Results for 'Andrea Wiggins'

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  1.  11
    The Rise of Citizen Science in Health and Biomedical Research.Andrea Wiggins & John Wilbanks - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (8):3-14.
    Citizen science models of public participation in scientific research represent a growing area of opportunity for health and biomedical research, as well as new impetus for more collaborative forms of engagement in large-scale research. However, this also surfaces a variety of ethical issues that both fall outside of and build upon the standard human subjects concerns in bioethics. This article provides background on citizen science, examples of current projects in the field, and discussion of established and emerging ethical issues for (...)
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  2.  73
    Names, Fictional Names and 'Really': David Wiggins.David Wiggins - 1999 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 73 (1):271–286.
    [R. M. Sainsbury] Evans argued that most ordinary proper names were Russellian: to suppose that they have no bearer is to suppose that they have no meaning. The first part of this paper addresses Evans's arguments, and finds them wanting. Evans also claimed that the logical form of some negative existential sentences involves 'really' (e.g. 'Hamlet didn't really exist'). One might be tempted by the view, even if one did not accept its Russellian motivation. However, I suggest that Evans gives (...)
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  3.  13
    What is the Order Among the Varieties of Goodness? A Question Posed by von Wright; and a Conjecture Made by Aristotle: David Wiggins.David Wiggins - 2009 - Philosophy 84 (2):175-200.
    The great variousness and plurality of goodness has given comfort to general scepticism about values and a multitude of metaethical attitudes or predilections. But is this variousness and plurality really the hotch-potch it has appeared? The paper recapitulates and expands von Wright's typology of the varieties of goodness and looks to explain the order or system that underlies the phenomena by developing and extending a conjecture of Aristotle's, the so-called ‘focal hypothesis’, and combining therewith a suggestion of von Wright's, to (...)
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  4. Essays for David Wiggins: Identity, Truth, and Value.David Wiggins, Sabina Lovibond & S. G. Williams (eds.) - 1996 - Blackwell.
     
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  5.  28
    Locke, Butler and the Stream of Consciousness: And Men as a Natural Kind: David Wiggins.David Wiggins - 1976 - Philosophy 51 (196):131-158.
    Locke defined a person as ‘a thinking intelligent being, that has reason and reflection, and can consider itself as itself, the same thinking thing, in different times and places” . To many who have been excited by the same thought as Locke, continuity of consciousness has seemed to be an integral part of what we mean by a person. The intuitive appeal of the idea that to secure the continuing identity of a person one experience must flow into the next (...)
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  6.  60
    Ayer's Ethical Theory: Emotivism or Subjectivism?*: David Wiggins.David Wiggins - 1991 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 30:181-196.
    In 1936, in a chapter of Language, Truth and Logic clearly influenced by Hume and influenced also by Ogden's and Richards's The Meaning of Meaning, Ayer claimed that judgments of value, in so far as they are not scientific statements, are not in the literal sense significant but are simply expressions of emotion which can be neither true nor false. To say ‘You acted wrongly in stealing that money’ is not to state any more than one would have stated by (...)
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  7.  9
    Freedom, Knowledge, Belief and Causality: David Wiggins.David Wiggins - 1969 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 3:132-154.
    When we try to think about the causal nexus and the physical nature of the world as a whole we may be struck by two quite different difficulties in finding room in it to accommodate together knowledge or reasoned belief and causal determinism. may seem to us to exclude and may seem to us to exclude. Taking it as a fact that there is knowledge and that knowledge seems to be indefinitely extensible, it has been felt by some philosophers that (...)
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  8.  10
    II–David Wiggins.David Wiggins - 1999 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 73 (1):271-286.
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  9.  4
    Names, Fictional Names and ‘Really’: David Wiggins.David Wiggins - 1999 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 73 (1):271-286.
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  10. Sameness and Substance Renewed.David Wiggins - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, which thoroughly revises and greatly expands his classic work Sameness and Substance, David Wiggins retrieves and refurbishes in the light of twentieth-century logic and logical theory certain conceptions of identity, of substance and of persistence through change that philosophy inherits from its past. In this new version, he vindicates the absoluteness, necessity, determinateness and all or nothing character of identity against rival conceptions. He defends a form of essentialism that he calls individuative essentialism, and then a (...)
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  11. Aproximaciones a la epistemología francesa.Pedro Karczmarczyk, Gassmann Carlos, Acosta Jazmín Anahí, Rivera Silvia, Cuervo Sola Manuel, Torrano Andrea & Abeijón Matías - 2013 - In Karczmarczyk Pedro (ed.), Estudios de Epistemología. Instituto de epistemología, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán. pp. 1-164.
    Aproximaciones a la escuela francesa de epistemología Los problemas que dominan a la epistemología pueden contextualizarse históricamente como una forma de racionalidad filosófica. La filosofía se ha presentado a lo largo de la historia como un discurso en el que sus diversos componentes (metafísica, ontología, gnoseología, ética, lógica, etc.) se mostraron unidos en el molde de la ?unidad del saber?. En este marco unitario alguna de las formas del saber filosófico detenta usualmente una posición dominante. El énfasis colocado en la (...)
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  12. Continuants: Their Activity, Their Being, and Their Identity.David Wiggins - 2016 - Oxford University Press.
    For this volume David Wiggins has selected and revised eleven of his essays in an area of metaphysics where his work has been particularly influential, and he has added a substantial introduction and one new unpublished essay. Among the subjects treated are substance, identity, persistence, persons, sortals, and artefacts.
     
