Results for 'Andr�� Kukla'

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  1. Andre Kukla, Studies in Scientific Realism.C. Matheson - 2000 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 14 (1):92-94.
  2.  5
    André Kukla. Social Constructivism and the Philosophy of Science. Xii + 170 Pp., Bibl., Index. London/New York: Routledge, 2000. $85, Can $128 ; $25.99, Can $38.99. [REVIEW]David Stump - 2004 - Isis 95 (3):538-539.
  3. André Kukla Studies in Scientific Realism.James Page - 2000 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (4):957-961.
  4.  54
    Theory in Psychology: A Review Essay of Andre Kukla's Methods of Theoretical Psychology. [REVIEW]Huib Looren de Jong, Sacha Bem & Maurice Schouten - 2004 - Philosophical Psychology 17 (2):275 – 295.
    This review essay critically discusses Andre Kukla's Methods of theoretical psychology. It is argued that Kukla mistakenly tries to build his case for theorizing in psychology as a separate discipline on a dubious distinction between theory and observation. He then argues that the demise of empiricism implies a return of some form of rationalism, which entails an autonomous role for theorizing in psychology. Having shown how this theory-observation dichotomy goes back to traditional and largely abandoned ideas in epistemology, (...)
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  5. Social Constructivism and the Philosophy of Science.André Kukla - 1967 - Routledge.
    Social constructivists maintain that we invent the properties of the world rather than discover them. Is reality constructed by our own activity? Or, more provocatively, are scientific facts--is everything --constructed? Social Constructivism and the Philosophy of Science is a clear assessment of this critical and increasingly important debate. Andre Kukla presents a comprehensive discussion of the philosophical issues involved and analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of a range of constructivist arguments, illustrating the divide between the sociology and the philosophy (...)
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  6.  70
    Studies in Scientific Realism.André Kukla - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    This book offers a superbly clear analysis of the standard arguments for and against scientific realism. In surveying claims on both sides of the debate, Kukla organizes them in ways that expose unnoticed connections. He identifies broad patterns of error, reconciles seemingly incompatible positions, and discovers unoccupied positions with the potential to influence further debate. Kukla's overall assessment is that neither the realists nor the antirealists may claim a decisive victory.
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  7.  25
    Review of André Kukla, Ineffability and Philosophy[REVIEW]Ben-Ami Sharfstein - 2006 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (6).
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  8.  25
    The Theory-Observation Distinction, Andre Kukla.Axiological Realism - 1996 - Philosophy 71 (275).
  9. Does Every Theory Have Empirically Equivalent Rivals?André Kukla - 1996 - Erkenntnis 44 (2):137 - 166.
    The instrumentalist argument from the underdetermination of theories by data runs as follows: (1) every theory has empirically equivalent rivals; (2) the only warrant for believing one theory over another is its possession of a greater measure of empirical virtue; (3) therefore belief in any theory is arbitrary. In this paper, I examine the status of the first premise. Several arguments against the universal availability of empirically equivalent theoretical rivals are criticized, and four algorithms for producing empirically equivalent rivals are (...)
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  10.  55
    Laudan, Leplin, Empirical Equivalence and Underdetermination.André Kukla - 1993 - Analysis 53 (1):1 - 7.
  11. Social Constructivism and the Philosophy of Science.André Kukla - 2000 - Routledge.
    Social constructionists maintain that we invent the properties of the world rather than discover them. Is reality constructed by our own activity? Do we collectively invent the world rather than discover it? André Kukla presents a comprehensive discussion of the philosophical issues that arise out of this debate, analysing the various strengths and weaknesses of a range of constructivist arguments and arguing that current philosophical objections to constructivism are inconclusive. However, Kukla offers and develops new objections to constructivism, (...)
     
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  12. Non-Empirical Theoretical Virtues and the Argument From Underdetermination.Andre Kukla - 1994 - Erkenntnis 41 (2):157 - 170.
    The antirealist argument from the underdetermination of theories by data relies on the premise that the empirical content of a theory is the only determinant of its belief-worthiness (premise NN). Several authors have claimed that the antirealist cannot endorse NN, on pain of internal inconsistency. I concede this point. Nevertheless, this refutation of the underdetermination argument fails because there are weaker substitutes for NN that will serve just as well as a premise to the argument. On the other hand, antirealists (...)
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  13.  58
    Ineffability and Philosophy.André Kukla - 2004 - Routledge.
    Presenting a fascinating analysis of the idea of what can't be said, this book ascertains whether the notion of there being a truth, or a state of affairs, or knowledge that can't be expressed linguistically is a coherent notion. The author distinguishes different senses in which it might be said that something can't be said. The first part looks at the question of whether ineffability is a coherent idea. Part two evaluates two families of arguments regarding whether ineffable states of (...)
