Results for 'Analogical learning'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  30
    Rapid Learning in a Children's Museum Via Analogical Comparison.Dedre Gentner, Susan C. Levine, Raedy Ping, Ashley Isaia, Sonica Dhillon, Claire Bradley & Garrett Honke - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (1):224-240.
    We tested whether analogical training could help children learn a key principle of elementary engineering—namely, the use of a diagonal brace to stabilize a structure. The context for this learning was a construction activity at the Chicago Children's Museum, in which children and their families build a model skyscraper together. The results indicate that even a single brief analogical comparison can confer insight. The results also reveal conditions that support analogical learning.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  2.  7
    The Effects of Relational Structure on Analogical Learning.Daniel Corral & Matt Jones - 2014 - Cognition 132 (3):280-300.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  3.  1
    Exploiting Persistent Mappings in Cross-Domain Analogical Learning of Physical Domains.Matthew Klenk & Ken Forbus - 2013 - Artificial Intelligence 195:398-417.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  4.  8
    Analogic and Abstraction Strategies in Synthetic Grammar Learning: A Functionalist Interpretation.Arthur S. Reber & Rhianon Allen - 1978 - Cognition 6 (3):189-221.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   64 citations  
  5. Learning by Understanding Analogies.Russell Greiner - 1988 - Artificial Intelligence 35 (1):81-125.
  6. Analogical Model Formulation for Transfer Learning in AP Physics.Matthew Klenk & Ken Forbus - 2009 - Artificial Intelligence 173 (18):1615-1638.
  7.  38
    The Analogy of Learning.Clifford Kossel - 1961 - Modern Schoolman 39 (1):78-79.
  8.  10
    Machine Learning and Theological Traditions of Analogy.Andrew Davison - 2021 - Modern Theology 37 (2):254-274.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. Analogical Reasoning and Early Mathematics Learning.Patricia A. Alexander, C. Stephen White & Martha Daugherty - 1997 - In Lyn D. English (ed.), Mathematical Reasoning: Analogies, Metaphors, and Images. L. Erlbaum Associates. pp. 117--147.
  10. Analogy as the "Discrimen Naturae Et Gratiae" : Thomism and Ecumenical Learning.Richard Schenk - 2010 - In Thomas Joseph White (ed.), The Analogy of Being: Invention of the Antichrist or the Wisdom of God? W.B. Eerdmans Pub. Co..
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. On the Role of Analogies and Metaphors in Learning Science.Reinders Duit - 1991 - Science Education 75 (6):649-672.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  12.  31
    The Analogy of Learning: An Essay Toward a Thomistic Psychology of Learning[REVIEW]Herbert Johnston - 1962 - New Scholasticism 36 (1):111-113.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. Teaching Analogical Reasoning With Co-Speech Gesture Shows Children Where to Look, but Only Boosts Learning for Some.Katharine F. Guarino & Elizabeth M. Wakefield - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. Spontaneous Analogical Transfer is Common If Subjects Learn by Doing.D. Needham & I. Begg - 1990 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (6):504-504.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. Learning to Teach: The Cultural Transmission Analogy.Alanson Van Fleet - 1979 - Journal of Thought 14 (4):281-90.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16. Using Analogies to Assess Student Learning.Callan Bentley - 2008 - Inquiry (ERIC) 13 (1):26-35.
  17.  8
    The Learning Curves of the Analogies and the Mirror Reading Test.F. A. C. Perrin - 1919 - Psychological Review 26 (1):42-62.
  18.  1
    Learning to Solve Trigonometry Problems That Involve Algebraic Transformation Skills Via Learning by Analogy and Learning by Comparison.Bing Hiong Ngu & Huy P. Phan - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  8
    Learning From the Dutch: Physician-Assisted Death, Slippery Slopes and the Nazi Analogy.Charles Weijer - unknown
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  2
    Incremental Learning From Multiple Analogies.Mark H. Burstein - 1988 - In Armand Prieditis (ed.), Analogica. Morgan Kaufmann Publishers. pp. 37--62.
  21.  8
    Individual Differences in Relational Learning and Analogical Reasoning: A Computational Model of Longitudinal Change.Leonidas A. A. Doumas, Robert G. Morrison & Lindsey E. Richland - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  22. The Development of Analogy: Task Learning and Individual Differences.L. A. A. Doumas, R. G. Morrison & L. E. Richland - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.
  23. Analogical Cognition: Applications in Epistemology and the Philosophy of Mind and Language.Theodore Bach - 2012 - Philosophy Compass 7 (5):348-360.
