73 found
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  1. The Neglect of Experiment.Allan Franklin - 1986 - Cambridge University Press.
    What role have experiments played, and should they play, in physics? How does one come to believe rationally in experimental results? The Neglect of Experiment attempts to provide answers to both of these questions. Professor Franklin's approach combines the detailed study of four episodes in the history of twentieth century physics with an examination of some of the philosophical issues involved. The episodes are the discovery of parity nonconservation in the 1950s; the nondiscovery of parity nonconservation in the 1930s, when (...)
     
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  2. The Neglect of Experiment.Allan Franklin - 1989 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (2):185-190.
     
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  3. The Neglect of Experiment.Allan Franklin - 1988 - Philosophy of Science 55 (2):306-308.
     
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  4.  63
    Experiment, Right or Wrong.Allan Franklin - 1990 - Cambridge University Press.
    In Experiment, Right or Wrong, Allan Franklin continues his investigation of the history and philosophy of experiment presented in his previous book, The Neglect of Experiment. Using a combination of case studies and philosophical readings of those studies, Franklin again addresses two important questions: What role does and should experiment play in the choice between competing theories and in the confirmation or refutation of theories and hypotheses? How do we come to believe reasonably in experimental results? Experiment, Right or Wrong (...)
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  5.  21
    Selectivity and Discord: Two Problems of Experiment.Allan Franklin - 2002 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    Specifically, Allan Franklin is concerned with two problems in the use of experimental results in science: selectivity of data or analysis procedures and the resolution of discordant results.
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  6.  58
    Why Do Scientists Prefer to Vary Their Experiments?Allan Franklin - 1984 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 15 (1):51.
  7.  27
    Experiment in Physics.Allan Franklin - 2007 - In Edward N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  8. Experiment Right or Wrong.Allan Franklin & David Gooding - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (1):341-352.
     
