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Amedeo Giorgi [89]Amedeo P. Giorgi [3]
  1. The Descriptive Phenomenological Method in Psychology: A Modified Husserlian Approach.Amedeo Giorgi - 2009 - Duquesne University Press.
  2. The Theory, Practice, and Evaluation of the Phenomenological Method as a Qualitative Research Procedure.Amedeo Giorgi - 1997 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 28 (2):235-260.
    This article points out the criteria necessary in order for a qualitative scientific method to qualify itself as phenomenological in a descriptive Husserlian sense. One would have to employ description within the attitude of the phenomenological reduction, and seek the most invariant meanings for a context. The results of this analysis are used to critique an article by Klein and Westcott , that presents a typology of the development of the phenomenological psychological method.
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  3. Psychology as a Human Science.Amedeo Giorgi - 1970 - New York: Harper & Row.
  4. The Descriptive Phenomenological Psychological Method.Amedeo Giorgi - 2012 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 43 (1):3-12.
    The author explains that his background was in experimental psychology but that he wanted to study the whole person and not fragmented psychological processes. He also desired a non-reductionistic method for studying humans. Fortunately he came across the work of Edmund Husserl and discovered in the latter’s thought a way of researching humans that met the criteria he was seeking. Eventually he developed a phenomenological method for researching humans in a psychological way based upon the work of Husserl and Merleau-Ponty. (...)
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  5. An Application of Phenomenological Method in Psychology.Amedeo Giorgi - 1975 - Duquesne Studies in Phenomenological Psychology 2:82-103.
  6.  28
    An Application of Phenomenological Method in Psychology.Amedeo Giorgi - 1975 - Duquesne Studies in Phenomenological Psychology 2:82-103.
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  7.  46
    Phenomenology.Amedeo Giorgi - 2011 - Schutzian Research 3:35-49.
    Phenomenology is a philosophy and it will always remain one. However, philosophies are also foundations for sciences and thus far in the West some form of empiricism or other has been the primary foundation for all sciences. Phenomenological philosophy has been developing for about a century now and is mature enough to serve as a basis for a science, especially the human sciences. This article articulates how phenomenological philosophy can serve as a foundation for the science of phenomenological psychology and (...)
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  8. A Phenomenological Perspective on Certain Qualitative Research Methods.Amedeo Giorgi - 1994 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 25 (2):190-220.
    In this article the phenomonelogical approach to qualitative research is compared with certain other qualitative approaches following other paradigms. The thesis is that a deepened understanding of phenomenological philosophy can provide the alternative framework that many of these authors have been seeking. The comparison with other approaches is made in terms of theoretical and methodical consistency. Theoretically, the argument is that the situation known as "mixed discourse" exists because practitioners have not sufficiently freed themselves from the criteria and practices of (...)
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  9. IPA and Science: A Response to Jonathan Smith.Amedeo Giorgi - 2011 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 42 (2):195-216.
    This article is a response to Jonathan Smith’s attempted rebuttal to the accusations I had made that Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis’s methodical procedures did not meet generally accepted scientific criteria. Each of Smith’s defenses was carefully examined and found to be lacking. IPA’s claim to have roots in contemporary phenomenological philosophy was found to be seriously deficient and its claim that it has a basis in hermeneutics was superficial. IPA’s hesitation to proclaim fixed methods makes the possibility of replication of IPA (...)
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  10.  38
    A Response to the Attempted Critique of the Scientific Phenomenological Method.Amedeo Giorgi - 2017 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 48 (1):83-144.
    Recently, a book was published, the sole purpose of which was to discourage researchers from using the scientific phenomenological method. The author had previously been critical of nurses who had used the scientific phenomenological method but in the new book he goes after the originators of different methods of scientific phenomenological research and attempts to criticize them severely. In this review I defend only the scientific phenomenological method that is strictly based upon the thought of Edmund Husserl. Given the entirely (...)
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  11. Description Versus Interpretation: Competing Alternative Strategies for Qualitative Research.Amedeo Giorgi - 1992 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 23 (2):119-135.
