55 found
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  1. Incorporating Ethics Into Artificial Intelligence.Amitai Etzioni & Oren Etzioni - 2017 - The Journal of Ethics 21 (4):403-418.
    This article reviews the reasons scholars hold that driverless cars and many other AI equipped machines must be able to make ethical decisions, and the difficulties this approach faces. It then shows that cars have no moral agency, and that the term ‘autonomous’, commonly applied to these machines, is misleading, and leads to invalid conclusions about the ways these machines can be kept ethical. The article’s most important claim is that a significant part of the challenge posed by AI-equipped machines (...)
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  2.  20
    Cyber Trust.Amitai Etzioni - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 156 (1):1-13.
    From a sociological and anthropological viewpoint, the ability of complete strangers to carry out transactions that involve significant risk to one or both parties should be complicated by a lack of trust. Yet the rise of e-commerce and “sharing economy” platforms suggests that concerns that seemed prevalent only a few decades ago have been largely assuaged. What mechanisms have been used to facilitate trust between strangers online? Can we measure the extent to which users trust each other when interacting online? (...)
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  3.  31
    AI Assisted Ethics.Amitai Etzioni & Oren Etzioni - 2016 - Ethics and Information Technology 18 (2):149-156.
    The growing number of ‘smart’ instruments, those equipped with AI, has raised concerns because these instruments make autonomous decisions; that is, they act beyond the guidelines provided them by programmers. Hence, the question the makers and users of smart instrument face is how to ensure that these instruments will not engage in unethical conduct. The article suggests that to proceed we need a new kind of AI program—oversight programs—that will monitor, audit, and hold operational AI programs accountable.
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  4.  18
    Apple: Good Business, Poor Citizen?Amitai Etzioni - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 151 (1):1-11.
    The recent case between Apple and the FBI, in which Apple refused to comply with a court order to aid the FBI in overriding the security features of an iPhone used by one of the San Bernardino terrorists, brought the tension between national security and individual rights to the forefront. This article looks at the case and these two core values from a liberal communitarian ethics perspective, and provides an analysis of how these values are reflected in U.S. law. It (...)
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  5.  8
    [Book Review] the New Golden Rule, Community and Morality in a Democratic Society. [REVIEW]Amitai Etzioni - 1998 - Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (2):347-353.
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  6.  34
    The Ethics of Robotic Caregivers.Amitai Etzioni & Oren Etzioni - 2017 - Interaction Studies 18 (2):174-190.
    As Artificial Intelligence technology seems poised for a major take-off and changing societal dynamics are creating a high demand for caregivers for elders, children and those infirmed-robotic caregivers, may well be used much more often. This article examines the ethical concerns raised by the use of AI caregivers and concludes that many of these concerns are avoided when AI caregivers operate as partners rather than substitutes. Furthermore, most of the remaining concerns are minor and are faced by human caregivers as (...)
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  7.  29
    The Case for a Multiple-Utility Conception.Amitai Etzioni - 1986 - Economics and Philosophy 2 (2):159.
    In recent decades, neoclassical economists have made heroic efforts to accommodate within the confines of the concept of rational utility maximization the fact that individual behavior is significantly affected by moral considerations. This article argues the merits of using an alternative approach: recognizing that individuals pursue at least two irreducible sources of value or “utility”, pleasure and morality. The possibility that some additional utilities may have to be recognized is explored. This raises the concern that conceptual anarchy will break out, (...)
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  8. Organ Donation: A Communitarian Approach.Amitai Etzioni - 2003 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (1):1-18.
    : Recently, various suggestions have been made to respond to the increasingly great shortage of organs by paying for them. Because of the undesirable side effects of such approaches (commodification, injustice, and costs), a communitarian approach should be tried first. A communitarian approach to the problem of organ shortage entails changing the moral culture so that members of society will recognize that donating one's organs, once they are no longer of use to the donor, is the moral (right) thing to (...)
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  9.  66
    The Common Good.Amitai Etzioni - 2004 - Polity.
    In this book, Amitai Etzioni, public intellectual and leading proponent of communitarian values, defends the view that no society can flourish without a shared ...
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  10.  29
    A Communitarian Note on Stakeholder Theory.Amitai Etzioni - 1998 - Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (4):679-691.
    This article adds to the discussion of the legitimation of stakeholding, by studying the implications of investing financial assets, years of labor, community resources, or other such scarce goods in a corporation. It attempts to respond to those who argue that it is not possible for all stakeholders to be effectively represented in corporate governance and that if they were, this would undermine the well-being of the corporation.
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  11.  57
    Is Transparency the Best Disinfectant?Amitai Etzioni - 2010 - Journal of Political Philosophy 18 (4):389-404.
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  12.  49
    Paper: Authoritarian Versus Responsive Communitarian Bioethics.Amitai Etzioni - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (1):17-23.
    A communitarian approach to bioethics adds a core value to a field that is often more concerned with considerations of individual autonomy. Some interpretations of liberalism put the needs of the patient over those of the community; authoritarian communitarianism privileges the needs of society over those of the patient. Responsive communitarianism's main starting point is that we face two conflicting core values, autonomy and the common good, and that neither should be a priori privileged and that we have principles and (...)
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  13. Rights and the Common Good the Communitarian Perspective.Amitai Etzioni - 1995
  14. A Moderate Communitarian Proposal.Amitai Etzioni - 1996 - Political Theory 24 (2):155-171.
  15.  31
    Reflections on Teaching of Business Ethics.Amitai Etzioni - 1991 - Business Ethics Quarterly 1 (4):355-365.
    There is a rnoral dimension in all business decisions. When planning a corporate' takeover, which substance to use for a product, whether to hire temps or full-time workers, or where to invest, all reflect values and tlence moral considerations. It is not enough to change people, we must change the structure. Within the corporate structure it is important to have special divisions dedicated to the implementation of ethics such as internal audit committees. The same might be said about business schools; (...)
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  16.  73
    On a Communitarian Approach to Bioethics.Amitai Etzioni - 2011 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (5):363-374.
    A communitarian approach to bioethics adds a core value to a field that is often more concerned with considerations of individual autonomy. Some interpretations of liberalism put the needs of the patient over those of the community; authoritarian communitarianism privileges the needs of society over those of the patient. Responsive communitarianism’s main starting point is that we face two conflicting core values, autonomy and the common good, and that neither should be a priori privileged, and that we have principles and (...)
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  17.  83
    New Communitarian Thinking: Persons, Virtues, Institutions, and Communities.Amitai Etzioni (ed.) - 1995 - University Press of Virginia.
    Amitai Etzioni has collected a sterling list of contributors who bring communitarian thinking to bear on such timely and contentious issues as abortion, ...
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  18.  7
    On Social and Moral Revival.Amitai Etzioni - 2001 - Journal of Political Philosophy 9 (3):356-371.
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  19.  19
    Toward Deontological Social Sciences.Amitai Etzioni - 1989 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 19 (2):145-156.
  20.  37
    Toward a Theory of Public Ritual.Amitai Etzioni - 2000 - Sociological Theory 18 (1):44-59.
    Given that holidays both reflect a society's attributes and serve to modify these attributes, they are a valuable tool for a macro-sociological analysis. This paper proceeds by examining Durkheim's well-known contributions on rituals and advancing theoretical ideas on how these might be modified, seeking to develop a theory of holidays. The article concerns the role of holidays in managing tensions and recommitment to values; their role in relating communities to the society at large; their effect on gender roles, and the (...)
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  21.  9
    Defining Down Sovereignty: The Rights and Responsibilities of Nations.Amitai Etzioni - 2016 - Ethics and International Affairs 30 (1):5-20.
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  22. Universalism Vs. Relativism: Making Moral Judgments in a Changing, Pluralistic, and Threatening World.Richard J. Bernstein, Jean Bethke Elshtain, Amitai Etzioni, William Galston, Franklin I. Gamwell, Timothy Jackson, James Turner Johnson, John Kelsay & Jean Porter (eds.) - 2006 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Has moral relativism run its course? The threat of 9/11, terrorism, reproductive technology, and globalization has forced us to ask anew whether there are universal moral truths upon which to base ethical and political judgments. In this timely edited collection, distinguished scholars present and test the best answers to this question. These insightful responses temper the strong antithesis between universalism and relativism and retain sensitivity to how language and history shape the context of our moral decisions. This important and relevant (...)
     
