Results for 'Andrea L��pez-Cepero'

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  1.  8
    Narrating agricultural resilience after Hurricane María: how smallholder farmers in Puerto Rico leverage self-sufficiency and collaborative agency in a climate-vulnerable food system.Abrania Marrero, Andrea Lόpez-Cepero, Ramón Borges-Méndez & Josiemer Mattei - 2022 - Agriculture and Human Values 39 (2):555-571.
    Climate change is a threat to food system stability, with small islands particularly vulnerable to extreme weather events. In Puerto Rico, a diminished agricultural sector and resulting food import dependence have been implicated in reduced diet quality, rural impoverishment, and periodic food insecurity during natural disasters. In contrast, smallholder farmers in Puerto Rico serve as cultural emblems of self-sufficient food production, providing fresh foods to local communities in an informal economy and leveraging traditional knowledge systems to manage varying ecological and (...)
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  2. Moral Testimony Pessimism and the Uncertain Value of Authenticity.Andreas L. Mogensen - 2017 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 95 (2):261-284.
    Many philosophers believe that there exist distinctive obstacles to relying on moral testimony. In this paper, I criticize previous attempts to identify these obstacles and offer a new theory. I argue that the problems associated with moral deference can't be explained in terms of the value of moral understanding, nor in terms of aretaic considerations related to subjective integration. Instead, our uneasiness with moral testimony is best explained by our attachment to an ideal of authenticity that places special demands on (...)
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  3. Do Evolutionary Debunking Arguments Rest on a Mistake About Evolutionary Explanations?Andreas L. Mogensen - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (7):1799-1817.
    Many moral philosophers accept the Debunking Thesis, according to which facts about natural selection provide debunking explanations for certain of our moral beliefs. I argue that philosophers who accept the Debunking Thesis beg important questions in the philosophy of biology. They assume that past selection can explain why you or I hold certain of the moral beliefs we do. A position advanced by many prominent philosophers of biology implies that this assumption is false. According to the Negative View, natural selection (...)
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  4. Contingency Anxiety and the Epistemology of Disagreement.Andreas L. Mogensen - 2017 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 98 (1):n/a-n/a.
    Upon discovering that certain beliefs we hold are contingent on arbitrary features of our background, we often feel uneasy. I defend the proposal that if such cases of contingency anxiety involve defeaters, this is because of the epistemic significance of disagreement. I note two hurdles to our accepting this Disagreement Hypothesis. Firstly, some cases of contingency anxiety apparently involve no disagreement. Secondly, the proposal may seem to make our awareness of the influence of arbitrary background factors irrelevant in determining whether (...)
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  5.  55
    Maximal Cluelessness.Andreas L. Mogensen - 2021 - Philosophical Quarterly 71 (1):141-162.
    I argue that many of the priority rankings that have been proposed by effective altruists seem to be in tension with apparently reasonable assumptions about the rational pursuit of our aims in the face of uncertainty. The particular issue on which I focus arises from recognition of the overwhelming importance and inscrutability of the indirect effects of our actions, conjoined with the plausibility of a permissive decision principle governing cases of deep uncertainty, known as the maximality rule. I conclude that (...)
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  6. Evolutionary Debunking Arguments and the Proximate/Ultimate Distinction.Andreas L. Mogensen - 2015 - Analysis 75 (2):196-203.
    Many philosophers believe that natural selection explanations debunk our moral beliefs or would do so if moral realism were true, relying on the assumption that explanations of this kind show that moral facts play no role in explaining human moral beliefs. Here I argue that this assumption rests on a confusion of proximate and ultimate explanatory factors. Insofar as evolutionary debunking arguments hinge on the assumption that moral facts play no role in explaining human moral beliefs, these arguments fall short.
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  7.  22
    The only ethical argument for positive δ? Partiality and pure time preference.Andreas L. Mogensen - 2022 - Philosophical Studies 179 (9):2731-2750.
    I consider the plausibility of discounting for kinship, the view that a positive rate of pure intergenerational time preference is justifiable in terms of agent-relative moral reasons relating to partiality between generations. I respond to Parfit's objections to discounting for kinship, but then highlight a number of apparent limitations of this approach. I show that these limitations largely fall away when we reflect on social discounting in the context of decisions that concern the global community as a whole, such as (...)
