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  1.  13
    Cerebral Organoids: Ethical Issues and Consciousness Assessment.Andrea Lavazza & Marcello Massimini - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (9):606-610.
    Organoids are three-dimensional biological structures grown in vitro from different kinds of stem cells that self-organise mimicking real organs with organ-specific cell types. Recently, researchers have managed to produce human organoids which have structural and functional properties very similar to those of different organs, such as the retina, the intestines, the kidneys, the pancreas, the liver and the inner ear. Organoids are considered a great resource for biomedical research, as they allow for a detailed study of the development and pathologies (...)
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  2.  13
    Of Meatballs, Autonomy, and Human Dignity: Neuroethics and the Boundaries of Decision Making Among Persons with Dementia.Andrea Lavazza & Massimo Reichlin - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 9 (2):88-95.
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  3.  66
    Free Will and Neuroscience: From Explaining Freedom Away to New Ways of Operationalizing and Measuring It.Andrea Lavazza - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  4. Not so Fast. On Some Bold Neuroscientific Claims Concerning Human Agency.Andrea Lavazza & Mario De Caro - 2010 - Neuroethics 3 (1):23-41.
    According to a widespread view, a complete explanatory reduction of all aspects of the human mind to the electro-chemical functioning of the brain is at hand and will certainly produce vast and positive cultural, political and social consequences. However, notwithstanding the astonishing advances generated by the neurosciences in recent years for our understanding of the mechanisms and functions of the brain, the application of these findings to the specific but crucial issue of human agency can be considered a “pre-paradigmatic science” (...)
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  5.  19
    Moral and Social Reasons to Acknowledge the Use of Cognitive Enhancers in Competitive-Selective Contexts.Mirko D. Garasic & Andrea Lavazza - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):1-12.
    BackgroundAlthough some of the most radical hypothesis related to the practical implementations of human enhancement have yet to become even close to reality, the use of cognitive enhancers is a very tangible phenomenon occurring with increasing popularity in university campuses as well as in other contexts. It is now well documented that the use of cognitive enhancers is not only increasingly common in Western countries, but also gradually accepted as a normal procedure by the media as well. In fact, its (...)
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  6. Contemporary Dualism: A Defense.Andrea Lavazza & Howard Robinson (eds.) - 2013 - Routledge.
    Ontological materialism, in its various forms, has become the orthodox view in contemporary philosophy of mind. This book provides a variety of defenses of mind-body dualism, and shows that a thoroughgoing ontological materialism cannot be sustained. The contributions are intended to show that, at the very least, ontological dualism constitutes a philosophically respectable alternative to the monistic views that currently dominate thought about the mind-body relation.
     
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  7.  12
    Why Cognitive Sciences Do Not Prove That Free Will Is an Epiphenomenon.Andrea Lavazza - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  8.  7
    Operationalizing and Measuring Free Will. Towards a New Framework for Psychology, Ethics, and Law.Andrea Lavazza & Silvia Ignlese - 2015 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 6 (1):37-55.
    Free will is usually defined by three conditions: the ability to do otherwise; control of one’s own choices; responsiveness to reasons. The compatibility of free will with determinism lies at the heart of the philosophical debate at the metaphysical level. This debate, while being increasingly refined, has not yet reached a conclusion. Recently, neuroscience and empirical psychology have tried to settle the problem of free will with a series of experiments that go in the direction of so-called illusionism: free will (...)
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  9.  9
    What We May Forget When Discussing Human Memory Manipulation.Andrea Lavazza - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 7 (4):249-251.
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  10.  18
    Moral Bioenhancement Through Memory-Editing: A Risk for Identity and Authenticity?Andrea Lavazza - 2019 - Topoi 38 (1):15-27.
    Moral bioenhancement is the attempt to improve human behavioral dispositions, especially in relation to the great ethical challenges of our age. To this end, scientists have hypothesised new molecules or even permanent changes in the genetic makeup to achieve such moral bioenhancement. The philosophical debate has focused on the permissibility and desirability of that enhancement and the possibility of making it mandatory, given the positive result that would follow. However, there might be another way to enhance the overall moral behavior (...)
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  11.  10
    If Criminal Intentions Are Nonvoluntary, Mandatory Neurointerventions Might Be Permissible.Andrea Lavazza - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 9 (3):154-156.
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  12.  16
    Cerebral Organoids and Consciousness: How Far Are We Willing to Go?Andrea Lavazza & Marcello Massimini - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (9):613-614.
    In his interesting commentary, Joshua Shepherd raises two points—one related to epistemology, the other to ethics—about our article on human cerebral organoids.1 2 From the epistemological standpoint, he calls into question the need for a theory of consciousness. A theory of consciousness, for him, is not necessary because of the lack of consensus about the very nature of consciousness. Shepherd suggests that ‘given widespread disagreement, applying a theory of consciousness may not be helpful when attempting to diagnose the presence of (...)
