42 found
Order:
  1. An Organizational Account of Biological Functions.Matteo Mossio, Cristian Saborido & Alvaro Moreno - 2009 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (4):813-841.
    In this paper, we develop an organizational account that defines biological functions as causal relations subject to closure in living systems, interpreted as the most typical example of organizationally closed and differentiated self-maintaining systems. We argue that this account adequately grounds the teleological and normative dimensions of functions in the current organization of a system, insofar as it provides an explanation for the existence of the function bearer and, at the same time, identifies in a non-arbitrary way the norms that (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   50 citations  
  2.  53
    Biological Autonomy. A Philosophical and Theoretical Enquiry.Alvaro Moreno & Matteo Mossio - 2015 - Springer.
    Since Darwin, Biology has been framed on the idea of evolution by natural selection, which has profoundly influenced the scientific and philosophical comprehension of biological phenomena and of our place in Nature. This book argues that contemporary biology should progress towards and revolve around an even more fundamental idea, that of autonomy. Biological autonomy describes living organisms as organised systems, which are able to self-produce and self-maintain as integrated entities, to establish their own goals and norms, and to promote the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  3.  37
    An Organisational Approach to Biological Communication.Ramiro Frick, Leonardo Bich & Alvaro Moreno - 2019 - Acta Biotheoretica.
    This paper aims to provide a philosophical and theoretical account of biological communication grounded in the notion of organisation. The organisational approach characterises living systems as organised in such a way that they are capable to self-produce and self-maintain while in constant interaction with the environment. To apply this theoretical framework to the study of biological communication, we focus on a specific approach, based on the notion of influence, according to which communication takes place when a signal emitted by a (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  57
    Biological Regulation: Controlling the System From Within.Leonardo Bich, Matteo Mossio, Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo & Alvaro Moreno - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (2):237-265.
    Biological regulation is what allows an organism to handle the effects of a perturbation, modulating its own constitutive dynamics in response to particular changes in internal and external conditions. With the central focus of analysis on the case of minimal living systems, we argue that regulation consists in a specific form of second-order control, exerted over the core regime of production and maintenance of the components that actually put together the organism. The main argument is that regulation requires a distinctive (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  5.  84
    Autonomy in Evolution: From Minimal to Complex Life.Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo & Alvaro Moreno - 2012 - Synthese 185 (1):21-52.
    Our aim in the present paper is to approach the nature of life from the perspective of autonomy, showing that this perspective can be helpful for overcoming the traditional Cartesian gap between the physical and cognitive domains. We first argue that, although the phenomenon of life manifests itself as highly complex and multidimensional, requiring various levels of description, individual organisms constitute the core of this multifarious phenomenology. Thereafter, our discussion focuses on the nature of the organization of individual living entities, (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  6.  35
    The Role of Regulation in the Origin and Synthetic Modelling of Minimal Cognition.Leonardo Bich & Alvaro Moreno - 2016 - Biosystems 148:12-21.
    In this paper we address the question of minimal cognition by investigating the origin of some crucial cognitive properties from the very basic organisation of biological systems. More specifically, we propose a theoretical model of how a system can distinguish between specific features of its interaction with the environment, which is a fundamental requirement for the emergence of minimal forms of cognition. We argue that the appearance of this capacity is grounded in the molecular domain, and originates from basic mechanisms (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  7.  42
    Organisational Closure in Biological Organisms.Matteo Mossio & Alvaro Moreno - 2010 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  8. Adaptivity: From Metabolism to Behavior.Xabier Barandiaran & Alvaro Moreno - 2008 - Adaptive Behavior 16 (5):325-344.
  9.  46
    Multicellular Agency: An Organizational View.Argyris Arnellos & Alvaro Moreno - 2015 - Biology and Philosophy 30 (3):333-357.
    We argue that the transition from unicellular to multicellular systems raises important conceptual challenges for understanding agency. We compare several MC systems displaying different forms of collective behavior, and we analyze whether these actions can be considered organismically integrated and attributable to the whole. We distinguish between a ‘constitutive’ and an ‘interactive’ dimension of organizational complexity, and we argue that MC agency requires a radical entanglement between the related processes which we call “the constitutive-interactive closure principle”. We explain in detail (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  10.  34
    Organizational Requirements for Multicellular Autonomy: Insights From a Comparative Case Study.Argyris Arnellos, Alvaro Moreno & Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (6):851-884.