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  23. A Neo-Communitarian Approach to International Relations: Rights and the Good. [REVIEW]Amitai Etzioni - 2006 - Human Rights Review 7 (4):69-80.
    New communitarianism is important even to those who care little about academic disputes. A greatly altered communitarian position lays the foundation for an international legal framework that is more comprehensive than the United Nations' Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It is more attentive to beliefs in the East, and enhances the ability of nations that adhere to different values to find common ground on policies ranging from humanitarian interventions to fighting terrorist groups. The article first examines criticisms leveled against communitarianism (...)
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  24.  22
    A Communitarian Approach: A Viewpoint on the Study of the Legal, Ethical and Policy Considerations Raised by DNA Tests and Databases.Amitai Etzioni - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (2):214-221.
    A communitarian approach is applied to DNA testing and databases. It concerns itself both with individual rights and the common good. It finds that DNA testing, although it is highly intrusive, often advances both individual rights and the common good . However given its high level of intrusiveness and the insufficient level of oversight provided by existing checks and balances, the author argues for a national civil review board to provide still more accountability.
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  25.  10
    A Communitarian Approach: A Viewpoint on the Study of the Legal, Ethical and Policy Considerations Raised by DNA Tests and Databases.Amitai Etzioni - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (2):214-221.
    This article seeks to outline a viewpoint on the study of the legal, ethical and policy considerations raised by DNA tests and databases. It does not delve into the specifics involved. It outlines a way of thinking that has proven productive elsewhere1 and seems promising in dealing with DNA usages in the United States, but little more. Given that this essay is about a communitarian approach that draws on specific communitarian values, I turn next to briefly present the approach here (...)
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  26.  5
    Medical Records: Enhancing Privacy, Preserving the Common Good.Amitai Etzioni - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (2):14.
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  27.  8
    Cross‐Cultural Judgments: The Next Steps.Amitai Etzioni - 1997 - Journal of Social Philosophy 28 (3):5-15.
  28.  26
    Implications of the American Anti-Terrorism Coalition for Global Architectures.Amitai Etzioni - 2002 - European Journal of Political Theory 1 (1):9-30.
    Given the rise in transnational problems and the inadequacy of the old, intergovernmental system, scholars are searching for a new, post-cold war global architecture. The 2001 anti-terrorism coalition presents a new architecture - the semi-empire - which is dominated by one nation (or a small group of nations) that pressures other nations to follow the course it sets, and has a limited number of missions. The article explores the possibility that the coalition could expand to tackle other transnational problems besides (...)
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  29.  19
    On Social and Moral Revival.Amitai Etzioni - 2001 - Journal of Political Philosophy 9 (3):356–371.
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  30.  14
    A301 - Are Particularistic Obligations Justified?Amitai Etzioni - unknown
  31. Are Business Schools Brainwashing Their MBAs.Amitai Etzioni - 1989 - Business and Society Review 70:18-19.
  32.  38
    A Communitarian Critique of Human Rights.Amitai Etzioni - 2011 - In Thomas Cushman (ed.), Handbook of Human Rights. Routledge. pp. 129.
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  33.  26
    Are New Technologies the Enemy of Privacy?Amitai Etzioni - 2007 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 20 (2):115-119.
  34.  8
    B. The Corporation as a Community: Stakeholder Theory Corporations as Communities.Amitai Etzioni - forthcoming - Business Ethics.
  35. Correspondence.Amitai Etzioni - 1999 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 27 (3):288-288.
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  36.  1
    Continuity and Discontinuity in the Contemporary Crisis of Meanings.Amitai Etzioni - 1972 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 6 (1/2):147.
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  37.  3
    Communitarianism: A Historical Overview.Amitai Etzioni - 2019 - In Walter Reese-Schäfer (ed.), Handbuch Kommunitarismus. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden. pp. 705-730.
    This chapter focuses on the development of communitarianism as a social philosophy and its application to public policy from the 1980s to the present. Communitarianism sees a good society as one that balances several conflicting normative principles, in particular autonomy and the common good. The balance needs to be adjusted as historical conditions change. This need to find a new balance is examined with special attention to the tension between national identities and the EU’s community-building as well as between globalists (...)
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  38.  10
    Communitarian Elements in Select Works of Martin Buber.Amitai Etzioni - 1999 - Journal of Value Inquiry 33 (2):151-169.
  39.  7
    Comment On.Amitai Etzioni - 1993 - Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (2):169-170.
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  40.  20
    Comment on “Managers in the Moral Dimension: What Etzioni Might Mean to Corporate Managers”.Amitai Etzioni - 1993 - Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (2):169-170.
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  41.  11
    Comment on "Managers in the Moral Dimension: What Etzioni Might Mean to Corporate Managers".Amitai Etzioni - 1993 - Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (2):169-170.
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  42. Do Defence Contractors Map Our Military Strategy.Amitai Etzioni - 1984 - Business and Society Review 51:29-34.
     