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  9.  76
    How to Avoid the Experimenters' Regress.Allan Franklin - 1994 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (3):463-491.
  10.  72
    The Theory-Ladenness of Experiment.Allan Franklin - 2015 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 46 (1):155-166.
    Theory-ladenness is the view that observation cannot function in an unbiased way in the testing of theories because observational judgments are affected by the theoretical beliefs of the observer. Its more radical cousin, incommensurability, argues that because there is no theory-neutral language, paradigms, or worldviews, cannot be compared because in different paradigms the meaning of observational terms is different, even when the word used is the same. There are both philosophical and practical components to these problems. I argue, using a (...)
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  11. Bayesian Conditionalization and Probability Kinematics.Colin Howson & Allan Franklin - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (2):451-466.
  12. The Epistemology of Experiment. [REVIEW]Allan Franklin - 1984 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 35 (4):381-390.
  13.  55
    Maher, Mendeleev and Bayesianism.Colin Howson & Allan Franklin - 1991 - Philosophy of Science 58 (4):574-585.
    Maher (1988, 1990) has recently argued that the way a hypothesis is generated can affect its confirmation by the available evidence, and that Bayesian confirmation theory can explain this. In particular, he argues that evidence known at the time a theory was proposed does not confirm the theory as much as it would had that evidence been discovered after the theory was proposed. We examine Maher's arguments for this "predictivist" position and conclude that they do not, in fact, support his (...)
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  14. The Missing Piece of the Puzzle: The Discovery of the Higgs Boson.Allan Franklin - 2017 - Synthese 194 (2):259-274.
    The missing piece of the puzzle: the discovery of the Higgs boson On July 4, 2012 the CMS and ATLAS collaborations at the large hadron collider jointly announced the discovery of a new elementary particle, which resembled the Higgs boson, the last remaining undiscovered piece of the standard model of elementary particles. Both groups claimed to have observed a five-standard-deviation effect above background, the gold standard for discovery in high-energy physics. In this essay I will briefly discuss the how the (...)
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  15.  60
    What Makes a 'Good' Experiment?Allan Franklin - 1981 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 32 (4):367-374.
  16. No Easy Answers: Science and the Pursuit of Knowledge.Allan Franklin - 2005 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    In _No Easy Answers_, Allan Franklin offers an accurate picture of science to both a general reader and to scholars in the humanities and social sciences who may not have any background in physics. Through the examination of nontechnical case studies, he illustrates the various roles that experiment plays in science. He uses examples of unquestioned success, such as the discoveries of the electron and of three types of neutrino, as well as studies that were dead ends, wrong turns, or (...)
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  17.  44
    It Probably is a Valid Experimental Result: A Bayesian Approach to the Epistemology of Experiment.Allan Franklin - 1988 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 19 (4):419.
  18.  3
    The Rise and Fall of the "Fifth Force": Discovery, Pursuit, and Justification in Modern Physics.Allan Franklin - 1993 - Amer Inst of Physics.
    An article in the January 8, 1986 issue of The New York Times dramatically announced, "Hints of Fifth Force in Nature Challenge Galileo's Findings." Just four years later, many of those who had worked on the concept concluded that "the Fifth Force is dead." Reading like a detective story, The Rise and Fall of the Fifth Force discloses the curious history of the quick advance and swift demise of the "Fifth Force" - a proposed modification of Newton's Law of Universal (...)
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  19. Ending the Mendel-Fisher Controversy.Allan Franklin, A. W. F. Edwards, Daniel J. Fairbanks, Daniel L. Hartl & Teddy Seidenfeld - 2008 - Journal of the History of Biology 41 (4):775-777.
  20.  2
    Discovery, Pursuit, and Justification.Allan Franklin - 1993 - Perspectives on Science 1 (2):252-284.
    In this article I suggest a tripartite classification of scientific activity; discovery, pursuit, and justification. I believe that such a classification can give us a more adequate description of scientific practice, help illuminate the various roles that evidence plays in science, and may also help to partially resolve differences between “constructivist” and “epistemologist” views of science. I argue that although factors suggested by the constructivists such as career goals, professional interests, utility for future practice, and agreement with existing commitments do (...)
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  21.  44
    A Bayesian Analysis of Excess Content and the Localisation of Support.Colin Howson & Allan Franklin - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (4):425-431.
  22. Selectivity and the Production of Experimental Results: “Any Fool Can Take Data. Its Taking Good Data That Counts.” E. Commins.Allan Franklin - 1998 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 53 (5):399-485.
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  23.  41
    The Discovery and Nondiscovery of Parity Nonconservation.Allan Franklin - 1979 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 10 (3):201.
  24. Comment on "the Structure of a Scientific Paper" by Frederick Suppe.Allan Franklin & Colin Howson - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (3):411-416.
    On the basis of an analysis of a single paper on plate tectonics, a paper whose actual content is nowhere in evidence, Frederick Suppe concludes that no standard model of confirmation—hypothetico-deductive, Bayesian-inductive, or inference to the best explanation—can account for the structure of a scientific paper that reports an experimental result. He further argues on the basis of a survey of scientific papers, a survey whose data and results are also absent, that papers which have a rather stringent length limit, (...)
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  25.  40
    Newton and Kepler, a Bayesian Approach.Allan Franklin - 1984 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 16 (4):379.
  26.  7
    Scientific Explanation and Atomic Physics.Allan Franklin - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (3):481-483.
  27.  78
    Are Paradigms Incommensurable?Allan Franklin - 1984 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 35 (1):57-60.
  28.  33
    Is Failure an Option? Contingency and Refutation.Allan Franklin - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (2):242-252.
    In this paper I argue, using two case studies of episodes from recent physics against the contingency view advocated by social constructionists. In this view, physics, or science in general, is, in Ian Hacking’s words, not determined by anything. Much of the previous discussion has centered on examples of scientific success. In this paper I argue that experimental evidence and reasoned and critical discussion played the crucial role in the refutation of a previously strongly believed hypothesis, and in the decision (...)
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  29. Calibration.Allan Franklin - 1997 - Perspectives on Science 5 (1):31-80.
    Calibration, the use of a surrogate signal to standardize an instrument, is an important strategy for the establishment of the validity of an experimental result. In this paper, I present several examples, typical of physics experiments, that illustrate the adequacy of the surrogate. In addition, I discuss several episodes in which the question of calibration is both difficult to answer and of paramount importance. These episodes include early attempts to detect gravity waves, the question of the existence of a 17–keV (...)
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  30. The Resolution of Discordant Results.Allan Franklin - 1995 - Perspectives on Science 3 (3):346-420.
    Experiments often disagree. How then can scientific knowledge be based on experimental evidence? In this paper I will examine four episodes from the history of recent physics: the suggestion of a Fifth Force, a modification of Newton’s law of gravitation; early attempts to detect gravitational radiation ; the claim that a 17-keV neutrino exists; and experiments on atomic-parity violation and on the scattering of polarized electrons and their relation to the Weinberg-Salam unified theory of electroweak interactions. In each of these (...)
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  31.  12
    The Philosophy of Scientific Experimentation. [REVIEW]Allan Franklin - 2005 - British Journal for the History of Science 38 (2):241-242.
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  32.  59
    Gravity Waves and Neutrinos: The Later Work of Joseph Weber.Allan Franklin - 2010 - Perspectives on Science 18 (2):pp. 119-151.
    How does the physics community deal with the subsequent work of a scientist whose earlier work has been regarded as incorrect? An interesting case of this involves Joseph Weber whose claim to have observed gravitational waves was rejected by virtually all of the physics community, although Weber himself continued to defend his work until his death in 2000. In the course of this defense Weber made a startling suggestion regarding the scattering of neutrinos. I will summarize the history of gravity (...)
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  33.  61
    Fisica y Experimentacion.Allan Franklin - 2002 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 17 (2):221-242.
    In this paper I examine the roles that experiment plays in science. Experiment can test theories, but it can also call for a new theory. Experiment can also provide hints about the mathematical form of a theory. Likewise it can provide evidence for the existence of the entities involved in our theories. Finally, it may also have a life of its own, independent of theory. I will illustrate these roles using episodes from the history of contemporary physics. I will also (...)
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  34.  52
    Editors’ Introduction.Allan Franklin & Slobodan Perovic - 2015 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 30 (2):161-162.
  35.  32
    Harry Collins, Gravity’s Shadow: The Search for Gravitational Waves. Chicago: University of Chicago Press , 864 Pp., $39.00. [REVIEW]Allan Franklin - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (4):647-650.
  36.  9
    Stillman Drake's "Impetus Theory Reappraised".Allan Franklin - 1977 - Journal of the History of Ideas 38 (2):307.
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  37. Confronting Nature. [REVIEW]Allan Franklin - 1987 - British Journal for the History of Science 20 (2):234-235.
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  38. Doing Much About Nothing.Allan Franklin - 2004 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 58 (4):323-379.
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  39. Longino, Helen [1990]: Science as Social Knowledge. [REVIEW]Allan Franklin - 1992 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (2):283.
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  40. RAPP, F.: "Analytical Philosophy of Technology". [REVIEW]Allan Franklin - 1983 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 34:190.
     
