Results for 'Amir Ganjavie'

547 found
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  1.  51
    The Role of Utopian Projects in Urban Design.Amir Ganjavie - 2014 - Utopian Studies 25 (1):125-149.
    Who is not utopian? Only narrowly specialized prisoners working to order without the slightest critical examination of stipulated norms and constraints, only these not very interesting people escape utopianism. Utopian projects are rarely discussed in current official programs in urban design.1 The common perception about the conceptualization of utopia is that utopia is a code word synonymous with modernist urban design and architecture.2 The failure of modern urban planning and architecture, along with their attributed paternalist qualities, leads some critics to (...)
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  2.  15
    Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) May Enhance Implementation of Clinical Practice Guidelines: An Experience From the Middle East.Amir Babiker, Yasser S. Amer, Mohamed E. Osman, Ayman Al-Eyadhy, Solafa Fatani, Sarar Mohamed, Abdulrahman Alnemri, Maher A. Titi, Farheen Shaikh, Khalid A. Alswat, Hayfaa A. Wahabi & Lubna A. Al-Ansary - 2018 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24 (1):206-211.
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  3. Corporate Social Responsibility as a Conflict Between Shareholders.Amir Barnea & Amir Rubin - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 97 (1):71 - 86.
    In recent years, firms have greatly increased the amount of resources allocated to activities classified as Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). While an increase in CSR expenditure may be consistent with firm value maximization if it is a response to changes in stakeholders' preferences, we argue that a firm's insiders (managers and large blockholders) may seek to overinvest in CSR for their private benefit to the extent that doing so improves their reputations as good global citizens and has a "warm-glow" effect. (...)
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  4.  74
    The Mystery of the Aleph: Mathematics, the Kabbalah, and the Search for Infinity.Amir D. Aczel - 2000 - Four Walls Eight Windows.
    From the end of the 19th century until his death, one of history's most brilliant mathematicians languished in an asylum. The Mystery of the Aleph tells the story of Georg Cantor (1845-1918), a Russian-born German who created set theory, the concept of infinite numbers, and the "continuum hypothesis," which challenged the very foundations of mathematics. His ideas brought expected denunciation from established corners - he was called a "corruptor of youth" not only for his work in mathematics, but for his (...)
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  5. Lydia Amir.Lydia B. Amir - 2013 - In Bresson Ladegaard Knox, Berg Olsen Friis & J. Kyrre (eds.), Philosophical Practice: 5 Questions. Automatic Press. pp. 1-14.
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  6.  14
    Competence and Performance in Belief-Desire Reasoning Across Two Cultures: The Truth, the Whole Truth and Nothing but the Truth About False Belief?Amir Amin Yazdi, Tim P. German, Margaret Anne Defeyter & Michael Siegal - 2006 - Cognition 100 (2):343-368.
  7. The Problem with Uniform Solutions to Peer Disagreement.Amir Konigsberg - 2013 - Theoria 79 (2):96-126.
    Contributors to the recent disagreement debate have sought to provide a uniform response to cases in which epistemic peers disagree about the epistemic import of a shared body of evidence, no matter what kind of evidence they are disagreeing about. The varied cases addressed in the literature have included examples of disagreement about restaurant bills, court verdicts, weather forecasting, chess, morality, religious beliefs, and even disagreements about philosophical disagreements. The equal treatment of these varied cases has motivated the search for (...)
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  8.  14
    Racial Zigzags: Visualizing Racial Deviancy in German Physical Anthropology During the 20th Century.Amir Teicher - 2015 - History of the Human Sciences 28 (5):17-48.
    In 1907, German anthropologist Theodor Mollison invented a unique method for racial differentiation, called ‘deviation curves’. By transforming anthropometric data matrices into graphs, Mollison’s method enabled the simultaneous comparison of a large number of physical attributes of individuals and groups. However, the construction of deviation curves had been highly desultory, and their interpretation had been prone to various visual misjudgements. Despite their methodological shortcomings, deviation curves became very popular among racial anthropologists. This positive reception not only stemmed from the method’s (...)