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  14.  40
    Ineffability and Philosophy, by Andre Kukla.B. Larvor - 2009 - Mind 118 (472):1153-1155.
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  15. Theory in Psychology: A Review Essay of Andre Kukla's Methods of Theoretical Psychology.H. Looren De Jong, S. Bem & M. Schouten - 2004 - Philosophical Psychology 17 (2):275-95.
  16.  24
    Studies in Scientific Realism.Jarrett Leplin & Andre Kukla - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (1):109.
    Why be a scientific realist? The predominant motivation is explanationist: we need realism to understand the successfulness of science. Why be an antirealist? The predominant motivation is skeptical: theory systematically exceeds the reach of empirical warrant. Antirealists deny that explanatory power is evidential; realists deny that the reach of empirical warrant summarily terminates at the boundary of the observable. But these counterarguments are mere protection of philosophical stances to which the adversaries independently incline.
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  17.  80
    The Theory-Observation Distinction.Andre Kukla - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (2):173-230.
    What do Jerry Fodor and Bas van Fraassen, the archetypical scientific realist and his antirealist shadow, have in common? They’re both defenders of the theory-observation distinction. It isn’t surprising that a realist and an antirealist should agree about something; but it is curious that van Fraassen’s and Fodor’s defenses of the theory-observation distinction play diametrically opposite roles in their philosophical agendas. Van Fraassen needs it to support his antirealism; Fodor wants it in support of his realism. Van Fraassen needs the (...)
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  18.  7
    The Theory-Observation Distinction.Andre Kukla - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (2):173-230.
    What do Jerry Fodor and Bas van Fraassen, the archetypical scientific realist and his antirealist shadow, have in common? They’re both defenders of the theory-observation distinction. It isn’t surprising that a realist and an antirealist should agree about something; but it is curious that van Fraassen’s and Fodor’s defenses of the theory-observation distinction play diametrically opposite roles in their philosophical agendas. Van Fraassen needs it to support his antirealism; Fodor wants it in support of his realism. Van Fraassen needs the (...)
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  19. Scientific Realism, Scientific Practice, and the Natural Ontological Attitude.André Kukla - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (4):955-975.
    Both sides in the debate about scientific realism have argued that their view provides a better account of actual scientific practice. For example, it has been claimed that the practice of theory conjunction presupposes realism, and that scientists' use of multiple and incompatible models presupposes some form of instrumentalism. Assuming that the practices of science are rational, these conclusions cannot both be right. I argue that neither of them is right, and that, in fact, all scientific practices are compatible with (...)
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  20. Forster and Sober on the Curve-Fitting Problem.André Kukla - 1995 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46 (2):248-252.
    Forster and Sober present a solution to the curve-fitting problem based on Akaike's Theorem. Their analysis shows that the curve with the best epistemic credentials need not always be the curve that most closely fits the data. However, their solution does not, without further argument, avoid the two difficulties that are traditionally associated with the curve-fitting problem: that there are infinitely many equally good candidate-curves relative to any given set of data, and that these best candidates include curves with indefinitely (...)
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  21.  95
    Theoreticity, Underdetermination, and the Disregard for Bizarre Scientific Hypotheses.André Kukla - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (1):21-35.
    The problem of scientific disregard is the problem of accounting for why some putative theories that appear to be well-supported by empirical evidence nevertheless play no role in the scientific enterprise. Laudan and Leplin suggest (and Hoefer and Rosenberg concur) that at least some of these putative theories fail to be genuine theoretical rivals because they lack some non-empirical property of theoreticity. This solution also supports their repudiation of the thesis of underdetermination. I argue that the attempt to provide criteria (...)
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  22.  74
    Antirealist Explanations of the Success of Science.Andre Kukla - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (3):305.
    Scientific realists have argued that the truth(likeness) of our theories provides the only explanation for the success of science. I consider alternative explanations proposed by antirealists. I endorse Leplin's contention that neither van Fraassen's Darwinist explanation nor Laudan's methodological explanation provides the sort of explanatory alternative which is called for in this debate. Fine's suggestion--that the empirical adequacy of our theories already explains their success--is more promising for antirealists. Leplin claims that this putative explanation collapses into realism on one reading (...)
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  23. Non-Empirical Issues in Psychology.André Kukla - 1989 - American Psychologist 44:485-94.
  24.  27
    The Two Antirealisms of Bas van Fraassen.Andre Kukla - 1995 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 26 (3):431-454.
