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Andrew Peterson [60]Andrew C. Peterson [1]
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  1.  26
    What Justifies the Allocation of Health Care Resources to Patients with Disorders of Consciousness?Andrew Peterson, Sean Aas & David Wasserman - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 12 (2-3):127-139.
    This paper critically engages ethical issues in the allocation of novel, and potentially costly, health care resources to patients with disorders of consciousness. First, we review potential benefits of novel health care resources for patients and their families and outline preliminary considerations to address concerns about cost. We then address two problems regarding the allocation of health care resources to patients with disorders of consciousness: (1) the problem of uncertain moral status; and (2) the problem of accurately measuring the welfare (...)
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  2. The Ethics of Narrative Art: philosophy in schools, compassion and learning from stories.Laura D’Olimpio & Andrew Peterson - 2018 - Journal of Philosophy in Schools 5 (1):92-110.
    Following neo-Aristotelians Alasdair MacIntyre and Martha Nussbaum, we claim that humans are story-telling animals who learn from the stories of diverse others. Moral agents use rational emotions, such as compassion which is our focus here, to imaginatively reconstruct others’ thoughts, feelings and goals. In turn, this imaginative reconstruction plays a crucial role in deliberating and discerning how to act. A body of literature has developed in support of the role narrative artworks (i.e. novels and films) can play in allowing us (...)
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  3.  9
    Supported Decision Making With People at the Margins of Autonomy.Andrew Peterson, Jason Karlawish & Emily Largent - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (11):4-18.
    This article argues that supported decision making is ideal for people with dynamic cognitive and functional impairments that place them at the margins of autonomy. First, we argue that guardianship and similar surrogate decision-making frameworks may be inappropriate for people with dynamic impairments. Second, we provide a conceptual foundation for supported decision making for individuals with dynamic impairments, which integrates the social model of disability with relational accounts of autonomy. Third, we propose a three-step model that specifies the necessary conditions (...)
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  4.  35
    Assessing Decision-Making Capacity in the Behaviorally Nonresponsive Patient With Residual Covert Awareness.Andrew Peterson, Lorina Naci, Charles Weijer, Damian Cruse, Davinia Fernández-Espejo, Mackenzie Graham & Adrian M. Owen - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 4 (4):3-14.
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  5.  17
    Alive inside.Andrew Peterson, Adrian M. Owen & Jason Karlawish - 2020 - Bioethics 34 (3):295-305.
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  6.  30
    An Ethics of Welfare for Patients Diagnosed as Vegetative With Covert Awareness.Mackenzie Graham, Charles Weijer, Damian Cruse, Davinia Fernandez-Espejo, Teneille Gofton, Laura E. Gonzalez-Lara, Andrea Lazosky, Lorina Naci, Loretta Norton, Andrew Peterson, Kathy N. Speechley, Bryan Young & Adrian M. Owen - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 6 (2):31-41.
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  7.  3
    How Will Families React to Evidence of Covert Consciousness in Brain-Injured Patients?Andrew Peterson - 2020 - Neuroethics 14 (3):347-350.
    This commentary critically examines a recent qualitative study, published in this issue of Neuroethics, on the attitudes of family caregivers toward evidence of covert consciousness in brain-injured patients.
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  8.  23
    Should Neuroscience Inform Judgements of Decision-Making Capacity?Andrew Peterson - 2018 - Neuroethics 12 (2):133-151.
    In this article, I present an argument that suggests neuroscience should inform judgments of decision-making capacity. First, I review key behavioral and neurocognitive data to demonstrate that neuroscientific tests might be predictive of decision-making capacity, and that these tests might inform clinical judgments of capacity. Second, I argue that, consistent with the principles of autonomy and justice, such data should inform judgements of decision-making capacity. While the neuroscience of decision-making capacity still requires time to mature, there is strong reason to (...)
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  9.  5
    Should Neuroscience Inform Judgements of Decision-Making Capacity?Andrew Peterson - 2018 - Neuroethics 12 (2):133-151.
    In this article, I present an argument that suggests neuroscience should inform judgments of decision-making capacity. First, I review key behavioral and neurocognitive data to demonstrate that neuroscientific tests might be predictive of decision-making capacity, and that these tests might inform clinical judgments of capacity. Second, I argue that, consistent with the principles of autonomy and justice, such data should inform judgements of decision-making capacity. While the neuroscience of decision-making capacity still requires time to mature, there is strong reason to (...)