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  8.  4
    Contingency Anxiety and the Epistemology of Disagreement.Andreas L. Mogensen - 2016 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 97 (4):590-611.
  9. Is It Wrong to Criminalize and Punish Psychopaths?Andrea L. Glenn, Adrian Raine & William S. Laufer - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (3):302-304.
    Increasing evidence from psychology and neuroscience suggests that emotion plays an important and sometimes critical role in moral judgment and moral behavior. At the same time, there is increasing psychological and neuroscientific evidence that brain regions critical in emotional and moral capacity are impaired in psychopaths. We ask how the criminal law should accommodate these two streams of research, in light of a new normative and legal account of the criminal responsibility of psychopaths.
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  10.  38
    Disagreements in Moral Intution as Defeaters.Andreas L. Mogensen - 2017 - Philosophical Quarterly 67 (267):282-302.
    People may disagree about moral issues because they have fundamentally different intuitions. I argue that we ought to suspend judgement in such cases. Since we trust our own moral intuitions without positive evidence of their reliability, we must necessarily extend this trust to the moral intuitions of others: a fundamental self-other asymmetry in moral epistemology is untenable. This ensures that disagreements in moral intuition are defeating. In addition, I argue that brute conflicts in moral intuition require suspension of judgement only (...)
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  11.  29
    Moral Identity in Psychopathy.Andrea L. Glenn, Spassena Koleva, Ravi Iyer, Jesse Graham & Peter H. Ditto - 2010 - Judgment and Decision Making 5 (7):497–505.
    Several scholars have recognized the limitations of theories of moral reasoning in explaining moral behavior. They have argued that moral behavior may also be influenced by moral identity, or how central morality is to one’s sense of self. This idea has been supported by findings that people who exemplify moral behavior tend to place more importance on moral traits when defining their self-concepts (Colby & Damon, 1995). This paper takes the next step of examining individual variation in a construct highly (...)
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  12.  31
    Changing Structures in Midstream: Learning Along the Statistical Garden Path.Andrea L. Gebhart, Richard N. Aslin & Elissa L. Newport - 2009 - Cognitive Science 33 (6):1087-1116.
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  13.  60
    Should We Prevent Optimific Wrongs?Andreas L. Mogensen - 2016 - Utilitas 28 (2):215-226.
    Most people believe that some optimific acts are wrong. Since we are not permitted to perform wrong acts, we are not permitted to carry out optimific wrongs. Does the moral relevance of the distinction between action and omission nonetheless permit us to allow others to carry them out? I show that there exists a plausible argument supporting the conclusion that it does. To resist my argument, we would have to endorse a principle according to which, for any wrong action, there (...)
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  14.  21
    Meaning, Medicine, and Merit.Andreas L. Mogensen - 2020 - Utilitas 32 (1):90-107.
    Given the inevitability of scarcity, should public institutions ration healthcare resources so as to prioritize those who contribute more to society? Intuitively, we may feel that this would be somehow inegalitarian. I argue that the egalitarian objection to prioritizing treatment on the basis of patients’ usefulness to others is best thought of as semiotic: i.e. as having to do with what this practice would mean, convey, or express about a person's standing. I explore the implications of this conclusion when taken (...)
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  15.  13
    Distinguishing the Roles of Trait and State Anxiety on the Nature of Anxiety-Related Attentional Biases to Threat Using a Free Viewing Eye Movement Paradigm.Andrea L. Nelson, Christine Purdon, Leanne Quigley, Jonathan Carriere & Daniel Smilek - 2015 - Cognition and Emotion 29 (3):504-526.
  16.  86
    Tough Enough? Robust Satisficing as a Decision Norm for Long-Term Policy Analysis.Andreas L. Mogensen & David Thorstad - 2022 - Synthese 200 (1):1-26.
