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Andreas Blank
Alpen-Adria Universität Klagenfurt
  1.  16
    Self-Knowledge and Varieties of Human Excellence in the French Moralists.Andreas Blank - 2019 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 27 (3):513-534.
    ABSTRACTContemporary accounts of knowing one’s own mental states can be instructively supplemented by early modern accounts that understand self-knowledge as an important factor for flourishing human life. This article argues that in the early modern French moralists, one finds diverging conceptions of how knowing one’s own personal qualities could constitute a kind of human excellence: François de la Rochefoucauld argues that the value of knowing one’s own character faults could contribute to an attitude of self-acceptance that liberates one from the (...)
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  2.  21
    Mably on Esteem, Republicanism, and the Question of Human Corruption.Andreas Blank - 2021 - Journal of Modern Philosophy 3 (1):5.
    Gabriel Bonnot de Mably takes up the republican commonplace that the desire for esteem is what could motivate the fulfilment of duties of civic virtue. This commonplace, however, has become problematic through the discussion of the problem of human corruption in philosophers such as Blaise Pascal and Nicolas Malebranche. In this article, I will show that Mably takes this problem seriously. However, his critique of Malebranche’s solution to this problem and his critique of the economic reinterpretation of Malebranche’s concept of (...)
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  3.  10
    Christian Wolff on Common Notions and Duties of Esteem.Andreas Blank - 2019 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 8 (1):171-193.
    While contemporary accounts understand esteem and self-esteem as essentially competitive phenomena, early modern natural law theorists developed a conception of justified esteem and self-esteem based on naturally good character traits. This article explores how such a normative conception of esteem and self-esteem is developed in the work of Christian Wolff. Two features make Wolff’s approach distinctive: He uses the analysis of common notions that are expressed in everyday language to provide a foundation for the aspects of natural law on which (...)
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  4.  29
    Wolff on Duties of Esteem in the Law of Peoples.Andreas Blank - 2021 - European Journal of Philosophy 29 (2):475-486.
    European Journal of Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  5.  16
    Pufendorf and Leibniz on Duties of Esteem in Diplomatic Relations.Andreas Blank - 2022 - Journal of International Political Theory 18 (2):186-204.
    The striving for self-worth is recognized as a driving force in international relations; but if self-worth is understood as a function of status in a power hierarchy, this striving often is a source of anxiety and conflict over status. The quasi-international relations within the early modern German Empire have prompted seventeenth-century natural law theorists such as Samuel Pufendorf and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz to reflect about this problem. In his De statu imperii Germanici, Pufendorf regards the power differences and dependencies between (...)
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  6. Missing a Soul That Endows Bodies with Life: An Introduction.Fabrizio Baldassarri & Andreas Blank - 2021 - In Fabrizio Baldassarri & Andreas Blank (eds.), Vegetative Powers: The Roots of Life in Ancient, Medieval and Early Modern Natural Philosophy. Springer. pp. 1-12.
    In the history of ideas, innumerable attempts to explain life and to define living activities have invoked the notion of the soul. Yet this theoretical entity seems to be an unfathomable thing. Difficulties beset the mere definition of it, and controversies span from whether the soul is a material body or an immaterial form, an immortal or a mortal thing, a subject of experiential or of theoretical knowledge, to the question of whether it is the subject of a specific discipline (...)
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  7.  16
    Anne‐Thérèse de Lambert on Aging and Self‐Esteem.Andreas Blank - 2018 - Hypatia 33 (2):289-304.
    This article studies Madame de Lambert's early eighteenth-century views on aging, and especially the aging of women, by contextualizing them in a twofold way: It understands them as a response to La Rochefoucauld's skepticism concerning aging, women, and the aging of women; It understands them as being closely connected to a long series of scattered remarks concerning esteem, self-esteem, and honnêteté in Lambert's moral essays. Whereas La Rochefoucauld describes aging as a decline of intellectual, emotional, and physical powers and is (...)
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  8.  30
    D’Holbach on (Dis-)Esteeming Talent.Andreas Blank - 2020 - Journal of Modern Philosophy 2 (1):10.