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  10.  32
    Acknowledging awareness: informing families of individual research results for patients in the vegetative state.Mackenzie Graham, Charles Weijer, Andrew Peterson, Lorina Naci, Damian Cruse, Davinia Fernández-Espejo, Laura Gonzalez-Lara & Adrian M. Owen - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (7):534-538.
  11.  14
    A Principled Argument, But Not a Practical One.Andrew Peterson, Lorina Naci, Charles Weijer & Adrian M. Owen - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 4 (1):52-53.
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  12.  14
    Assessing Decision-Making Capacity in Patients with Communication Impairments.Molly Cairncross, Andrew Peterson, Andrea Lazosky, Teneille Gofton & Charles Weijer - 2016 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 25 (4):691-699.
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  13.  39
    Civic republicanism and contestatory deliberation: Framing pupil discourse within citizenship education.Andrew Peterson - 2009 - British Journal of Educational Studies 57 (1):55-69.
    Discourse between pupils represents a core element of citizenship education in England. However, as it is currently presented within the curriculum, discourse adopts the form of the rather broad terms of 'discussion' and 'debate'. These terms are diffuse, and in themselves offer little pedagogical guidance for teachers implementing the curriculum in schools. Moreover, there has been little academic reflection in England as to how theoretical ideas on civic dialogue may usefully inform approaches to pupil discourse. For this reason, how pupils (...)
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  14.  48
    Ethics of neuroimaging after serious brain injury.Charles Weijer, Andrew Peterson, Fiona Webster, Mackenzie Graham, Damian Cruse, Davinia Fernández-Espejo, Teneille Gofton, Laura E. Gonzalez-Lara, Andrea Lazosky, Lorina Naci, Loretta Norton, Kathy Speechley, Bryan Young & Adrian M. Owen - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):41.
    Patient outcome after serious brain injury is highly variable. Following a period of coma, some patients recover while others progress into a vegetative state (unresponsive wakefulness syndrome) or minimally conscious state. In both cases, assessment is difficult and misdiagnosis may be as high as 43%. Recent advances in neuroimaging suggest a solution. Both functional magnetic resonance imaging and electroencephalography have been used to detect residual cognitive function in vegetative and minimally conscious patients. Neuroimaging may improve diagnosis and prognostication. These techniques (...)
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  15.  6
    Caregiver reactions to neuroimaging evidence of covert consciousness in patients with severe brain injury: a qualitative interview study.Charles Weijer, Adrian M. Owen, Sarah Munce, Laura Elizabeth Gonzalez-Lara, Fiona Webster & Andrew Peterson - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-13.
    BackgroundSevere brain injury is a leading cause of death and disability. Diagnosis and prognostication are difficult, and errors occur often. Novel neuroimaging methods can improve diagnostic and prognostic accuracy, especially in patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness. Yet it is currently unknown how family caregivers understand this information, raising ethical concerns that disclosure of neuroimaging results could result in therapeutic misconception or false hope.MethodsTo examine these ethical concerns, we conducted semi-structured interviews with caregivers of patients with PDoC who were enrolled (...)
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  16.  5
    Unlocking the Voices of Patients with Severe Brain Injury.Andrew Peterson, Kevin Mintz & Adrian M. Owen - 2022 - Neuroethics 15 (1):1-15.
    This paper critically examines whether patients with severe brain injury, who can only communicate through assistive neuroimaging technologies, may permissibly participate in medical decisions. We examine this issue in the context of a unique case study from the Brain and Mind Institute at the University of Western Ontario. First, we describe how the standard approach to medical decision making might problematically exclude patients with communication impairments secondary to severe brain injury. Second, we present a modified approach to medical decision making. (...)
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  17.  15
    A theory of moral education.Andrew Peterson - 2019 - British Journal of Educational Studies 67 (1):136-138.
  18.  36
    Toward a Science of Brain Death.Andrew Peterson, Loretta Norton, Lorina Naci, Adrian M. Owen & Charles Weijer - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (8):29-31.
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  19.  3
    A Critical Analysis of Joseph Fins’ Mosaic Decisionmaking: A Response to “Mosaic Decisionmaking and Reemergent Agency after Severe Brain Injury” ).Andrew Peterson - 2019 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 28 (4):725-736.