    In this paper we explore the organizational conditions underlying the emergence of organisms at the multicellular level. More specifically, we shall propose a general theoretical scheme according to which a multicellular organism is an ensemble of cells that effectively regulates its own development through collective mechanisms of control of cell differentiation and cell division processes. This theoretical result derives from the detailed study of the ontogenetic development of three multicellular systems and, in particular, of their corresponding cell-to-cell signaling networks. The (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  11.  18
    Synthetic Biology: Challenging Life in Order to Grasp, Use, or Extend It.Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo & Alvaro Moreno - 2013 - Biological Theory 8 (4):376-382.
    In this short contribution we explore the historical roots of recent synthetic approaches in biology and try to assess their real potential, as well as identify future hurdles or the reasons behind some of the main difficulties they currently face. We suggest that part of these difficulties might not be just the result of our present lack of adequate technical skills or understanding, but could spring directly from the nature of the biological phenomenon itself. In particular, if life is conceived (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  12. The Problem of the Emergence of Functional Diversity in Prebiotic Evolution.Alvaro Moreno & Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo - 2009 - Biology and Philosophy 24 (5):585-605.
    Since Darwin it is widely accepted that natural selection (NS) is the most important mechanism to explain how biological organisms—in their amazing variety—evolve and, therefore, also how the complexity of certain natural systems can increase over time, creating ever new functions or functional structures/relationships. Nevertheless, the way in which NS is conceived within Darwinian Theory already requires an open, wide enough, functional domain where selective forces may act. And, as the present paper will try to show, this becomes even more (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  13.  29
    Function in Ecology: An Organizational Approach.Nei Nunes-Neto, Alvaro Moreno & Charbel N. El-Hani - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (1):123-141.
    Functional language is ubiquitous in ecology, mainly in the researches about biodiversity and ecosystem function. However, it has not been adequately investigated by ecologists or philosophers of ecology. In the contemporary philosophy of ecology we can recognize a kind of implicit consensus about this issue: while the etiological approaches cannot offer a good concept of function in ecology, Cummins’ systemic approach can. Here we propose to go beyond this implicit consensus, because we think these approaches are not adequate for ecology. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  14. On What Makes Certain Dynamical Systems Cognitive: A Minimally Cognitive Organization Program.Xabier Barandiaran & Alvaro Moreno - 2006 - Adaptive Behavior 14:171-185..
    Dynamicism has provided cognitive science with important tools to understand some aspects of “how cognitive agents work” but the issue of “what makes something cognitive” has not been sufficiently addressed yet, and, we argue, the former will never be complete without the later. Behavioristic characterizations of cognitive properties are criticized in favor of an organizational approach focused on the internal dynamic relationships that constitute cognitive systems. A definition of cognition as adaptive-autonomy in the embodied and situated neurodynamic domain is provided: (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  15.  76
    Emergence, Closure and Inter-Level Causation in Biological Systems.Matteo Mossio, Leonardo Bich & Alvaro Moreno - 2013 - Erkenntnis 78 (2):153-178.
    In this paper, we advocate the idea that an adequate explanation of biological systems requires appealing to organizational closure as an emergent causal regime. We first develop a theoretical justification of emergence in terms of relatedness, by arguing that configurations, because of the relatedness among their constituents, possess ontologically irreducible properties, providing them with distinctive causal powers. We then focus on those emergent causal powers exerted as constraints, and we claim that biological systems crucially differ from other natural systems in (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  16.  61
    Enabling Conditions for 'Open-Ended Evolution'.Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo, Jon Umerez & Alvaro Moreno - 2008 - Biology and Philosophy 23 (1):67-85.
