Results for 'Allard M. Tamminga'

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Allard Tamminga
University of Greifswald
  1. A Natural Deduction System for First Degree Entailment.Allard M. Tamminga & Koji Tanaka - 1999 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 40 (2):258-272.
    This paper is concerned with a natural deduction system for First Degree Entailment (FDE). First, we exhibit a brief history of FDE and of combined systems whose underlying idea is used in developing the natural deduction system. Then, after presenting the language and a semantics of FDE, we develop a natural deduction system for FDE. We then prove soundness and completeness of the system with respect to the semantics. The system neatly represents the four-valued semantics for FDE.
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  2. The irreducibility of collective obligations.Allard Tamminga & Frank Hindriks - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (4):1085-1109.
    Individualists claim that collective obligations are reducible to the individual obligations of the collective’s members. Collectivists deny this. We set out to discover who is right by way of a deontic logic of collective action that models collective actions, abilities, obligations, and their interrelations. On the basis of our formal analysis, we argue that when assessing the obligations of an individual agent, we need to distinguish individual obligations from member obligations. If a collective has a collective obligation to bring about (...)
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  3.  53
    Correspondence Analysis for Strong Three-Valued Logic.Allard Tamminga - 2014 - Logical Investigations 20:255-268.
    I apply Kooi and Tamminga's (2012) idea of correspondence analysis for many-valued logics to strong three-valued logic (K3). First, I characterize each possible single entry in the truth-table of a unary or a binary truth-functional operator that could be added to K3 by a basic inference scheme. Second, I define a class of natural deduction systems on the basis of these characterizing basic inference schemes and a natural deduction system for K3. Third, I show that each of the resulting (...)
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  4. Un Essai d'Anthropologie Musulmane. Analyse Et Appreciation du Livre de M. Hasan Hanafi'Les Methodes d'Exegese'.M. Allard - 1970 - Comprendre 53:3.
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  5.  45
    Collective Obligations, Group Plans and Individual Actions.Allard Tamminga & Hein Duijf - 2017 - Economics and Philosophy 33 (2):187-214.
    If group members aim to fulfill a collective obligation, they must act in such a way that the composition of their individual actions amounts to a group action that fulfills the collective obligation. We study a strong sense of joint action in which the members of a group design and then publicly adopt a group plan that coordinates the individual actions of the group members. We characterize the conditions under which a group plan successfully coordinates the group members' individual actions, (...)
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  6.  24
    Expressivity Results for Deontic Logics of Collective Agency.Allard Tamminga, Hein Duijf & Frederik Van De Putte - forthcoming - Synthese:1-21.
    We use a deontic logic of collective agency to study reducibility questions about collective agency and collective obligations. The logic that is at the basis of our study is a multi-modal logic in the tradition of *stit* logics of agency. Our full formal language has constants for collective and individual deontic admissibility, modalities for collective and individual agency, and modalities for collective and individual obligations. We classify its twenty-seven sublanguages in terms of their expressive power. This classification enables us to (...)
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  7.  65
    Deontic Logic for Strategic Games.Allard Tamminga - 2013 - Erkenntnis 78 (1):183-200.
    We develop a multi-agent deontic action logic to study the logical behaviour of two types of deontic conditionals: (1) conditional obligations, having the form "If group H were to perform action aH, then, in group F's interest, group G ought to perform action aG" and (2) conditional permissions, having the form "If group H were to perform action aH, then, in group F's interest, group G may perform action aG". First, we define a formal language for multi-agent deontic action logic (...)
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  8. Katz’s Revisability Paradox Dissolved.Allard Tamminga & Sander Verhaegh - 2013 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (4):771-784.
    Quine's holistic empiricist account of scientific inquiry can be characterized by three constitutive principles: *noncontradiction*, *universal revisability* and *pragmatic ordering*. We show that these constitutive principles cannot be regarded as statements within a holistic empiricist's scientific theory of the world. This claim is a corollary of our refutation of Katz's [1998, 2002] argument that holistic empiricism suffers from what he calls the Revisability Paradox. According to Katz, Quine's empiricism is incoherent because its constitutive principles cannot themselves be rationally revised. Using (...)