    This paper aims to open a dialogue between philosophers working in decision theory and operations researchers and engineers working on decision-making under deep uncertainty. Specifically, we assess the recommendation to follow a norm of robust satisficing when making decisions under deep uncertainty in the context of decision analyses that rely on the tools of Robust Decision-Making developed by Robert Lempert and colleagues at RAND. We discuss two challenges for robust satisficing: whether the norm might derive its plausibility from an implicit (...)
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  17.  92
    Moral Demands and the Far Future.Andreas L. Mogensen - 2021 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 103 (3):567-585.
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, EarlyView.
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  18. Aristote Illustré: Représentations du Corps Et Schématisation Dans la Biologie Aristotélicienne.Andrea L. Carbone - 2011 - Classiques Garnier.
    Ce livre propose une interprétation inédite de la biologie d'Aristote. Il montre que, dans la démarche aristotélicienne, à côté de la pensée discursive, oeuvre une pensée visuelle qui élabore une représentation de l'organisation spatiale du corps vivant, apportant ainsi une contribution décisive à la définition des deux tâches majeures de l'enquête scientifique aristotélicienne: l'explication causale et la détermination des genres.
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  19.  3
    Teachable Robots: Understanding Human Teaching Behavior to Build More Effective Robot Learners.Andrea L. Thomaz & Cynthia Breazeal - 2008 - Artificial Intelligence 172 (6-7):716-737.
  20.  7
    Review of L. Jacoby and L. Siminoff, Eds., Empirical Methods for Bioethics: A Primer. [REVIEW]Andrea L. Kalfoglou - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (6-7):104-105.
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  21. Is Identity Illusory?Andreas L. Mogensen - 2021 - European Journal of Philosophy 29 (1):55-73.
    European Journal of Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  22. Introducción a la Calidad de Software.Ana Maria L. Pez Echeverry, Cesar Cabrera & Luz Estela Valencia Ayala - 2008 - Scientia 14.
     
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  23.  22
    The Axes of Symmetry. Morphology in Aristotle’s Biology.Andrea L. Carbone - 2016 - Apeiron 49 (1):1-31.
    Journal Name: Apeiron Issue: Ahead of print.
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  24.  36
    Author Reply: Vitacco, Erickson, and Lishner: Holding Psychopaths Morally and Criminally Culpable.Andrea L. Glenn, William S. Laufer & Adrian Raine - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (4):426-427.
    Psychopathy is characterized by pronounced emotional deficits, yet individuals with psychopathic traits generally understand the law and the likely punishments for violating it. Vitacco, Erickson, and Lishner (2013) suggest that because of this appreciation, there is no question that psychopaths are criminally responsible. We make the modest argument that increasing psychological and neurological evidence calls into question whether conventional assumptions about an offender’s culpable states of mind hold true for psychopaths. It is likely, we suggest, that a wide range of (...)
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  25.  17
    Ethical and Policy Issues in Human Embryo Twinning.Andrea L. Bonnicksen - 1995 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4 (3):268.
    In 1993, investigators from George Washington University Medical Center separated the cells of 17 human embryos and produced 48 embryos, an average of three embryos for each original. The method, variously called twinning, cloning, embryo splitting, and blastomere separation, demonstrated that human embryos could be split to create genetically identical entities during conception. When publicized, however, the experiment brought to mind a different view of cloning repeated since the beginning of the new reproductive technologies. In the early 1970s, when research (...)
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  26.  65
    How Ecumenical Expressivism Confuses the Trivial and the Substantive.Andreas L. Mogensen - 2018 - Analysis 78 (4):666-674.
    I argue that there are cases in which ecumenical expressivism cannot distinguish between endorsement of certain trivial and substantive normative judgments. I consider the extent to which this problem generalizes across different formulations of the ecumenical view. I suggest that we may not be able to escape the problem if we hope to retain the ability to solve the Frege-Geach problem in the way promised by ecumenical expressivism.
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  27. Associations Between Psychopathic Traits and Brain Activity During Instructed False Responding.Andrea L. Glenn, Hyemin Han, Yaling Yang, Adrian Raine & Robert A. Schug - 2017 - Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging 266:123-137.