    In this paper we review and argue for the relevance of the concept of open-ended evolution in biological theory. Defining it as a process in which a set of chemical systems bring about an unlimited variety of equivalent systems that are not subject to any pre-determined upper bound of organizational complexity, we explain why only a special type of self-constructing, autonomous systems can actually implement it. We further argue that this capacity derives from the ‘dynamic decoupling’ (in its minimal or (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  17.  94
    The Impact of the Paradigm of Complexity On the Foundational Frameworks of Biology and Cognitive Science.Alvaro Moreno - unknown
    According to the traditional nomological-deductive methodology of physics and chemistry [Hempel and Oppenheim, 1948], explaining a phenomenon means subsuming it under a law. Logic becomes then the glue of explanation and laws the primary explainers. Thus, the scientific study of a system would consist in the development of a logically sound model of it, once the relevant observables (state variables) are identified and the general laws governing their change (expressed as differential equations, state transition rules, maximization/minimization principles,. . . ) (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  18. Downward Causation at the Core of Living Organization.Alvaro Moreno & Jon Umerez - 2000 - In P. B. Andersen, Claus Emmeche, N. O. Finnemann & P. V. Christiansen (eds.), Downward Causation. University of Aarhus Press. pp. 99--117.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  19.  5
    Some Conceptual Issues in the Transition From Chemistry to Biology.Alvaro Moreno - 2016 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 38 (4).
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  20. Searching for the Roots of Autonomy: The Natural and Artificial Paradigms Revisited.Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo & Alvaro Moreno - 2000 - Communication and Cognition-Artificial Intelligence 17 (3-4):209-228.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  21. How Functional Differentiation Originated in Prebiotic Evolution.Argyris Arnellos & Álvaro Moreno - 2012 - Ludus Vitalis 20 (37):1-23.
    Even the simplest cell exhibits a high degree of functional differentiation (FD) realized through several mechanisms and devices contributing differently to its maintenance. Searching for the origin of FD, we briefly argue that the emergence of the respective organizational complexity cannot be the result of either natural selection (NS) or solely of the dynamics of simple self-maintaining (SM) systems. Accordingly, a highly gradual and cumulative process should have been necessary for the transition from either simple self-assembled or self-maintaining systems of (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  22.  28
    Biological Pathology From an Organizational Perspective.Cristian Saborido & Alvaro Moreno - 2015 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 36 (1):83-95.
    In contrast to the “normativist” view, “naturalist” theorists claim that the concept of health refers to natural or normal states and propose different characterizations of healthy and diseased conditions that are meant to be objectivist and biologically grounded. In this article, we examine the core concept of these naturalist accounts of disease, i.e., the concept of biological malfunction, and develop a new formulation of the notion of malfunction following the recent organizational approach to functions in the philosophy of biology. We (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  23.  41
    A Naturalizd Account of the Inside-Outside Dichotomy.Alvaro Moreno & Xabier Barandiaran - 2004 - Philosophica 73.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  24.  9
    A Systemic Approach to the Origin of Biological Organization.Alvaro Moreno - 2007 - In Fred C. Boogerd, Frank J. Bruggeman, Jan-Hendrik S. Hofmeyr & Hans V. Westerhoff (eds.), Systems Biology: Philosophical Foundations. Elsevier. pp. 243--268.
  25. Essay.Alvaro Moreno - unknown
    We attempt to distinguish, in a biological frame, ontogenetical adaptation from learning. Ontogenetical adaptation arises as a second order (sensorimotor) loop on the ground of the operational closure that provides autonomy and reproductive identity to the living system. Adaptation ensures, through perception, the functional correlation between metabolicmotor states and the states of the environment. Learning brings about a qualitative change in regard to adaptation, the most generic and simple form of optimization at an individual scale. It implies the idea of (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  9
    Structural and Organisational Conditions for Being a Machine.Guglielmo Militello & Alvaro Moreno - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (5-6):35.