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  9.  83
    Expansion and Contraction of Finite States.Allard Tamminga - 2004 - Studia Logica 76 (3):427-442.
    We present a theory that copes with the dynamics of inconsistent information. A method is set forth to represent possibly inconsistent information by a finite state. Next, finite operations for expansion and contraction of finite states are given. No extra-logical element — a choice function or an ordering over (sets of) sentences — is presupposed in the definition of contraction. Moreover, expansion and contraction are each other's duals. AGM-style characterizations of these operations follow.
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  10.  94
    Completeness Via Correspondence for Extensions of the Logic of Paradox.Barteld Kooi & Allard Tamminga - 2012 - Review of Symbolic Logic 5 (4):720-730.
    Taking our inspiration from modal correspondence theory, we present the idea of correspondence analysis for many-valued logics. As a benchmark case, we study truth-functional extensions of the Logic of Paradox (LP). First, we characterize each of the possible truth table entries for unary and binary operators that could be added to LP by an inference scheme. Second, we define a class of natural deduction systems on the basis of these characterizing inference schemes and a natural deduction system for LP. Third, (...)
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  11. Recensie [Review of A. M. Tamminga, Belief Dynamics, disseration, Amsterdam, 2001]. [REVIEW]Erik Krabbe - 2003 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 97 (2):150-151.
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  12. Logics of Rejection: Two Systems of Natural Deduction.Allard Tamminga - 1994 - Logique Et Analyse 146:169-208.
    This paper presents two systems of natural deduction for the rejection of non-tautologies of classical propositional logic. The first system is sound and complete with respect to the body of all non-tautologies, the second system is sound and complete with respect to the body of all contradictions. The second system is a subsystem of the first. Starting with Jan Łukasiewicz's work, we describe the historical development of theories of rejection for classical propositional logic. Subsequently, we present the two systems of (...)
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  13.  69
    Moral Conflicts Between Groups of Agents.Barteld Kooi & Allard Tamminga - 2008 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 37 (1):1-21.
    Two groups of agents, G1 and G2, face a *moral conflict* if G1 has a moral obligation and G2 has a moral obligation, such that these obligations cannot both be fulfilled. We study moral conflicts using a multi-agent deontic logic devised to represent reasoning about sentences like "In the interest of group F of agents, group G of agents ought to see to it that phi". We provide a formal language and a consequentialist semantics. An illustration of our semantics with (...)
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  14.  89
    Three-Valued Logics in Modal Logic.Barteld Kooi & Allard Tamminga - 2013 - Studia Logica 101 (5):1061-1072.
    Every truth-functional three-valued propositional logic can be conservatively translated into the modal logic S5. We prove this claim constructively in two steps. First, we define a Translation Manual that converts any propositional formula of any three-valued logic into a modal formula. Second, we show that for every S5-model there is an equivalent three-valued valuation and vice versa. In general, our Translation Manual gives rise to translations that are exponentially longer than their originals. This fact raises the question whether there are (...)
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  15.  53
    Introspection and Change in Carnap’s Logical Behaviourism.Allard Tamminga - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (4):650-667.
    In the 1930s, Carnap set out to incorporate psychology into the unity of science, by showing that all cognitively meaningful sentences of psychology can be translated into the language of physics. I will argue that Carnap, relying on his notion of protocol languages, defends a physicalistic philosophy of psychology that shows due appreciation to 'introspection' as a strictly subjective, but reliable way to verify sentences about one’s own mind. Second, I will point out that Carnap’s philosophy of psychology not only (...)