    In the contemporary scene, psychological researchers seeking alternative research strategies are turning increasingly toward interpretation theory. However, other strategies are also available, and one of these is descriptive science. Descriptive practices as the basis for the clarification of meanings have received less emphasis because of several epistemological assumptions about meaning that have appeared in the literature of interpretive science. Based upon the work of contemporary transcendental philosophers, especially J. N. Mohanty, this article argues that a descriptive scientific perspective can respond (...)
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  12.  32
    Difficulties Encountered in the Application of the Phenomenological Method in the Social Sciences.Amedeo Giorgi - 2008 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 8 (1):1-9.
    While it is heartening to see that more researchers in the field of the social sciences are using some version of the phenomenological method, it is also disappointing to see that very often some of the steps employed do not follow phenomenological logic. In this paper, several dissertations are reviewed in order to point out some of the difficulties that are encountered in attempting to use some version of the phenomenological method. Difficulties encountered centred on the phenomenological reduction, the use (...)
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  13.  35
    Contemporary Schools of Metascience.Gerard Radnitzky & Amedeo Giorgi - 1973 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 4 (1):380-382.
  14. Concerning a Serious Misunderstanding of the Essence of the Phenomenological Method in Psychology.Amedeo Giorgi - 2008 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 39 (1):33-58.
    In an earlier article, Edwards tried to establish that the Duquesne Phenomenological Research Method was simply a particular type of Case Study research method and he also reproached users of the DPRM for not developing theory. This article rebuts both of Edwards's theses. DPRM is radically different from CSRM in logic and in execution and the article demonstrates that the development of theory is not at all the intent of DPRM. The basic difficulty is that Edwards attempts to understand DPRM (...)
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  15.  33
    A Phenomenological Approach to the Problem of Meaning and Serial Learning.Amedeo Giorgi - 1971 - Duquesne Studies in Phenomenological Psychology 1:88-100.
  16.  19
    The Importance of Securing the Psychologically Impalpable: The Vicissitudes of the Perception of Expressiveness.Amedeo Giorgi - 2011 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 42 (1):26-45.
    Historically, when psychology broke away from a philosophical mode of scholarship it strove to become a natural science. This meant that it largely imitated the concepts and practices of the natural sciences which included the use of abstract terms to designate many of its phenomena with the consequence that psychology is often more abstract and generic than it ought to be. Husserl has emphasized the role of the life-world as the ultimate basis of all knowledge and a serious consideration of (...)
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  17.  7
    A Phenomenological Approach to the Problem of Meaning and Serial Learning.Amedeo Giorgi - 1971 - Duquesne Studies in Phenomenological Psychology 1:88-100.
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  18. The Question of Validity in Qualitative Research.Amedeo Giorgi - 2002 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 33 (1):1-18.
    It seems that many qualitative researchers have still not contextualized the role of validity in qualitative analysis.This article enumerates three factors that must be taken into account: The philosophy of science within which one works, the discipline to which one belongs, and the subfield of specialization that one pursues. Most researchers have encountered the question of validity within the context of empirical science, but validity does not have the same role within a phenomenological philosophy of science. Within the discipline of (...)
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  19.  44
    Phenomenology and Experimental Psychology.Amedeo Giorgi - 1971 - Duquesne Studies in Phenomenological Psychology 1:17-29.
  20.  11
    Phenomenology and Experimental Psychology.Amedeo Giorgi - 1971 - Duquesne Studies in Phenomenological Psychology 1:6-16.
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  21.  9
    Convergence and Divergence of Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Psychology.Amedeo Giorgi - 1975 - Duquesne Studies in Phenomenological Psychology 2:72-79.
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  22.  44
    Concerning the Possibility of Phenomenological Psychological Research.Amedeo Giorgi - 1983 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 14 (1-2):129-169.
  23.  43
    The Phenomenological Psychology of J.H. Van den Berg.Amedeo Giorgi - 2015 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 46 (2):141-162.
    J.H. van den Berg was a member of the Utrecht school of phenomenology that flourished in Holland during the 1950s and early 1960s. He was a psychiatrist who had a private practice and he taught at the University of Leiden. Along with other members of the Utrecht school, not all of whom were psychiatrists, he was among the first to apply the insights drawn from existential-phenomenological philosophy to psychology and psychiatry. As with the philosophers, he emphasized that subjectivity was engaged (...)
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  24.  12
    On the Relationship Among the Psychologist's Fallacy, Psychologism and the Phenomenological Reduction.Amedeo Giorgi - 1981 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 12 (2):75-86.