    Although the analogy between macroscopic machines and biological molecular devices plays an important role in the conceptual framework of both neo-mechanistic accounts and nanotechnology, it has recently been claimed that certain complex molecular devices cannot be considered machines since they are subject to physicochemical forces that are different from those of macroscopic machines. However, the structural and physicochemical conditions that allow both macroscopic machines and microscopic devices to work and perform new functions, through a combination of elemental functional parts, have (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. On What Makes Certain Dynamical Systems Cognitive: A Minimally Cognitive Organization Program.Alvaro Moreno - unknown
    Dynamicism has provided cognitive science with important tools to understand some aspects of “how cognitive agents work” but the issue of “what makes something cognitive” has not been sufficiently addressed yet and, we argue, the former will never be complete without the latter. Behavioristic characterizations of cognitive properties are criticized in favor of an organizational approach focused on the internal dynamic relationships that constitute cognitive systems. A definition of cognition as adaptive-autonomy in the embodied and situated neurodynamic domain is provided: (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  28. Adaptivity: From Metabolism to Behavior.Alvaro Moreno - unknown
    In this article, we propose some fundamental requirements for the appearance of adaptivity. We argue that a basic metabolic organization, taken in its minimal sense, may provide the conceptual framework for naturalizing the origin of teleology and normative functionality as it appears in living systems. However, adaptivity also requires the emergence of a regulatory subsystem, which implies a certain form of dynamic decoupling within a globally integrated, autonomous system. Thus, we analyze several forms of minimal adaptivity, including the special case (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  29. Alife Models as Epistemic Artefacts.Alvaro Moreno - unknown
    Both the irreducible complexity of biological phenomena and the aim of a universalized biology (life-as-it-could-be) have lead to a deep methodological shift in the study of life; represented by the appearance of ALife, with its claim that computational modelling is the main tool for studying the general principles of biological phenomenology. However this methodological shift implies important questions concerning the aesthetic, engineering and specially the epistemological status of computational models in scientific research: halfway between the well established categories of theory (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  30.  5
    Auto-organisation, autonomie et identité.Alvaro Moreno - 2004 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 2:135-150.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  31.  33
    Origin of Life as the First MST—Control Hierarchies and Interlevel Relation.Jon Umerez & Alvaro Moreno - 1995 - World Futures 45 (1):139-154.
  32.  22
    On the Origins of Information and Its Relevance for Biological Complexity.Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo & Alvaro Moreno - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (3):227-229.
  33.  8
    La idea de autonomía en biología.Arantza Etxeberria & Álvaro Moreno - 2007 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 40:21-37.
    The aim of this article is to examine how the notion of biological autonomy may be linked to other notions of autonomy usual in philosophical discussions. Starting in the 70s, the Chilean biologists Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela developed a theory of life as autopoiesis which gives rise to a new conception of autonomy: biological autonomy. The development of this concept implies the recovery of the notion of the organism in a scientific context in which biology and philosophy of biology (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  34.  33
    Life as Emergence: The Roots of a New Paradigm in Theoretical Biology.Julio Fernandez, Alvaro Moreno & Arantza Etxeberria - 1991 - World Futures 32 (2):133-149.
    (1991). Life as emergence: The roots of a new paradigm in theoretical biology. World Futures: Vol. 32, Creative Evolution in Nature, Mind, and Society, pp. 133-149.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  35.  17
    Sobre Bíos y Éthos. Un enfoque contemporáneo.Urbano Ferrer, Arantza Etxeberria, Álvaro Moreno, Ruth García Chico, José Luis González Recio, Luciano Espinosa Rubio, Begoña ROMÁN, Margarita Boladeras, Juan B. Fuentes & Natalia S. GARCÍA PÉREZ - 2007 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 40:3.
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36.  33
    Key Issues Regarding the Origin, Nature, and Evolution of Complexity in Nature: Information as a Central Concept to Understand Biological Organization.Alvaro Moreno & Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo - 2002 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 4 (1):63-76.
  37.  4
    Beyond Mechanism.Alvaro Moreno - 2016 - Science & Education 25 (5-6):731-736.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. On the Role of Constraints in the Emergence of Biological Organization.Leonardo Bich, Matteo Mossio & Alvaro Moreno - unknown
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  8
    Definición de vida y universalización de la biología.Álvaro Moreno & Julio Fernández - 1997 - Arbor 158 (621):103-114.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. El problema de la relación entre autonomía e información en la estructura de la organización biológica.Alvaro Moreno - 2002 - Ludus Vitalis 10 (17):123-147.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  11
    La dimensión teleologica del concepto de función biológica.Cristian Saborido, Matteo Mossio & Alvaro Moreno - 2010 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 29 (3):31-56.
    Most of current theoretical analyses on biological functions can be classified as etiological or dispositional, depending on how they deal with the teleological dimension. In this paper, we propose a critical survey of these two perspectives, and we argue that some recent studies have set the basis of a new approach which grounds the teleological dimension of functional attributions in the organizational properties of living systems. We outline a new proposal within this new approach, based on an interpretation of living (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. Consideraciones sobre el estatus biológico de la especie humana.Álvaro Moreno - 2006 - Ludus Vitalis 14 (25):255-258.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark