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  1.  30
    How Rational Should Bioethics Be? The Value of Empirical Approaches.Allen Andrew A. Alvarez - 2001 - Bioethics 15 (5-6):501-519.
    Rational justification of claims with empirical content calls for empirical and not only normative philosophical investigation. Empirical approaches to bioethics are epistemically valuable, i.e., such methods may be necessary in providing and verifying basic knowledge about cultural values and norms. Our assumptions in moral reasoning can be verified or corrected using these methods. Moral arguments can be initiated or adjudicated by data drawn from empirical investigation. One may argue that individualistic informed consent, for example, is not compatible with the Asian (...)
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  2.  85
    Threshold considerations in fair allocation of health resources: Justice beyond scarcity.Allen Andrew A. Alvarez - 2007 - Bioethics 21 (8):426–438.
    Application of egalitarian and prioritarian accounts of health resource allocation in low‐income countries have both been criticized for implying distribution outcomes that allow decreasing/undermining health gains and for tolerating unacceptable standards of health care and health status that result from such allocation schemes. Insufficient health care and severe deprivation of health resources are difficult to accept even when justified by aggregative efficiency or legitimized by fair deliberative process in pursuing equality and priority oriented outcomes. I affirm the sufficientarian argument that, (...)
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  3.  77
    The cross-cultural importance of satisfying vital needs.Allen Andrew A. Alvarez - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (9):486-496.
    Ethical beliefs may vary across cultures but there are things that must be valued as preconditions to any cultural practice. Physical and mental abilities vital to believing, valuing and practising a culture are such preconditions and it is always important to protect them. If one is to practise a distinct culture, she must at least have these basic abilities. Access to basic healthcare is one way to ensure that vital abilities are protected. John Rawls argued that access to all-purpose primary (...)
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  4.  14
    The preintrinsic value of vital needs and the problem of extreme scarcity.Allen Andrew A. Alvarez - 2009 - Asian Bioethics Review 1 (3):198-217.
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  5. Conducting Biomedical Research in Extreme Scarcity: What Theory of Justice Should Apply when the Sponsor is an Industry or a Rich Country?Allen Andrew A. Alvarez - 2010 - Asian Bioethics Review 2 (3):182-194.
     
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