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  9.  35
    Can Suggestion Obviate Reading? Supplementing Primary Stroop Evidence with Exploratory Negative Priming Analyses.Amir Raz & Natasha K. J. Campbell - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):312-320.
    Using the Stroop paradigm, we have previously shown that a specific suggestion can remove or reduce involuntary conflict and alter information processing in highly suggestible individuals . In the present study, we carefully matched less suggestible individuals to HSIs on a number of factors. We hypothesized that suggestion would influence HSIs more than LSIs and reduce the Stroop effect in the former group. As well, we conducted secondary post hoc analyses to examine negative priming – the apparent disruption of the (...)
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  10.  19
    The Spiritual Writings of Amir ʿAbd Al-KaderThe Spiritual Writings of Amir Abd Al-Kader.Gerald Elmore, Michel Chodkiewicz, Amir ʿAbd al-Kader & Amir Abd al-Kader - 1998 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 118 (2):300.
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  11.  89
    The Prefrontal Cortex in Sleep.Amir Muzur, Edward F. Pace-Schott & J. Allan Hobson - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (11):475-481.
  12.  13
    An Analytical Methodology for Assessment of Smart Monitoring Impact on Future Electric Power Distribution System Reliability.Amir Ahadi, Noradin Ghadimi & Davar Mirabbasi - 2016 - Complexity 21 (1):99-113.
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  13.  15
    Statistical Learning Is Not Age‐Invariant During Childhood: Performance Improves With Age Across Modality.Amir Shufaniya & Inbal Arnon - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (8):3100-3115.
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  14.  16
    Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) May Enhance Implementation of Clinical Practice Guidelines: An Experience From the Middle East.Amir Babiker, Yasser S. Amer, Mohamed E. Osman, Ayman Al-Eyadhy, Solafa Fatani, Sarar Mohamed, Abdulrahman Alnemri, Maher A. Titi, Farheen Shaikh, Khalid A. Alswat, Hayfaa A. Wahabi & Lubna A. Al-Ansary - 2018 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24 (1):206-211.
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  15.  93
    The Guise of the Good and the Problem of Over-Intellectualism.Amir Saemi - 2014 - Journal of Value Inquiry 48 (3):489-501.
    I will argue that Raz’s defense of the doctrine of the guise of the good rests on a over-intellectualized account of action. Raz holds that attributing evaluative beliefs to agents is justified on explanatory grounds. I argue that this account fails to do justice to the first-personal character of action explanation. Moreover, I will argue that Raz’s account of action has its root in his restrictive and over-intellectualized understanding of normative explanation. I will suggest that we can have a more (...)
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  16. The Acquaintance Principle, Aesthetic Autonomy, and Aesthetic Appreciation.Amir Konigsberg - 2012 - British Journal of Aesthetics 52 (2):153-168.
    The acquaintance principle (AP) and the view it expresses have recently been tied to a debate surrounding the possibility of aesthetic testimony, which, plainly put, deals with the question whether aesthetic knowledge can be acquired through testimony—typically aesthetic and non-aesthetic descriptions communicated from person to person. In this context a number of suggestions have been put forward opting for a restricted acceptance of AP. This paper is an attempt to restrict AP even more.
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  17.  24
    Al-Shīrāzī and the Empirical Origin of Ptolemy's Equant in His Model of the Superior Planets.Amir Mohammad Gamini & Hossein Masoumi Hamedani - 2013 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 23 (1):47-67.
    Ptolemy presents only one argument for the eccentricity in his models of the superior planets, while each one of them has two eccentricities: one for center of the uniform motion, the other for the center of the constant distance. To take into account the first eccentricity, he introduces the equant point, but he provides no argument for the eccentricity of the center of the deferent. Why is the second eccentricity different from the first one? The 13 th century astronomer Quṭb (...)
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  18. Technologically scaffolded atypical cognition: The case of YouTube’s recommender system.Mark Alfano, Amir Ebrahimi Fard, J. Adam Carter, Peter Clutton & Colin Klein - 2020 - Synthese:1-24.
