30 found
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  1. The epistemology of modality and the problem of modal epistemic friction.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya & Michael Wallner - 2021 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 8):1909-1935.
    There are three theories in the epistemology of modality that have received sustained attention over the past 20 years: conceivability-theory, counterfactual-theory, and deduction-theory. In this paper we argue that all three face what we call the problem of modal epistemic friction. One consequence of the problem is that for any of the three accounts to yield modal knowledge, the account must provide an epistemology of essence. We discuss an attempt to fend off the problem within the context of the internalism (...)
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  2.  75
    Analytic Panpsychism and the Metaphysics of Rāmānuja’s Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2022 - The Monist 105 (1):110-130.
    Analytic Panpsychism has been brought into contact with Indian philosophy primarily through an examination of the Advaita Vedānta tradition and the Yogācāra tradition. In this work I explore the relation between Rāmānuja, the 12th century father of the Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta tradition, and analytic panpsychism. I argue that Rāmānuja’s philosophy inspires a more world affirming form of cosmopsychism where there are different kinds of reality, rather than one fundamental reality of pure consciousness and an ordinary wrold that is illusory from the (...)
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  3.  58
    Reality+: Virtual Worlds and the Problems of Philosophy by David J. Chalmers (review).Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2023 - Philosophy East and West 73 (1):1-6.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:Reality+: Virtual Worlds and the Problems of Philosophy by David J. ChalmersAnand Jayprakash Vaidya (bio)Reality+: Virtual Worlds and the Problems of Philosophy. By David J. Chalmers. New York, NY: W.W Norton & Company, 2022. Pp. xi + 520. Hardcover $22.49, isbn 978-0-393635-80-5.It isn't uncommon to think that virtual worlds, the worlds we engage with in video games, for example, are not real or at least less real than (...)
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  4. Understanding and Essence.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2010 - Philosophia 38 (4):811-833.
    Modal epistemology has been dominated by a focus on establishing an account either of how we have modal knowledge or how we have justified beliefs about modality. One component of this focus has been that necessity and possibility are basic access points for modal reasoning. For example, knowing that P is necessary plays a role in deducing that P is essential, and knowing that both P and ¬P are possible plays a role in knowing that P is accidental. Chalmers (2002) (...)
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  5. Part V. Cross-Cultural Explorations: 14. A New Debate on Consciousness: Bringing Classical and Modern Vedānta into Dialogue with Contemporary Analytic Panpsychism.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2020 - In Ayon Maharaj (ed.), The Bloomsbury research handbook of Vedānta. New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
     
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  6.  17
    A Critical Notice on the Moral Grounding Question in David Chalmers’ Reality+.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2023 - Sophia 62 (1):195-200.
    In this critical discussion, I evaluate David Chalmers’ position on the moral grounding question from his (2022) Reality +. The moral grounding question asks: in virtue of what does an entity x have moral standing? Chalmers argues for the claim that phenomenal consciousness is a necessary condition for moral standing. After a brief introduction to his book, I evaluate his position on the moral grounding question from the perspective of access consciousness as opposed to phenomenal consciousness, as well as the (...)
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  7.  58
    Absence: An Indo-Analytic Inquiry.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya, Purushottama Bilimoria & Jaysankar L. Shaw - 2016 - Sophia 55 (4):491-513.
    Two of the most important contributions that Bimal Krishna Matilal made to comparative philosophy are his doctoral dissertation The Navya-Nyāya Doctrine of Negation: The Semantics and Ontology of Negative Statements in Navya-Nyāya Philosophy and his classic: Perception: An Essay on Classical Indian Theories of Knowing. In this essay, we aim to carry forward the work of Bimal K. Matilal by showing how ideas in classical Indian philosophy concerning absence and perception are relevant to recent debates in Anglo-analytic philosophy. In particular, (...)
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  8.  65
    Does Critical Thinking and Logic Education Have a Western Bias? The Case of the Nyaya School of Classical Indian Philosophy.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2016 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 50 (4):132-160.
    In this paper I develop a cross-cultural critique of contemporary critical thinking education in the United States, the United Kingdom, and those educational systems that adopt critical thinking education from the standard model used in the US and UK. The cross-cultural critique rests on the idea that contemporary critical thinking textbooks completely ignore contributions from non-western sources, such as those found in the African, Arabic, Buddhist, Jain, Mohist and Nyāya philosophical traditions. The exclusion of these traditions leads to the conclusion (...)
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  9.  37
    The Paradox of Egocentricity.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2019 - Sophia 58 (1):25-30.
  10.  38
    Nyāya Perceptual Theory: Disjunctivism or Anti-Individualism?Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2013 - Philosophy East and West 63 (4):562-585.