    Rousseau argues that holding the talented in high public esteem leads the less talented to esteem their natural virtues less highly and therefore to neglect the cultivation of these virtues. D’Holbach’s response to Rousseau indicates a sense in which esteeming talent can avoid these detrimental consequences. The starting point of d’Holbach’s defense of the sciences and arts is an analysis of the impact that despotic regimes have on esteeming talent. He argues that there is not only a problem of over-valuing (...)
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  9.  30
    Helvétius's Challenge: Moral Luck, Political Constitutions, and the Economy of Esteem.Andreas Blank - 2020 - European Journal of Philosophy 28 (2):337-349.
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  10.  40
    Sixteenth-Century Pharmacology and the Controversy Between Reductionism and Emergentism.Andreas Blank - 2018 - Perspectives on Science 26 (2):157-184.
    Sixteenth century pharmacology was still very much under the influence of a distinction going back to ancient medicine: the distinction between effects of medicaments that were taken to be explainable by the elementary qualities, their mutual modification in mixture, and the combination of these modified elementary qualities on the one hand, and the effects of medicaments that were taken not to be explicable in this manner.1 Galen coined the expression that a medicament of the latter kind possesses the capacity of (...)
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  11.  22
    Esteem and Self-Esteem in Early Modern Ethics and Politics. An Overview.Andreas Blank - 2022 - Intellectual History Review 32 (1):1-14.
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  12. Sennert and Leibniz on Animate Atoms.Andreas Blank - 2011 - In Machines of Nature and Composite Substances in Leibniz. Dordrecht, Netherlands: pp. 115-130.
  13.  20
    Confessionalization and Natural Philosophy.Andreas Blank - 2022 - In Dana Jalobeanu and David Marshall Miller (ed.), The Cambridge History of Philosophy of the Scientific Revolution. Cambridge: pp. 111-127.
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  14.  16
    Christoph Besold on Confederation Rights and Duties of Esteem in Diplomatic Relations.Andreas Blank - 2022 - Intellectual History Review 32 (1):51-70.
  15.  28
    D’Holbach on Self-Esteem and the Moral Economy of Oppression.Andreas Blank - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 25 (6):1116-1137.
    Recently, the idea that our desire for the esteem of others could function as a regulative principle of social life has been criticized because the economy of esteem could reinforce oppressive structures due to expressions of mutual esteem within oppressing groups with deviant group norms. This article discusses this problem from a historical point of view, focusing on the moral and political writings of the eighteenth-century French materialist Paul Thiry d’Holbach. D’Holbach’s thoughts are relevant in two respects: For situations of (...)
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  16. Aquinas and Soto on Derogatory Judgement and Noncomparative Justice.Andreas Blank - 2012 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 29 (4):411-427.
  17. Complaisance and the Question of Autonomy in the French Women Moralists, 1650–1710.Andreas Blank - 2018 - In Alberto Siani Sandrine Bergès (ed.), Women Philosophers on Autonomy. London, UK: pp. 43–60.
     
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  18.  64
    Julius Caesar Scaliger on Corpuscles and the Vacuum.Andreas Blank - 2008 - Perspectives on Science 16 (2):pp. 137-159.
    This paper investigates the relationship between some corpuscularian and Aristotelian strands that run through the thought of the sixteenth-century philosopher and physician Julius Caesar Scaliger. Scaliger often uses the concepts of corpuscles, pores, and vacuum. At the same time, he also describes mixture as involving the fusion of particles into a continuous body. The paper explores how Scaliger’s combination of corpuscularian and non-corpuscularian views is shaped, in substantial aspects, by his response to the views on corpuscles and the vacuum in (...)
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  19.  63
    Material Points and Formal Concepts in the Early Wittgenstein.Andreas Blank - 2007 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 37 (2):245-261.
    In an influential article, Gerd Grasshoff has argued for the identification of the objects in Wittgenstein's Tractatus with the ultimate constituents of reality in Heinrich Hertz's Principles of Mechanics. Grasshoff's interpretation is based on two interrelated claims: The specific determination of the objects in the world and the relation among them is the primary theme in Wittgenstein's early philosophy, because it is the primary theme for Hertz. Wittgenstein did not assume the existence of simple objects on purely logical grounds without (...)
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  20.  45
    Striving Possibles and Leibniz’s Cognitivist Theory of Volition.Andreas Blank - 2016 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 5 (2):29-52.