    Lying is one of the characteristic features of psychopathy, and has been recognized in clinical and diagnostic descriptions of the disorder, yet individuals with psychopathic traits have been found to have reduced neural activity in many of the brain regions that are important for lying. In this study, we examine brain activity in sixteen individuals with varying degrees of psychopathic traits during a task in which they are instructed to falsify information or tell the truth about autobiographical and non-autobiographical facts, (...)
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  28.  18
    Alternative Strategies of Categorization.Edward E. Smith, Andrea L. Patalano & John Jonides - 1998 - Cognition 65 (2-3):167-196.
  29. Cristologia francescana.L. D'andrea - 1997 - Miscellanea Francescana 97 (1-2):265-274.
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  30.  6
    An Ontology for Enterprise and Information Systems Modelling.Andreas L. Opdahl, Giuseppe Berio, Mounira Harzallah & Raimundas Matulevičius - 2012 - Applied ontology 7 (1):49-92.
  31.  13
    Consent for Deep Brain Stimulation in Depression: A Perspective From Investigators.Andrea L. Crowell & Patricio Riva-Posse - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 9 (4):237-239.
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  32. La sensazione come tratto distintivo dell'animale nella zoologia aristotelica.Andrea L. Carbone - 1998 - Rivista di Estetica 38 (8):95-112.
     
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  33.  16
    The Conundrum of Oocyte Donation, Human Research, OHSS, and Ethics.Andrea L. Stein - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (9):35-37.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 9, Page 35-37, September 2011.
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  34. Modeling the Left Digit Effect in Adult Number Line Estimation.Andrea L. Patalano, Kelsey Kayton & Hilary Barth - 2023 - Cognition 230 (C):105257.
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  35.  21
    A Precautionary Approach to Oocyte Donation for Stem Cell Nuclear Transplantation.Andrea L. Kalfoglou & Mark V. Sauer - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (9):31-33.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 9, Page 31-33, September 2011.
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  36.  9
    The Occasional Triumph of the Moral Sentiments Over Legal Technicalities: Law, Seduction, and the Sentimental Heroine.Andrea L. Hibbard & John T. Parry - manuscript
    Our paper explores how the affective energies and cultural expectations set in motion by best-selling American sentimental novels like Hannah Foster's The Coquette and Susanna Rowson's Charlotte Temple informed the notorious mid-nineteenth-century American trial of Amelia Norman, who attempted to kill the man who seduced her. Once newspapers, defense lawyers, and reformers such as Lydia Maria Child recast the defendant as a sentimental heroine, the trial became about seduction, and Norman was acquitted against the weight of the evidence. Sentimental novels (...)
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  37.  5
    Spatial But Not Oculomotor Information Biases Perceptual Memory: Evidence From Face Perception and Cognitive Modeling.Andrea L. Wantz, Janek S. Lobmaier, Fred W. Mast & Walter Senn - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (6):1533-1554.
    Recent research put forward the hypothesis that eye movements are integrated in memory representations and are reactivated when later recalled. However, “looking back to nothing” during recall might be a consequence of spatial memory retrieval. Here, we aimed at distinguishing between the effect of spatial and oculomotor information on perceptual memory. Participants’ task was to judge whether a morph looked rather like the first or second previously presented face. Crucially, faces and morphs were presented in a way that the morph (...)
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  38.  25
    Navigating Conflict of Interest in Oocyte Donation.Andrea L. Kalfoglou - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (4):1 – 2.
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  39.  40
    Greek Lexicography - F. R. Adrados, E. Gangutia, J. L⋯pez Facal, C. Serrano Aybar: Introducti⋯n a la Lexicograf⋯a griega. Pp. x + 280. Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient⋯ficas, Instituto ‘A. de Nebrija’, | 1977. [REVIEW]W. J. Slater - 1979 - The Classical Review 29 (01):88-90.
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  40.  18
    The Effects of Trait and State Anxiety on Attention to Emotional Images: An Eye-Tracking Study.Leanne Quigley, Andrea L. Nelson, Jonathan Carriere, Daniel Smilek & Christine Purdon - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (8):1390-1411.
  41. Which Moral Exemplars Inspire Prosociality?Hyemin han, Clifford Ian Workman, Joshua May, Payton Scholtens, Kelsie J. Dawson, Andrea L. Glenn & Peter Meindl - 2022 - Philosophical Psychology 35 (7):943-970.