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  13. Solidarity and the Root of the Ethical.David Wiggins - 2009 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 71 (2):239-269.
    This is the text of The Lindley Lecture for 2008, given by David Wiggins, a British philosopher.
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  14. Existence and Contingency: A Note.David Wiggins - 2003 - Philosophy 78 (4):483-494.
    Timothy Williamson offers a proof of the counterintuitive claim that, if an object exists, then it exists necessarily. David Wiggins argues that this result reveals the philosophical disadvantage of a first level (or ‘ticking over’) view of the very ‘exists’ and the advantage of the second level account offered by Frege and Russell. The author seeks to show how, using an idea of G. Evans but without the use of the resources of ‘free logic’, all occurrences of ‘exist’, including (...)
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  15.  8
    Names, Fictional Names, and 'Really'.R. M. Sainsbury & David Wiggins - 1999 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes( 73:243-286.
    [R. M. Sainsbury] Evans argued that most ordinary proper names were Russellian: to suppose that they have no bearer is to suppose that they have no meaning. The first part of this paper addresses Evans's arguments, and finds them wanting. Evans also claimed that the logical form of some negative existential sentences involves 'really'. One might be tempted by the view, even if one did not accept its Russellian motivation. However, I suggest that Evans gives no adequate account of 'really', (...)
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  16.  5
    Conservative Economics and Optimal Consumer Bankruptcy Policy.Mary Jo Wiggins - 2006 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 7 (2):347-363.
    In this paper, Professor Wiggins explores the relationship between conservative economic theories and major bankruptcy reforms recently enacted by the United States Congress. First, she describes three key components of conservative economic theory as advanced by the Bush Administration and conservative scholars. These include: a strong preference for private ordering over public ordering, the promotion of private property as a means to expand personal freedom and liberty, and the encouragement of individual risk internalization. Next, she describes two theoretical components (...)
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  17. Conditionals.David Wiggins (ed.) - 1997 - Clarendon Press.
    Conditionals has at its centre an extended essay on this problematic and much-debated subject in the philosophy of language and logic, which the widely respected Oxford philosopher Michael Woods had been preparing for publication at the time of his death in 1993. It appears here edited by his eminent colleague David Wiggins, and accompanied by a commentary specially written by a leading expert on the topic, Dorothy Edgington. This masterly and original treatment of conditionals will demand the attention of (...)
     
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  18. Essays on Identity and Substance.David Wiggins - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This volume gathers twelve essays by David Wiggins in an area where his work has been particularly influential. Among the subjects treated are: persistence of a substance through change, the notion of a continuant, the logic of identity, the co-occupation of space by a continuant and its matter, the relation of person to human organism, the metaphysical idea of a person, the status of artefacts, the relation of the three-dimensional and four-dimensional conceptions of reality, and the nomological underpinning of (...)
     
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  19. Odysseys of Recognition: Performing Intersubjectivity in Homer, Aristotle, Shakespeare, Goethe, and Kleist.Ellwood Wiggins - 2019 - Bucknell University Press.
    Literary recognition is a technical term for a climactic plot device. _Odysseys of Recognition_ claims that interpersonal recognition is constituted by performance, and brings performance theory into dialogue with poetics, politics, and philosophy. By observing Odysseus figures from Homer to Kleist, Ellwood Wiggins offers an alternative to conventional intellectual histories that situate the invention of the interior self in modernity. Through strategic readings of Aristotle, this elegantly written, innovative study recovers an understanding of interpersonal recognition that has become strange (...)
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  20. .David Wiggins - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research:442-448.
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  21.  86
    Sameness and Substance.David Wiggins - 1980 - Harvard University Press.
  22. Practical Knowledge: Knowing How To and Knowing That.David Wiggins - 2012 - Mind 121 (481):97-130.
    Ryle’s account of practical knowing is much controverted. The paper seeks to place present disputations in a larger context and draw attention to the connection between Ryle’s preoccupations and Aristotle’s account of practical reason, practical intelligence, and the way in which human beings enter into the way of being and acting that Aristotle denominates ethos . Considering matters in this framework, the author finds inconclusive the arguments that Stanley and Williamson offer for seeing knowing how to as a special case (...)
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  23. A Sensible Subjectivism?David Wiggins - 1987 - Blackwell.
     
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  24. Ethics: Twelve Lectures on the Philosophy of Morality.David Wiggins - 2006 - Harvard University Press.
    As the need arises at various points in the book, he pursues a variety of related issues and engages additional thinkers--Plato, C. S. Peirce, Darwin, ...
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  25. Needs, Values, Truth: Essays in the Philosophy of Value.David Wiggins - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
    Needs, Values, Truth brings together of some of the most important and influential writings by a leading contemporary philosopher, drawn from twenty-five years of his work in the broad area of the philosophy of value. The author ranges between problems of ethics, meta-ethics, philosophy of mind, and philosophy of logic and language, looking at questions relating to meaning, truth and objectivity in judgements of value. For this third edition he has added a new essay on incommensurability, in addition to making (...)
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  26. On Being in the Same Place at the Same Time.David Wiggins - 1968 - Philosophical Review 77 (1):90-95.
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  27. A Sensible Subjectivism.David Wiggins - 1987 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
     
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  28.  96
    Auditory Expectation: The Information Dynamics of Music Perception and Cognition.Marcus T. Pearce & Geraint A. Wiggins - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (4):625-652.
    Following in a psychological and musicological tradition beginning with Leonard Meyer, and continuing through David Huron, we present a functional, cognitive account of the phenomenon of expectation in music, grounded in computational, probabilistic modeling. We summarize a range of evidence for this approach, from psychology, neuroscience, musicology, linguistics, and creativity studies, and argue that simulating expectation is an important part of understanding a broad range of human faculties, in music and beyond.
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  29. Identity and Spatio-Temporal Continuity.David Wiggins - 1967 - Blackwell.
  30.  86
    On the Ethics of Facial Transplantation Research.Osborne P. Wiggins, John H. Barker, Serge Martinez, Marieke Vossen, Claudio Maldonado, Federico V. Grossi, Cedric G. Francois, Michael Cunningham, Gustavo Perez-Abadia, Moshe Kon & Joseph C. Banis - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):1 – 12.
    Transplantation continues to push the frontiers of medicine into domains that summon forth troublesome ethical questions. Looming on the frontier today is human facial transplantation. We develop criteria that, we maintain, must be satisfied in order to ethically undertake this as-yet-untried transplant procedure. We draw on the criteria advanced by Dr. Francis Moore in the late 1980s for introducing innovative procedures in transplant surgery. In addition to these we also insist that human face transplantation must meet all the ethical requirements (...)
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  31. Moral Cognitivism, Moral Relativism and Motivating Moral Beliefs.David Wiggins - 1991 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 91:61 - 85.
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  32. The Sense and Reference of Predicates: A Running Repair to Frege's Doctrine and a Plea for the Copula.David Wiggins - 1984 - Philosophical Quarterly 34 (136):311-328.
  33. Neo-Aristotelian Reflections on Justice.David Wiggins - 2004 - Mind 113 (451):477-512.
    The purpose is to stage a dialogue between a pre-liberal conception of justice, represented by Aristotle as revived with the help of ideas of Lucas, Jouvenel and G. A. Cohen, and a liberal conception, as founded in Kant and refurbished, renewed and worked out in A Theory of Justice by John Rawls. Among the questions at issue are the roles of habit, disposition and formation; the nature of the dependency between the justice of the citizen of a polity and the (...)
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  34. Identity, Individuation and Substance.David Wiggins - 2012 - European Journal of Philosophy 20 (1):1-25.
    The paper takes off from the problem of finding a proper content for the relation of identity as it holds or fails to hold among ordinary things or substances. The necessary conditions of identity are familiar, the sufficient conditions less so. The search is for conditions at once better usable than the Leibnizian Identity of Indiscernibles (independently suspect) and strong enough to underwrite all the formal properties of the relation.It is contended that the key to this problem rests at the (...)
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  35.  93
    Sortal Concepts: A Reply to Xu.David Wiggins - 1997 - Mind and Language 12 (3-4):413–421.
  36. Languages as Social Objects.David Wiggins - 1997 - Philosophy 72 (282):499-524.
    1. There is a tendency nowadays for linguists, philosophers and other theorists of language, to dismiss the notion of an object like the English language or the Polish language as simply mythological or mythopoeic—as of no interest to any serious science of language. Some theorists even appear to deny that there are such things as languages . ‘This notion [of a public language] is unknown to empirical inquiry and raises what seem to be irresolvable problems’, Chomsky said in a lecture (...)
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  37. What is the Order Among the Varieties of Goodness? A Question Posed by Von Wright; and a Conjecture Made by Aristotle.David Wiggins - 2009 - Philosophy 84 (2):175-200.
    The great variousness and plurality of goodness has given comfort to general scepticism about values and a multitude of metaethical attitudes or predilections. But is this variousness and plurality really the hotch-potch it has appeared? The paper recapitulates and expands von Wright's typology of the varieties of goodness and looks to explain the order or system that underlies the phenomena by developing and extending a conjecture of Aristotle's, the so-called 'focal hypothesis', and combining there-with a suggestion of von Wright's, to (...)
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  38. Knowing How to and Knowing That.David Wiggins - 2005 - In P. M. S. Hacker, Hans-Johann Glock & John Hyman (eds.), Wittgenstein and Analytic Philosophy: Essays for P. M. S. Hacker. Oxford University Press.
     