    Leibniz’s claim that possibles strive towards existence has led to diverging interpretations. According to the metaphorical interpretation, only the divine will is causally efficacious in bringing possibles into exisence. According to the literal interpretation, God endows possibles with causal powers of their own. The present article suggests a solution to this interpretative impass by suggesting that the doctrine of the striving possibles can be understood as a consequence of Leibniz’s early cognitivist theory of volition. According to this theory, thinking the (...)
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  21.  24
    Fortunio Liceti on Mind, Light, and Immaterial Extension.Andreas Blank - 2013 - Perspectives on Science 21 (3):358-378.
    In the history of seventeenth-century philosophy, the distinction between material and immaterial extension is closely associated with the Cambridge Platonist Henry More (1614–1687). The aspect of More’s conception of immaterial extension that proved most influential is his theory of absolute divine space. Very plausibly, the Newtonian conception of space owes a great deal to More’s views on space. More’s views on space in turn were closely linked to his views on the nature of individual spirits—the souls of brutes and humans, (...)
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  22.  16
    Material Points and Formal Concepts in the Early Wittgenstein.Andreas Blank - 2007 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 37 (2):245-261.
    In an influential article, Gerd Grasshoff has argued for the identification of the objects in Wittgenstein's Tractatus with the ultimate constituents of reality in Heinrich Hertz's Principles of Mechanics. Grasshoff's interpretation is based on two interrelated claims: The specific determination of the objects in the world and the relation among them is the primary theme in Wittgenstein's early philosophy, because it is the primary theme for Hertz. Wittgenstein did not assume the existence of simple objects on purely logical grounds without (...)
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  23. D’Holbach on Self-Esteem, Justice, and Cosmopolitanism.Andreas Blank - 2016 - Eighteenth-Century Studies 49 (4):439-453.
  24.  14
    The Morality of the Desire for Esteem: Gassendi and the Augustinian Challenge.Andreas Blank - 2021 - History of European Ideas 47 (8):1228-1242.
    ABSTRACT Pierre Gassendi has not been perceived as one of the early modern philosophers who had something interesting to say about the role of the desire for esteem in social life and the moral duties connected with this desire. Nevertheless, in his Animadversiones in decimum librum Diogenis Laertii there are some scattered, but interrelated remarks about how the desire for esteem could be supportive of civic virtue. These remarks were written during the years when Jansenism became a considerable intellectual force (...)
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  25. Daniel Sennert and the Late Aristotelian Controversy Over the Natural Origin of Animal Souls.Andreas Blank - 2016 - In Animals. New Essays. Munich, Germany: pp. 75-99.
  26. Domingo de Soto on Doubts, Presumptions, and Noncomparative Justice.Andreas Blank - 2015 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 32 (1):1-18.
  27. Leibniz: Metaphilosophy and Metaphysics, 1666–1686.Andreas Blank - 2005 - Munich, Germany: Philosophia.
  28.  10
    First Page Preview.Andreas Blank, Leibniz Metaphilosophy, David Bostock, Time Space, Girolamo Cardano, Immortalitate Animorum De, Daniel Carey & Shaftesbury Locke - 2006 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 14 (3).
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  29.  57
    Definitions, Sorites Arguments, and Leibniz’s Méditation Sur la Notion Commune de la Justice.Andreas Blank - 2004 - The Leibniz Review 14:153-166.
    As Leibniz points out in the Méditation sur la notion commune de la jus tice, justice—defined as charity of the wise and universal benevolence—belongs “to the necessary and eternal truths about the nature of things, as numbers and proportions.” According to the interpretation of Patrick Riley, from this perspective the two manuscripts usually regarded as belonging to the Méditation should be seen as complementary parts of a unitary Platonizing work. According to Riley, the manuscript that now constitutes the first part (...)
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  30.  13
    Material Souls and Imagination in Late Aristotelian Embryology.Andreas Blank - 2010 - Annals of Science 67 (2):187-204.
    This article explores some continuities between Late Aristotelian and Cartesian embryology. In particular, it argues that there is an interesting consilience between some accounts of the role of imagination in trait acquisition in Late Aristotelian and Cartesian embryology. Evidence for this thesis is presented using the extensive biological writings of the Padua-based philosopher and physician, Fortunio Liceti . Like the Cartesian physiologists, Liceti believed that animal souls are material beings and that acts of imagination result in material images that can (...)
