Results for 'Amnon Shapira'

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  1. War and Peace in Jewish Tradition: From the Biblical World to the Present.Yigal Levin & Amnon Shapira (eds.) - 2011 - Routledge.
    War and peace in the Bible -- Theoretical aspects of war in rabbinic thought -- War and peace in modern Jewish thought and practice -- Israel, war, ethics and the media.
     
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  2. War and Peace in Jewish Tradition: From the Biblical World to the Present: The Third Annual Conference of the Israel Heritage Department Ariel, Israel.Yigal Levin & Amnon Shapira (eds.) - 2012 - Routledge.
    War and peace in the Bible -- Theoretical aspects of war in rabbinic thought -- War and peace in modern Jewish thought and practice -- Israel, war, ethics and the media.
     
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  3.  10
    Preparing for Novel Versus Familiar Events: Shifts in Global and Local Processing.Jens Förster, Nira Liberman & Oren Shapira - 2009 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 138 (3):383-399.
  4. 'Wrongful Life' Lawsuits for Faulty Genetic Counselling: Should the Impaired Newborn Be Entitled to Sue?A. Shapira - 1998 - Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (6):369-375.
    A "wrongful life" suit is based on the purported tortious liability of a genetic counsellor towards an infant with hereditary defects, with the latter asserting that he or she would not have been born at all if not for the counsellor's negligence. This negligence allegedly lies in the failure on the part of the defendant adequately to advice the parents or to conduct properly the relevant testing and thereby prevent the child's conception or birth. This paper will offer support for (...)
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  5.  3
    Variable Risk Preferences and the Focus of Attention.James G. March & Zur Shapira - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (1):172-183.
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  6.  5
    Dynamic, Open Inquiry in Biology Learning.M. Zion, M. Slezak, D. Shapira, E. Link, N. Bashan, M. Brumer, T. Orian, R. Nussinowitz, D. Court & B. Agrest - 2004 - Science Education 88 (5):728-753.
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  7.  1
    The New History of Psychoanalysis: Towards a Richer and More Nuanced Narrative.Michal Shapira - forthcoming - Modern Intellectual History:1-5.
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  8.  25
    Fuzzy Measurement in the Mishnah and the Talmud.Ron A. Shapira - 1999 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 7 (2-3):273-288.
    I discuss the attitude of Jewish law sources from the 2nd–:5th centuries to the imprecision of measurement. I review a problem that the Talmud refers to, somewhat obscurely, as impossible reduction. This problem arises when a legal rule specifies an object by referring to a maximized measurement function, e.g., when a rule applies to the largest part of a divided whole, or to the first incidence that occurs, etc. A problem that is often mentioned is whether there might be hypothetical (...)
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  9.  34
    Prior Divergence: Do Researchers and Participants Share the Same Prior Probability Distributions?Christina Fang, Sari Carp & Zur Shapira - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (4):744-762.
    Do participants bring their own priors to an experiment? If so, do they share the same priors as the researchers who design the experiment? In this article, we examine the extent to which self-generated priors conform to experimenters’ expectations by explicitly asking participants to indicate their own priors in estimating the probability of a variety of events. We find in Study 1 that despite being instructed to follow a uniform distribution, participants appear to have used their own priors, which deviated (...)
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  10.  14
    The Symbolic Plane and its Secularization in the Spiritual World of Gershom Scholem.Avraham Shapira - 1994 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 3 (2):331-352.
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  11.  6
    The Delusion of Symmetric Rights.D. Barak-Erez & R. Shapira - 1999 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 19 (2):297-312.
    This article takes a close look at a rhetoric strategy, often used in an attempt to preserve an appearance of neutrality in conflicts over rights. This strategy rests on the concept of symmetry, and in particular concerns symmetry between so-called 'positive rights' (described as the right to obtain or have an object, to engage in an activity, or to enjoy a desired state of affairs) and 'negative rights' (the right not to have this object, not to engage in this activity, (...)
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  12.  1
    Rebecca Lemov. Database of Dreams: The Lost Quest to Catalog Humanity. Xii + 368 Pp. Bibl., Index. New Haven, Conn./London: Yale University Press, 2015. $35. [REVIEW]Michal Shapira - 2017 - Isis 108 (2):490-491.
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  13.  3
    Britain, France, and the Gothic, 1764 – 1820: The Import of Terror.Yael Shapira - 2015 - Common Knowledge 21 (3):520-520.
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  14.  5
    An Ironic Effect of Monitoring Closeness.Oren Shapira, Ayelet Gundar-Goshen, Nira Liberman & Reuven Dar - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (8):1495-1503.
  15.  7
    A Divided Heart and a Man's Double.Avraham Shapira - 1992 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 1 (1):115-139.
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  16.  3
    Loss of Emotional Insight in Behavioral Variant Frontotemporal Dementia or “Frontal Anosodiaphoria”.Mario F. Mendez & Jill S. Shapira - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1690-1696.
    Loss of insight is a prominent clinical manifestation of behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia , but its characteristics are poorly understood. Twelve bvFTD patients were compared with 12 Alzheimer’s disease patients on a structured insight interview of cognitive insight and emotional insight . Compared to the AD patients, the bvFTD patients were less aware and less concerned about their disorder, and they had less appreciation of its effects on themselves and on others. After corrective feedback , the bvFTD patients were just (...)
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  17.  2
    In Israel, Law, Religious Orthodoxy, and Reproductive Technologies.Amos Shapira - 1987 - Hastings Center Report 17 (3):12-14.
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  18. Brill Online Books and Journals.Michael Fishbane, Kalman P. Bland, Moshe Idel, Avraham Shapira & Peter Ochs - 1992 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 1 (1).
     
