73 found
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  1.  62
    Experiment, Right or Wrong.Allan Franklin - 1990 - Cambridge University Press.
    In Experiment, Right or Wrong, Allan Franklin continues his investigation of the history and philosophy of experiment presented in his previous book, The Neglect of Experiment. Using a combination of case studies and philosophical readings of those studies, Franklin again addresses two important questions: What role does and should experiment play in the choice between competing theories and in the confirmation or refutation of theories and hypotheses? How do we come to believe reasonably in experimental results? Experiment, Right or Wrong (...)
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  2.  18
    Selectivity and Discord: Two Problems of Experiment.Allan Franklin - 2002 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    Specifically, Allan Franklin is concerned with two problems in the use of experimental results in science: selectivity of data or analysis procedures and the resolution of discordant results.
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  3.  56
    Why Do Scientists Prefer to Vary Their Experiments?Allan Franklin - 1984 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 15 (1):51.
  4.  26
    Experiment in Physics.Allan Franklin - 2007 - In Edward N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  5.  73
    How to Avoid the Experimenters' Regress.Allan Franklin - 1994 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (3):463-491.
  6. Bayesian Conditionalization and Probability Kinematics.Colin Howson & Allan Franklin - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (2):451-466.
  7.  62
    The Theory-Ladenness of Experiment.Allan Franklin - 2015 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 46 (1):155-166.
    Theory-ladenness is the view that observation cannot function in an unbiased way in the testing of theories because observational judgments are affected by the theoretical beliefs of the observer. Its more radical cousin, incommensurability, argues that because there is no theory-neutral language, paradigms, or worldviews, cannot be compared because in different paradigms the meaning of observational terms is different, even when the word used is the same. There are both philosophical and practical components to these problems. I argue, using a (...)
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  8. The Epistemology of Experiment. [REVIEW]Allan Franklin - 1984 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 35 (4):381-390.
  9.  94
    The Missing Piece of the Puzzle: The Discovery of the Higgs Boson.Allan Franklin - 2017 - Synthese 194 (2):259-274.
    The missing piece of the puzzle: the discovery of the Higgs boson On July 4, 2012 the CMS and ATLAS collaborations at the large hadron collider jointly announced the discovery of a new elementary particle, which resembled the Higgs boson, the last remaining undiscovered piece of the standard model of elementary particles. Both groups claimed to have observed a five-standard-deviation effect above background, the gold standard for discovery in high-energy physics. In this essay I will briefly discuss the how the (...)
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  10.  52
    Maher, Mendeleev and Bayesianism.Colin Howson & Allan Franklin - 1991 - Philosophy of Science 58 (4):574-585.
    Maher (1988, 1990) has recently argued that the way a hypothesis is generated can affect its confirmation by the available evidence, and that Bayesian confirmation theory can explain this. In particular, he argues that evidence known at the time a theory was proposed does not confirm the theory as much as it would had that evidence been discovered after the theory was proposed. We examine Maher's arguments for this "predictivist" position and conclude that they do not, in fact, support his (...)
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  11.  54
    What Makes a 'Good' Experiment?Allan Franklin - 1981 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 32 (4):367-374.
  12.  43
    It Probably is a Valid Experimental Result: A Bayesian Approach to the Epistemology of Experiment.Allan Franklin - 1988 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 19 (4):419.
  13.  43
    A Bayesian Analysis of Excess Content and the Localisation of Support.Colin Howson & Allan Franklin - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (4):425-431.
  14. The Rise and Fall of the "Fifth Force" Discovery, Pursuit, and Justification in Modern Physics.Allan Franklin - 1993
  15.  39
    The Discovery and Nondiscovery of Parity Nonconservation.Allan Franklin - 1979 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 10 (3):201.
  16.  40
    Newton and Kepler, a Bayesian Approach.Allan Franklin - 1984 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 16 (4):379.
  17. Comment on "the Structure of a Scientific Paper" by Frederick Suppe.Allan Franklin & Colin Howson - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (3):411-416.
  18. Discovery, Pursuit, and Justification.Allan Franklin - 1993 - Perspectives on Science 1:252-284.
  19.  77
    Are Paradigms Incommensurable?Allan Franklin - 1984 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 35 (1):57-60.
