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Amihud Gilead
University of Haifa
  1. Shechtman’s Three Question Marks: Possibility, Impossibility, and Quasicrystals. [REVIEW]Amihud Gilead - 2013 - Foundations of Chemistry 15 (2):209-224.
    The revolutionary discovery of actual quasicrystals, thanks to Dan Shechtman’s stamina, is a golden opportunity to analyze once again the role that pure (“theoretical”) possibilities and saving them plays in scientific progress. Some theoreticians, primarily Alan Mackay, contributed to saving pure possibilities of quasicrystalline structures and to opening materials science for them. My analysis rests upon an original modal metaphysics—panenmentalism—which I introduced and have been developing since 1999, quite independently of any familiarity with modern crystallography, and which deals with saving (...)
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  2.  22
    Eka-Elements as Chemical Pure Possibilities.Amihud Gilead - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (3):183-194.
    From Mendeleev’s time on, the Periodic Table has been an attempt to exhaust all the chemical possibilities of the elements and their interactions, whether these elements are known as actual or are not known yet as such. These latter elements are called “eka-elements” and there are still some of them in the current state of the Table. There is no guarantee that they will be eventually discovered, synthesized, or isolated as actual. As long as the actual existence of eka-elements is (...)
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  3.  40
    The Privacy of the Psychical.Amihud Gilead - 2011 - Rodopi.
    Accessibilities and the metaphysics of privacy -- A myth of externalism -- The privacy of experience -- What? -- Why are many philosophers still blind to private accessibility? -- Psychical accessibility and literary fiction -- Appendix I: language, intersubjectivity, and privacy -- Appendix II: Darwin's predicta moth as a pure, 'A Priori' accessible possibility.
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  4. Pure Possibilities and Some Striking Scientific Discoveries.Amihud Gilead - 2014 - Foundations of Chemistry 16 (2):149-163.
    Regardless or independent of any actuality or actualization and exempt from spatiotemporal and causal conditions, each individual possibility is pure. Actualism excludes the existence of individual pure possibilities, altogether or at least as existing independently of actual reality. In this paper, I demonstrate, on the grounds of my possibilist metaphysics—panenmentalism—how some of the most fascinating scientific discoveries in chemistry could not have been accomplished without relying on pure possibilities and the ways in which they relate to each other . The (...)
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  5.  39
    Can Brain Imaging Breach Our Mental Privacy?Amihud Gilead - 2015 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (2):275-291.
    Brain-imaging technologies have posed the problem of breaching our brain privacy. Until the invention of those technologies, many of us entertained the idea that nothing can threaten our mental privacy, as long as we kept it, for each of us has private access to his or her own mind but no access to any other. Yet, philosophically, the issue of private, mental accessibility appears to be quite unsettled, as there are still many philosophers who reject the idea of private, mental (...)
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  6. Actualist Fallacies, From Fax Machines to Lunar Journeys.Amihud Gilead - 2010 - Philosophy and Literature 34 (1):pp. 173-187.
    Already in 1863, Jules Verne knew about Caselli's "pantelegraphy," which was what he described as a "photographic telegraphy, invented during the last century by Professor Giovanni Caselli of Florence."1 Following the mistaken belief that facsimile machines could not been invented until well after the nineteenth century, and wrongly assuming that Caselli was a fictional inventor, merely a figment of Verne's most productive fertile imagination (as such imaginative elements characterize his latter writings), some of Verne's readers mistakenly ascribed to him the (...)
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  7.  7
    Singularity and Other Possibilities: Panenmentalist Novelties.Amihud Gilead - 2003 - Rodopi.
    This book elaborates the author's original metaphysics, panenmentalism, focusing on novel aspects of the singularity of any person. Among these aspects, integrated in a systematic view, are: love and singularity; private, intersubjective, and public accessibility; multiple personality; freedom of will; akrasia; a way out of the empiricist-rationalist conundrum; the possibility of God; and some major moral questions.
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  8.  5
    Necessity and Truthful Fictions: Panenmentalist Observations.Amihud Gilead - 2009 - Rodopi.
    This book discovers areas and themes, especially in philosophical psychology, for novel observations and investigations, the diversity of which is systematically unified within the frame of the author’s original metaphysics, panenmentalism. The book demonstrates how by means of truthful fictions we may detect meaningful possibilities as well as their necessary relationships that otherwise could not be discovered.