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  16. Belief Dynamics: (Epistemo)Logical Investigations.Allard Tamminga - 2001 - Dissertation, University of Amsterdam
    C.S. Peirce's and Isaac Levi's accounts of the belief-doubt-belief model are discussed and evaluated. It is argued that the contemporary study of belief change has metamorphosed into a branch of philosophical logic where empirical considerations have become obsolete. A case is made for reformulations of belief change systems that do allow for empirical tests. Last, a belief change system is presented that (1) uses finite representations of information, (2) can adequately deal with inconsistencies, (3) has finite operations of change, (4) (...)
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  17.  7
    Épitre sur l'Unité et la Trinité, Traité sur l'Intellect, Fragment sur l'AmeEpitre sur l'Unite et la Trinite, Traite sur l'Intellect, Fragment sur l'Ame.Nicholas L. Heer, Muḥyī al-Dīn al-'Ajamī al-Iṣfahānī, M. Allard, G. Troupeau & Muhyi al-Din al-'Ajami al-Isfahani - 1964 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 84 (2):188.
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  18. A Critical Exposition of Isaac Levi's Epistemology.Allard Tamminga - 2003 - Logique Et Analyse 183:447-478.
    The branch of philosophical logic which has become known as “belief change” has, in the course of its development, become alienated from its epistemological origins. However, as formal criteria do not suffice to defend a principled choice between competing systems for belief change, we do need to take their epistemological embedding into account. Here, on the basis of a detailed examination of Isaac Levi's epistemology, we argue for a new direction of belief change research and propose to construct systems for (...)
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  19.  29
    Het logische behaviorisme van Rudolf Carnap.Allard Tamminga - 2003 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 65 (3):541 - 565.
    In the 1930s, several members of the Vienna Circle set out to incorporate psychology in the unity of science, by showing that all cognitively significant sentences of psychology can be translated into the language of physics. This epistemological analysis of psychology has become known as logical behaviourism. Carnap was the first logical empiricist to expound this programme in considerable detail. Relying on his particular notion of protocol languages, Carnap develops a view on the philosophy of psychology that not only is (...)
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  20.  32
    In de ban van de metafysica: de identiteitstheorieën van Place, Smart en Armstrong.Allard Tamminga - 2009 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 71 (3):553-575.
    We investigate the genesis of metaphysical physicalism and its influence on the development of Place's, Smart's, and Armstrong's ideas on the relation between the mental and the physical. We first reconstruct the considerations that led Armstrong and Smart to a 'scientific' world view. We call 'metaphysical physicalism' the comprehensive theory on reality, truth, and meaning which ensued from this world view. Against the background of this metaphysical physicalism we study Armstrong's and Smart's analyses of secondary properties and the genesis of (...)
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  21. Isaac Levi's kenleer: een kritische beschouwing.Allard Tamminga - 2002 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 94 (2):124-145.
    Levi, setting out to formalize Peirce's and Dewey's *belief-doubt-belief*-model, took the lead in defining the field of philosophical logic that has become known as *belief change*. First, Levi's theory of knowledge is placed within the context of American pragmatism. A discussion follows of Levi's criteria under which a change of belief must be judged an improvement. In the final section, a critical evaluation of Levi's logical epistemology opens new venues for logical and epistemological inquiry.
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  22.  21
    Waarheid als limiet van onderzoek: de ontoereikendheid van Charles Sanders Peirce' waarheidsopvatting.Allard Tamminga - 2001 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 93 (2):73-92.
    In order to come to grips with Peirce's definition of truth as the ideal limit of inquiry, I give a succinct exposition of Peirce's theory of inquiry and his philosophical logic, paying attention to several types of reasoning and their interrelations. Subsequently, the arguments of a contemporary apologist of Peirce's notion of truth, C.J. Misak, are subjected to a scrutiny and found to be insufficient, as the principle of bivalence is defended improperly and, as a Peircean definition of truth, turns (...)
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  23.  12
    An Impossibility Result on Methodological Individualism.Hein Duijf, Allard Tamminga & Frederik Van De Putte - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies.