    Misperception is part of the human condition. Consider a classic case of coming to confirm that one has had a misperception. On a stroll through the woods you see, in the distance, what seems to be a person. As you draw near, what looked like a person now appears to be a wooden post with a hat on it. On arrival you touch the post to confirm that it is not a person. From a pre-theoretical perspective, what has happened? On (...)
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  11. The Metaphysical Foundation of Logic.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2006 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 35 (2):179-182.
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  12.  99
    Epistemic Responsibility and Critical Thinking.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2013 - Metaphilosophy 44 (4):533-556.
    Should we always engage in critical thinking about issues of public policy, such as health care, gun control, and LGBT rights? Michael Huemer (2005) has argued for the claim that in some cases it is not epistemically responsible to engage in critical thinking on these issues. His argument is based on a reliabilist conception of the value of critical thinking. This article analyzes Huemer's argument against the epistemic responsibility of critical thinking by engaging it critically. It presents an alternative account (...)
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  13.  26
    Is it Permissible to Teach Buddhist Mindfulness Meditation in a Critical Thinking Course?Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2020 - Informal Logic 40 (4):545-586.
    : In this essay I set out the case for why mindfulness meditation should be included in critical thinking education, especially with respect to educating people about how to argue with one another. In 1, I introduce to distinct mind sets, the critical mind and the meditative mind, and show that they are in apparent tension with one another. Then by examining the Delphi Report on Critical Thinking I show how they are not in tension. I close 1 by examining (...)
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  14.  25
    Two conceptions of the relation between self and God: The debate between Śaṅkara and Rāmānuja.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2023 - In Ricardo Sousa Silvestre, Alan C. Herbert & Benedikt Paul Göcke (eds.), Vaiṣṇava concepts of god: philosophical perspectives. New York: Routledge.
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  15.  25
    Logical Pluralism and Paradoxical Assertions in the Philosophy of Religion.Noah Friedman-Biglin & Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2023 - Philosophy Compass 19 (1):e12956.
    Many authors show how useful logic can be as a tool for building theories that can account for problems in the philosophy of religion, such as paradoxical assertions. As a consequence, one's philosophy of logic is crucial as well, since it determines which logics, from the set of available and constructible logics, one can use to build a theory. In this paper, we present the relatively recent debate between logical pluralism and monism because the positions in this debate determine which (...)
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  16.  50
    Public Philosophy: Cross-cultural and Multi-disciplinary.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - unknown
    In this paper I propose a future direction for comparative philosophy on which it enters the space of public philosophy by capitalizing on the fact that it is already cross-cultural, and adding multi-disciplinary research to its proper foundation. This is not a new thesis. Rather, it is an ideological articulation of thought that is already underway in what is sometimes called fusion philosophy, as found in the work of Evan Thompson, Jay Garfield, or Christian Coseru. My articulation begins with a (...)
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  17.  40
    Attention, Not Self, by Jonardon Ganeri.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2019 - Mind 128 (509):292-302.
    Attention, Not Self, by GaneriJonardon. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. Pp. x + 392.
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  18. Analytic essentialist approaches to the epistemology of modality.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2018 - In Ivette Fred Rivera & Jessica Leech (eds.), Being Necessary: Themes of Ontology and Modality from the Work of Bob Hale. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
     
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  19.  23
    *Intuition* in Classical Indian Philosophy: Laying the Foundation for a Cross-Cultural Study.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya & Purushottama Bilimoria - 2018 - In Wuppuluri Shyam & Francisco Antonio Dorio (eds.), The Map and the Territory: Exploring the Foundations of Science, Thought and Reality. Springer. pp. 35-70.
    There are three main questions one can ask about *intuition*. The analytical—phenomenological question is: what is the correct conceptual analysis and phenomenological account of intuition? The empirical-cognitive question is: what is the correct process-wise robust account of *intuition* phenomenon? In this paper we provide an answer to a third question, the cross-cultural question concerning sufficiently similar, yet distinct, uses of *intuition* in classical Indian philosophy. Our aim is to compare these uses of *intuition* to some conceptions of *intuition* in Western (...)
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  20.  31
    Philosophy: The Next Step.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (3):922-932.
    Comparative Philosophy without Borders, edited by Arindam Chakrabarti and Ralph Weber is an outstanding and groundbreaking anthology that is also a prolegomena to all future philosophy, not just comparative philosophy. The anthology sets forward an agenda that is arguably the next step for philosophy. Chakrabarti and Weber have a dream : Our dream is that future fusion philosophy will shed its local epithets, even the epithet “comparative.” All good philosophy should be unapologetically, and, eventually, unself-consciously, comparative and culturally hybrid....