  20.  7
    Scientific Explanation and Atomic Physics.Allan Franklin - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (3):481-483.
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  21.  32
    Is Failure an Option? Contingency and Refutation.Allan Franklin - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (2):242-252.
    In this paper I argue, using two case studies of episodes from recent physics against the contingency view advocated by social constructionists. In this view, physics, or science in general, is, in Ian Hacking’s words, not determined by anything. Much of the previous discussion has centered on examples of scientific success. In this paper I argue that experimental evidence and reasoned and critical discussion played the crucial role in the refutation of a previously strongly believed hypothesis, and in the decision (...)
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  22.  58
    Gravity Waves and Neutrinos: The Later Work of Joseph Weber.Allan Franklin - 2010 - Perspectives on Science 18 (2):pp. 119-151.
    How does the physics community deal with the subsequent work of a scientist whose earlier work has been regarded as incorrect? An interesting case of this involves Joseph Weber whose claim to have observed gravitational waves was rejected by virtually all of the physics community, although Weber himself continued to defend his work until his death in 2000. In the course of this defense Weber made a startling suggestion regarding the scattering of neutrinos. I will summarize the history of gravity (...)
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  23.  8
    Stillman Drake's "Impetus Theory Reappraised".Allan Franklin - 1977 - Journal of the History of Ideas 38 (2):307.
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  24.  12
    Kent Staley, The Evidence for the Top Quark: Objectivity and Bias in Collaborative Experimentation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , 360 Pp., $70.00. [REVIEW]Allan Franklin - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (4):659-661.
  25.  31
    Física y experimentación.Allan Franklin - 2002 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 17 (2):221-242.
    In this paper I examine the roles that experiment plays in science. Experiment can test theories, but it can also call for a new theory. Experiment can also provide hints about the mathematical form of a theory. Likewise it can provide evidence for the existence of the entities involved in our theories. Finally, it may also have a life of its own, independent of theory. I will illustrate these roles using episodes from the history of contemporary physics. I will also (...)
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  26.  11
    The Philosophy of Scientific Experimentation. [REVIEW]Allan Franklin - 2005 - British Journal for the History of Science 38 (2):241-242.
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  27.  13
    Cooper's Evidence for Faster-Than-Light Particles.Allan Franklin - 1982 - Foundations of Physics 12 (12):1181-1182.
    Cooper has claimed to have found evidence for faster-than-light particles by reanalyzing the data of Chamberlain et al. in their paper reporting the discovery of the antiproton. A careful reanalysis of this same data gives no evidence to support Cooper's claim.
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  28.  8
    Do Mutants Have to Be Slain, or Do They Die of Natural Causes?: The Case of Atomic Parity Violation Experiments.Allan Franklin - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:487 - 494.
    In this paper I will reexamine the history of the early experiments on atomic parity violation, presenting both Pickering's interpretation and an alternative explanation of my own. I argue that, contrary to Pickering, there were good reasons for the decision of the physics community. I will also explore some of the differences between my view of science and that proposed by the "strong programme" or social constructivist view in the sociology of science.
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  29.  2
    How Experiments End.Allan Franklin - 1988 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 39:411.
  30.  4
    Alan Sokal: Beyond the Hoax: Science, Philosophy and Culture.Allan Franklin - 2012 - Science & Education 21 (3):441-445.
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  31.  44
    Are the Laws of Physics Inevitable?Allan Franklin - unknown
    Social constructionists believe that experimental evidence plays a minimal role in the production of scientific knowledge, while rationalists such as myself believe that experimental evidence is crucial in it. As one historical example in support of the rationalist position, I trace in some detail the theoretical and experimental research that led to our understanding of beta decay, from Enrico Fermi’s pioneering theory of 1934 to George Sudarshan and Robert Marshak’s and Richard Feynman and Murray Gell-Mann’s suggestion in 1957 and 1958, (...)
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  32.  1
    Cushing, James T.[1990]: Theory Construction and Selection in Modern Physics: The S Matrix.Allan Franklin - 1992 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (3):431-431.
  33. Confronting Nature. [REVIEW]Allan Franklin - 1987 - British Journal for the History of Science 20 (2):234-235.
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  34.  4
    Commentary 02 on Galison 1982.Allan Franklin - 2008 - Centaurus 50 (1-2):162-165.