    Methodological individualists often claim that any social phenomenon can ultimately be explained in terms of the actions and interactions of individuals. Any Nagelian version of methodological individualism requires that there be bridge laws that translate social statements into individualistic ones. We show that Nagelian individualism can be put to logical scrutiny by making the relevant social and individualistic languages fully explicit and mathematically precise. In particular, we prove that the social statement that a group of agents performs a deontically admissible (...)
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  24. *Wetenschapsfilosofie* door Leon Horsten, Igor Douven en Erik Weber. [REVIEW]Jan-Willem Romeijn & Allard Tamminga - 2008 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 100 (1):80-83.
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  25.  52
    Deontic Logic and Normative Systems.Olivier Roy, Allard Tamminga & Malte Willer (eds.) - 2016 - London, UK: College Publications.
    The biennial DEON conferences are designed to promote interdisciplinary cooperation amongst scholars interested in linking the formal-logical study of normative concepts and normative systems with computer science, artificial intelligence, linguistics, philosophy, organization theory and law. In addition to these general themes, DEON 2016 encouraged a special focus on the topic "Reasons, Argumentation and Justification.".
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  26.  86
    Inter-Level Relations in Computer Science, Biology, and Psychology.Fred Boogerd, Frank Bruggeman, Catholijn Jonker, Huib Looren de Jong, Allard Tamminga, Jan Treur, Hans Westerhoff & Wouter Wijngaards - 2002 - Philosophical Psychology 15 (4):463–471.
    Investigations into inter-level relations in computer science, biology and psychology call for an *empirical* turn in the philosophy of mind. Rather than concentrate on *a priori* discussions of inter-level relations between 'completed' sciences, a case is made for the actual study of the way inter-level relations grow out of the developing sciences. Thus, philosophical inquiries will be made more relevant to the sciences, and, more importantly, philosophical accounts of inter-level relations will be testable by confronting them with what really happens (...)
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  27.  28
    The Kal'm, an Art of Contradiction-Making or Theological Science? Some Remarks on the QuestionLe Problème des Attributs Divins Dans la Doctrine d'Al-Aš'arî Et de Ses Premiers Grands disciplesThe Kalam, an Art of Contradiction-Making or Theological Science? Some Remarks on the QuestionLe Probleme des Attributs Divins Dans la Doctrine d'Al-As'ari Et de Ses Premiers Grands Disciples.Richard M. Frank & Michel Allard - 1968 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 88 (2):295.
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  28.  9
    Shortcomings of the Verbal/Nonverbal Dichotomy: Seems to Us We've Heard This Song Before….M. P. Bryden & F. A. Allard - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (1):65-66.
  29.  4
    Supplementary Report: Delay of Knowledge of Results, Knowledge of Task, and Intertrial Interval.M. Ray Denny, Marvel Allard, Eugene Hall & Milton Rokeach - 1960 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 60 (5):327.
  30. Proceedings of Deon 2016.A. Tamminga O. Roy & M. Willer (eds.) - 2016 - College Publications.
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  31.  10
    An Investigation of Reasoning by Analogy in Schizophrenia and Autism Spectrum Disorder.Daniel C. Krawczyk, Michelle R. Kandalaft, Nyaz Didehbani, Tandra T. Allen, M. Michelle McClelland, Carol A. Tamminga & Sandra B. Chapman - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  32.  7
    Else Margarete Barth.I. L. Editors & A. M. Tamminga - 2015 - Informal Logic 35 (4).
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  33.  1
    The Melancholy of Stephen Allard, by Garnet Smith.R. M. Wenley - 1895 - Ethics 6:121.
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  34.  7
    Index of Modern and Contemporary Authors.G. H. Allard, G. Alliney, G. C. Anawati, J. E. Annas, O. Argerami, E. J. Ashworth, M. Asztalos, G. Bachelard, C. Baffioni & Pjjm Bakker - 2009 - In Christophe Grellard & Aurélien Robert (eds.), Atomism in Late Medieval Philosophy and Theology. Brill. pp. 249.