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  39.  61
    A Neglected Ethical Issue in Citizen Science and DIY Biology.Lucie White - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (8):46-48.
    Andrea Wiggins and John Wilbanks’ article (2019) presents us with a welcome overview of the neglected, novel ethical issues raised by the advent of citizen science in health and biomedical contexts. This contribution takes a rather different approach, focusing on a very specific (yet also overlooked) problem in this context - the ethical implications of self-administered genetic testing. This problem, however, is particularly illustrative of the “ethics gap” between traditional medical settings and new public-driven scientific practices, emphasized by (...)
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  40. Wittgenstein on Ethics and the Riddle of Life.David Wiggins - 2004 - Philosophy 79 (3):363-391.
    The paper seeks to interpret and then to criticize Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus paragraph 6.4 to 7, connecting this so-called mystical section with the “Lecture on Ethics” given in Cambridge in 1929, the Notebooks, and a passage in the Big Typescript. Interpretive and critical efforts focus on the claims: that if having intrinsic value, good or evil, is nothing zufällig, then its basis is nothing in the world; that value can only enter through the willing subject; that “how things are in (...)
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  41.  85
    Weakness of Will, Commensurability, and the Objects of Deliberation and Desire.David Wiggins - 1979 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 79:251 - 277.
  42. Objectivity in Ethics; Two Difficulties, Two Responses.David Wiggins - 2005 - Ratio 18 (1):1–26.
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  43.  53
    Psychosomatic Medicine and the Philosophy of Life.Michael A. Schwartz & Osborne P. Wiggins - 2010 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 5:1-5.
    Basing ourselves on the writings of Hans Jonas, we offer to psychosomatic medicine a philosophy of life that surmounts the mind-body dualism which has plagued Western thought since the origins of modern science in seventeenth century Europe. Any present-day account of reality must draw upon everything we know about the living and the non-living. Since we are living beings ourselves, we know what it means to be alive from our own first-hand experience. Therefore, our philosophy of life, in addition to (...)
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  44. On Singling Out an Object Determinately.David Wiggins - 1986 - In P. Pettit & J. McDowell (eds.), Subject, Thought and Context. Clarendon Press.
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  45. Categorical Requirements: Kant and Hume on the Idea of Duty.David Wiggins - 1991 - The Monist 74 (1):83-106.
    If the theory advanced below is correct, then what is the difference (I know she [Philippa Foot]] will ask) between the moral must/must not and the must/must not of etiquette or the clubhouse? Looking forward to the conclusion I shall reach, let me reply, roughly and readily, that the difference will reside not in anything formal but in the depth, spread, and felt authority of the attachments to which the moral must/must not appeals-and categorically appeals.
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  46.  21
    The Impact of Membership in the Ethics Officer Association.Gonzalo A. Chavez, Roy A. Wiggins & Munevver Yolas - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 34 (1):39 - 56.
    In this study, we propose considering membership in the Ethics Officer Association (EOA) as a proxy for the firm''s commitment to ethical decision making, and we analyze the influence of firm- and CEO-specific characteristics on this commitment. While we observe a positive relationship between membership and firm size, we also document a negative relationship between EOA membership and the executive''s time in position and, to a more modest extent, accounting returns. Pursuing this further, we present evidence that firms with past (...)
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  47. The Right and the Good and W. D. Ross's Criticism of Consequentialism.David Wiggins - 1998 - Utilitas 10 (3):261-.
    David Ross made the first sustained attack on Moore's agathistic utilitarianism or ethical neutralism a damaging concession to consequentialism.
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  48.  58
    Locke, Butler and the Stream of Consciousness: And Men as a Natural Kind.David Wiggins - 1976 - Philosophy 51 (196):131 - 158.
  49.  39
    Putnam's Doctrine of Natural Kind Words and Frege's Doctrines of Sense, Reference, and Extension: Can They Cohere?David Wiggins - 1994 - In Peter Clark & Bob Hale (eds.), Reading Putnam. Blackwell. pp. 59--74.
  50.  99
    Objective and Subjective in Ethics, with Two Postscripts About Truth.David Wiggins - 1995 - Ratio 8 (3):243-258.
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