    YouTube has been implicated in the transformation of users into extremists and conspiracy theorists. The alleged mechanism for this radicalizing process is YouTube’s recommender system, which is optimized to amplify and promote clips that users are likely to watch through to the end. YouTube optimizes for watch-through for economic reasons: people who watch a video through to the end are likely to then watch the next recommended video as well, which means that more advertisements can be served to them. This (...)
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  19.  24
    Equivalence: An Attempt at a History of the Idea.Amir Asghari - 2019 - Synthese 196 (11):4657-4677.
    This paper proposes a reading of the history of equivalence in mathematics. The paper has two main parts. The first part focuses on a relatively short historical period when the notion of equivalence is about to be decontextualized, but yet, has no commonly agreed-upon name. The method for this part is rather straightforward: following the clues left by the others for the ‘first’ modern use of equivalence. The second part focuses on a relatively long historical period when equivalence is experienced (...)
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  20. Contents Just Are in the Head.Amir Horowitz - 2001 - Erkenntnis 54 (3):321-344.
    The purpose of the paper is to show that semanticexternalism – the thesis that contents are notdetermined by ``individualistic'' features of mentalstates – is mistaken. Externalist thinking, it isargued, rests on two mistaken assumptions: theassumption that if there is an externalist wayof describing a situation the situation exemplifiesexternalism, and the assumption that cases in which adifference in the environment of an intentional stateentails a difference in the state's intentional objectare cases in which environmental factors determine thestate's content. Exposing these mistakes (...)
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  21.  19
    La sémiotique des passions : hier, aujourd’hui, demain.Amir Biglari - 2017 - Semiotica 2017 (219):201-217.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  22.  22
    On Indivisibles and Infinitesimals: A Response to David Sherry, “The Jesuits and the Method of Indivisibles”.Amir Alexander - 2018 - Foundations of Science 23 (2):393-398.
    In “The Jesuits and the Method of Indivisibles” David Sherry criticizes a central thesis of my book Infinitesimal: that in the seventeenth century the Jesuits sought to suppress the method of indivisibles because it undermined their efforts to establish a perfect rational and hierarchical order in the world, modeled on Euclidean Geometry. Sherry accepts that the Jesuits did indeed suppress the method, but offers two objections. First, that the book does not distinguish between indivisibles and infinitesimals, and that whereas the (...)
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  23.  8
    Ethical Conflict Among Nurses Working in the Intensive Care Units.Amir-Hossein Pishgooie, Maasoumeh Barkhordari-Sharifabad, Foroozan Atashzadeh-Shoorideh & Anna Falcó-Pegueroles - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics:096973301879668.
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  24. The Epistemology of Religious Diversity in Contemporary Philosophy of Religion.Amir Dastmalchian - 2013 - Philosophy Compass 8 (3):298-308.
    Religious diversity is a key topic in contemporary philosophy of religion. One way religious diversity has been of interest to philosophers is in the epistemological questions it gives rise to. In other words, religious diversity has been seen to pose a challenge for religious belief. In this study four approaches to dealing with this challenge are discussed. These approaches correspond to four well-known philosophers of religion, namely, Richard Swinburne, Alvin Plantinga, William Alston, and John Hick. The study is concluded by (...)
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  25.  85
    Aiming at the Good.Amir Saemi - 2015 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 45 (2):197-219.
    This paper shows how we can plausibly extend the guise of the good thesis in a way that avoids intellectualist challenge, allows animals to be included, and is consistent with the possibility of performing action under the cognition of their badness. The paper also presents some independent arguments for the plausibility of this interpretation of the thesis. To this aim, a teleological conception of practical attitudes as well as a cognitivist account of arational desires is offered.
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  26.  74
    Beyond Brain Death?Amir Halevy - 2001 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (5):493 – 501.
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  27. Putnam, Searle, and Externalism.Amir Horowitz - 1995 - Philosophical Studies 81 (1):27-69.