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  19. Differences in Ethical Perceptions Between Male Female Managers: Myth or Reality?J. Shapira & R. Griffith - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 6:489-493.
     
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  20. Israel.Amos Shapira - 2007 - In Albin Eser, Hans-Georg Koch & Carola Seith (eds.), Internationale Perspektiven Zu Status Und Schutz des Extrakorporalen Embryos: Rechtliche Regelungen Und Stand der Debatte Im Ausland = International Perspectives on the Status and Protection of the Extracorporeal Embryo. Nomos.
     
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  21. Ḥinukh Shel Petiḥut Mi-Meḳorot Ha-Yahadut: ʻal Beʻayat Ha-Indoḳṭrinatsyah Ba-Ḥinukh.Joseph Shapira - 2003 - Ha-Mikhlalah Ha-Aḳademit Ha-Datit le-Ḥinukh Al Shem R. A.M. Lifshits.
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  22. Sefer Rishume Devarim: Maʼamarim Ṿe-Ḥidushim... Be-Derekh Derush Ṿe-Agadah..Tsevi Hirsh Shapira - 2008 - Or Mi-Ḳedem.
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  23. Torat Ha-Mishpaṭ: Pirḳe Mavo.Omer Shapira - 2007 - Bursi, HotsaʼAh le-or Shel Sifre Ḥoḳ U-Mishpaṭ.
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  24. The War Inside: Psychoanalysis, Total War, and the Making of the Democratic Self in Postwar Britain.Michal Shapira - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    The War Inside is a groundbreaking history of the contribution of British psychoanalysis to the making of social democracy, childhood, and the family during World War II and the postwar reconstruction. Psychoanalysts informed understandings not only of individuals, but also of broader political questions. By asserting a link between a real 'war outside' and an emotional 'war inside', psychoanalysts contributed to an increased state responsibility for citizens' mental health. They made understanding children and the mother-child relationship key to the successful (...)
     
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  25. Brill Online Books and Journals.Michael D. Swartz, Robert Eisen, Dov Schwartz, John C. Lyden, Leon J. Goldstein & Avraham Shapira - 1994 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 3 (2).
     
