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  1. Technology: Rationality and Criticizability vs Justificationism.Alireza Mansouri, Ali Paya & Sedigheh Ghayoumi - 2021 - Persian Journal on Strategy for Culture 14 (54):43-72.
    Any adequate philosophy of technology needs to take a clear stance with regard to the limits of criticizability. While observing the canons of criticizability may appear to be simple, many philosophical approaches (whether towards technology or other topics) abandon comprehensive criticizability by adopting some forms of justificationist or essentialist epistemology. This paper aims to show that criticizability can only be upheld by subscribing to a non-justificationist epistemology and by acknowledging the propositions/standards dichotomy; failing to do so leads to undesirable epistemic (...)
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  2. Philosophical Relationship of Humanities and Technology.Alireza Mansouri & Ali Paya - 2019 - Persian Journal for the Methodology of Social Sciences and Humanities 25 (99):19-23.
    The purpose of this paper is to shed some light on the Philosophical relationship between humanities and technology. It will be explained that most disciplines in humanities are Janus-faced: they are part science/knowledge and part technology. The thesis of the paper is that the relationship between the technological aspect of humanities and other technologies is positive and synergetic, while the relationship between their scientific aspect and technologies is almost entirely critical and negative. The argument of the paper is not that (...)
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  3. The Reception of Kant and his Philosophy in Iran.Ali Paya & Malakeh Shahi - 2010 - Journal of Shi‘a Islamic Studies 3:25-40.
     
