleau-Ponty E o Estatuto da Projeção Na Psicanálise Freudiana.Renato dos Santos - 2018 - Trans/Form/Ação 41 (s1):243-268.
    Resumo: As reflexões desenvolvidas ao longo do presente artigo se apresentam como desdobramento do texto3 de Alfredo Pereira Jr., mais especificamente sobre a noção de Eu sentiente e do conceito de “projeção”, desde a psicanálise freudiana. Num primeiro momento, analisa-se de que forma Merleau-Ponty, em contraste com as filosofias empirista e racionalista, reformula a noção da subjetividade, num plano fenomenológico e ontológico. O Eu se define não mais por uma sorte de pensamento, ou por uma causalidade de leis (...)
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  19. Theories of Consciousness & Death.Gregory Nixon (ed.) - 2016 - New York, USA: QuantumDream.
    What happens to the inner light of consciousness with the death of the individual body and brain? Reductive materialism assumes it simply fades to black. Others think of consciousness as indicating a continuation of self, a transformation, an awakening or even alternatives based on the quality of life experience. In this issue, speculation drawn from theoretic research are presented. -/- Table of Contents Epigraph: From “The Immortal”, Jorge Luis Borges iii Editor’s Introduction: I Killed a Squirrel the Other Day, Gregory (...)
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  20.  12
    Brain and Behavioral Functions Supporting the Intentionality of Mental States.João de F. Teixeira & Alfredo Pereira Jr - 2008 - Abstracta 4 (2):123-147.
    This paper relates intentionality, a central feature of human consciousness, with brain functions controlling adaptive action. Mental intentionality, understood as the “aboutness” of mental states, includes two modalities: semantic intentionality, the attribution of meaning to mental states, and projective intentionality, the projection of conscious content into the world. We claim that both modalities are the evolutionary product of self-organized action, and discuss examples of animal behavior that illustrate some stages of this evolution. The adaptive advantages of self-organized action impacted on (...)
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  21.  18
    What is Consciousness?: Towards a Preliminary Definition.Alfredo Pereira Jr & H. Ricke - 2009 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 16 (5):28-45.
    There is little or no general agreement about what researchers should focus on when studying consciousness. The most active scientific studies often use the methods of Cognitive Neuroscience and focus mainly on vision. Other aspects and contents of consciousness, namely thoughts and emotions, are much less studied, possibly leading to a biased view of what consciousness is and how it works. In this essay we describe what we call a referential nucleus, implicit in much of consciousness research. In this context, (...)
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  22.  36
    Understanding Consciousness: A Collaborative Attempt to Elucidate Contemporary Theories.Alfredo Pereira Jr, J. Edwards, C. Nunn, A. Trehub & M. Velmans - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (5-6):5-6.
    Nature Network Groups hosted an invited workshop on 'Theories of Consciousness' during the second semester of 2009. There were presentations by each of 15 authors active in the field, followed by debate with other presenters and invitees. A week was allocated to each of the theories proposed; general discussion threads were also opened from time to time, as seemed appropriate. We offer here an account of the principal outcomes. It can be regarded as a contemporary, 'state of the art' snapshot (...)
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  23.  47
    What Affective Neuroscience Means for Science of Consciousness.Leonardo Ferreira Almada, Alfredo Pereira Jr & Claudia Carrara-Augustenborg - 2013 - Mens Sana Monographs 11 (1):253.
    The field of affective neuroscience has emerged from the efforts of Jaak Panksepp in the 1990s and reinforced by the work of, among others, Joseph LeDoux in the 2000s. It is based on the ideas that affective processes are supported by brain structures that appeared earlier in the phylogenetic scale (as the periaqueductal gray area), they run in parallel with cognitive processes, and can influence behaviour independently of cognitive judgements. This kind of approach contrasts with the hegemonic concept of conscious (...)
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  24.  3
    Apresentação.Alfredo Pereira Jr - 2018 - Trans/Form/Ação 41 (s1):9-12.
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  25.  62
    Toward an Explanation of the Genesis of Ketamine-Induced Perceptual Distortions and Hallucinatory States.Alfredo Pereira Jr - 2003 - Brain and Mind 4 (3):307-326.