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  9.  28
    We Are Not Replicable: A Challenge to Parfit’s View.Amihud Gilead - 2014 - International Philosophical Quarterly 54 (4):453-460.
    Challenging the idea of personal identity, Derek Parfit has argued that persons are replicable and that personal identity does not really matter. In a recent paper Parfit again defends the idea of personal replicability. Challenging this idea in turn, I explain why persons are absolutely not replicable. To prove this I rely on two arguments—the Author Argument and the Love Argument. The irreplicability of persons relies upon the singularity of each person and thus entails that personal identity is irreducible and (...)
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  10. Saving Possibilities a Study in Philosophical Psychology.Amihud Gilead - 1999 - Brill | Rodopi.
    This book introduces a new metaphysics which deals with the psycho-physical problem in philosophical psychology, as well as with problems in the scientific standing of psychoanalysis and chaos theory, the feminine psyche, the possibility of cinematic illusion, meaningful madness, and why machines cannot think.
     
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  11.  16
    Chain Reactions, “Impossible” Reactions, and Panenmentalist Possibilities.Amihud Gilead - 2014 - Foundations of Chemistry 16 (3):201-214.
    Panenmentalist possibilities are individual pure possibilities existing independently of any mind, actual reality, and possible-world conception. These possibilities are a priori accessible to our intellect and imagination. In this paper, I attempt to shed some panenmentalist light on the discovery of chemical branched chain reactions and its implications on biology and cancer research. I also examine the case of the Belousov–Zhabotinsky reaction which, at first, was believed to be impossible. Finally, I proceed to examine through a panenmentalist lens Szilard’s discovery (...)
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  12.  43
    Cruelty, Singular Individuality, and Peter the Great.Amihud Gilead - 2015 - Philosophia 43 (2):337-354.
    In discussing cruelty toward human beings, I argue that disregarding the singularity of any human being is necessary for treating her or him cruelly. The cruelty of Peter the Great, relying upon the intolerance of any human singular individuality, serves me as a paradigm-case to illustrate that. The cruelty of Procrustes and that of Stalin rely upon similar grounds. Relating to a person’s singularity is sufficient to prevent cruelty toward that person. In contrast, a liberal state of mind or solidarity (...)
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  13. Human Affects as Properties of Cognitions in Spinoza's Philosophical Psychotherapy.Amihud Gilead - 1999 - In Yirmiyahu Yovel (ed.). Little Room Press. pp. 169--181.
    The Spinozistic essence is the factor of individuation of a particular or individual thing. Affects or emotions are properties of an essence, which, under the attribute of thought, is an idea, i.e., cognition. Such essence is the human mind, which is the idea of a particular actual body. Since our emotions are properties of our cognitions, whether adequate or not, concerning the state of our body, which reflects nature as a whole in a particular way, I entitle Spinoza’s theory of (...)
     
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  14.  47
    "The Order and Connection of Things" - Are They Constructed Mathematically-Deductively According to Spinoza?Amihud Gilead - 1985 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 76 (1):72.
  15.  6
    The Platonic Odeyssey: A Philosophical-Literary Inquiry Into the Phaedo.Amihud Gilead - 1994 - Rodopi.
    This book is a detailed study of how Plato constructs his seminal philosophical dialogue, the Phaedo, as a unique tragedy, a poetic masterpiece whose structure is organic and symmetrical. Plato's mental Odyssey leads to the internal drama of the Phaedo plot. The analysis examines how Plato's literary art overcomes the philosophical problem of the separation of Ideas from sensible things. And it traces literary and philosophical offspring of the mental Odyssey, including Joyce and Proust.
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  16.  52
    A Humean Argument for Personal Identity.Amihud Gilead - 2008 - Metaphysica 9 (1):1-16.
    Considering various arguments in Hume’s Treatise, I reconstruct a Humean argument against personal identity or unity. According to this argument, each distinct perception is separable from the bundle of perceptions to which it belongs and is thus transferable either to the external, material reality or to another psychical reality, another bundle of perceptions. Nevertheless, such transference (Hume’s word!) is entirely illegitimate, otherwise Hume’s argument against causal inference would have failed; furthermore, it violates private, psychical accessibility. I suggest a Humean thought (...)