    Analogical cognition refers to the ability to detect, process, and learn from relational similarities. The study of analogical and similarity cognition is widely considered one of the ‘success stories’ of cognitive science, exhibiting convergence across many disciplines on foundational questions. Given the centrality of analogy to mind and knowledge, it would benefit philosophers investigating topics in epistemology and the philosophies of mind and language to become familiar with empirical models of analogical cognition. The goal of this essay (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  24.  56
    Bootstrapping the Mind: Analogical Processes and Symbol Systems.Dedre Gentner - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (5):752-775.
    Human cognition is striking in its brilliance and its adaptability. How do we get that way? How do we move from the nearly helpless state of infants to the cognitive proficiency that characterizes adults? In this paper I argue, first, that analogical ability is the key factor in our prodigious capacity, and, second, that possession of a symbol system is crucial to the full expression of analogical ability.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   45 citations  
  25.  30
    From Exemplar to Grammar: A Probabilistic Analogy‐Based Model of Language Learning.Rens Bod - 2009 - Cognitive Science 33 (5):752-793.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  26.  23
    Analogy and Abstraction.Dedre Gentner & Christian Hoyos - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (3):672-693.
    A central question in human development is how young children gain knowledge so fast. We propose that analogical generalization drives much of this early learning and allows children to generate new abstractions from experience. In this paper, we review evidence for analogical generalization in both children and adults. We discuss how analogical processes interact with the child's changing knowledge base to predict the course of learning, from conservative to domain-general understanding. This line of research leads (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  27. The Use of Analogy and Parable in Cybernetics with Emphasis Upon Analogies for Learning and Creativity.Richmond Gordon Pask - 1963 - Dialectica 17 (2-3):167-203.
    The research reported in this document has been sponsored by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, OAR, under Contract AF61 ‐640 with the European Office of Aerospace Research, United States Air Force; by the Aeronautical Systems Division of the Air Force Systems Command, United States Air Force, through the European Office of the Office of Aerospace Research, under Contract AF61‐402, and by the US Department of the Army, through its European Research Office, under Contract No. DA‐91‐591‐EUC‐3216.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. Regular Articles Learning to Divide the Labor: An Account of Deficits in Light and Heavy Verb Production 1 Jean K. Gordon, Gary S. Dell Semantic Grounding in Models of Analogy: An Environmental Approach 41.Michael Ramscar, Daniel Yarlett, Shimon Edelman, Nathan Intrator, Gergely Csibra, Szilvia Bıró, Orsolya Koós, György Gergely, Holk Cruse & Michael D. Lee - 2003 - Cognitive Science 27:945-948.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  29.  7
    The Use of Analogy and Parable in Cybernetics with Emphasis Upon Analogies for Learning and Creativity.Gordon Pask - 1963 - Dialectica 17 (2‐3):167-203.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  30.  7
    Augmenting Instructional Animations with a Body Analogy to Help Children Learn About Physical Systems.Wim T. J. L. Pouw, Tamara van Gog, Rolf A. Zwaan & Fred Paas - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  31.  23
    Attention and Time Constraints in Perceptual-Motor Learning and Performance: Instruction, Analogy, and Skill Level.Johan M. Koedijker, Jamie M. Poolton, Jonathan P. Maxwell, Raôul R. D. Oudejans, Peter J. Beek & Rich S. W. Masters - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):245-256.
    We sought to gain more insight into the effects of attention focus and time constraints on skill learning and performance in novices and experts by means of two complementary experiments using a table tennis paradigm. Experiment 1 showed that skill-focus conditions and slowed ball frequency disrupted the accuracy of experts, but dual-task conditions and speeded ball frequency did not. For novices, only speeded ball frequency disrupted accuracy. In Experiment 2, we extended these findings by instructing novices either explicitly or (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  32.  5
    Analogical Encoding Fosters Ethical Decision Making Because Improved Knowledge of Ethical Principles Increases Moral Awareness.Jihyeon Kim & Jeffrey Loewenstein - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 172 (2):307-324.
    The current paper examines whether knowledge of an ethical principle influences moral awareness and ethical decision making. Using hypothetical scenarios and a behavioral task, three experiments examine the effects of deepening people’s knowledge of ethical principles. In each study, an analogical encoding learning intervention led to greater knowledge of an ethical principle, which in turn resulted in a greater likelihood of moral awareness and making ethical decisions. These findings suggest that moral awareness is partly a matter of the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  33. Analogical Thinking in Ecology: Looking Beyond Disciplinary Boundaries.Mark Colyvan & Lev R. Ginzburg - 2010 - The Quarterly Review of Biology 85 (2):171--182.