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  26.  27
    The Silence of the Historian and the Ingenuity of the Storyteller: Rabbi Amnon of Mayence and Esther Minna of Worms.Israel Jacob Yuval & Naomi Goldblum - 2003 - Common Knowledge 9 (2):228-240.
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  27.  30
    Response to “Deception and the Principle of Double Effect” by Amnon Goldworth.Ronald S. Cohen & William D. Rhine - 2009 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 18 (1):101.
  28.  4
    Raising Arms: Liturgy in the Struggle to Liberate Jerusalem in the Late Middle Ages. Amnon Linder.Norman Housley - 2005 - Speculum 80 (2):623-625.
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  29.  10
    Ethics and Perinatology Amnon Goldworth, William Silverman, David K. Stevenson, and Ernie Young, Eds.; Rodney Rivers UK Advisory Ed, New York: Oxford University Press, 1995, 484 Pp. $54.00. [REVIEW]Samuel Gorovitz - 1996 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 5 (3):473.
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  30.  6
    Amnon Linder, Raising Arms: Liturgy in the Struggle to Liberate Jerusalem in the Late Middle Ages. Turnhout: Brepols, 2003. Pp. Xx, 423; 7 Black-and-White Figures, 12 Color Plates, Tables, and 1 Map. €90. [REVIEW]Norman Housley - 2005 - Speculum 80 (2):623-625.
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  31.  3
    The Ottoman Middle East: Studies in Honor of Amnon CohenEdited by Eyal Ginio and Elie Podeh.James Grehan - forthcoming - Journal of Islamic Studies:etv091.
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  32.  8
    Jewish Values in a Changing World: Yehuda Amital ; Amnon Bazak, Editor ; David Strauss, Translator ; Reuven Ziegler, Translation Editor.Yehudah ʻAmiṭal - 2005 - Ktav Pub. House.
    Pt. 1. The individual and his creator. The fear of God in our time -- Natural morality -- In-depth Torah study -- Levels of mitzvot -- The personal element in serving God -- Religious experience -- Naturalness in the worship of God -- The significance of Torah values -- Tension vs. tranquility in the worship of God -- Pt. 2. The individual and society. Fundamentals of prayer -- Derekh eretz, being a mensch -- "I dwell among my people" -- The (...)
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  33.  14
    Eka-Elements as Chemical Pure Possibilities.Amihud Gilead - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (3):183-194.
    From Mendeleev’s time on, the Periodic Table has been an attempt to exhaust all the chemical possibilities of the elements and their interactions, whether these elements are known as actual or are not known yet as such. These latter elements are called “eka-elements” and there are still some of them in the current state of the Table. There is no guarantee that they will be eventually discovered, synthesized, or isolated as actual. As long as the actual existence of eka-elements is (...)
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  34.  16
    ‘The Passion of Israel’: The True Israel According to Levinas, or Judaism ‘as a Category of Being’.Michael Fagenblat - 2015 - Sophia 54 (3):297-320.
    Across four decades of writing, Levinas repeatedly referred to the Holocaust as ‘the Passion of Israel at Auschwitz’. This deliberately Christological interpretation of the Holocaust raises questions about the respective roles of Judaism and Christianity in Levinas’ thought and seems at odds with his well-known view that suffering is ‘useless’. Basing my interpretation on the journals Levinas wrote as a prisoner of war and a radio talk he delivered in September 1945, I argue that his philosophical project is best understood (...)
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  35.  19
    A Suggested Change in the Informed Consent Procedure.Amnon Goldworth - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (2):258.
    Informed consent began as a way of protecting physicians against legal liability. It did so by requiring physicians to provide their patients with sufficient information so that the patients could assent to or withhold consent from a proffered medical treatment. It was also intended to be an accurate expression of the patient's wishes. As such, it established the conditions by which a patient could be held responsible for his decisions concerning medical treatment.Amnon Goldworth, Ph.D., is Medical Ethicist at the (...)
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  36.  4
    Generation of Random Series in Two-Person Strictly Competitive Games.Amnon Rapoport & David V. Budescu - 1992 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 121 (3):352-363.
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  37.  43
    Perceptions of Organizational Ethics as Predictors of Work Absence: A Test of Alternative Absence Measures.Orly Shapira-Lishchinsky & Zehava Rosenblatt - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (4):717-734.
    The study examined the distinction between two traditional work absence measures: frequency, reflecting voluntary absence, and duration, reflecting non-voluntary absence. The two measures were compared in a test of the relationship between work absence and employees’ perceptions of organizational ethics. Questionnaires and archive data were collected from 1,016 teachers in Israel. Organizational ethics was represented by three variables: ethical climate, organizational justice, and teacher’s tendency to misbehave. Results showed that four ethical constructs were related to absence frequency, while only one (...)
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  38.  68
    Three Paradigms of Computer Science.Amnon H. Eden - 2007 - Minds and Machines 17 (2):135-167.