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  35.  18
    Emotion in Aging and Bipolar Disorder: Similarities, Differences, and Lessons for Further Research.Derek M. Isaacowitz, Anda Gershon, Eric S. Allard & Sheri L. Johnson - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (3):312-320.
    In this article, we consider similarities and differences in emotion research on older adults and individuals with bipolar disorder (BD). Recent research and theory within both areas has focused on the importance of positive emotion, but the case of older adults is generally considered a case of “adaptive” positivity whereas BD is usually considered maladaptive positivity. We explore the paradox of the same phenomenon being labeled as adaptive in one group and yet maladaptive in another, with attention to commonalities and (...)
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  36. The Melancholy of Stephen Allard: A Private Diary.Garnet Smith.R. M. Wenley - 1895 - International Journal of Ethics 6 (1):121-122.
  37.  14
    Judith S. McKenzie and Francis Watson, The Garima Gospels: Early Illuminated Gospel Books From Ethiopia, with a Foreword and Photographs by Michael Gervers. Oxford: Manar Al-Athar in Collaboration with Allard Pierson Museum and the DEEDS Project, University of Toronto, 2016. Pp. Xx, 264; Many Color Figures, 5 Maps, and 12 Tables. $75. ISBN: 978-0-99549-460-2. [REVIEW]Sean M. Winslow - 2019 - Speculum 94 (3):864-865.
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  38.  11
    Book Review:The Melancholy of Stephen Allard: A Private Diary. Garnet Smith. [REVIEW]R. M. Wenley - 1895 - Ethics 6 (1):121-.
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  39.  41
    Lekythos; archäologische, sprachliche und religionsgeschichtliche Untersuchungen, von L. J. Elferink. Pp. 96, with 8 plates. (Allard Pierson Stichting, Universiteit van Amsterdam. Archaeologisch-historische Bijdragen, uitgegeven door Professor Dr. G. A. S. Snijder en Professor Dr. D. Cohen. II.) Amsterdam: Noord-hollandsche Uitgeversmij, 1934. Cloth, fl. 4.90. [REVIEW]R. M. Dawkins - 1934 - The Classical Review 48 (06):237-.
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  40.  22
    Histoire Générale des Sciences, Publiée Sous la Direction de René Taton. Vol. II, La Science Moderne . G. Allard, E. Bauer, G. Canguilhem, J. Chesneaux, I. B. Cohen, P. Costabel, M. Daumas, A. Davy de Virville, P. Delaunay, R. Dugas, L. Dulieu, J. Filliozat, R. Furon, É. Guyénot, J. Itard, A. Koyré, R. Lenoble, J. Lévy, Ch. Morazé, J. Needham, J. Rostand, J. Taton, R. Taton, M.-A. Tonnelat, G. Walusinski. [REVIEW]Marie Boas Hall - 1960 - Isis 51 (4):574-576.
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  41.  25
    E. Bōhr, W. Martini (Edd.): Studien Zur Mythologie Und Vasenmalerei. Festschrift Für Konrad Schauenburg. Pp. Xii + 274; 48 Plates, 1 Colour Plate, 16 Text-Figures. Mainz: Von Zabern, 1986. DM 198.H. A. G. Brijder, A. A. Drukker, C. W. Neeft (Edd.): Enthusiasmos. Essays on Greek and Related Pottery, Presented to J. M. Hemelrijk. (Allard Pierson Series, Studies in Ancient Civilisation, 6.) Pp. V + 215; 218 Illustrations. Amsterdam: Allard Pierson Museum, Amsterdam, 1986. [REVIEW]Elizabeth Moignard - 1988 - The Classical Review 38 (01):178-.