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  21.  15
    Considering Certification.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2023 - Philosophy East and West 73 (2):486-498.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Considering CertificationAnand Jayprakash Vaidya (bio)Jewel of Reflection on the Truth about Epistemology: A Complete and Annotated Translation of the Tattva-cintā-maṇi. Volume 1, Perception. Volume 2, Inference. Translated by Stephen Phillips. London: Bloomsbury.I. IntroductionStephen Phillips' Jewel of Reflection on the Truth about Epistemology is a masterful translation and commentary on the books originally written by Gaṅgeśa, the fourteenth-century father of the Navya-Nyāya tradition of Indian philosophy. Jewel is one of (...)
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  22.  17
    Does Critical Thinking and Logic Education Have a Western Bias? The Case of the Nyāya School of Classical Indian Philosophy.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2017 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 51 (1):132-160.
    In this paper I develop a cross-cultural critique of contemporary critical thinking education in the United States, the United Kingdom, and those educational systems that adopt critical thinking education from the standard model used in the US and UK. The cross-cultural critique rests on the idea that contemporary critical thinking textbooks completely ignore contributions from non-western sources, such as those found in the African, Arabic, Buddhist, Jain, Mohist and Nyāya philosophical traditions. The exclusion of these traditions leads to the conclusion (...)
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  23.  22
    Erratum to: Absence: An Indo-Analytic Inquiry.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya, Purushottama Bilimoria & Jaysankar L. Shaw - 2016 - Sophia 55 (4):515-515.
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  24.  28
    Multi-Factor Causal Disjunctivism: a Nyāya-Informed Account of Perceptual Disjunctivism.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2020 - Sophia 60 (4):917-940.
    Perceptual disjunctivism is a controversial thesis about perception. One familiar characterization of the thesis maintains that there is no common epistemic kind that is present in both veridical and non-veridical cases of perception. For example, the good case, in which one sees a yellow lemon, and the bad case, in which one hallucinates a yellow lemon, share a specific first-person phenomenology, being indistinguishable from the first-person point of view; however, seeing a yellow lemon and hallucinating a yellow lemon do not, (...)
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  25.  35
    Making the Case for Jaina Contributions to Critical Thinking Education.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2018 - Journal of World Philosophies 3 (1):53-78.
    The central goal of the _cross-cultural critical thinking movement_ is to change the dominant model of critical thinking pedagogy that is used in the US, UK, and those countries that follow this model. At present the model is centered on an Anglo-American and Euro-Centric model of critical thinking that actively and blatantly ignores contributions to logic and critical thinking education from non-Western sources; more importantly, the model implicitly sends the message to students of critical thinking that _critical thinking_ is a (...)
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  26.  14
    On the Possibility оf a Dual-Natured Self.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2022 - RUDN Journal of Philosophy 26 (2):285-304.
    In this paper I examine compatibilism and incompatibilism about whether the self can be both a subject and an object in the same awareness at the same time. While this is an old debate that many traditions of philosophy have contributed to, my point of departure is the work of A.C. Mukerji who worked on the possibility of self-awareness by articulating, what he called, the paradox of ego-centricity. I also consider Patañjali, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, and Arindam Chakrabarti on the debate over (...)
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  27.  16
    Perceptual, Reflective, and Speculative Doubt.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2021 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 45:77-98.
    In this paper I present the distinction between perceptual, reflective, and speculative doubt by engaging with the work of early naiyāyikas. I argue that the definition of the causes of doubt offered by Gautama Akṣapāda in the Nyāya-Sūtra, and commented upon by later naiyāyikas leads to a distinction between perceptual and reflective doubt, but not to a notion of speculative doubt. I then move on to critically assess J.N. Mohanty’s comparison of Descartes’s method of doubt with the Nyāya theory of (...)
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  28.  23
    Abhinavagupta, the hard problem of consciousness, and the moral grounding problem. [REVIEW]Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2024 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 95 (1):93-101.
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  29.  28
    Proximality and Meditative Knowledge: a review discussion of Christian Coseru, Perceiving Reality: Consciousness, Intentionality, and Cognition in Buddhist Philosophy, Oxford University Press 2012, ISBN: 978-0199843381, hb, cxvi + 352 pp. [REVIEW]Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2015 - Sophia 54 (2):221-225.
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  30.  15
    Review of Sanjit Chakraborty, The Labyrinth of Mind and World: Beyond Internalism and Externalism: London: Routledge Publishing, 2020, ISBN 978-0-367-24432-3, hb, 242pp. [REVIEW]Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2021 - Sophia 60 (1):233-235.
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