18 found
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  1.  7
    Investigating the Cognitive Structure of Stereotypes: Generic Beliefs About Groups Predict Social Judgments Better Than Statistical Beliefs.Matthew D. Hammond & Andrei Cimpian - 2017 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 146 (5):607-614.
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  2.  14
    Information Learned From Generic Language Becomes Central to Children’s Biological Concepts: Evidence From Their Open-Ended Explanations.Andrei Cimpian & Ellen M. Markman - 2009 - Cognition 113 (1):14-25.
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  3.  73
    Generic Statements Require Little Evidence for Acceptance but Have Powerful Implications.Andrei Cimpian, Amanda C. Brandone & Susan A. Gelman - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (8):1452-1482.
    Generic statements (e.g., “Birds lay eggs”) express generalizations about categories. In this paper, we hypothesized that there is a paradoxical asymmetry at the core of generic meaning, such that these sentences have extremely strong implications but require little evidence to be judged true. Four experiments confirmed the hypothesized asymmetry: Participants interpreted novel generics such as “Lorches have purple feathers” as referring to nearly all lorches, but they judged the same novel generics to be true given a wide range of prevalence (...)
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  4.  51
    Do Lions Have Manes? For Children, Generics Are About Kinds, Not Quantities.Amanda Brandone, Andrei Cimpian, Sarah-Jane Leslie & Susan Gelman - 2012 - Child Development 83:423-433.
  5.  10
    Women Are Underrepresented in Fields Where Success is Believed to Require Brilliance.Meredith Meyer, Andrei Cimpian & Sarah-Jane Leslie - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  6.  49
    The Inherence Heuristic: An Intuitive Means of Making Sense of the World, and a Potential Precursor to Psychological Essentialism.Andrei Cimpian & Erika Salomon - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (5):461-480.
    We propose that human reasoning relies on an inherence heuristic, an implicit cognitive process that leads people to explain observed patterns (e.g., girls wear pink) in terms of the inherent features of their constituents (e.g., pink is an inherently feminine color). We then demonstrate how this proposed heuristic can provide a unified account for a broad set of findings spanning areas of research that might at first appear unrelated (e.g., system justification, nominal realism, is–ought errors in moral reasoning). By revealing (...)
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  7.  28
    Preschool Children’s Use of Cues to Generic Meaning.Andrei Cimpian & Ellen M. Markman - 2008 - Cognition 107 (1):19-53.
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  8.  21
    Why Are Dunkels Sticky? Preschoolers Infer Functionality and Intentional Creation for Artifact Properties Learned From Generic Language.Andrei Cimpian & Cristina Cadena - 2010 - Cognition 117 (1):62-68.
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  9.  46
    Memory Errors Reveal a Bias to Spontaneously Generalize to Categories.Shelbie L. Sutherland, Andrei Cimpian, Sarah‐Jane Leslie & Susan A. Gelman - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (5):1021-1046.
    Much evidence suggests that, from a young age, humans are able to generalize information learned about a subset of a category to the category itself. Here, we propose that—beyond simply being able to perform such generalizations—people are biased to generalize to categories, such that they routinely make spontaneous, implicit category generalizations from information that licenses such generalizations. To demonstrate the existence of this bias, we asked participants to perform a task in which category generalizations would distract from the main goal (...)
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  10.  13
    Children Expect Generic Knowledge to Be Widely Shared.Andrei Cimpian & Rose M. Scott - 2012 - Cognition 123 (3):419-433.
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  11. Differences in the Evaluation of Generic Statements About Human and Non‐Human Categories.Arber Tasimi, Susan Gelman, Andrei Cimpian & Joshua Knobe - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (7):1934-1957.
    Generic statements express generalizations about categories. Current theories suggest that people should be especially inclined to accept generics that involve threatening information. However, previous tests of this claim have focused on generics about non-human categories, which raises the question of whether this effect applies as readily to human categories. In Experiment 1, adults were more likely to accept generics involving a threatening property for artifacts, but this negativity bias did not also apply to human categories. Experiment 2 examined an alternative (...)
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  12.  2
    Tell Me About Pangolins! Evidence That Children Are Motivated to Learn About Kinds.Andrei Cimpian & JoAnn J. Park - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (1):46-55.
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  13.  11
    An Explanatory Heuristic Gives Rise to the Belief That Words Are Well Suited for Their Referents.Shelbie L. Sutherland & Andrei Cimpian - 2015 - Cognition 143:228-240.
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  14.  4
    Intuitions About Personal Identity Are Rooted in Essentialist Thinking Across Development.Zachary Horne & Andrei Cimpian - 2019 - Cognition 191:103981.
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  15.  8
    Explanation as a Cognitive Process.Zachary Horne, Melis Muradoglu & Andrei Cimpian - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (3):187-199.
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  16.  5
    “It Feels Like It’s in Your Body”: How Children in the United States Think About Nationality.Larisa J. Hussak & Andrei Cimpian - 2019 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 148 (7):1153-1168.
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  17.  9
    Building Theory-Based Concepts: Four-Year-Olds Preferentially Seek Explanations for Features of Kinds.Andrei Cimpian & Gina Petro - 2014 - Cognition 131 (2):300-310.
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  18.  13
    Are Stereotypes Accurate? A Perspective From the Cognitive Science of Concepts.Lin Bian & Andrei Cimpian - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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