    The NMDA receptor (NMDAR) channel has been proposed to function as a coincidence-detection mechanism for afferent and reentrant signals, supporting conscious perception, learning, and memory formation. In this paper we discuss the genesis of distorted perceptual states induced by subanesthetic doses of ketamine, a well-known NMDA antagonist. NMDAR blockage has been suggested to perturb perceptual processing in sensory cortex, and also to decrease GABAergic inhibition in limbic areas (leading to an increase in dopamine excitability). We propose that perceptual distortions and (...)
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  26.  6
    Symbolic Expressions of the Human Cognitive Architecture.Enidio Ilario, Alfredo Pereira Jr & Valdir Gonzalez Paixão Jr - 2016 - Dialogue and Universalism 26 (1):107-120.
    We briefly review and discuss symbolic expressions of the cognitive architecture of the human mind/brain, focusing on the Quaternion, the Axis Mundi and the Tree of Life, and elaborate on a quaternary diagram that expresses a contemporary worldview. While traditional symbols contain vertical and horizontal dimensions related to transcendence and immanence, respectively, in the contemporary interpretation the vertical axis refers to diachronic processes as biological evolution and cultural history, while the horizontal axis refers to synchronic relations as the interactions of (...)
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  27.  7
    Trapped Ion Quantum Computing and the Principles of Logic.Alfredo Pereira Jr & Roberson Polli - 2005 - Manuscrito 28 (2):559-573.
    An experimental realization of quantum computers is composed of two or more calcium ions trapped in a magnetic quadripole. Information is transferred to and read from the ions by means of structured lasers that interact with the ions’ vibration pattern, causing changes of energy distribution in their electronic structure. Departing from an initial state when the ions are cooled, the use of lasers modifies the internal state of one ion that is entangled with the others, then changing the collective states. (...)
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  28.  9
    What The Cognitive Neurosciences Mean To Me.Alfredo Pereira Jr - 2007 - Mens Sana Monographs 5 (1):158.
    _Cognitive Neuroscience is an interdisciplinary area of research that combines measurement of brain activity (mostly by means of neuroimaging) with a simultaneous performance of cognitive tasks by human subjects. These investigations have been successful in the task of connecting the sciences of the brain (Neurosciences) and the sciences of the mind (Cognitive Sciences). Advances on this kind of research provide a map of localization of cognitive functions in the human brain. Do these results help us to understand how mind relates (...)
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  29.  4
    Uma Reflexão a Respeito da Evolução Humana E a Natureza da Linguagem.Alfredo Pereira Jr - 2007 - Abstracta 3 (2):138-161.
    In this paper I discuss scientific and philosophical issues related to the interdisciplinary area of Neurolinguistics, focusing on the origin and nature of human language. What kind of evolutionary process leads to the emergence of language? I propose that this process began with the adoption of bipedalism, triggering the co-evolution of new brain structures and forms of social organization. This process created a context that favoured the emergence of articulated vocalization using a combinatorial linguistic system. The identification of sufficient conditions (...)
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  30. Trapped Ion Quantum Computing And The Principles Of Logic.Alfredo Pereira Jr & Roberson Polli - 2006 - Manuscrito 29 (2):559-573.
    An experimental realization of quantum computers is composed of two or more calcium ions trapped in a magnetic quadripole. Information is transferred to and read from the ions by means of structured lasers that interact with the ions’ vibration pattern, causing changes of energy distribution in their electronic structure. Departing from an initial state when the ions are cooled, the use of lasers modifies the internal state of one ion that is entangled with the others, then changing the collective states. (...)
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  31. Uma Reflexão a Respeito da Evolução Humana E a Natureza da Linguagem.Alfredo Pereira Jr - 2007 - Abstracta 3 (2):138-161.
    In this paper I discuss scientific and philosophical issues related to the interdisciplinary area of Neurolinguistics, focusing on the origin and nature of human language. What kind of evolutionary process leads to the emergence of language? I propose that this process began with the adoption of bipedalism, triggering the co-evolution of new brain structures and forms of social organization. This process created a context that favoured the emergence of articulated vocalization using a combinatorial linguistic system. The identification of sufficient conditions (...)
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  32.  8
    MELO JR., Orison Marden Bandeira de. Literatura e racismo: uma análise intercultural. Recife: Ed. Universitária da UFPE, 2013. 111 p. [Coleção Étnico-racial]. [REVIEW]Rubens Pereira dos Santos - 2015 - Bakhtiniana 10 (1):209-216.
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  33.  25
    Coexisting Spatio-Temporal Scales In Neuroscience.Alfredo Pereira Júnior - 2001 - Minds and Machines 11 (4):457-465.
