Results for 'Alison E. Adam'

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  1.  58
    New Books. [REVIEW]David G. Ritchie, C. A. F. Rhys Davids, M. E., J. Adam, T. W. Levin, M. L. & Alfred W. Benn - 1897 - Mind 6 (21):120-135.
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  2.  23
    What Can the History of AI Learn From the History of Science?Alison E. Adam - 1990 - AI and Society 4 (3):232-241.
    There have been few attempts, so far, to document the history of artificial intelligence. It is argued that the “historical sociology of scientific knowledge” can provide a broad historiographical approach for the history of AI, particularly as it has proved fruitful within the history of science in recent years. The article shows how the sociology of knowledge can inform and enrich four types of project within the history of AI; organizational history; AI viewed as technology; AI viewed as cognitive science (...)
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  3.  32
    Artificial Knowing: Gender and the Thinking Machine.Alison Adam - 1998 - Routledge.
    Artificial Knowing challenges the masculine slant in the Artificial Intelligence (AI) view of the world. Alison Adam admirably fills the large gap in science and technology studies by showing us that gender bias is inscribed in AI-based computer systems. Her treatment of feminist epistemology, focusing on the ideas of the knowing subject, the nature of knowledge, rationality and language, are bound to make a significant and powerful contribution to AI studies. Drawing from theories by Donna Haraway and Sherry (...)
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  4. Artificial Knowing: Gender and the Thinking Machine.Alison Adam - 2006 - Routledge.
    _Artificial Knowing_ challenges the masculine slant in the Artificial Intelligence view of the world. Alison Adam admirably fills the large gap in science and technology studies by showing us that gender bias is inscribed in AI-based computer systems. Her treatment of feminist epistemology, focusing on the ideas of the knowing subject, the nature of knowledge, rationality and language, are bound to make a significant and powerful contribution to AI studies. Drawing from theories by Donna Haraway and Sherry Turkle, (...)
     
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  5. Entre peregrinação, turismo e liminaridade: a busca por lugares.Júlio Cézar Adam - 2018 - Horizonte - Revista de Estudos de Teologia E Ciências da Religião 16 (49):66-87.
    This article reflects on the anthropological aspect of the pilgrimage, the human journey, as a metaphor for life, as a way of relating and understanding religion, spirituality, life itself and tourism as forms of pilgrimage. The pilgrimages of the Christian tradition will be analyzed, seeking to understand them of the anthropology of Victor Turner, analyzing the pilgrimage as a state of liminality and liminoid. Concretely we will look at the case of the Romarias da Terra in Brazil, as an example (...)
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  6.  25
    On Plato, Republic X 616 E.J. Adam - 1901 - The Classical Review 15 (08):391-393.
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  7. Empathy and Moral Motivation.E. Denham Alison - 2017 - In Heidi Maibom (ed.), The Philosophy of Empathy. Routledge.
     
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  8.  40
    Virtue Ethics and Customer Relationship Management: Towards a More Holistic Approach for the Development of 'Best Practice'.Christopher Bull & Alison Adam - 2011 - Business Ethics 20 (2):121-130.
    This paper focuses much-needed attention on the ethical nature of customer relationship management (CRM) strategies in organisations. The research uses an in-depth case study to reflect on the design, implementation and use of ‘best practice’ associated with CRM. We argue that conventional CRM philosophy is based on a fairly narrow construct that fails to consider ethical issues appropriately. We highlight why ethical considerations are important when organisations use CRM and how a more holistic approach incorporating some of Alasdair MacIntyre's ideas (...)
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  9. Delegating and distributing morality: Can we inscribe privacy protection in a machine? [REVIEW]Alison Adam - 2005 - Ethics and Information Technology 7 (4):233-242.
    This paper addresses the question of delegation of morality to a machine, through a consideration of whether or not non-humans can be considered to be moral. The aspect of morality under consideration here is protection of privacy. The topic is introduced through two cases where there was a failure in sharing and retaining personal data protected by UK data protection law, with tragic consequences. In some sense this can be regarded as a failure in the process of delegating morality to (...)
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  10.  11
    Returning Incidental Findings From Genetic Research to Children: Views of Parents of Children Affected by Rare Diseases.E. Kleiderman, B. M. Knoppers, C. V. Fernandez, K. M. Boycott, G. Ouellette, D. Wong-Rieger, S. Adam, J. Richer & D. Avard - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (10):691-696.