  25.  9
    Phenomenology and Experimental Psychology: I.Amedeo Giorgi - 1971 - Duquesne Studies in Phenomenological Psychology 1:6-16.
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  26.  20
    On the Relationship Among the Psychologist's Fallacy, Psychologism and the Phenomenological Reduction.Amedeo Giorgi - 1981 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 12 (1):75-86.
  27. A Way to Overcome the Methodological Vicissitudes Involved in Researching Subjectivity.Amedeo Giorgi - 2004 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 35 (1):1-25.
    Four research strategies currently employed by mainstream psychologists in researching the experiences and behaviors of human subjects are criticized for diminishing the presence of subjectivity. Two perspectives that tend to exaggerate subjectivity are also criticized. A balanced approach to subjectivity is offered that: acknowledges a theoretical perspective that recognizes that there are invisible or nonsensorial characteristics of subjectivity that have to be theoretically appropriated, and that emphasizes the intersubjective dimension as being critical for properly assessing a balanced approach to human (...)
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  28.  25
    Convergence and Divergence of Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Psychology.Amedeo Giorgi - 1975 - Duquesne Studies in Phenomenological Psychology 2:72-79.
  29.  37
    The "Context of Discovery/Context of Verification" Distinction and Descriptive Human Science.Amedeo Giorgi - 1986 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 17 (2):151-166.
  30.  40
    Reflections on the Status and Direction of Psychology: An External Historical Perspective.Amedeo Giorgi - 2013 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 44 (2):244-261.
    Whenever one reads internal histories of psychology what is covered is the establishment of a lab by Wundt in 1879 as the initiating act and then the breakaway movements of the 20th Century are discussed: Behaviorism, Gestalt Theory, Psychoanalysis, and most recently the Cognitive revival. However, Aron Gurwitsch described a perspective noted by Cassirer and first developed by Malebranche, which dates the founding of psychology at the same time as that of physics in the 17th Century. This external perspective shows (...)
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  31.  19
    4. Ambiguities Surrounding the Meaning of Phenomenological Psychology.Amedeo Giorgi - 1981 - Philosophical Topics 12 (Supplement):89-100.
  32.  13
    Vico and Humanistic Psychology.Amedeo Giorgi - 1976 - Social Research 43.
  33.  8
    Phenomenology and Experimental Psychology: II.Amedeo Giorgi - 1971 - Duquesne Studies in Phenomenological Psychology 1:17-29.
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  34.  84
    Th E Origins of The Journal of Phenomenological Psychology and Some Difficulties in Introducing Phenomenology Into Scientific Psychology.Amedeo Giorgi - 1998 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 29 (2):161-176.
    A description of the founding of the Journal of Phenomenological Psychology and some of its vicissitudes during its first 25 years are described. Some of the difficulties the journal experienced are correlated with the minority status of phenomenological psychology in the world of psychology at large. Several factors are hypothesized to be the basis of Phenomenology's little impact on mainstream psychology: intrinsic difficulties in comprehending phenomenological philosophy, the fact that phenomenological psychology has not yet sufficiently diflerentiated itself from phenomenological philosophy; (...)
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  35.  61
    A Phenomenological Perspective On Some Phenomenographic Results On Learning.Amedeo Giorgi - 1999 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 30 (2):68-93.
    In this article two different descriptive, qualitative analytic perspectives applied to the area of learning are compared, demonstrating, in part, that normal science in qualitative research can be conducted. The two perspectives are phenomenography and phenomenology and the comparison is between the different perspectives themselves and the results they produce. Phenomenography is basically an empirical approach that developed more from practice than theory and the phenomenological scientific approach used is a particularization of the Husserlian philosophical phenomenological method, as its practice (...)
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  36.  72
    Phenomenological Psychology: A Brief History and Its Challenges.Amedeo Giorgi - 2010 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 41 (2):145-179.
    The phenomenology-psychology dialogue has been taking place for over 100 years now and it is still not clear how the two disciplines relate to each other. Part of the problem is that both disciplines have developed complexly with competing, not easily integratable perspectives. In this article the Husserlian phenomenological perspective is adopted and Husserl’s understanding of how phenomenology can help psychology is clarified. Then the usage of phenomenology within the historical scientific tradition of psychology is examined to see the senses (...)