    ABSTRACT We consider several ways in which a good understanding of modern techniques and principles in physics can elucidate ecology, and we focus on analogical reasoning between these two branches of science. Analogical reasoning requires an understanding of both sciences and an appreciation of the similarities and points of contact between the two. In the current ecological literature on the relationship between ecology and physics, there has been some misunderstanding about the nature of modern physics and its methods. (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  34. The Proactive Brain: Using Analogies and Associations to Generate Predictions.Moshe Bar - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (7):280-289.
  35.  85
    Analogy Making in Legal Reasoning with Neural Networks and Fuzzy Logic.Jürgen Hollatz - 1999 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 7 (2-3):289-301.
    Analogy making from examples is a central task in intelligent system behavior. A lot of real world problems involve analogy making and generalization. Research investigates these questions by building computer models of human thinking concepts. These concepts can be divided into high level approaches as used in cognitive science and low level models as used in neural networks. Applications range over the spectrum of recognition, categorization and analogy reasoning. A major part of legal reasoning could be formally interpreted as an (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  36.  82
    Rules Vs. Analogy in English Past Tenses: A Computational/Experimental Study.Adam Albright & Bruce Hayes - 2003 - Cognition 90 (2):119-161.
    Are morphological patterns learned in the form of rules? Some models deny this, attributing all morphology to analogical mechanisms. The dual mechanism model (Pinker, S., & Prince, A. (1998). On language and connectionism: analysis of a parallel distributed processing model of language acquisition. Cognition, 28, 73-193) posits that speakers do internalize rules, but that these rules are few and cover only regular processes; the remaining patterns are attributed to analogy. This article advocates a third approach, which uses multiple stochastic (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  37.  72
    Language Helps Children Succeed on a Classic Analogy Task.Stella Christie & Dedre Gentner - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (2):383-397.
    Adult humans show exceptional relational ability relative to other species. In this research, we trace the development of this ability in young children. We used a task widely used in comparative research—the relational match-to-sample task, which requires participants to notice and match the identity relation: for example, AA should match BB instead of CD. Despite the simplicity of this relation, children under 4 years of age failed to pass this test (Experiment 1), and their performance did not improve even with (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  38.  29
    AI-Completeness: Using Deep Learning to Eliminate the Human Factor.Kristina Šekrst - 2020 - In Sandro Skansi (ed.), Guide to Deep Learning Basics. Springer. pp. 117-130.
    Computational complexity is a discipline of computer science and mathematics which classifies computational problems depending on their inherent difficulty, i.e. categorizes algorithms according to their performance, and relates these classes to each other. P problems are a class of computational problems that can be solved in polynomial time using a deterministic Turing machine while solutions to NP problems can be verified in polynomial time, but we still do not know whether they can be solved in polynomial time as well. A (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  25
    Analogy and the Brain: A New Perspective on Relational Primacy.Usha Goswami - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):387-388.
    Leech et al.'s demonstration that analogical reasoning can be an emergent property of low-level incremental learning processes is critical for analogical theory. Along with insights into neural learning based on the salience of dynamic spatio-temporal structure, and the neural priming mechanism of repetition suppression, it establishes relational primacy as a plausible theoretical description of how brains make analogies.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  40.  21
    Structure Mapping for Social Learning.Stella Christie - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (3):758-775.
    Analogical reasoning is a foundational tool for human learning, allowing learners to recognize relational structures in new events and domains. Here I sketch some grounds for understanding and applying analogical reasoning in social learning. The social world is fundamentally characterized by relations between people, with common relational structures—such as kinships and social hierarchies—forming social units that dictate social behaviors. Just as young learners use analogical reasoning for learning relational structures in other domains—spatial relations, verbs, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  41.  85
    Learning From the Body About the Mind.Michael A. Riley, Kevin Shockley & Guy Van Orden - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (1):21-34.
    In some areas of cognitive science we are confronted with ultrafast cognition, exquisite context sensitivity, and scale-free variation in measured cognitive activities. To move forward, we suggest a need to embrace this complexity, equipping cognitive science with tools and concepts used in the study of complex dynamical systems. The science of movement coordination has benefited already from this change, successfully circumventing analogous paradoxes by treating human activities as phenomena of self-organization. Therein, action and cognition are seen to be emergent in (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  42.  29
    Toward an Instructionally Oriented Theory of Example‐Based Learning.Alexander Renkl - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (1):1-37.