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  41. The British Society for the Philosophy of Science.Allan Franklin - 1984 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 35 (4).
  42.  17
    Scientific Explanation and Atomic Physics.Allan Franklin - 1982
  43.  16
    Scientific Explanation and Atomic Physics. Edward M. MacKinnon. [REVIEW]Allan Franklin - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (3):481-483.
  44.  45
    Are the Laws of Physics Inevitable?Allan Franklin - unknown
    Social constructionists believe that experimental evidence plays a minimal role in the production of scientific knowledge, while rationalists such as myself believe that experimental evidence is crucial in it. As one historical example in support of the rationalist position, I trace in some detail the theoretical and experimental research that led to our understanding of beta decay, from Enrico Fermi’s pioneering theory of 1934 to George Sudarshan and Robert Marshak’s and Richard Feynman and Murray Gell-Mann’s suggestion in 1957 and 1958, (...)
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  45.  15
    Guest Editors’ Introduction.Allan Franklin & Slobodan Perovic - 2015 - Theoria : An International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science 30 (2):161-162.
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  46.  17
    The Play of Nature: Experimentation as PerformanceRobert P. Crease.Allan Franklin - 1994 - Isis 85 (4):742-743.
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  47.  30
    Recycling Expertise and Instrumental Loyalty.Allan Franklin - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (4):52.
    In this paper I will examine the history of the first three, of a sequence of five, experiments performed by the Mann-O'Neill collaboration at the Princeton-Pennsylvania Accelerator. The experiments were conducted over a period of four years and measured aspects of K+ meson decay. Each of the experiments was done with essentially the same basic apparatus, with modifications for each of the specific measurements. We will see the increasing expertise of the experimenters as the experiments progressed. The third measurement was (...)
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  48.  12
    Experiment and the Making of Meaning: Human Agency in Scientific Observation and Experiment. David Gooding.Allan Franklin - 1992 - Isis 83 (1):177-178.
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  49.  74
    How Nancy Cartwright Tells the Truth.Allan Franklin - 1988 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 39 (4):527-529.
  50.  13
    From C-Numbers to Q-Numbers: The Classical Analogy in the History of Quantum Theory by Olivier Darrigol. [REVIEW]Allan Franklin - 1994 - Isis 85:546-547.
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