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  37.  28
    An Exploratory Phenomenological Psychological Approach to the Experience of the Moral Sense.Amedeo Giorgi - 1992 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 23 (1):50-86.
    The study of the moral sense was neglected for a long time in psychology until recently when Kohlberg, following the work of Piaget, constructed a scale for studying moral judgments. In this article the more scientific and empirical approach to the moral sense is questioned and an argument is made that a qualitative approach would yield more meaningful results. The work of Coles is cited as one example of a qualitative approach, and this article suggests a phenomenological approach. Five brief (...)
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  38.  18
    Psychology as the Science of the Paralogical.Amedeo Giorgi - 1993 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 24 (1):63-77.
  39.  3
    The Relationships Among Level, Type, and Structure and Their Importance for Social Science Theorizing: A Dialogue with Schütz.Amedeo Giorgi - 1979 - Duquesne Studies in Phenomenological Psychology 3:81-92.
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  40.  15
    Facts, Values and the Psychology of the Human Person.Amedeo Giorgi - 2006 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 6 (sup1):1-17.
    The notion of value neutrality has been a contentious issue within the human and social sciences for some time. In this paper, some of the philosophical and scientific bases for the confusion surrounding the fact-value dichotomy are covered and the discrepancy between how psychology studies values and expresses them is noted. The sense of value neutrality is clarified historically and the clarified meaning of the term applied to some qualitative data demonstrating in what sense values may be expressed in psychology. (...)
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  41.  13
    Facts, Values and the Psychology of the Human Person.Amedeo Giorgi - 2006 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology: Methodology: Special Edition 6:p - 1.
    The notion of value neutrality has been a contentious issue within the human and social sciences for some time. In this paper, some of the philosophical and scientific bases for the confusion surrounding the fact-value dichotomy are covered and the discrepancy between how psychology studies values and expresses them is noted. The sense of value neutrality is clarified historically and the clarified meaning of the term applied to some qualitative data demonstrating in what sense values may be expressed in psychology. (...)
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  42.  35
    Editorial Preface.Amedeo Giorgi, Richard Knowles & David L. Smith - 1979 - Duquesne Studies in Phenomenological Psychology 3:7-8.
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  43.  26
    Phenomenology and Psychological Theory.Amedeo Giorgi - 1979 - Duquesne Studies in Phenomenological Psychology 3:60-80.
  44.  24
    The Importance of the Phenomenological Attitude for Access to the Psychological Realm.Amedeo P. Giorgi - 1983 - Duquesne Studies in Phenomenological Psychology 4:209-221.
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  45.  29
    The Implications of Merleau-Ponty's Thesis of "the Primacy of Perception" for Perceptual Research in Psychology.Amedeo Giorgi - 1977 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 8 (1):81-102.
  46.  14
    The Relationships Among Level, Type, and Structure and Their Importance for Social Science Theorizing.Amedeo Giorgi - 1979 - Duquesne Studies in Phenomenological Psychology 3:81-92.
  47.  9
    The Importance of the Phenomenological Attitude for Access to the Psychological Realm.Amedeo P. Giorgi - 1983 - Duquesne Studies in Phenomenological Psychology 4:209-221.
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  48.  18
    The Meaning of Psychology From a Scientific Phenomenological Perspective.Amedeo Giorgi - 1986 - Études Phénoménologiques 2 (4):47-73.
  49.  9
    Convergences and Divergences Between Phenomenological Psychology and Behaviorism: A Beginning Dialogue.Amedeo Giorgi - 1975 - Behaviorism 3 (2):200-212.
    Convergences between phenomenological psychology (PP) and behaviorism include opposition to dualism between the physical world and mental representations, and between a real visible man and an "inner" man with conscious states of which he alone is aware. Additionally, both views favor cautious use of theories, especially those which utilize hypothetico-deductive methodology, and a careful, descriptive, rather than inferential approach to behavior. Behaviorism and PP also share opposition to physiological reductionism. The 2 viewpoints diverge regarding their understanding of science. PP is (...)
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  50.  5
    Phenomenology and Psychological Theory.Amedeo Giorgi - 1979 - Duquesne Studies in Phenomenological Psychology 3:60-80.
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