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  17.  10
    Self-Referentiality and Two Arguments Refuting Physicalism.Amihud Gilead - 2015 - International Philosophical Quarterly 55 (4):471-477.
  18.  16
    Singularity and Uniqueness: Why Is Our Immune System Subject to Psychological and Cognitive Traits?Amihud Gilead - unknown
    Immunologists use psychological and cognitive terms to describe and explain the behavior of our immune system. Do they use them metaphorically or literally? In this paper I show that on the grounds of some psychophysical assumptions, the uniqueness of each person as an individual organism necessarily corresponds to the singularity of each person as a psychological subject. On the basis of these assumptions, immunologists, irrespective of their various conceptual frames, are entitled to ascribe psychological and cognitive traits to our immune (...)
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  19.  36
    Spinoza’s Principium Individuationis and Personal Identity.Amihud Gilead - 1983 - International Studies in Philosophy 15 (1):41-57.
  20.  6
    Torture and Singularity.Amihud Gilead - 2005 - Public Affairs Quarterly 19 (3):163-176.
  21. A Possibilist Metaphysical Reconsideration Of The Identity Of Indiscernibles And Free Will.Amihud Gilead - 2005 - Metaphysica 6 (2):25-51.
     
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  22.  11
    Restless and Impelling Reason: On the Architectonic of Human Reason According to Kant.Amihud Gilead - 1985 - Idealistic Studies 15 (2):137-150.
    Human reason consists of all the patterns of individuation and order, of a priori concepts, principles, ideas and the ideal, as well as interests, needs, imperatives, postulates, and ends, whether embodied in theory, in practice, or in aesthetic judgment. Our reason is not an aggregate but a system. In other words, the unity of all these aspects, parts, and activities of reason is determined a priori and, therefore, necessarily. This multiplicity is subordinated to the unity of the end of reason (...)
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  23.  40
    Substance, Attributes, and Spinoza's Monistic Pluralism.Amihud Gilead - 1998 - The European Legacy 3 (6):1-14.
  24.  14
    Classical Physics and the Actualization of Quantum Pure Possibilities.Amihud Gilead - unknown
    This paper differs from any previous view in discussing quantum pure possibilities as individuals, existing independently of any observer or mind. These pure possibilities are also absolutely independent of any metaphysical or logical view that endorses the notion of possible worlds. In my view, the relationship between quantum possibilities and classical physical reality is not between reality as such, as it is in itself, and its phenomena. It is rather between fundamental or primary reality, consisting of quantum pure possibilities, on (...)
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  25. How Few Words Can the Shortest Story Have?Amihud Gilead - 2008 - Philosophy and Literature 32 (1):pp. 119-129.
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  26.  10
    Further light on the philosophical significance of Mackay’s theoretical discovery of crystalline pure possibilities.Amihud Gilead - 2019 - Foundations of Chemistry 21 (3):285-296.
    As early as 1981, about 1 year before Shechtman’s discovery of an actual quasicrystal, Alan L. Mackay discussed, in a seminal paper, the first steps for the expansion of crystallography toward its modern phase. In this phase, new possibilities of structures and order, such as the structures of five-fold symmetry, for crystals have been discovered. Medieval Islamic decorators as well as Albrecht Dürer, Johannes Kepler, Roger Penrose, Mackay himself, and other pioneer crystallographers raised important contributions to the theoretical discovery of (...)
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  27.  17
    Spinoza’s Two Causal Chains.Amihud Gilead - 1990 - Kant-Studien 81 (4):454-475.
  28.  17
    Philosophical Blindness: Between Arguments and Insights.Amihud Gilead - 2004 - Review of Metaphysics 58 (1):147 - 170.
    PHILOSOPHERS MAY BE ARMED with valid and logically faultless arguments and yet remain entirely blind to meaningful possibilities whose philosophical significance is immense. Philosophical blindness may also concern physical or psychical phenomena as well as their meanings and significance. Some entirely valid arguments should be considered blind. Argumentatively and logically, such arguments are deemed faultless or good enough. Hence, in this respect, blind arguments should not be bad ones. Yet, they have greatly misled philosophers by shutting their eyes to realize, (...)
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  29.  47
    The Relationship Between Formal and Transcendental-Metaphysical Logic According to Kant.Amihud Gilead - 1982 - The Monist 65 (4):437-443.