    Some stories of moral exemplars motivate us to emulate their admirable attitudes and behaviors, but why do some exemplars motivate us more than others? We systematically studied how motivation to emulate is influenced by the similarity between a reader and an exemplar in social or cultural background (Relatability) and how personally costly or demanding the exemplar’s actions are (Attainability). Study 1 found that university students reported more inspiration and related feelings after reading true stories about the good deeds of a (...)
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  42.  1
    The Diverse Economy of Early Rome - (G.) Cifani the Origins of the Roman Economy. From the Iron Age to the Early Republic in a Mediterranean Perspective. Pp. XX + 450, Figs, Ills, Maps. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2021. Cased, £120, Us$140. Isbn: 978-1-108-47895-3. [REVIEW]Andrea L. Brock - 2022 - The Classical Review 72 (1):216-218.
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  43.  17
    Fetal Motherhood: Toward a Compulsion to Generate Lives?Andrea L. Bonnicksen - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (1):19-30.
    A scientist at Edinburgh University announced in 1994 that he had removed ovaries from, mouse fetuses and transplanted them, to adult mice. The ovaries released eggs, and conceptions occurred. Although this was not the first such attempt with mice, the study attracted attention because the researcher suggested, that fetal to adult ovarian transplants were a theoretical possibility for humans. If aborted, fetuses were used, as egg sources in assisted conception, a new entity would arise: the never-born genetic mother. Using eggs (...)
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  44.  2
    Taste Ratings of Obese People, and Taste Preferences Based on Geographical Location.Andrea L. Gerding & Lawrence Weinstein - 1992 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (6):509-510.
  45.  19
    Procreation by Cloning: Crafting Anticipatory Guidelines.Andrea L. Bonnicksen - 1997 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 25 (4):273-282.
    To clone humans is deliberately to generate two or more individuals who share the same nuclear deoxyribonucleic acid. Using animals, researchers have performed two basic types of cloning that will eventually yield commercial benefits. Embryo twinning involves separating the individual cells of an embryo and allowing each to cleave for later transfer to a uterus. Cloning by nuclear transfer involves removing the nuclei from embryonic cells or fetal or adult somatic cells and fusing those nuclei with enucleated donor egg cells. (...)
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  46.  25
    When Do Genetic Researchers Have a Duty to Recontact Study Participants?Christopher H. Wade & Andrea L. Kalfoglou - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (6):26 – 27.
  47.  8
    Procreation by Cloning: Crafting Anticipatory Guidelines.Andrea L. Bonnicksen - 1997 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 25 (4):273-282.
    To clone humans is deliberately to generate two or more individuals who share the same nuclear deoxyribonucleic acid. Using animals, researchers have performed two basic types of cloning that will eventually yield commercial benefits. Embryo twinning involves separating the individual cells of an embryo and allowing each to cleave for later transfer to a uterus. Cloning by nuclear transfer involves removing the nuclei from embryonic cells or fetal or adult somatic cells and fusing those nuclei with enucleated donor egg cells. (...)
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  48.  7
    Embryo Freezing: Ethical Issues in the Clinical Setting.Andrea L. Bonnicksen - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (6):26-30.
  49. Evaluating Methods of Correcting for Multiple Comparisons Implemented in SPM12 in Social Neuroscience fMRI Studies: An Example From Moral Psychology.Hyemin Han & Andrea L. Glenn - 2018 - Social Neuroscience 13 (3):257-267.
    In fMRI research, the goal of correcting for multiple comparisons is to identify areas of activity that reflect true effects, and thus would be expected to replicate in future studies. Finding an appropriate balance between trying to minimize false positives (Type I error) while not being too stringent and omitting true effects (Type II error) can be challenging. Furthermore, the advantages and disadvantages of these types of errors may differ for different areas of study. In many areas of social neuroscience (...)
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  50.  2
    The Embryo as Patient.Andrea L. Bonnicksen - 1991 - In James Humber & Robert Almeder (eds.), Bioethics and the Fetus. Humana Press. pp. 145--170.
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