  25.  41
    Criteria of Rationality and the Problem of Logical Sloth.Andre Kukla - 1991 - Philosophy of Science 58 (3):486-490.
    Rationality demands at least that we eliminate incoherencies among our beliefs when we are apprised of them. This minimal requirement gives us no grounds for condemning a refusal to look for incoherencies, or indeed to deliberate altogether. Several stronger conditions on rationality are explored and rejected. There are presently no good arguments against logical sloth.
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  26.  56
    Seti: On the Prospects and Pursuitworthiness of the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence.André Kukla - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 32 (1):31-67.
    My topic is extraterrestrial intelligence. Following current conventions, I use the abbreviation ‘ETI’ to stand for three related concepts: the abstract idea of extraterrestrial intelligence, individuals who are both extraterrestrial and intelligent, and the hypothesis that there are ETIs. SETI is the search for ETIs, and CETI is the attempt to communicate with ETIs. In this paper, I will try to answer the two most basic questions in extraterrestrial studies. First, what is the status of the ETI hypothesis? In the (...)
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  27.  39
    Mystery, Mind, and Materialism.Andr Kukla - 1995 - Philosophical Psychology 8 (3):255-64.
    McGinn claims that there is nothing “inherently mysterious” about consciousness, even though we will never be able to understand it. The first claim is no more than a rhetorical flourish. The second may be read either as a claim that we are unable to construct an explanatory theory of consciousness, or that any such theory must strike us as unintelligible, in the sense in which quantum mechanics is sometimes said to be unintelligible. On the first reading, McGinn's argument is based (...)
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  28. Mind: A Historical and Philosophical Introduction to the Major Theories.André Kukla & Joel Walmsley - 2006 - Indianapolis: Hackett.
    An historical overview and evaluation of modern psychology's theoretical foundations, Mind ranges from Descartes to dynamics in its discussion of such topics as introspectionism, psychoanalysis, behaviorism, and the varieties of contemporary cognitive science. Throughout, these theories are examined and assessed as attempts to construct an overall conception of the perso--as general theories of human nature.
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  29.  60
    The One World, One Science Argument.André Kukla - 2008 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (1):73-88.
    The one world, one science argument (so named by Rescher) is advanced by Carl Sagan and others to support the thesis that we will be able to learn to converse with intelligent extraterrestrials if and when we encounter them. The prima facie obstacle to extraterrestrial communication is that the aliens’ culture and geography are bound to be so different from ours that we would find it extremely difficult, if not practically impossible, to find a common topic on which we can (...)
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  30. Is AI an Empirical Science?André Kukla - 1989 - Analysis 49 (March):56-60.
  31.  33
    Kukla, Andre. Studies in Scientific Realism.Eric D. Hetherington - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (4):939-941.
  32.  48
    Some Limits to Empirical Inquiry.André Kukla - 1994 - Analysis 54 (3):153 - 159.
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  33.  57
    Ten Types of Scientific Progress.Andre Kukla - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:457 - 466.
    The taxonomy of scientific problems constructed by Laudan is not exhaustive of all types of scientific work. For one thing, it does not take into account projects which produce an increase of theoretical virtue in a theory that does not suffer from conceptual problems. It is argued that any work which alters the amount of theoretical virtue possessed by a theory constitutes a scientific advance. A new taxonomy is proposed which distinguishes scientific contributions on the basis of which theoretical virtue (...)
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  34.  27
    On the Coherence of Instrumentalism.André Kukla - 1992 - Philosophy of Science 59 (3):492-497.
    According to a certain type of instrumentalist, we may have good reasons for accepting scientific theories, but never for believing more than their empirical consequences. Horwich (1991) considers several attempts to capture a difference between acceptance and belief, and claims that none of them succeed. He concludes that instrumentalism has not been shown to be a coherent position. However, in the course of his discussion, Horwich himself deploys a conceptual apparatus which is sufficient for formulating the instrumentalist doctrine in a (...)
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  35.  25
    Evolving Probability.André Kukla - 1990 - Philosophical Studies 59 (2):213 - 224.
  36.  22
    Is There a Logic of Incoherence?Andre Kukla - 1995 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 9 (1):59 – 71.
    Abstract What should we do when we discover that our assessment of probabilities is incoherent? I explore the hypothesis that there is a logic of incoherence?a set of universally valid rules that specify how incoherent probability assessments are to be repaired. I examine a pair of candidate?rules of incoherence logic that have been employed in philosophical reconstructions of scientific arguments. Despite their intuitive plausibility, both rules turn out to be invalid. There are presently no viable candidate?rules for an incoherence logic (...)