  11. Ethics for Things.Alison Adam - 2008 - Ethics and Information Technology 10 (2-3):149-154.
    This paper considers the ways that Information Ethics (IE) treats things. A number of critics have focused on IE’s move away from anthropocentrism to include non-humans on an equal basis in moral thinking. I enlist Actor Network Theory, Dennett’s views on ‹as if’ intentionality and Magnani’s characterization of ‹moral mediators’. Although they demonstrate different philosophical pedigrees, I argue that these three theories can be pressed into service in defence of IE’s treatment of things. Indeed the support they lend to the (...)
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  12.  4
    Cognition and Emotion, Volume 24, 2010, List of Contents.Dirk Hermans, Jan De Houwer, Jenny Yiend, Nilly Mor, Leah D. Doane, Emma K. Adam, Susan Mineka, Richard E. Zinbarg, James W. Griffith & Michelle G. Craske - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (8).
  13. New Books. [REVIEW]A. E. Taylor, S. F., T. W. Levin, J. Adam, G. Heymans & C. A. F. Rhys Davids - 1897 - Mind 6 (23):420-435.
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  14.  4
    Contesting Methodologies.Danijela Bogdanovic, Michael Dowd, Eileen Wattam & Alison Adam - 2012 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 10 (4):208-221.
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  15.  4
    Virtue Ethics and Customer Relationship Management: Towards a More Holistic Approach for the Development of ‘Best Practice’.Christopher Bull & Alison Adam - 2011 - Business Ethics: A European Review 20 (2):121-130.
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  16. New Books. [REVIEW]E. H., W. B. Pillsbury, E. B. Titchener, E. F. Stevenson, J. C. & J. Adam - 1898 - Mind 7 (27):427-440.
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  17.  3
    Gender and Computer Ethics.Alison Adam - 2000 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 30 (4):17-24.
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  18. Faces of Environmental Racism: Confronting Issues of Global Justice.Hussein M. Adam, Elizabeth Bell, Robert D. Bullard, Robert Melchior Figueroa, Clarice E. Gaylord, Segun Gbadegesin, R. J. A. Goodland, Howard McCurdy, Charles Mills, Kristin Shrader-Frechette, Peter S. Wenz & Daniel C. Wigley - 2001 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
  19.  99
    Deleting the Subject: A Feminist Reading of Epistemology in Artificial Intelligence.Alison Adam - 2000 - Minds and Machines 10 (2):231-253.
    This paper argues that AI follows classical versions of epistemology in assuming that the identity of the knowing subject is not important. In other words this serves to `delete the subject''. This disguises an implicit hierarchy of knowers involved in the representation of knowledge in AI which privileges the perspective of those who design and build the systems over alternative perspectives. The privileged position reflects Western, professional masculinity. Alternative perspectives, denied a voice, belong to less powerful groups including women. Feminist (...)
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  20.  10
    Within-Person Variations in Self-Focused Attention and Negative Affect in Depression and Anxiety: A Diary Study.Nilly Mor, Leah D. Doane, Emma K. Adam, Susan Mineka, Richard E. Zinbarg, James W. Griffith, Michelle G. Craske, Allison Waters & Maria Nazarian - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (1):48-62.
  21. Cyberstalking and Internet Pornography: Gender and the Gaze. [REVIEW]Alison Adam - 2002 - Ethics and Information Technology 4 (2):133-142.
    This paper is based on the premise that the analysis of some cyberethics problems would benefit from a feminist treatment. It is argued that both cyberstalking and Internet child pornography are two such areas which have a `gendered' aspect which has rarely been explored in the literature. Against a wide ranging feminist literature of potential relevance, the paper explores a number of cases through a focused approach which weaves together feminist concepts of privacy and the gaze.
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  22. Does Gender Matter in Computer Ethics?Alison Adam & Jacqueline Ofori-Amanfo - 2000 - Ethics and Information Technology 2 (1):37-47.
  23. Faces of Environmental Racism: Confronting Issues of Global Justice.Hussein M. Adam, Elizabeth Bell, Robert D. Bullard, Robert Melchior Figueroa, Clarice E. Gaylord, Segun Gbadegesin, R. J. A. Goodland, Howard McCurdy, Charles Mills, Dr Kristin Shrader-Frechette, Peter S. Wenz & Daniel C. Wigley - 2001 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Through case studies that highlight the type of information that is seldom reported in the news, Faces of Environmental Racism exposes the type and magnitude of environmental racism, both domestic and international. The essays explore the justice of current environmental practices, asking such questions as whether cost-benefit analysis is an appropriate analytic technique and whether there are alternate routes to sustainable development in the South.