    We examine the philosophical disputes among computer scientists concerning methodological, ontological, and epistemological questions: Is computer science a branch of mathematics, an engineering discipline, or a natural science? Should knowledge about the behaviour of programs proceed deductively or empirically? Are computer programs on a par with mathematical objects, with mere data, or with mental processes? We conclude that distinct positions taken in regard to these questions emanate from distinct sets of received beliefs or paradigms within the discipline: – The rationalist (...)
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  39.  3
    The Participation of Businesses in Community Decision Making.Amnon Boehm - 2005 - Business and Society 44 (2):144-177.
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  40.  46
    Problems for a Philosophy of Software Engineering.Stefan Gruner - 2011 - Minds and Machines 21 (2):275-299.
    On the basis of an earlier contribution to the philosophy of computer science by Amnon Eden, this essay discusses to what extent Eden’s ‘paradigms’ of computer science can be transferred or applied to software engineering. This discussion implies an analysis of how software engineering and computer science are related to each other. The essay concludes that software engineering can neither be fully subsumed by computer science, nor vice versa. Consequently, also the philosophies of computer science and software engineering—though related (...)
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  41.  4
    Corporate Social Responsibility: A Complementary Perspective of Community and Corporate Leaders.Amnon Boehm - 2002 - Business and Society Review 107 (2):171-194.
    Research studies on Corporate Social Responsibility often focus on revealing corporate leaders’ attitudes toward various issues of CSR. The position of the present paper is that to understand CSR, we must grasp the collaborative perspective of CSR, and discern the attitudes of community leaders as well as corporate leaders. To this end, the study compares attitudes of community leaders with those of corporate leaders in three localities in Israel. The study examines various issues of CSR, highlighting the benefits to both (...)
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  42.  7
    The Philosophy of Computer Science.Raymond Turner & Amnon H. Eden - 2008 - Journal of Applied Logic 6 (4):459.
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  43.  37
    Degrading Network Capacity May Improve Performance: Private Versus Public Monitoring in the Braess Paradox.Eyran J. Gisches & Amnon Rapoport - 2012 - Theory and Decision 73 (2):267-293.
    The Braess Paradox (BP) is a counterintuitive finding that degrading a network that is susceptible to congestion may decrease the equilibrium travel cost for each of its users. We illustrate this paradox with two networks: a basic network with four alternative routes from a single origin to a single destination, and an augmented network with six alternative routes. We construct the equilibrium solutions to these two networks, which jointly give rise to the paradox, and subject them to experimental testing. Our (...)
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  44.  40
    Withdrawal Behaviors Syndrome: An Ethical Perspective. [REVIEW]Orly Shapira-Lishchinsky & Shmuel Even-Zohar - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 103 (3):429-451.
    This study aimed to elucidate the withdrawal behaviors syndrome (lateness, absence, and intent to leave work) among nurses by examining interrelations between these behaviors and the mediating effect of organizational commitment upon ethical perceptions (caring climate, formal climate, and distributive justice) and withdrawal behaviors. Two-hundred and one nurses from one hospital in northern Israel participated. Data collection was based on questionnaires and hospital records using a two-phase design. The analyses are based on Hierarchical Multiple Regressions and on Structural Equation Modeling (...)
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  45.  2
    Measuring the Vague Meanings of Probability Terms.Thomas S. Wallsten, David V. Budescu, Amnon Rapoport, Rami Zwick & Barbara Forsyth - 1986 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 115 (4):348-365.
  46.  2
    Randomization in Individual Choice Behavior.Amnon Rapoport & David V. Budescu - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (3):603-617.
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  47.  13
    Informed Consent in the Genetic Age.Amnon Goldworth - 1999 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (3):393-400.
    As our knowledge of the genetic constitution of human beings expands, testing to determine an individual's disposition toward a given disease will also increase. Since genes are a family affair, to know that an individual is genetically disposed toward a specific disease is an indicator that members of this individual's family may also be so disposed.
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  48.  13
    The Persistence of Physician–Parent Conflicts.Amnon Goldworth - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (4):563-566.
    In 1985, after a long university career teaching philosophy and humanities, in which my only serious worries over the years were centered on such things as getting promoted, course preparations, and faculty affairs, I found myself confronted, as a medical ethics committee member, with a life and death issue. It concerned the care of an infant suffering from posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus, for which there appeared to be no permanently effective treatment. The parents refused to consider the discontinuing of aggressive care even (...)
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  49.  7
    The Challenge of DNAR Orders in Schools.Amnon Goldworth - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):71-72.
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  50.  26
    Effects of Fixed Costs in Two-Person Sequential Bargaining.Amnon Rapoport, Eythan Weg & Dan S. Felsenthal - 1990 - Theory and Decision 28 (1):47-71.
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