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  35.  9
    Commentary on the Papers of Davis Baird, Peter Kroes, and Michael Dennis.Allan Franklin - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:452 - 457.
    One important point that has emerged from recent work on the history and philosophy of experiment is that technology plays an integral role in experiment, and therefore in science. Technology determines what experimenters can measure and how well it can be measured. The importance of technology, along with several new questions that its use raises, has been made quite clear in the papers presented in this session.
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  36. Can That Be Right? Essays on Experiment, Evidence, and Science.Allan Franklin - 1999
     
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  37. Doing Much About Nothing.Allan Franklin - 2004 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 58 (4):323-379.
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  38.  11
    Experiment and the Development of the Theory of Weak Interactions: Fermi's Theory.Allan Franklin - 1986 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:163 - 179.
    The fallibility and corrigibility of experimental results, and of the confirmation or refutation based on those results, is illustrated in the 1930's history of Fermi's theory of decay. Early results favored the competing theory of Konopinski and Uhlenbeck. It was found that there were experimental difficulties along with an incorrect theoretical comparison. When the experiments were corrected and the proper theoretical calculations made, the evidence favored Fermi and refuted Konopinski and Uhlenbeck. The relevance of known evidence for confirmation and the (...)
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  39. Experiment and the Making of Meaning: Human Agency in Scientific Observation and Experiment by David Gooding. [REVIEW]Allan Franklin - 1992 - Isis 83:177-178.
     
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  40.  11
    Experiment and the Making of Meaning: Human Agency in Scientific Observation and Experiment. David Gooding.Allan Franklin - 1992 - Isis 83 (1):177-178.
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  41.  52
    Editors’ Introduction.Allan Franklin & Slobodan Perovic - 2015 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 30 (2):161-162.
  42. Experimental Questions.Allan Franklin - 1993 - Perspectives on Science 1:127-46.
     
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  43. Experiment Right or Wrong.Allan Franklin & David Gooding - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (1):341-352.
     
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  44. Ending the Mendel-Fisher Controversy.Allan Franklin, A. W. F. Edwards, Daniel J. Fairbanks, Daniel L. Hartl & Teddy Seidenfeld - 2008 - Journal of the History of Biology 41 (4):775-777.
  45.  11
    From C-Numbers to Q-Numbers: The Classical Analogy in the History of Quantum Theory by Olivier Darrigol. [REVIEW]Allan Franklin - 1994 - Isis 85:546-547.
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  46.  60
    Fisica y Experimentacion.Allan Franklin - 2002 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 17 (2):221-242.
    In this paper I examine the roles that experiment plays in science. Experiment can test theories, but it can also call for a new theory. Experiment can also provide hints about the mathematical form of a theory. Likewise it can provide evidence for the existence of the entities involved in our theories. Finally, it may also have a life of its own, independent of theory. I will illustrate these roles using episodes from the history of contemporary physics. I will also (...)
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  47.  15
    Guest Editors’ Introduction.Allan Franklin & Slobodan Perovic - 2015 - Theoria : An International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science 30 (2):161-162.
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  48.  10
    George Levine, a Sympathetic and Critical Commentator on Science, Once Asked,''What If Important Scientific Discoveries Were Often Made Because the Scientist Wanted Something to Be True Rather Than Because He or She Had Evidence to Prove It True?''(Levine 1987, 13). In This Chapter I Tell the Story of Emil Konopinski, Who in the 1930s Was a Coauthor of an Alternative to Fermi's Theory of Β Decay. Although His Theory Initially Seemed to Be Supported by the Existing Experimental Evidence, Further Work .. [REVIEW]Allan Franklin - 2005 - In Noretta Koertge (ed.), Scientific Values and Civic Virtues. Oup Usa. pp. 120.
  49.  30
    Harry Collins, Gravity’s Shadow: The Search for Gravitational Waves. Chicago: University of Chicago Press , 864 Pp., $39.00. [REVIEW]Allan Franklin - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (4):647-650.
  50.  72
    How Nancy Cartwright Tells the Truth.Allan Franklin - 1988 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 39 (4):527-529.
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