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  13.  32
    Erasing Traumatic Memories: When Context and Social Interests Can Outweigh Personal Autonomy.Andrea Lavazza - 2015 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 10:3.
    Neuroscientific research on the removal of unpleasant and traumatic memories is still at a very early stage, but is making rapid progress and has stirred a significant philosophical and neuroethical debate. Even if memory is considered to be a fundamental element of personal identity, in the context of memory-erasing the autonomy of decision-making seems prevailing. However, there seem to be situations where the overall context in which people might choose to intervene on their memories would lead to view those actions (...)
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  14.  24
    A Pragmatic and Empirical Approach to Free Will.Andrea Lavazza - 2017 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 8 (3):247-258.
    : The long dispute between incompatibilists and compatibilists is further exemplified in the discussion between Sam Harris and Daniel Dennett. In this article I try to add to the discussion by outlining a concept of free will linked to five operating conditions and proposing its operationalization and quantification. The idea is to empirically and pragmatically define free will as we need it for moral blame and legal liability, while separating it from the debate on global determinism, local determinism, automatisms and (...)
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  15.  4
    Why HEAVEN Is Not About Saving Lives at All.Mirko Daniel Garasic & Andrea Lavazza - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 8 (4):228-229.
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  16.  17
    Introduction: Moral Enhancement.Andrea Lavazza & Massimo Reichlin - 2019 - Topoi 38 (1):1-5.
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  17.  10
    A Rawlsian Version of the Opportunity Maintenance Thesis.Andrea Lavazza - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (6):50-52.
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  18.  84
    Art as a Metaphor of the Mind.Andrea Lavazza - 2009 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 8 (2):159-182.
    This paper focuses on the emergent neo-Jamesian perspective concerning the phenomenology of art and aesthetic experience. Starting from the distinction between nucleus and fringe in the stream of thought described by William James, it can be argued that our appreciation of a work of art is guided by a vague and blurred perception of a much more powerful content, of which we are not fully aware. Accordingly, a work of art is seen as a kind of metaphor of our mental (...)
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  19.  10
    Thought Apprehension: The “True” Self and The Risks of Mind Reading.Andrea Lavazza - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (1):19-21.
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  20.  17
    What Are Organoids? And Whose Are They?Andrea Lavazza - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (2):144-145.
    In terms of ethical implications, Boers, van Delden and Bredenoord have made an interesting step forward with their model of organoids as hybrids, which seeks to find a balance between subject-like value and object-like value. Their framework aims to introduce effective procedures not to exploit donors and to increase their engagement, but it does not seem to take sufficient account of how organoids are used and how donors and society as a whole may want to act about such uses. I (...)
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  21.  38
    Mental Causation.Rodolfo Giorgi & Andrea Lavazza - 2018 - Aphex 17.
    This article aims to provide a brief overview of mental causation problem and its current proposed solutions. Indeed, mental causation turns out as one of the most difficult philosophical conundrums in contemporary philosophy of mind. In the first two sections, we offer an outline of the problem and the philosophical debate about it, and show that mental causation problem is pivotal within the contemporary philosophy of mind. In the third section, we focus on the most popular models of mental causation, (...)
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  22.  10
    Human Beings and Robots: A Matter of Teleology?Andrea Lavazza - 2018 - Humana Mente 11 (34).
    In this paper, I use the comparison between human beings and intelligent machines to shed light on the concept of teleology. What characterizes human beings and distinguishes them from a robot capable of achieving complex objectives? In the first place, by stipulating that what characterizes human beings are mental states, I consider the mark of the mental. A smart robot probably has no consciousness but we might have reason for doubt while interacting with it. And a smart robot shows intentionality. (...)
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  23.  14
    Transcranial Electrical Stimulation for Human Enhancement and the Risk of Inequality: Prohibition or Compensation?Andrea Lavazza - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (1):122-131.
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  24.  2
    Are We Ready for a “Microbiome-Guided Behaviour” Approach?Andrea Lavazza & Vittorio A. Sironi - 2019 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 28 (4):708-724.
    :The microbiome is proving to be increasingly important for human brain functioning. A series of recent studies have shown that the microbiome influences the central nervous system in various ways, and consequently acts on the psychological well-being of the individual by mediating, among others, the reactions of stress and anxiety. From a specifically neuroethical point of view, according to some scholars, the particular composition of the microbiome—qua microbial community—can have consequences on the traditional idea of human individuality. Another neuroethical aspect (...)
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  25.  15
    Memory-Modulation: Self-Improvement or Self-Depletion?Andrea Lavazza - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  26.  5
    Neuroetica e neuroscienza: tra spiegazione della vita e cura della mente.Andrea Lavazza & Mario De Caro - 2013 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 4 (3):249-251.