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  37.  70
    Mysticism and Social Epistemology.Joel Walmsley & André Kukla - 2004 - Episteme 1 (2):139-158.
    This article deals with the grounds for accepting or rejecting the insights of mystics. We examine the social-epistemological question of what the non-mystic should make of the mystic's claim, and what she might be able to make of it, given various possible states of the evidence available to her.For clarity, let's reserve the term “mystic” for one who claims to have had an ineffable insight. As such, there are two parts to the mystic's claim: first, a substantive insight into the (...)
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  38.  39
    Epistemic Boundedness.Andre Kukla - 1993 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 7 (2):121 – 126.
    Abstract Fodor defines epistemic boundedness as a condition wherein there are epistemi?cally significant constraints on the beliefs that a mind is capable of entertaining. He discusses a type of (epistemic) boundedness wherein a hypothesis cannot be entertained because it is inexpressible in terms of the mind's stock of concepts. In addition to this semantic boundedness, I describe a number of different sources of boundedness having to do with syntactic, abductive, and implementational limitations. I also discuss the similarities and differences between (...)
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  39.  16
    Endogenous Constraints on Inductive Reasoning.Andre Kukla - 1992 - Philosophical Psychology 5 (4):411 – 425.
    It is widely recognized that computational theories of learning must posit the existence of a priori constraints on hypothesis selection. The present article surveys the theoretical options available for modelling the dynamic process whereby the constraints have their effect. According to the 'simplicity' theory (exemplified by Fodor's treatment), hypotheses are preference-ordered in terms of their syntactic or semantic properties. It is argued that the same explanatory power can be obtained with a weaker (hence better) theory, the 'minimalist' theory, which dispenses (...)
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  40. Ineffability and Philosophy.André Kukla - 2004 - Routledge.
    Presenting a fascinating analysis of the idea of what can't be said, this book ascertains whether the notion of there being a truth, or a state of affairs, or knowledge that can't be expressed linguistically is a coherent notion. The author distinguishes different senses in which it might be said that something can't be said. The first part looks at the question of whether ineffability is a coherent idea. Part two evaluates two families of arguments regarding whether ineffable states of (...)
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  41.  48
    Medium AI and Experimental Science.Andre Kukla - 1994 - Philosophical Psychology 7 (4):493-5012.
    It has been claimed that a great deal of AI research is an attempt to discover the empirical laws describing a new type of entity in the world—the artificial computing system. I call this enterprise 'medium AI', since it is in some respects stronger than Searle's 'weak AI', and in other respects weaker than 'strong AI'. Bruce Buchanan, among others, conceives of medium AI as an empirical science entirely on a par with psychology or chemistry. I argue that medium AI (...)
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  42.  96
    Meaning Holism and Intentional Psychology.Andr Kukla - 1989 - Analysis 49 (October):173-175.
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  43. Methods of Theoretical Psychology.Andre Kukla & André Kukla - 2001 - Bradford Books.
    The aim of this book is not to impart a substantive knowledge of core psychological theories, or even to analyze critically selected theories. Instead, it is to prepare the reader to analyze and advance the theoretical literature in any tradition. Theoretical psychology stands in the same relation to psychology as theoretical physics does to physics. The traditional way to study theoretical psychology is to take up one approach after another--behavioral, psychoanalytic, cognitive, and so on. The aim of this book is (...)
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  44.  20
    Review. [REVIEW]André Kukla - 1997 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (3):447-454.
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  45.  38
    Review. Beyond Positivism and Relativism: Theory, Method, and Evidence. Larry Laudan.André Kukla - 1997 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (3):447-454.
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  46.  6
    Reviews-Studies in Scientific Realism.Andre Kukla & James Page - 2000 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (4):957-962.
  47.  91
    Scientific Realism and Theoretical Unification.André Kukla - 1995 - Analysis 55 (4):230 - 238.
  48. Toward a Science of Experience.André Kukla - 1983 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 4 (2):231-246.
  49.  12
    Varieties of Achievement Motivation.André Kukla & Hal Scher - 1986 - Psychological Review 93 (3):378-380.
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  50.  65
    Are Realism and Instrumentalism Methodologically Indifferent?Robin Findlay Hendry - 2001 - Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2001 (3):S25-.
    Arthur Fine and André Kukla have argued that realism and instrumentalism are indifferent with respect to scientific practice. I argue that this claim is ambiguous. One interpretation is that for any practice, the fact that that practice yields predictively successful theories is evidentially indifferent between scientific realism and instrumentalism. On the second construal, the claim is that for any practice, adoption of that practice by a scientist is indifferent between their being a realist or instrumentalist. I argue that there (...)
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