Results for 'Amos Fleishmann'

752 found
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  1.  20
    Personal Autonomy and Authenticity: Adolescents’ Discretionary Use of Methylphenidate.Amos Fleishmann & Avigayl Kaliski - 2017 - Neuroethics 10 (3):419-430.
    Minors with attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorders are liable to use pharmacological treatment against their will and may find their authentic “I” modified. Thus, their use is widely criticized. In this study, the effect of ADHD drugs on adolescents’ personal experience is examined. The goal is to understand how psychological changes that young people experience when they take these medications interrelate with their attitude toward being medicated. Methylphenidate is the most common pharmacological treatment for ADHD. We look into the change that Israeli adolescents (...)
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  2. John Amos Comenius on Education with an Introduction by Jean Piaget. --.Johann Amos Comenius & Jean Piaget - 1957 - Teachers College Press.
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  3.  27
    Reseña de" Las dificultades del compatibilismo de Dennett" de Guerrero del Amo, JA.José Antonio Guerrero del Amo - 2009 - Ideas Y Valores 58 (141):269-275.
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  4. Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases.Amos Tversky & Daniel Kahneman - 1974 - Science 185 (4157):1124-1131.
    This article described three heuristics that are employed in making judgements under uncertainty: representativeness, which is usually employed when people are asked to judge the probability that an object or event A belongs to class or process B; availability of instances or scenarios, which is often employed when people are asked to assess the frequency of a class or the plausibility of a particular development; and adjustment from an anchor, which is usually employed in numerical prediction when a relevant value (...)
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  5.  21
    Reseña de "Las dificultades del compatibilismo de Dennett" de Guerrero del Amo, J. A.José Antonio Guerrero del Amo - 2009 - Ideas Y Valores 58 (141):269-275.
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  6. Features of Similarity.Amos Tversky - 1977 - Psychological Review 84 (4):327-352.
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  7.  69
    Extensional Versus Intuitive Reasoning: The Conjunction Fallacy in Probability Judgment.Amos Tversky & Daniel Kahneman - 1983 - Psychological Review 90 (4):293-315.
  8. From Al-KindĪ to Al-FārĀBĪ: Avicenna's Progressive Knowledge of Aristotle's Metaphysics According to His Autobiography: Amos Bertolacci.Amos Bertolacci - 2001 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 11 (2):257-295.
    The autobiography witnesses a significant evolution in Avicenna's approach to Aristotle's Metaphysics during the years of his education. It clearly shows that, at a certain point of his philosophical training, Avicenna faced the entire text of the Metaphysics, was puzzled by its extent and complexity, and found in a treatise by al-Fārābī a guide for its understanding. But, albeit less perspicuously, the autobiography also suggests that this was not Avicenna's first encounter with the Metaphysics. Avicenna dealt with Aristotle's work in (...)
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  9.  51
    Amo on the Heterogeneity Problem.Julie Walsh - 2019 - Philosophers' Imprint 19 (41):1-18.
    In this paper, I examine a heretofore ignored critic of Descartes on the heterogeneity problem: Anton Wilhelm Amo. Looking at Amo’s critique of Descartes reveals a very clear case of a thinker who attempts to offer a causal system that is not a solution to the mind-body problem, but rather that transcends it. The focus of my discussion is Amo’s 1734 dissertation: The Apathy [ἀπάθεια] of the Human Mind or The Absence of Sensation and the Faculty of Sense in the (...)
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  10. Libertarianism and Conjoined Twins.Amos Wollen - 2022 - Philosophia 50 (4):2183-2192.
    This paper presents a new challenge for libertarianism. The problem, in a nutshell, is that libertarianism appears to self-destruct in cases where conjoined twins—who share body parts—disagree over what to do with them. The problem is explored, and some solutions are proposed. The verdict is that accepting any of them will make libertarianism harder to defend.
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  11. Availability: A Heuristic for Judging Frequency and Probability.Amos Tversky & Daniel Kahneman - 1973 - Cognitive Psychology 5 (2):207-232.
  12. Intransitivity of Preferences.Amos Tversky - 1969 - Psychological Review 76 (1):31-48.
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  13.  26
    Theology and the Scientific Imagination From the Middle Ages to the Seventeenth Century.Amos Funkenstein - 1986 - Princeton University Press.
    This pioneering work in the history of science, which originated in a series of three Gauss Seminars given at Princeton University in 1984, demonstrated how the roots of the scientific revolution lay in medieval scholasticism.
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  14.  7
    Choices, Values, and Frames.Daniel Kahneman & Amos Tversky (eds.) - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book presents the definitive exposition of 'prospect theory', a compelling alternative to the classical utility theory of choice. Building on the 1982 volume, Judgement Under Uncertainty, this book brings together seminal papers on prospect theory from economists, decision theorists, and psychologists, including the work of the late Amos Tversky, whose contributions are collected here for the first time. While remaining within a rational choice framework, prospect theory delivers more accurate, empirically verified predictions in key test cases, as well (...)
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  15.  7
    Ethics-Sensitivity of the Ghana National Integrated Strategic Response Plan for Pandemic Influenza.Amos Laar & Debra DeBruin - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):30.