     
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  24.  80
    Gender/Body/Machine.Alison Adam - 2002 - Ratio 15 (4):354–375.
    This article considers the question of embodiment in relation to gender and whether there are models of artificial intelligence (AI) which can enrol a concept of gender in their design. A central concern for feminist epistemology is the role of the body in the making of knowledge. I consider how this may inform a critique of the AI project and the related area of artificial life (A-Life), the latter area being of most interest in this paper. I explore briefly the (...)
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  25.  26
    Gendered Knowledge — Epistemology and Artificial Intelligence.Alison Adam - 1993 - AI and Society 7 (4):311-322.
    The paper proposes that gender can be used to explore alternative epistemologies represented within AI systems. Current research on feminist epistemology is reviewed then criticisms of the main philosophical position dominant in AI are outlined. These criticisms say little about epistemology and nothing about gender. It is suggested that the way forward might be found within the sociology of scientific knowledge as its approach is in accord with the postmodernist view of feminist epistemology in seeing knowledge as a cultural product. (...)
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  26.  4
    Murder and the Making of English CSI.Alison Adam - 2017 - Annals of Science 74 (3):241-243.
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  27.  25
    Feminist Philosophy and Information Systems.A. E. Adam & H. J. Richardson - unknown
    This paper offers a new approach to the philosophical foundations of information systems through feminist philosophy and, in particular, feminist epistemology. This can be used to expose the universalizing tendency of many information systems and to show the importance of using real-life complex examples rather than the simplified examples often favored by philosophers. Within traditional epistemology and its relation to IS, subjectivity, the propositional/skills distinction and epistemic hierarchies are subject to arguments from feminist epistemology. With respect to the emerging critical (...)
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  28.  15
    Hacking Into Hacking: Gender and the Hacker Phenomenon.A. E. Adam - 2003 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 33 (4):3.
  29.  7
    JERK, an Event-Based Kinetic Monte Carlo Model to Predict Microstructure Evolution of Materials Under Irradiation.J. Dalla Torre, J. -L. Bocquet, N. V. Doan, E. Adam & A. Barbu - 2005 - Philosophical Magazine 85 (4-7):549-558.
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  30. Cyborgs in the Chinese Room: Boundaries Transgressed and Boundaries Blurred.Alison Adam - 2003 - In John M. Preston & John Mark Bishop (eds.), Views Into the Chinese Room: New Essays on Searle and Artificial Intelligence. Oxford University Press. pp. 319--337.
     
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  31.  11
    Book Reviews: Pornography and the Internet: “ The Biggest Dirty Bookshop in History?”.Alison Adam - 2001 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 31 (3):36-40.
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  32.  5
    Concept of Defensive Medicine and Litigation Among Sudanese Doctors Working in Obstetrics and Gynecology.AbdelAziem A. Ali, Moawia E. Hummeida, Yasir A. M. Elhassan, Wisal O. M. Nabag, Mohammed Ahmed A. Ahmed & Gamal K. Adam - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):1-5.
    BackgroundObstetrics and gynaecology always has reputation for being a highly litigious. The field of obstetrics and gynaecology is surrounded by different circumstances that stimulate the doctors to practice defensive medicine.MethodsThis study was directed to assess the extent and the possible effect of defensive medicine phenomenon on medical decision making among different grades of obstetric and gynaecologic Sudanese doctors, and to determine any experience of medical litigations with respect to sources and factors associated with it.ResultsA total of 117 doctors were approached, (...)
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  33.  5
    Da ficção científica para a ficção religiosa: ideias para pensar o cinema de ficção científica como o culto da religião vivida (From Science Fiction to Religious Fiction: ideas to think on Science Fiction cinema as the cult of lived religion).Júlio Cézar Adam - 2012 - Horizonte 10 (26):552-565.
    Da ficção científica para a ficção religiosa: ideias para pensar o cinema de ficção científica como o culto da religião vivida (From Science Fiction to Religious Fiction: ideas to think on Science Fiction cinema as the cult of lived religion). DOI - 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2012v10n26p552 Este artigo tem como objetivo refletir sobre a chamada religião vivida como uma forma de repensar o papel da teologia e das ciências da religião na contemporaneidade. O estudo da religião vivida será investigado na relação entre o (...)