    In this study I propose an epistemological discussion of multiple spatio-temporal scales in neuroscience. Are such scales merely convenient levels of description of structure and function, or do they correspond to irreducible levels of brain organization? What criteria should we employ in order to reduce one level to another, or to identify levels that are not reducible to others? Should we think of these criteria as based on empirical and/or theoretical reasons? Beginning with an empirical criterion – the necessity of (...)
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  34.  7
    Hume: causal theory of freedom and indeterminism.Alfredo Pereira Júnior - 1993 - Trans/Form/Ação 16:29-41.
    Although Hume seems to suppose that natural processes occur in a deterministic way, his conception of causality prohibits us from knowing them as deterministic. The reason is that for him the idea of a necessary connection between events is purely psychological. In our analysis of this question, we argue that: a) in his main references about causality, Hume does not assume a strong ontological commitment with determinism; b) certain parts of his texts suggest that indeterminism is non eliminable, in the (...)
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  35.  7
    The biological nature of the mental information-processing.Alfredo Pereira Júnior - 1991 - Trans/Form/Ação 14:139-153.
    The nature of mental information-processing is studied in the context of the neo-mechanicist program for Biology, from the general form of information-processing in living systems, allosteric interactions, to information-processing in human brain. An instantiation of the self-organizing systems model is suggested, which leads to the hypothesis of the "supercode". This is a mental program, molecularly codified, responsable for, inter alia, linguistic competence. A comparison is done between this hypothesis and Jerry Fodor's "language of thought".Raciocinando no contexto do programa neomecanicista para (...)
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  36. Metaphysics, Pragmatic Truth and the Underdetermination of Theories.A. Pereira Jr & S. R. D. French - 1990 - Diálogos. Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Puerto Rico 25 (56):37-68.
  37.  80
    Living with Your Biographical Subject: Special Problems of Distance, Privacy and Trust in the Biography of G. Ledyard Stebbins Jr.Vassiliki Betty Smocovitis - 1999 - Journal of the History of Biology 32 (3):421 - 438.
    This paper explores the special problems encountered by the biographer of a living scientific subject. In particular, it explores the complex of problems that emerges from the intense interpersonal dynamic involving issues of distance, privacy and trust. It also explores methodological problems having to do with oral history interviews and other supporting documentation. It draws on the personal experience of the author and the biographical subject of G. Ledyard Stebbins Jr., the botanist, geneticist and evolutionist. It also offers prescriptives and (...)
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  38.  26
    Conceptual Spaces and Consciousness: Integrating Cognitive and Affective Processes.Alfredo Pereira Júnior & Leonardo Ferreira Almada - 2011 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 3 (01):127-143.
  39.  24
    A percerpção do tempo em Husserl.Alfredo Pereira Júnior - 1990 - Trans/Form/Ação 13:73-83.
    A brief reconstruction of the first two sections of Edmund Husserl's Vorlensungen zur Phänomenologie des inneren Zeitbewusstseins is done, showing how, making use of the phenomenological method, the author develops his transcendental theory of time. A revaluation of the meaning of "perception of time" allows him to establish the basis which are, in our perspective, able to give an account of one of the most debatable questions about time, its asymmetry or unidirectionality. We furthermore discuss the main difficulties that affect (...)
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  40.  29
    Uma abordagem naturalista da consciência humana.Alfredo Pereira Júnior - 2003 - Trans/Form/Ação 26 (2):109-141.
    This essay discusses some central philosophical problems concerning the naturalistic concept of consciousness, as well as evidence from neuropsychology and neurophysiology regarding the relation of brain activity and conscious experience. Initially I review the problem of defining "consciousness", the philosophical approach to the phenomenon and its relation to emotional processes. The next step is a proposal of three conditions for the attribution of consciousness to physical systems. In the following section, I identify different modalities of consciousness and their respective neural (...)
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  41.  16
    Indeterminismo e liberdade em Hume.Alfredo Pereira Júnior - 1993 - Trans/Form/Ação 16:29-41.
  42.  10
    A Naturalistic Approach to Human Consciousness.Alfredo Pereira Júnior - 2003 - Trans/Form/Ação 26 (2):109-141.