    What is the relationship between formal, “general” logic and transcendental logic? Is the former prior to the latter or is it the other way round? Can the one be deduced and derived from the other or based upon it? There is a widespread controversy among philosophers concerning these questions. In any case, most of them accept the assumption that one of these logics should be prior to the other. As for me, I don’t accept this assumption at all, and in (...)
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  30.  27
    Cinematic Illusion: An Empiricist—Rationalist Conundrum.Amihud Gilead - 2001 - The European Legacy 6 (1):49-63.
  31.  17
    Personal Singularity and the Significance of Life.Amihud Gilead - 2016 - Philosophia 44 (3):775-786.
    The paper proposes to base the notion of the significance of life on the grounds of the singularity of each person as a psychical subject, i.e. personal singularity. No two persons are alike; each one of us, as a person, is intrinsically different from every other person. This personal singularity has a universal significance, namely, it makes a universal difference, whether or not this difference is distinct and acknowledged. Because morality and the significance of a person's life both rely upon (...)
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  32.  27
    How is Akrasia Possible After All?Amihud Gilead - 1999 - Ratio 12 (3):257–270.
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  33.  25
    How Does Love Make the Ugly Beautiful?Amihud Gilead - 2003 - Philosophy and Literature 27 (2):436-443.
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  34.  15
    Teleological Time: A Variation on a Kantian Theme.Amihud Gilead - 1985 - Review of Metaphysics 38 (3):529 - 562.
    IN this paper I would like to suggest that by reconstructing the relationship between time and teleology --as this relationship might be implied by Kant's theory--one of the most complicated problems of this theory may be solved. This problem concerns a construction of time suitable to the particular needs of Kant's doctrines of the history of reason and philosophy, or of the history of mankind, which proceeds according to the total imperative of morality. Teleological time, a concept which I shall (...)
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  35.  6
    Interior Portraits in The Magic Mountain and Brain Imaging.Amihud Gilead - 2014 - Philosophy and Literature 38 (2):416-432.
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  36.  8
    Why Not Kill a Mandarin?: An Exchage.Amihud Gilead - 2007 - Philosophy and Literature 31 (1):153-158.
  37.  5
    A Panenmentalist Philosophy of Literature, or How Does Actual Reality Imitate Pure Possibilities?Amihud Gilead - 2019 - Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
    This book discusses and analyses the contribution of mind-independent individual literary pure possibilities in exploring and understanding actual reality. The relationship between literary imagination, literary possibilities, and actual reality poses a major philosophical problem in the field of metaphysics of literature. In a detailed analysis of some literary masterpieces (by Proust, Kafka, Tolstoy, Dostoyevsky, Thomas Mann, Virginia Woolf, and William Faulkner), I attempt to demonstrate that actual reality actualizes or “imitates” literary pure possibilities. Hence, such masterpieces should be treated not (...)
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  38. Darkah Shel Torat-Shpinozah le-Shitah Filosofit.Amihud Gilead - 1986 - Mosad Byalik.
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  39. Further light on the philosophical significance of Mackay’s theoretical discovery of crystalline pure possibilities.Amihud Gilead - 2019 - Foundations of Chemistry 21 (3):285-296.
    As early as 1981, about 1 year before Shechtman’s discovery of an actual quasicrystal, Alan L. Mackay discussed, in a seminal paper, the first steps for the expansion of crystallography toward its modern phase. In this phase, new possibilities of structures and order, such as the structures of five-fold symmetry, for crystals have been discovered. Medieval Islamic decorators as well as Albrecht Dürer, Johannes Kepler, Roger Penrose, Mackay himself, and other pioneer crystallographers raised important contributions to the theoretical discovery of (...)
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  40. How Many Pure Possibilities Are There?Amihud Gilead - 2004 - Metaphysica 5 (2):85-103.
  41. Plato's Eros, Camus' Sisyphus and the Impossibility of Philosophical Satisfaction.Amihud Gilead - 1988 - Clio: A Journal of Literature, History, and the Philosophy of History 17 (4):323-344.
     
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  42. The Problem of Immediate Evidence: The Case of Spinoza and Hegel.Amihud Gilead - 1985 - Hegel-Studien 20:145-162.
     
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