    To sum up, then, both kinds of Putnam's arguments established externalism, though they suffer from several defects. Yet, I think Searle's discussion of these arguments contributes to our understanding of what makes externalism true, and forces us to accept a moderate version of externalism. Searle's own account of the TE story shows us, within a solipsistic outline, how two identical mental states can be directed towards different objects, and further, that the content-determination of indexical thoughts does not necessarily involve external (...)
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  28.  4
    Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Can Induce Neuroplasticity and Significant Clinical Improvement in Patients Suffering From Fibromyalgia With a History of Childhood Sexual Abuse—Randomized Controlled Trial.Amir Hadanny, Yair Bechor, Merav Catalogna, Shir Daphna–Tekoah, Tal Sigal, Mehrzad Cohenpour, Rachel Lev-Wiesel & Shai Efrati - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  29.  21
    Posthypnotic Suggestion and the Modulation of Stroop Interference Under Cycloplegia.Amir Raz, Kim S. Landzberg, Heather R. Schweizer, Zohar R. Zephrani, Theodore Shapiro, Jin Fan & Michael I. Posner - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12 (3):332-346.
    Recent data indicate that under a specific posthypnotic suggestion to circumvent reading, highly suggestible subjects successfully eliminated the Stroop interference effect. The present study examined whether an optical explanation could account for this finding. Using cyclopentolate hydrochloride eye drops to pharmacologically prevent visual accommodation in all subjects, behavioral Stroop data were collected from six highly hypnotizables and six less suggestibles using an optical setup that guaranteed either sharply focused or blurred vision. The highly suggestibles performed the Stroop task when naturally (...)
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  30.  2
    Plagiarism Policies in Iranian University TEFL Teachers’ Syllabuses: An Exploratory Study.Amir Hossein Firoozkohi & Musa Nushi - 2017 - International Journal for Educational Integrity 13 (1).
    Plagiarism has been on the rise amongst university students in recent decades. This study puts university teachers in the spotlight and investigates their role in raising students’ awareness about plagiarism. To that end, plagiarism policies in 207 Iranian university TEFL teachers’ syllabuses were analyzed. The researchers analyzed the syllabuses to find out if they contain a plagiarism policy, and if so, how the term is defined; whether they approach the issue of plagiarism directly; if they offer students any guidelines on (...)
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  31. The Form of Practical Knowledge and Implicit Cognition: A Critique of Kantian Constitutivism.Amir Saemi - 2016 - Social Theory and Practice 42 (4):733-747.
    Moral realism faces two worries: How can we have knowledge of moral norms if they are independent of us, and why should we care about them if they are independent of rational activities they govern? Kantian constitutivism tackles both worries simultaneously by claiming that practical norms are constitutive principles of practical reason. In particular, on Stephen Engstrom’s account, willing involves making a practical judgment. To will well, and thus to have practical knowledge (i.e., knowledge of what is good), the content (...)
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  32.  9
    Cellular Perception and Misperception: Internal Models for Decision-Making Shaped by Evolutionary Experience.Amir Mitchell & Wendell Lim - 2016 - Bioessays 38 (9):845-849.
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  33.  10
    Equal Temperament: Autonomy and Identity in Chinese Public Speaking Clubs.Amir Hampel - 2017 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 45 (4):441-461.
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  34.  63
    Epistemic Value and Epistemic Compromise, A Reply to Moss.Amir Konigsberg - 2013 - Episteme 10 (1):87-97.
    In this paper I present a criticism of Sarah Moss‘ recent proposal to use scoring rules as a means of reaching epistemic compromise in disagreements between epistemic peers that have encountered conflict. The problem I have with Moss‘ proposal is twofold. Firstly, it appears to involve a double counting of epistemic value. Secondly, it isn‘t clear whether the notion of epistemic value that Moss appeals to actually involves the type of value that would be acceptable and unproblematic to regard as (...)
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  35.  18
    Rethinking Civilizational Analysis.Said Amir Arjomand & Edward A. Tiryakian (eds.) - 2004 - Sage Publications.