    :In this paper, the author argues that Joseph Fins’ mosaic decisionmaking model for brain-injured patients is untenable. He supports this claim by identifying three problems with mosaic decisionmaking. First, that it is unclear whether a mosaic is a conceptually adequate metaphor for a decisionmaking process that is intended to promote patient autonomy. Second, that the proposed legal framework for mosaic decisionmaking is inappropriate. Third, that it is unclear how we ought to select patients for participation in mosaic decisionmaking.
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  20.  17
    Civic Republican Social Justice and the Case of State Grammar Schools in England.Andrew Peterson - 2017 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 37 (2):167-179.
    The aim of this paper is to consider the ways in which civic republican theory can provide a meaningful and useful account of social justice, one that is which holds resonance for educational debates. Recognising the need for educationalists interested in civic republicanism to pay greater attention to ideas of justice—and in particular social justice as it concerns relationships between citizens —it is argued that a form of civic republicanism committed to freedom as non-domination is capable of providing a substantive (...)
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  21.  6
    Is it unethical to publish data from Chinese transplant research?Cory E. Goldstein & Andrew Peterson - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (10):689-690.
    Non-consensual organ procurement from prisoners in China raises serious questions regarding the ethics of Chinese transplant research. In their article, published in this issue of JME, Higgins and colleagues address these questions through the lens of publication ethics. They argue that, ‘while there are potentially compelling justifications for use [of unethical research] under some circumstances, these justifications fail when unethical practices are ongoing’.1 Consequently, they recommend non-publication of Chinese transplant research and call for a mass retraction of the articles identified (...)
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  22. Ethical considerations in functional magnetic resonance imaging research in acutely comatose patients.Charles Weijer, Tommaso Bruni, Teneille Gofton, G. Bryan Young, Loretta Norton, Andrew Peterson & Adrian M. Owen - 2015 - Brain:0-0.
    After severe brain injury, one of the key challenges for medical doctors is to determine the patient’s prognosis. Who will do well? Who will not do well? Physicians need to know this, and families need to do this too, to address choices regarding the continuation of life supporting therapies. However, current prognostication methods are insufficient to provide a reliable prognosis. -/- Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) holds considerable promise for improving the accuracy of prognosis in acute brain injury patients. Nonetheless, (...)
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  23.  30
    A Taxonomy for Disorders of Consciousness That Takes Consciousness Seriously.Andrew Peterson & Tim Bayne - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 8 (3):153-155.
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  24.  8
    Neurorights for Incarcerated Persons: Should We Curb Inflation?Shannon Fyfe, Elizabeth Lanphier & Andrew Peterson - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 13 (3):165-168.
  25.  23
    Exploring the connections between Philosophy for Children and character education: Some implications for moral education?Andrew Peterson & Brendan Bentley - 2015 - Journal of Philosophy in Schools 2 (2):48-70.
    In this paper we are interested in the connections between Philosophy for Children and character education. In sketching these connections we suggest some areas where the relationship is potentially fruitful, particularly in light of research which suggests that in practice schools and teachers often adopt and mix different approaches to values education. We outline some implications of drawing connections between the two fields for moral education. The arguments made in this article are done so in the hope of encouraging further (...)
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  26.  2
    The Effects of Age, from Young to Middle Adulthood, and Gender on Resting State Functional Connectivity of the Dopaminergic Midbrain.Andrew C. Peterson, Sheng Zhang, Sien Hu, Herta H. Chao & Chiang-Shan R. Li - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  27.  5
    A Case of Patient Abandonment, or an Abandonment of Patients?Jason Karlawish, Andrew Peterson, Justin T. Clapp & Emily A. Largent - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (7):86-87.
    First—before you define the dilemma, parse out principles, or vocalize about virtues—consider what caused this case.The COVID-19 pandemic has challenged us all, but particularly caregivers and the...
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  28.  31
    The Educational Limits of Ethical Cosmopolitanism: Towards the Importance of Virtue in Cosmopolitan Education and Communities.Andrew Peterson - 2012 - British Journal of Educational Studies 60 (3):227-242.
    Cosmopolitanism has become an influential theory in both political and, increasingly, educational discourse. In simple terms cosmopolitanism can be understood as a response to the globalised and diverse world in which we live. Diverse in nature, cosmopolitan ideas come in many forms. The focus here is on what have been termed 'strong' ethical forms of cosmopolitanism; that is, positions which conceptualise moral bonds and obligations as resulting from a shared, common humanity. The view that pupils should be taught that all (...)