    Learning from examples is a very effective means of initial cognitive skill acquisition. There is an enormous body of research on the specifics of this learning method. This article presents an instructionally oriented theory of example-based learning that integrates theoretical assumptions and findings from three research areas: learning from worked examples, observational learning, and analogical reasoning. This theory has descriptive and prescriptive elements. The descriptive subtheory deals with (a) the relevance and effectiveness of examples, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  43.  2
    Analogy-Based Approaches to Improve Software Project Effort Estimation Accuracy.S. Vijayalakshmi & V. Resmi - 2019 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 29 (1):1468-1479.
    In the discipline of software development, effort estimation renders a pivotal role. For the successful development of the project, an unambiguous estimation is necessitated. But there is the inadequacy of standard methods for estimating an effort which is applicable to all projects. Hence, to procure the best way of estimating the effort becomes an indispensable need of the project manager. Mathematical models are only mediocre in performing accurate estimation. On that account, we opt for analogy-based effort estimation by means of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  11
    Analogica: 1st Workshop on Analogical Reasoning : Papers.Armand Prieditis (ed.) - 1988 - Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.
    Chapter LEARNING BY UNDERSTANDING ANALOGIES Russell Greiner1 ABSTRACT2 This article describes a method for learning by analogy — ie, for proposing new ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  45.  13
    Analogy, Metaconceptual Awareness and Conceptual Change: A Classroom Study.Lucia Mason - 1994 - Educational Studies 20 (2):267-291.
    This qualitative study aimed at exploring whether students’ successful use of analogy in learning curriculum complex science concepts was related: to the level of their understanding of a specific analogy and to their metacognitive awareness of how the analogy was to be used and of the changes produced in their own conceptual structures. In implementing a biological curriculum unit, students’ prior knowledge has been taken into account in order to examine its conceptual growth and change via a not completely (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  4
    Iterated Learning Models of Language Change: A Case Study of Sino‐Korean Accent.Chiyuki Ito & Naomi H. Feldman - 2022 - Wiley: Cognitive Science 46 (4):e13115.
    Cognitive Science, Volume 46, Issue 4, April 2022.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  1
    Analogy and Visual Content: The Logica Memorativa of Thomas Murner.Juan Campos Benítez - 2019 - Philosophies 4 (1):2.
    In this article, after some thoughts on medieval logic and teaching, we present Thomas Murner’s text, Logica memorativa, showing some of his mnemonic strategies for the student to learn logic quickly. Murner offers a type of “flash cards” that illustrate much of the teaching of logic at the beginning of the sixteenth century. The first impression is visual, because the cards do not contain words that illustrate their content. Murner’s exposition rests on analogies between logic themes that are explained and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. Determination, Uniformity, and Relevance: Normative Criteria for Generalization and Reasoning by Analogy.Todd R. Davies - 1988 - In David H. Helman (ed.), Analogical Reasoning. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 227-250.
    This paper defines the form of prior knowledge that is required for sound inferences by analogy and single-instance generalizations, in both logical and probabilistic reasoning. In the logical case, the first order determination rule defined in Davies (1985) is shown to solve both the justification and non-redundancy problems for analogical inference. The statistical analogue of determination that is put forward is termed 'uniformity'. Based on the semantics of determination and uniformity, a third notion of "relevance" is defined, both logically (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  49. Learning to Be Dead: The Narrative Problem of Mortality.Kathy Behrendt - 2016 - In Michael Cholbi (ed.), Immortality and the Philosophy of Death. pp. 157-172.
    The problem of mortality treats death as posing a paradox for the narrative view of the self. This view, on some interpretations, needs death in order to complete a life in a manner analogous to the ending of a story. But death is inaccessible to the subject herself, and so the analogy fails. Our inability to grasp the event of our own death is thought to undermine the possibility of achieving a meaningful, coherent, or complete life on narrativist terms. Narrativist (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. Operant Learning and the Scientific and Philosophical Foundations of Behavior Therapy.William A. Rottschaefer - 1983 - Behaviorism 11 (2):155-161.
    The continuing and expanding successes of behavior therapy in the treatment of psychological problems raise important questions about their scientific and philosophical bases. In this paper I examine the claims of Edward Erwin that behaviorism cannot provide an adequate philosophical basis for behavior therapy, contemporary learning theories which exclude cognitive factors as causes of behavior cannot provide an adequate empirical basis for behavior therapy; and learning theories have played only a heuristic role in the development of behavior therapy. (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 1000