    'At last, a volume on civilization that truly reflects the complexity of multiple civilizations. The wealth of contributions Arjomand and Tiryakian have assembled demonstrates the value of an old concept for understanding the awful dilemmas confronting human kind in the global age. Its thoroughgoing renewal here establishes this book as the essential benchmark for future scholars of civilization' - Martin Albrow, Founding Editor of International Sociology and author of The Global Age - winner of the European Amalfi Prize, 1997 'In (...)
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  36.  74
    Computation, External Factors, and Cognitive Explanations.Amir Horowitz - 2007 - Philosophical Psychology 20 (1):65-80.
    Computational properties, it is standardly assumed, are to be sharply distinguished from semantic properties. Specifically, while it is standardly assumed that the semantic properties of a cognitive system are externally or non-individualistically individuated, computational properties are supposed to be individualistic and internal. Yet some philosophers (e.g., Tyler Burge) argue that content impacts computation, and further, that environmental factors impact computation. Oron Shagrir has recently argued for these theses in a novel way, and gave them novel interpretations. In this paper I (...)
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  37. Revising the Concept of Lawhood: Special Sciences and Natural Kinds.Amir Eshan Karbasizadeh - 2008 - Synthese 162 (1):15-30.
    The Kripkean conception of natural kinds (kinds are defined by essences that are intrinsic to their members and that lie at the microphysical level) indirectly finds support in a certain conception of a law of nature, according to which generalizations must have unlimited scope and be exceptionless to count as laws of nature. On my view, the kinds that constitute the subject matter of special sciences such as biology may very well turn out to be natural despite the fact that (...)
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  38.  74
    The Meaning of Corporate Social Responsibility: The Vision of Four Nations. [REVIEW]Ina Freeman & Amir Hasnaoui - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 100 (3):419 - 443.
    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has existed in name for over 70 years. It is practiced in many countries and it is studied in academia around the world. However, CSR is not a universally adopted concept as it is understood differentially despite increasing pressures for its incorporation into business practices. This lack of a clear definition is complicated by the use of ambiguous terms in the proffered definitions and disputes as to where corporate governance is best addressed by many of the (...)
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  39.  14
    Rapid Fertility Decline in Iran: Analysis of Intermediate Variables.Amir Erfani & Kevin Mcquillan - 2008 - Journal of Biosocial Science 40 (3):459-478.
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  40.  6
    Low Fertility Intention in Tehran, Iran: The Role of Attitudes, Norms and Perceived Behavioural Control.Amir Erfani - 2017 - Journal of Biosocial Science 49 (3):292-308.
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  41.  32
    Peter Sloterdijk’s General Ascetology.Amir Ahmadi - 2017 - Critical Horizons 18 (4):333-346.
    Peter Sloterdijk maintains that modern institutions and their fundamental ethos, namely self-discipline, training and the orientation to achievement, can be traced back to spiritual self-mastery and ancient ascetic models, exemplified in Christian monastic life. This article examines the bases of this claim and argues that Sloterdijk’s theory empties ascetic formations of their concrete content and removes them from their historical context. The ambition to derive the main features of modern society from a single matrix necessarily produces abstractions and self-serving definitions (...)
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  42.  17
    The Works in Logic by Bosniac Authors in Arabic.Amir Ljubovic - 2008 - Brill.
    This book provides a historical and comparative study of logic in Arabic in Bosnia and Herzegovina, from the first texts, 16th century, to the end of the 19th ...
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  43.  94
    The Gettier Intuition From South America to Asia.Edouard Machery, Stephen Stich, David Rose, Mario Alai, Adriano Angelucci, Renatas Berniūnas, Emma E. Buchtel, Amita Chatterjee, Hyundeuk Cheon, In-Rae Cho, Daniel Cohnitz, Florian Cova, Vilius Dranseika, Ángeles Eraña Lagos, Laleh Ghadakpour, Maurice Grinberg, Ivar Hannikainen, Takaaki Hashimoto, Amir Horowitz, Evgeniya Hristova, Yasmina Jraissati, Veselina Kadreva, Kaori Karasawa, Hackjin Kim, Yeonjeong Kim, Minwoo Lee, Carlos Mauro, Masaharu Mizumoto, Sebastiano Moruzzi, Christopher Y. Olivola, Jorge Ornelas, Barbara Osimani, Carlos Romero, Alejandro Rosas Lopez, Massimo Sangoi, Andrea Sereni, Sarah Songhorian, Paulo Sousa, Noel Struchiner, Vera Tripodi, Naoki Usui, Alejandro Vázquez del Mercado, Giorgio Volpe, Hrag Abraham Vosgerichian, Xueyi Zhang & Jing Zhu - 2017 - Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research 34 (3):517-541.