    Many commentators call for a more ethical approach to planning for influenza pandemics. In the developed world, some pandemic preparedness plans have already been examined from an ethical viewpoint. This paper assesses the attention given to ethics issues by the Ghana National Integrated Strategic Plan for Pandemic Influenza.
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  16. Tracking Decision Makers Under Uncertainty.Amos Arieli & Ariel Rubinstein - unknown
    Eye tracking is used to investigate human choice procedures. We infer from eye movement patterns in choice problems where the deliberation process is clear to deliberations in problems of choice between two lotteries. The results indicate that participants tend to compare prizes and probabilities separately. The data provide little support for the hypothesis that decision makers use an expected utility type of calculation exclusively. This is particularly true when the calculations involved in comparing the lotteries are complicated.
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  17. Elimination by Aspects: A Theory of Choice.Amos Tversky - 1972 - Psychological Review 79 (4):281-299.
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  18.  20
    The "Orbis Pictus" of John Amos Comenius.A. C. F. Beales, C. W. Bardeen & John Amos Comenius - 1970 - British Journal of Educational Studies 18 (1):108.
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  19.  46
    Amos & Postmodernity: A Contemporary Critical & Reflective Perspective on the Interdependency of Ethics & Spirituality in the Latino-Hispanic American Reality. [REVIEW]David A. Escobar - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 103 (1):59-72.
    This article argues that ethics and spirituality are therefore interdependent. One cannot be practiced without paying attention to the other. One needs to be shaped and informed by the other. This article intends to support this claim by briefly using the book and story of the Old Testament prophet Amos. Here, a brief but fair description and definition of postmodernity is provided in order to prepare the ground for an examination, discussion, and reflection of the interdependency of ethics and (...)
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  20.  48
    Contingent Weighting in Judgment and Choice.Amos Tversky, Shmuel Sattath & Paul Slovic - 1988 - Psychological Review 95 (3):371-384.
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  21.  26
    Support Theory: A Nonextensional Representation of Subjective Probability.Amos Tversky & Derek J. Koehler - 1994 - Psychological Review 101 (4):547-567.
  22. On the Psychology of Prediction.Daniel Kahneman & Amos Tversky - 1973 - Psychological Review 80 (4):237-251.
    Considers that intuitive predictions follow a judgmental heuristic-representativeness. By this heuristic, people predict the outcome that appears most representative of the evidence. Consequently, intuitive predictions are insensitive to the reliability of the evidence or to the prior probability of the outcome, in violation of the logic of statistical prediction. The hypothesis that people predict by representativeness was supported in a series of studies with both naive and sophisticated university students. The ranking of outcomes by likelihood coincided with the ranking by (...)
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  23. Applying the “Cognitive Conflict” Strategy for Conceptual Change—Some Implications, Difficulties, and Problems.Amos Dreyfus, Ehud Jungwirth & Ronit Eliovitch - 1990 - Science Education 74 (5):555-569.
  24.  17
    Weighing Risk and Uncertainty.Amos Tversky & Craig R. Fox - 1995 - Psychological Review 102 (2):269-283.
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  25.  29
    Utility Theory and Additivity Analysis of Risky Choices.Amos Tversky - 1967 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (1):27.
  26.  97
    Studies of Similarity.Amos Tversky & Itamar Gati - 1978 - In Eleanor Rosch & Barbara Lloyd (eds.), Cognition and Categorization. Lawrence Elbaum Associates. pp. 1--1978.
  27. A Critique of Expected Utility Theory: Descriptive and Normative Considerations.Amos Tversky - 1975 - Erkenntnis 9 (2):163 - 173.
  28.  8
    The Philosophy-Psychology Linkage.Amos Avny - 2018 - Open Journal of Philosophy 8 (3):216-224.
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  29.  32
    The Hermeneutical Trialectic: Notes Toward a Consensual Hermeneutic and Theological Method.Amos Yong - 2004 - Heythrop Journal 45 (1):22–39.
  30.  36
    Similarity, Separability, and the Triangle Inequality.Amos Tversky & Itamar Gati - 1982 - Psychological Review 89 (2):123-154.
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  31.  11
    Streaching the Notion of Moral Responsibility in Nanoelectronics by Appying AI.Robert Albin & Amos Bardea - 2021 - In Ethics in Nanotechnology Social Sciences and Philosophical Aspects, Vol. 2. Berlin: De Gruyter. pp. 75-87.
    The development of machine learning and deep learning (DL) in the field of AI (artificial intelligence) is the direct result of the advancement of nano-electronics. Machine learning is a function that provides the system with the capacity to learn from data without being programmed explicitly. It is basically a mathematical and probabilistic model. DL is part of machine learning methods based on artificial neural networks, simply called neural networks (NNs), as they are inspired by the biological NNs that constitute organic (...)
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  32.  63
    Descartes, Eternal Truths, and the Divine Omnipotence.Amos Funkenstein - 1975 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 6 (3):185.
  33.  38
    Information Dynamics.Amos Golan - 2014 - Minds and Machines 24 (1):19-36.