    This essay discusses some central philosophical problems concerning the naturalistic concept of consciousness, as well as evidence from neuropsychology and neurophysiology regarding the relation of brain activity and conscious experience. Initially I review the problem of defining "consciousness", the philosophical approach to the phenomenon and its relation to emotional processes. The next step is a proposal of three conditions for the attribution of consciousness to physical systems. In the following section, I identify different modalities of consciousness and their respective neural (...)
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  43.  5
    Estatuto Biológico Do Processamento de Informação Mental.Pereira Júnior Alfredo - 1991 - Trans/Form/Ação 14:139-153.
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  44. Reason, Value, and Respect: Kantian Themes From the Philosophy of Thomas E. Hill, Jr.Mark Timmons (ed.) - 2015 - Oxford University Press.
    In thirteen specially written essays, leading philosophers explore Kantian themes in moral and political philosophy that are prominent in the work of Thomas E. Hill, Jr., such as respect and self-respect, practical reason, conscience, and duty. In conclusion Hill offers an overview of his work and responses to the preceding essays.
     
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  45.  50
    Alfredo Deaño and the Non-Accidental Transition of Thought.Maria G. Navarro - 2016 - Archives for the Philosohy and History of Soft Computing (1):1-13.
    If the cultural variations concerning knowledge and research on ordinary reasoning are part of cultural history, what kind of historiographical method is needed in order to present the history of its evolution? This paper proposes to introduce the study of theories of reasoning into a historiographic perspective because we assume that the answer to the previous question does not only depend of internal controversies about how reasoning performance is explained by current theories of reasoning. [...].
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  46.  73
    Henry Johnstone, Jr.'S Still-Unacknowledged Contributions to Contemporary Argumentation Theory.Jean Goodwin - 2001 - Informal Logic 21 (1).
    Given the pragmatic tum recently taken by argumentation studies, we owe renewed attention to Henry Johnstone's views on the primacy of process over product. In particular, Johnstone's decidedly non-cooperative model is a refreshing alternative to the current dialogic theories of arguing, one which opens the way for specifically rhetorical lines of inquiry.
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  47.  46
    Con Amore: Henry Johnstone, Jr.'S Philosophy of Argumentation.James Crosswhite - 2001 - Informal Logic 21 (1).
    Henry Johnstone's philosophical development was guided by a persistent need to reform the concept of validity -either by reinterpreting it or by finding a substitute for it. This project lead Johnstone into interesting confrontations with the concept of rhetoric and especiaUy with the work of Chaim Perelman and Olbrechts-Tyteca. The project culminated in a failed attempt to develop a formal ethics of rhetoric and argumentation, but this attempt was itself not consistent with some of Johnstone's other characterizations ofan ethics of (...)
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  48.  58
    The Unfolding of the Moral Order: Rufus Burrow, Jr., Personal Idealism, and the Life and Thought of Martin Luther King, Jr. Baldwin - 2011 - The Pluralist 6 (1):1.
    Much attention has been devoted in recent years to the personal idealism of Martin Luther King, Jr. Among the major contributors to the scholarship in this area is Rufus Burrow, Jr., who places King firmly in the tradition of personal idealism, or personalism, while also uncovering the intellectual unease that made King both a deep and creative thinker and a committed and effective social activist.1 Clearly, Burrow's own sense of his role as a personalist informs his approach to the life (...)
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  49.  20
    Aristotle, On the Soul and Other Psychological Works, Trans. Fred D. Miller, Jr. [REVIEW]Jason W. Carter - 2018 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 10.
    Fred D. Miller, Jr.'s stated goal for his new translation for the Oxford World's Classics series is, 'to provide a clear and accessible translation of Aristotle's psychological works while . . . conveying something of his distinctive style'. Not only does Miller achieve these goals in spades, but he also provides something more. His translation of Aristotle's De Anima and Parva Naturalia (the 'short works concerning nature'), along with twenty-three selected fragments from Aristotle's lost works and his 'Hymn to Hermias', (...)
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  50.  3
    Against Individualism, For Individuality: The Emersonian Henry Rosemont, Jr.Roger T. Ames - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 69 (1):7-20.
    Henry Rosemont, Jr., in his Against Individualism has mounted a compelling argument that foundational individualism in its various iterations has become a malevolent ideology implicated in and aggravating many of the pressing problems of our time. The overall thrust of his thesis can be stated rather simply. The industrial democracies and most of the rest of the world are dominated by a corporate capitalism the interests of which are served largely by a procedural justice grounded in a foundational individualism that (...)
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