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  34.  2
    Cytomegalovirus and Atherosclerosis.Joseph L. Melnick, Ervin Adam & Michael E. Debakey - 1995 - Bioessays 17 (10):899-903.
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  35.  2
    Equal Opportunies Online.Alison Adam & Eileen Green - 2001 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 31 (4):3.
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  36.  1
    Philosophy of Technology: An Introduction20083Val Dusek.Philosophy of Technology: An Introduction. Oxford: Blackwell 2006. 244 Pp. £18.95 , ISBN: 978‐1‐4051‐1163‐8. [REVIEW]Alison Adam - 2008 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 6 (1):93-94.
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  37.  1
    Customer Relationship Management Information Systems and the Realisation of Moral Agency.Christopher Bull & Alison Adam - 2010 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 8 (2):164-177.
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  38. Advances in Physiological Science.G. Adam, I. Meszaros & E. I. Banyai (eds.) - 1981
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  39. Claire G. Jones, Femininity, Mathematics and Science, 1880–1914. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009. Pp. Ix+264. ISBN 978-0-230-55521-1. £55.00. [REVIEW]Alison Adam - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Science 43 (3):494-496.
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  40. Essai sur le jugement esthétique.C. E. Adam - 1886 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 21:281-289.
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  41. Femininity, Mathematics and Science, 1880–1914. [REVIEW]Alison Adam - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Science 43 (3):494-496.
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  42. Gender/Body/Machine.Alison Adam - 2002 - Ratio 15 (4):354-375.
    This article considers the question of embodiment in relation to gender and whether there are models of artificial intelligence which can enrol a concept of gender in their design. A central concern for feminist epistemology is the role of the body in the making of knowledge. I consider how this may inform a critique of the AI project and the related area of artificial life, the latter area being of most interest in this paper. I explore briefly the tensions between (...)
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  43. Two Aspects of Impaired Consciousness in Alzheimer's.E. Salmon, P. Ruby, D. Perani, E. Kalbe, Steven Laureys, S. Adam & F. Collette - 2006 - In Steven Laureys (ed.), Boundaries of Consciousness. Elsevier.
     
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  44. Effects of the Serotonin Transporter Polymorphism and History of Major Depression on Overgeneral Autobiographical Memory.Jennifer A. Sumner, Suzanne Vrshek-Schallhorn, Susan Mineka, Richard E. Zinbarg, Michelle G. Craske, Eva E. Redei, Kate Wolitzky-Taylor & Emma K. Adam - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (5):947-958.
  45.  5
    Etica, economia e lavoro: il paradigma illuministico di David Hume e Adam Smith.Eugenio Lecaldano - 2013 - Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 26 (1):133-152.
  46.  9
    BARBER, ALISON E., See Luce, RA BENJAMIN, JOHN D., See Orlitzky, M. CALTON, JERRY M.,“Dialogue and the Art of Thinking Together: A Pioneering Approach to Communicating in Business and in Life by William Isaacs”[Book Review], 343. CALTON, JERRY M.,“Ties That Bind: A Social Contracts Approach to Business Ethics By. [REVIEW]Dawn R. Elm, Ellen J. Kennedy & Leigh Lawton - 2001 - Business and Society 40 (4):492-494.
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  47. David Hume e Adam Smith.Luigi Bagolini - 1978 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 83 (2):274-275.
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  48. David Hume e Adam Smith, Elementi per una ricerca di filosofia giuridica e politica.Luigi Bagolini - 1977 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 167 (1):63-66.
  49. Amartya Sen e Adam Smith: relazioni globali e giustizia.Eugenio Lecaldano - 2011 - Rivista di Filosofia 102 (2):261-275.
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  50.  12
    Adam, E., Utopie H: Ou Vers Une Societe Des Personnes, Montreal, Les Presses D'Amerique, 1994, 176, Np Ayer, AJ and O'Grady, J.(Eds), A Dictionary of Philosophical Quotations, Cambridge, MA, Blackwell, 1994 [1992], Xvi, 528, A $34.95 (Paper). [REVIEW]K. F. Barber, J. E. Gracia & R. P. Churchill - 1995 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 73 (3).
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