    Though we have access to a wealth of information, the main issue is always how to process the available information. How to make sense of all we observe and know. Just like the English alphabet: we know there are 26 letters but unless we put these letters together in a meaningful way, they convey no information. There are infinitely many ways of putting these letters together. Only a small number of those make sense. Only some of those convey exactly what (...)
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  34.  92
    "Amo, Ergo Cogito: Phenomenology's Non-Cartesian Augustinianism".Chad Engelland - 2021 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 95 (3):481-503.
    Phenomenologists turn to Augustine to remedy the neglect of life, love, and language in the Cartesian cogito: (1) concerning life, Edmund Husserl appropriates Augustine’s analysis of distentio animi, Edith Stein of vivo, and Hannah Arendt of initium; (2) concerning love, Max Scheler appropriates Augustine’s analysis of ordo amoris, Martin Heidegger of curare, and Dietrich von Hildebrand of affectiones; (3) concerning language, Ludwig Wittgenstein appropriates Augustine’s analysis of ostendere, Hans-Georg Gadamer of verbum cordis, and Jean-Luc Marion of confessio. Phenomenology’s non-Cartesian Augustinianism (...)
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  35.  3
    The Reception of Aristotle's Metaphysics in Avicenna's Kitāb Al-Šifā: A Milestone of Western Metaphysical Thought.Amos Bertolacci - 2006 - Brill.
    The systematic comparison of Avicenna’s Ilāhiyyāt of the Šifā' with Aristotle’s Metaphysics , accomplished for the first time in the present volume, provides a detailed account of Avicenna’s reworking of the epistemological profile and contents of the Metaphysics and a comprehensive investigation of this latter’s transmission in pre-Avicennian Greek and Arabic philosophy.
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  36.  12
    The Upgraded Democracy Adjusted for the 21 St Century.Amos Avny - 2019 - Open Journal of Philosophy 9 (2):223-235.
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  37. Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases.Daniel Kahneman, Paul Slovic & Amos Tversky (eds.) - 1982 - Cambridge University Press.
    The thirty-five chapters in this book describe various judgmental heuristics and the biases they produce, not only in laboratory experiments but in important...
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  38. Pascal’s Wager: a Reason to Hesitate.Amos Wollen - forthcoming - Philosophia:1-8.
    One version of Pascal’s Wager says we should commit to, or cultivate belief in, whatever religion we think is most likely to bring us eternal joy. I pose a reductio for this version of the Wager. After exploring some ways the Pascalian might respond, the verdict is that it provides some reason to suspect that somewhere, somehow, the Wager goes wrong.
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  39.  2
    Perceptions of Jewish History.Amos Funkenstein - 1993 - University of California Presson Demand.
    "Perceptions of Jewish History scintillates with original ideas and insights. It will appeal to a broad audience." --Michael A. Signer, University of Notre Dame "Students of the Jewish past will welcome this volume; it will also attract readers with the widest possible range of interests." --Robert Chazan, New York University.
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  40.  37
    On the Reality of Cognitive Illusions.Daniel Kahneman & Amos Tversky - 1996 - Psychological Review 103 (3):582-591.
  41.  24
    Helplessness: The Inability to Know-That You Don’T Know-How.Amos Arieli & Yochai Ataria - 2018 - Philosophical Psychology 31 (6):948-968.
    The sense of helplessness stands at the very core of the traumatic experience. This paper suggests that a sense of helplessness arises when, despite the functioning of the cognitive system and awareness of circumstances and feelings, an individual is unable to access practical knowledge. As a result, the subject becomes a victim of one’s own inability to perform, or act, in the real world.
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  42.  14
    L. J. Cohen, Again: On the Evaluation of Inductive Intuitions.Amos Tversky - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):354-356.
  43.  4
    Technology and Society in the Digital Era.Amos Avny - 2019 - Philosophy Study 9 (4).
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  44. Probabilistic Reasoning.Amos Tversky & Daniel Kahneman - 1993 - In Alvin Goldman (ed.), Readings in Philosophy and Cognitive Science. Cambridge: MIT Press. pp. 43--68.
     
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  45.  26
    Amos Funkenstein on the Theological Origins of Historicism.Samuel Moyn - 2003 - Journal of the History of Ideas 64 (4):639-657.
  46.  69
    On the Arabic Translations of Aristotle's Metaphysics.Amos Bertolacci - 2005 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 15 (2):241-275.
  47. Paul Slovic, and Amos Tversky, Eds.Daniel Kahneman - 1982 - In Daniel Kahneman, Paul Slovic & Amos Tversky (eds.), Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases. Cambridge University Press.
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  48.  54
    Variants of Uncertainty.Daniel Kahneman & Amos Tversky - 1982 - Cognition 11 (2):143-157.
  49.  10
    Reviewing Policies on Satellite Broadcasts in East Asia: New Technology, Political Economy, and Civil Society.Amos Owen Thomas - 2003 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 16 (3):103-112.
  50.  75
    On the Interpretation of Intuitive Probability: A Reply to Jonathan Cohen.Daniel Kahneman & Amos Tversky - 1979 - Cognition 7 (December):409-11.
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