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  31. Material Causes and Incomplete Entities in Gallego de la Serna’s Theory of Animal Generation.Andreas Blank - 2014 - In The Life Sciences in Early Modern Philosophy. Oxford, UK: pp. 117-136.
     
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  32.  44
    Historical Semantics and Cognition.Andreas Blank & Peter Koch (eds.) - 1999 - Mouton De Gruyter.
    Contains revised papers from a September 1996 symposium which provided a forum for synchronically and diachronically oriented scholars to exchange ideas and for ...
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  33.  18
    Leibniz and the Presumption of Justice.Andreas Blank - 2006 - Studia Leibnitiana 38 (2):209 - 218.
    In den Elementa juris naturalis behauptet Leibniz, dass es rational ist zu präsumieren, dass eine gegebene Handlung gerecht ist. Diese Behauptung scheint in Widerspruch zu seiner Auffassung zu stehen, dass das, was präsumiert wird, einfacher ist als sein Gegenteil. Nach Leibniz ist einfacher, was weniger Voraussetzungen hat als etwas anderes, wobei er zwischen logischen und ontologischen Voraussetzungen unterscheidet. Dieser Diskussionsbeitrag versucht zu zeigen, dass Voraussetzungen auf der ontologischen Ebene eine oft übersehene Rolle für die Präsumption der Gerechtigkeit einer Handlung spielen (...)
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  34.  7
    Justice and the Eclecticism of Protestant Ethics, 1580-1610.Andreas Blank - 2008 - Studia Leibnitiana 40 (2):223 - 238.
    Theorien von Gerechtigkeit als einer ethischen Tugend spielen eine große Rolle in der protestantischen Ethik vor dem Dreißigjährigen Krieg. Eines der hervorstechenden Merkmale dieser Theorien ist ihr eklektischer Charakter: Sie verbinden Elemente aus verschiedenen Traditionen der antiken Tugendethik, vor allem der platonischen, aristotelischen und stoischen. Die Gerechtigkeitstheorien von protestantischen Philosophen wie Rudolph Goclenius, Clemens Timpler und Bartholomäus Keckermann illustrieren gut dokumentierte Merkmale des frühneuzeitlichen Eklektizismus wie die Rolle der Reinterpretation von ausgewählten Lehrstücken und die konziliatorische Strategie, scheinbare Widersprüche zwischen verschiedenen (...)
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  35.  33
    Review of Tye (2003): Consciousness and Persons. Unity and Identity. [REVIEW]Andreas Blank - 2006 - Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (1):188-191.
  36.  57
    Wittgenstein on Verification and Seeing-As, 1930–1932.Andreas Blank - 2011 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 54 (6):614 - 632.
    Abstract This article examines the little-explored remarks on verification in Wittgenstein's notebooks during the period between 1930 and 1932. In these remarks, Wittgenstein connects a verificationist theory of meaning with the notion of logical multiplicity, understood as a space of possibilities: a proposition is verified by a fact if and only if the proposition and the fact have the same logical multiplicity. But while in his early philosophy logical multiplicities were analysed as an outcome of the formal properties of simple (...)
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  37. Leibniz on Usucaption, Presumption, and International Justice.Andreas Blank - 2011 - Studia Leibnitiana 43 (1):70-86.
     
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  38. Biomedical Ontology and the Metaphysics of Composite Substances, 1540–1670.Andreas Blank - 2010 - Munich, Germany: Philosophia.
  39. On Interpreting Leibniz's Mill.Andreas Blank - 2010 - In Peter K. Machamer & Gereon Wolters (eds.), Interpretation: Ways of Thinking About the Sciences and the Arts. University of Pittsburgh Press.
  40.  72
    Leibniz on Justice as a Common Concept: A Rejoinder to Patrick Riley.Andreas Blank - 2006 - The Leibniz Review 16:205-214.
  41.  56
    Wittgenstein on Colours and Logical Multiplicities, 1930–1932: Dialogue.Andreas Blank - 2008 - Dialogue 47 (2):311-329.
    This article explores Wittgenstein's little known remarks on colour from his notebooks of the early 1930s. It emphasizes the importance of the notion of logical multiplicity contained in these remarks. The notion of logical multiplicity indicates that Wittgenstein, as in the years of the Tractatus, is committed to a theory of logical space in which every colour is embedded. However, logical multiplicities in his remarks of the early 1930s do not depend on an apparatus of simple objects, states of affairs, (...)