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  4. Nihilism and Information Technology.Alireza Mansouri & Ali Paya - 2020 - Persian Journal of Philosophical Theological Research 21 (4):29-54.
    Søren Kierkegaard, in his essay "The Present Age," takes a hostile stance towards the press. This is because he maintains that the press prepares the ground for the emergence of nihilism. Hubert Dreyfus extends this idea to other information technologies, especially the Internet. Since Kierkegaard-Dreyfus’ attitude towards various forms of information technology originates from philosophical anthropology and a particular conception of the meaning of life, assessing the viability of the attitude they hold requires further critical scrutiny. This paper aims to (...)
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  5.  13
    Editorial Note.Ali Paya - 2023 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations 17 (42).
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  6.  12
    Is it more reasonable for a Critical Rationalist to be non-Religious? Belief and Unbelief in a Post-secular Era.Ali Paya - 2023 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations 17 (42):332-351.
    In modern times many militant atheist thinkers and activists have tried to promote the idea that religions, as well as religious ways of life, are one of the main, if not the main source of evil in the social arena. Some other non-believer scholars, while taking a respectful approach towards religions and religious people, maintaining that it is more rational for people and communities to adopt a non-religious outlook on life and become members of the community of non-believers. In this (...)
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  7.  15
    Is the later Wittgenstein Falling into the Abyss of Relativism? an assessment through the lens of critical rationalism.Abdolhamid Mohammadi & Ali Paya - 2022 - Philosophical Investigations 16 (40):208-224.
    The later Wittgenstein presents all kinds of knowledge in the form of language games based on forms of life. One of the implications of his later views is that certain language games and forms of life are incommensurable. Since each person can know the world only through his/her own form of life and language game, those who subscribe to entirely different language games cannot have a proper understanding of the forms of life of others. They are not able to critique (...)
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  8.  9
    The Encounter of Two Philosophers with ‘the Crisis of Modernity’: Karl Popper and Hans Blumenberg.Ali Paya - 2023 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations 17 (42):258-280.
    Since the emergence of modernity, and in response to its myriad aspects and potentials, which are constantly unfolding, countless reactions have kept emerging in almost all quarters of the globe. A large variety of anti-modern reactions, the common core of which is perhaps the idea that modernity, in one way or another, is illegitimate, stand out among these responses. According to some of these anti-modern responses, modernity has usurped the characteristics and features of religion, which has been the soul as (...)
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  9. Humanities as Technology.Alireza Mansouri & Ali Paya - 2022 - Tehran: Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies.
  10.  16
    Assessing the Epistemological Status of Certainty in Wittgenstein through the Lens of Critical Rationalism.Abdolhamid Mohammadi & Ali Paya - 2022 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations 16 (38):670-705.
    "Certainty" occupies an important place in Wittgenstein’s epistemology: it does not belong to the category of knowledge but constitutes its foundation. In his view, knowledge boils down to language games, and language games are based on indubitable certainties. According to Wittgenstein, scepticism is meaningless, and if there is no certainty, then even doubt would be meaningless. Wittgesntein maintains that [relative] doubt and knowledge are epistemic categories, whereas absolute doubt and certainty are non-epistemic categories. Epistemic categories are meaningful and when expressed (...)
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  11.  50
    A Critical Assessment of the Programmes of Producing ‘Islamic Science’ and ‘Islamisation of Science/Knowledge’.Ali Paya - 2015 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 29 (3):311-335.
    In the present article, working from within the framework of critical rationalism and focusing mostly on the views developed by some Iranian writers, I argue that the programmes of producing ‘Islamic Science’ and ‘Islamisation of Science/Knowledge’ are doomed to failure. I develop my arguments in three parts. I start by explaining that the advocates of the programmes of producing cIS or IoK subscribe to mistaken images of science that are shaped by either a positivist or outmoded culturalist/interpretivist theories of science. (...)
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  12. Die Gestalt der kommenden globalen Zivilgesellschaft: Vorschläge für eine mögliche islamische Perspektive.Ali Paya - 2007 - Polylog.
    Für Ali Paya verspricht die Zivilgesellschaft im Kontext muslimischer Gesellschaften an sich schon die Aussicht auf Distanzierung und Relativierung fundamentalistischer religiöser Standpunkte. Der Beitrag, der durch eine solche inner-islamische Wende weltweit geleistet werden könnte, liegt auf der Hand: muslimische Zivilgesellschaften könnten, wenn sie entstehen, genau in jenem Gespräch mit anderen Gesellschaften, auch säkularen, in der Lage sein, den Boden für eine volle und konstruktive Partizipation in der Gestaltung einer wünschenswerten künftigen globalen Zivilgesellschaft zu bereiten.
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  13.  25
    Dialogue” In a “Real World.Ali Paya - 2002 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 16 (2):201-222.
    Can dialogue make real impact on the state of affairs in the real world, or is it a pastime of the polite societies or a lullaby useful for sending gullible grown-ups into “sleep”? In the present paper, following a two-tier analysis of the notion of dialogue, as “shared exploration towards greater understanding, connection, or possibility,” and as a product of our “collective intentionality,” I shall develop a bifurcated argument. Against the cynic pundits, who preach that realpolitik and not dialogue is (...)
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  14.  30
    East And West: Allama Jafari on Bertrand Russell by Seyed Javad Miri.Ali Paya - 2015 - Philosophy East and West 65 (3):991-993.
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  15.  15
    Islam, Modernity and a New Millennium: Themes From a Critical Rationalist Reading of Islam.Ali Paya - 2018 - Routledge.
    Introduction -- What and how can we learn from the Quran: a critical rationalist perspective -- A critical rationalist approach to religion -- A critical assessment of the programmes of producing "Islamic science" and "Islamisation of science/knowledge" -- Faqih as engineer: a critical assessment of fiqh's epistemological status -- A critical assessment of the method of interpretation of the Quran by the Quran, in the light of Allameh Tabatabaei's Tafsir al-mizan -- The disenchantment of reason: an anti-rational trend in modern (...)
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  16.  46
    Islamic Philosophy: Past, Present and Future.Ali Paya - 2014 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 74:265-321.
    The aim of this paper is to critically assess the present state of Islamic philosophy in its main home, namely, Iran. However, since such a study requires some knowledge of the past developments of philosophical thought among Muslims, the paper briefly, though critically, deals with the emergence and subsequent phases of change in the views of Muslim philosophers from ninth century onward. In this historical survey I also touch upon the role played by other Muslim scholars such as theologians, mystics (...)
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  17. Islamic philosophy: past, present, and future.Ali Paya - 2014 - In Anthony O'Hear (ed.), Philosophical Traditions. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  18.  13
    Muslim Philosophies: A Critical Overview.Ali Paya - 2017 - Synthesis Philosophica 31 (2):279-294.
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  19.  71
    The Philosopher and the Revolutionary State: How Karl Popper’s Ideas Shaped the Views of Iranian Intellectuals.Ali Paya & Mohammad Amin Ghaneirad - 2006 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 20 (2):185 – 213.
    The present paper is an attempt to explore the impact of Karl Popper's ideas on the views of a number of intellectual groups in post-revolutionary Iran. Throughout the text, we have tried to make use of original sources and our own personal experiences. The upshot of the arguments of the paper is that the Viennese philosopher has made a long-lasting impression on the intellectual scene of present-day Iran in that even those socio-political groups which are not in favour of his (...)
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  20. The effect of sin on scientific knowledge : a case study of Stephen Moroney’s approach from a Critical Rationalist point of view.Homa Yazdani, Ali Paya & Lotfollah Nabavi - 2020 - Philosophy of Science 10 (20):235-254.
    In this study, we shall assess the claim concerning the negative effect of sin and positive effect of grace on proper function of reason and cognitive faculties through the lens of the Calvinist tradition and the Reformed Epistemology. Although the noetic effect of sin has already been discussed probably by tracing the role of the non-epistemic factors in acquiring knowledge in general, approaching the issue by focusing on ‘scientific knowledge’ is novel and, to the best of my knowledge, has not (...)
     
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  21.  37
    Islam, Modernity, and the Human Sciences. By Ali Zaidi. [REVIEW]Ali Paya - 2012 - Journal of Islamic Studies 23 (3):403-406.
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  22. Resistance: The Essence of the Islamic Revolution by Alastair Crooke, 2009. [REVIEW]Ali Paya - 2011 - Journal of Shi‘a Islamic Studies 4:341-344.
     
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  23. Science and Islam: A History by Ehsan Masood, 2009. [REVIEW]Ali Paya - 2011 - Journal of Shi‘a Islamic Studies 4:231-233.
     
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