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  27.  4
    Neuroetica: la nascita di un nuovo tipo di antropologia?Andrea Lavazza & Mario De Caro - 2013 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 4 (3):252-263.
    Nel presente testo si propone un approccio alla neuroetica che si prefigge di attribuirle uno specifico ambito d’indagine in quanto esplorazione di ciò che apprendiamo su noi stessi e sul nostro “funzionamento”, grazie principalmente alle neuroscienze. In altre parole, si tratta di un nuovo genere di antropologia che si occupa dell’intersezione di diverse discipline la quale acquista sempre maggiore centralità nel dibattito contemporaneo a motivo della forte naturalizzazione delle indagini sugli esseri umani. L’oggetto di studio – alla luce di questa (...)
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  28.  7
    The Evolutionary Perspective on Free Will Might Be Mechanistic But Not Deterministic.Andrea Lavazza - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 6 (2):26-28.
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  29.  24
    A New Mind for a New Aesthetics.Andrea Lavazza & Riccardo Manzotti - 2011 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 67 (3):501 - 523.
    Embora a extensão da dependência entre teorias da estética e modelos da mente seja urna questão de aceso debate, é justo afirmar que as abordagens actuáis da consciência sugerem novas perspectivas sobre a natureza da experiência estética. As recentes descobertas da neurociência têm afetado a nossa forma de ver a estética e a arte. Todavia, enquanto é frequentemente sugerido que a neurociência vai, em breve, obter urna descrição completa da natureza da mente e, portanto, da experiência estética, aqui consideram-se as (...)
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  30.  20
    An Externalist Approach to Creativity: Discovery Versus Recombination.Andrea Lavazza & Riccardo Manzotti - 2013 - Mind and Society 12 (1):61-72.
    What is the goal of creativity? Is it just a symbolic reshuffling or a moment of semantic extension? Similar to the contrast between syntax and semantics, creativity has an internal and an external aspect. Contrary to the widespread view that emphasises the problem-solving role of creativity, here we consider whether creativity represents an authentic moment of ontological discovery and semantic openness like Schopenhauer and Picasso suggested. To address the semantic aspect of creativity, we take advantage of recent externalist models of (...)
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  31.  5
    Big Neuroscience: When a Big Number Is Not Necessarily a Great Idea.Andrea Lavazza - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 7 (1):30-32.
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  32.  5
    Stimulating the Self and Conceptual Frameworks: Brain Matters, and World-Views Are Deeply Rooted.Andrea Lavazza - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 5 (4):44-46.
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  33.  1
    Can Neuromodulation Also Enhance Social Inequality? Some Possible Indirect Interventions of the State.Andrea Lavazza - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  34.  9
    Documentality, Emotions, and Motivations. Why We Need a Kind of Internal Memory.Andrea Lavazza - 2014 - Rivista di Estetica 57:51-66.
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  35.  8
    Conseguenze del fisicalismo sulla mente.Andrea Lavazza - 2012 - Rivista di Estetica 49:355-375.
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  36.  10
    Neuroetica e neuropolitica. Le scienze del cervello tra riflessione intellettuale e dibattito pubblico.Andrea Lavazza - 2008 - Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 21 (1):187-211.
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  37.  10
    Coarse Grain and Fine Grain in Addressing the Mind.Andrea Lavazza - 2008 - Epistemologia 31 (2):193-217.
  38.  9
    Neuroscienze e filosofia morale.Andrea Lavazza - 2007 - Rivista di Filosofia 98 (3):327-358.
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  39. Juan José Sanguineti, Neuroscienza e filosofia dell’uomo. [REVIEW]Andrea Lavazza - 2015 - Acta Philosophica 24 (2).
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  40. L'arte è la mente vista dall'interno. Verso un'estetica neo-jamesiana tra fenomenologia e neuroscienze.Andrea Lavazza - 2006 - Rivista di Estetica 46 (31):191-214.
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  41. Neurociencias y personas. ¿Nueva perspectiva o amenaza?. Las neurociencias cognitivas.Andrea Lavazza - 2009 - Medicina y Ética 20:43-71.
    Gracias a los rápidos progresos de las neurociencias cognitivas, algunos investigadores, sobre todo de áreas anglosajonas, comienzan a utilizar criterios basados sobre la neurobiología para redimensionar o disolver el concepto de persona -fundamentalmente en ámbito bioético- en cuanto definido ilusorio.En particular, se sostiene que exista un network cerebral innato, que comprende cuatro áreas especificas del encéfalo, que produciría en modo automático la percepción de una categoría especial de cosas, definidas personas. Tal hipÓtesis se basa sobre una creciente cantidad de datos (...)
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  42. Sense as a 'Translation' of Mental Contents.Andrea Lavazza - 2007 - In Antonio Chella & Riccardo Manzotti (eds.), Artificial Consciousness. Imprint Academic. pp. 82-96.