    This article examines whether people share the Gettier intuition in 24 sites, located in 23 countries and across 17 languages. We also consider the possible influence of gender and personality on this intuition with a very large sample size. Finally, we examine whether the Gettier intuition varies across people as a function of their disposition to engage in “reflective” thinking.
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  44. The Power of Deterrence: Emotions, Identity, and American and Israeli Wars of Resolve.Amir Lupovici - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    Why do states persist in using force to enhance their deterrent posture, even though it is not clear that it is effective? This book develops an innovative framework to answer this question, viewing deterrence as an idea. This allows the author to explain how countries institutionalize deterrence strategy, and how this internalization affects policy. He argues that the US and Israel have both internalized deterrence ideas and become attached to these practices. For them, deterrence is not just a means to (...)
     
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  45.  79
    The Knowledge Argument and Higher-Order Properties.Amir Horowitz & Hilla Jacobson-Horowitz - 2005 - Ratio 18 (1):48-64.
    The paper argues that Jackson's knowledge argument fails to undermine physicalist ontology. First, it is argued that, as this argument stands, it begs the question. Second, it is suggested that by supplementing the argument , this flaw can be remedied insofar as the argument is taken to be an argument against type-physicalism; however, this flaw cannot be remedied insofar as the argument is taken to be an argument against token-physicalism. The argument cannot be supplemented so as to show that experiences (...)
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  46.  67
    Hypnosis: A Twilight Zone of the Top-Down Variety: Few Have Never Heard of Hypnosis but Most Know Little About the Potential of This Mind–Body Regulation Technique for Advancing Science.Amir Raz - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (12):555-557.
  47.  41
    Hypnosis as a Lens to the Development of Attention.Amir Raz - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1595-1598.
  48.  21
    Games, Rules, and Practices.Yuval Eylon & Amir Horowitz - 2018 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 12 (3):241-254.
    We present and defend a view labeled “practiceism” which provides a solution to the incompatibility problems. The classic incompatibility problem is inconsistency of:1. Someone who intentionally violates the rules of a game is not playing the game.2. In many cases, players intentionally violate the rules as part of playing the game.The problem has a normative counterpart:1’. In normal cases, it is wrong for a player to intentionally violate the rules of the game.2’. In many normal cases, it is not wrong (...)
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  49.  7
    Valuing life and evaluating suffering in infants with life-limiting illness.Dominic Wilkinson & Amir Zayegh - 2020 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 41 (4):179-196.
    In this paper, we explore three separate questions that are relevant to assessing the prudential value of life in infants with severe life-limiting illness. First, what is the value or disvalue of a short life? Is it in the interests of a child to save her life if she will nevertheless die in infancy or very early childhood? Second, how does profound cognitive impairment affect the balance of positives and negatives in a child’s future life? Third, if the life of (...)
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  50. Externalism, the Environment, and Thought-Tokens.Amir Horowitz - 2005 - Erkenntnis 63 (1):133-138.
    In "Contents just are in the head" (Erkenntnis 54, pp. 321-4.) I have presented two arguments against the thesis of semantic externalism. In "Contents just aren't in the head" Anthony Brueckner has argued that my arguments are unsuccessful, since they rest upon some misconceptions regarding the nature of this thesis. (Erkenntnis 58, pp. 1-6.) In the present paper I will attempt to clarify and strengthen the case against semantic externalism, and show that Brueckner misses the point of my arguments.
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