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  43. Happiness is the Wrong Metric: A Liberal Communitarian Response to Populism.Amitai Etzioni - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
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  44. Issues of Public Policy in the USA Raised by Amniocentesis.Amitai Etzioni - 1976 - Journal of Medical Ethics 2 (1):8.
     
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  45. New Directions in the Study of Organizations and Society.Amitai Etzioni - forthcoming - Social Research.
     
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  46. Old Chestnuts and New Spurs.Amitai Etzioni - 1995 - In New Communitarian Thinking: Persons, Virtues, Institutions, and Communities. University Press of Virginia. pp. 16--34.
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  47.  27
    Obama’s Implicit Human Rights Doctrine.Amitai Etzioni - 2011 - Human Rights Review 12 (1):93-107.
    During his first year in office, President Barack Obama has outlined a human rights doctrine. The essence of Obama’s position is that the foreign policy of the USA is dedicated to the promotion of the most basic human right—the right to life—above and beyond all others and that the USA will systematically refrain from actively promoting other rights, even if this merely entails sanctions or raising a moral voice. This article details and examines Obama’s position and assesses its normative standing.
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  48. Scope, Pervasiveness, and Tension Management in Complex Organizations.Amitai Etzioni & William R. Taber - forthcoming - Social Research.
     
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  49.  30
    Social Science Perspectives on the Dynamics of Our Crisis.Amitai Etzioni - 1973 - World Futures 13 (1):29-58.
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  50. The Elite Connection: Problems and Potential of Western Democracy.Amitai Etzioni - 1993 - Polity.
    Designed as a textbook for courses in political theory, political sociology and comparative politics, and as a contribution in its own right, this book explores the role of elite relations as a key to understanding democracy. Following a critical review of the literature on classes, democracy and elites, the author argues that although Western democracy is not `governed by the people' and has not created equality, it is unique in that it has generated a relative separation of power holders, or (...)
     
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