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  42.  11
    E. Bōhr, W. Martini : Studien Zur Mythologie Und Vasenmalerei. Festschrift Für Konrad Schauenburg. Pp. Xii + 274; 48 Plates, 1 Colour Plate, 16 Text-Figures. Mainz: Von Zabern, 1986. DM 198. - H. A. G. Brijder, A. A. Drukker, C. W. Neeft : Enthusiasmos. Essays on Greek and Related Pottery, Presented to J. M. Hemelrijk. Pp. V + 215; 218 Illustrations. Amsterdam: Allard Pierson Museum, Amsterdam, 1986. [REVIEW]Elizabeth Moignard - 1988 - The Classical Review 38 (1):178-178.
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  43.  17
    Generalisation of Proof Simulation Procedures for Frege Systems by M.L. Bonet and S.R. Buss.Daniil Kozhemiachenko - 2018 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 28 (4):389-413.
    ABSTRACTIn this paper, we present a generalisation of proof simulation procedures for Frege systems by Bonet and Buss to some logics for which the deduction theorem does not hold. In particular, we study the case of finite-valued Łukasiewicz logics. To this end, we provide proof systems and which augment Avron's Frege system HŁuk with nested and general versions of the disjunction elimination rule, respectively. For these systems, we provide upper bounds on speed-ups w.r.t. both the number of steps in proofs (...)
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  44.  20
    Neoplatonism and Christian Thought.Leo Sweeny - 1987 - Review of Metaphysics 40 (4):784-787.
    The papers which constitute this volume, and which were first presented at a Conference in 1978 at the Catholic University of America, are arranged chronologically according to the five periods in which Neoplatonism confronted Christianity: Patristic, Later Greek and Byzantine, Medieval Latin, Renaissance, and Modern. Its editor suggests, in his valuable "Introduction", that the papers fall also into three groups in line with their contents. The first group concerns Christian thinkers who knew and used specific Neoplatonic texts and includes the (...)
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  45.  16
    From Extreme Emotions to Extreme Actions: Explaining Non-Normative Collective Action and Reconciliation.Allard R. Feddes, Liesbeth Mann & Bertjan Doosje - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (6):432-433.
    A key argument of Dixon et al. in the target article is that prejudice reduction through intergroup contact and collective action work in opposite ways. We argue for a complementary approach focusing on extreme emotions to understand why people turn to non-normative collective action and to understand when and under what conditions extreme emotions may influence positive effects of contact on reconciliation.
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  46.  36
    M.G. Flaherty, A Watched Pot: How We Experience Time. [REVIEW]M. Holmer Nadesan - 2002 - Human Studies 25 (2):257-265.
  47.  37
    The Logical Foundations of Bradley's Metaphysics: Judgment, Inference, and Truth.James Allard - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is a major contribution to the study of the philosopher F. H. Bradley, the most influential member of the nineteenth-century school of British Idealists. It offers a sustained interpretation of Bradley's Principles of Logic, explaining the problem of how it is possible for inferences to be both valid and yet have conclusions that contain new information. The author then describes how this solution provides a basis for Bradley's metaphysical view that reality is one interconnected experience and how this (...)
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  48.  68
    II—M.G.F. Martin.M. G. F. Martin - 1997 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 71 (1):75-98.
  49. String and M-Theory: Answering the Critics. [REVIEW]M. J. Duff - 2013 - Foundations of Physics 43 (1):182-200.
    Using as a springboard a three-way debate between theoretical physicist Lee Smolin, philosopher of science Nancy Cartwright and myself, I address in layman’s terms the issues of why we need a unified theory of the fundamental interactions and why, in my opinion, string and M-theory currently offer the best hope. The focus will be on responding more generally to the various criticisms. I also describe the diverse application of string/M-theory techniques to other branches of physics and mathematics which render the (...)
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  50.  15
    What Information is Necessary for Speech Categorization? Harnessing Variability in the Speech Signal by Integrating Cues Computed Relative to Expectations.Bob McMurray & Allard Jongman - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (2):219-246.
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