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  42.  33
    Daniel Sennert on Poisons, Epilepsy, and Subordinate Forms.Andreas Blank - 2011 - Perspectives on Science 19 (2):192-211.
    As Peter Niebyl has documented, one of the issues in which the Wittenberg-based physician and philosopher Daniel Sennert (1572–1637) departed from Paracelsus and his followers was the concept of disease. Paracelsus and some of his followers regarded diseases as real beings—so-called “disease-entities” (entia morbis) that can enter into the body of a living being and thereafter possess a clearly defined location in the affected organism. 1 For Sennert, such a view is a dangerous confusion between disease and its causes. According (...)
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  43.  34
    Julius Caesar Scaliger on Plant Generation and the Question of Species Constancy.Andreas Blank - 2010 - Early Science and Medicine 15 (3):266-286.
    The sixteenth-century physician and philosopher Julius Caesar Scaliger combines the view that living beings are individuated by a single substantial form with the view that the constituents of the organic body retain their identity due to the continued existence and operation of their own substantial forms. This essay investigates the implications of Scaliger's account of subordinate and dominant substantial forms for the question of the constancy of biological species. According to Scaliger, biological mutability involves not only change on the ontological (...)
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  44.  5
    Nicolaus Taurellus on Forms and Elements.Andreas Blank - 2014 - Science in Context 27 (4):659-682.
    ArgumentThis article examines the conception of elements in the natural philosophy of Nicolaus Taurellus and explores the theological motivation that stands behind this conception. By some of his early modern readers, Taurellus may have been understood as a proponent of material atoms. By contrast, I argue that considerations concerning the substantiality of the ultimate constituents of composites led Taurellus to an immaterialist ontology, according to which elements are immaterial forms that possess active and passive potencies as well as motion and (...)
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  45.  55
    Incomplete Entities, Natural Non-Separability, and Leibniz’s Response to François Lamy’s De la Conoissance de Soi-Même.Andreas Blank - 2003 - The Leibniz Review 13:1-17.
    Robert M. Adams claims that Leibniz’s rehabilitation of the doctrine of incomplete entities is the most sustained effort to integrate a theory of corporeal substances into the theory of simple substances. I discuss alternative interpretations of the theory of incomplete entities suggested by Marleen Rozemond and Pauline Phemister. Against Rozemond, I argue that the scholastic doctrine of incomplete entities is not dependent on a hylomorphic analysis of corporeal substances, and therefore can be adapted by Leibniz. Against Phemister, I claim that (...)
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  46.  8
    Johannes von Felden on Usucaption, Justice, and the Society of States.Andreas Blank - 2013 - Journal of the History of Ideas 74 (3):403-423.
  47.  11
    Presumption, Torture and the Controversy Over Excepted Crimes, 1600–1632.Andreas Blank - 2012 - Intellectual History Review 22 (2):131-145.
  48.  42
    Reply to Brandon Look.Andreas Blank - 2006 - The Leibniz Review 16:123-124.
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  49.  81
    Wittgenstein on Expectation, Action, and Internal Relations, 1930–1932.Andreas Blank - 2007 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 50 (3):270 – 287.
    According to Wittgenstein, internal relations are such that, once their terms are given, it is unthinkable that they do not hold. In his early philosophy, the concept of internal relation plays a central role in his views on meaning. The present paper addresses the question of how Wittgenstein's views about internal relations develop during his years of transition (1930-32). In particular, it investigates the connections between the concepts of internal relation, logical multiplicity, and aspect seeing in two thematic fields: (1) (...)
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  50. Vegetative Powers: The Roots of Life in Ancient, Medieval and Early Modern Natural Philosophy.Fabrizio Baldassarri & Andreas Blank (eds.) - 2021 - Cham: Springer.
    The volume analyzes the natural philosophical accounts and debates concerning the vegetative powers, namely nutrition, growth, and reproduction. While principally focusing on the early modern approaches to the lower functions of the soul, readers will discover the roots of these approaches back to the Ancient times, as the volume highlights the role of three strands that help shape the study of life in the Medieval and early modern natural philosophies. From late antiquity to the early modern period, the vegetative soul (...)
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