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  29.  6
    Supported Decision Making with People at the Margins of Autonomy: Response to Commentaries.Emily A. Largent, Jason Karlawish & Andrew Peterson - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (1):W1-W4.
    Supported decision making is a model of decision making in which an adult with impaired capacity enters freely into an agreement with a closely trusted person or persons (the “s...
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  30.  30
    The Relevance of Scientific Practice to The Problem of Coordination.Andrew Peterson - 2011 - Spontaneous Generations 5 (1):44-57.
    In his early work on the problem of coordination, Hans Reichenbach introduced axioms of coordination to describe the relationship between theory and observation. His insistence that these axioms are determinable a priori, however, causes him to ignore the normative dimensions of scientific inquiry and, in turn, generates a misleading interpretation of the theory-observation relationship. In response, I propose an alternative approach that describes this relationship through the framework of scientific practices. My argument will draw on two examples that have not (...)
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  31.  20
    The common good and citizenship education in England: a moral enterprise?Andrew Peterson - 2011 - Journal of Moral Education 40 (1):19-35.
    The notion of the common good has been cited as a key constituent of citizenship education in England, within which the development of a concern for the common good represents a key disposition. The term has, however, received little critical attention to date within the discourse of the subject, either in terms of its theoretical basis or its educational function and form. For this reason to develop the common good represents an ill?defined aim of the citizenship education in schools. This (...)
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  32.  1
    Higher Education and Hope: Institutional, Pedagogical and Personal Possibilities.Paul Gibbs & Andrew Peterson (eds.) - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
    Around the world, the landscape of Higher Education is increasingly shaped by discourses of employability, rankings, and student satisfaction. Under these conditions, the role of universities in preparing students for all facets of life, and to contribute to the public good, is reshaped in significant ways: ways which are often negative and pessimistic. This book raises important and pressing questions about the nature and role of universities as formative educational institutions, drawing together contributors from both Western and non-Western perspectives. While (...)
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  33.  1
    Ethics and the good doctor: character in the professional domain.Sabena Jameel, Andrew Peterson & James Arthur (eds.) - 2021 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    Ethics and the Good Doctor brings together existing literature and an analysis of empirical research conducted by the Jubilee Centre for Character and Virtues to examine the ethical nature of medical practice and explore medicine as a virtuous profession. The book is based on the idea that medical practice is an inherently moral profession, in which notions of trust, care and meaningful relationships form the foundations of being a good doctor. By taking into account the ethical dimensions of medical practice (...)
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  34. Ethics and the good teacher: character in the professional domain.Andrew Peterson - 2020 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    Ethics and the Good Teacher brings together reviews of existing literature and analysis of empirical data from three research projects conducted by the Jubilee Centre for Character and Virtues - The Good Teacher, Schools of Virtue and Teacher Education - to explore the ethical dimensions of the teaching profession. The book is premised on the idea that what constitutes a "good" teacher involves more than technical skills and subject knowledge. Understood as a professional activity, teaching involves an important ethical dimension, (...)
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  35.  1
    Response to Berkowitz' extended book review: ‘Introducing the complexity of character education: A review of Understanding character education: Approaches, applications and issues’. [REVIEW]Andrew Peterson, Michael Fullard & Paul Watts - 2022 - Journal of Moral Education 51 (4):595-599.
    ABSTRACT This response to the review of Understanding Character Education: Approaches, Applications and Issues primarily addresses two main criticisms offered by Berkowitz. First, we offer comment on the conceptual definitions of ‘character’ and ‘character education’. We acknowledge the need for greater clarity regarding definitions in the field, explaining how the book’s purpose and intended audience guided the introduction of key terms in Chapter 1. Second, we consider the role of extrinsic motivators within character education approaches. We agree with Berkowitz that (...)
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  36.  15
    Educational Failure and Working Class White Children in Britain ‐ By Gillian Evans.Andrew Peterson - 2008 - British Journal of Educational Studies 56 (4):492-494.
  37.  15
    Education in a Post‐Welfare Society (Second Edition) ‐ by Sally Tomlinson.Andrew Peterson - 2007 - British Journal of Educational Studies 55 (2):224-226.
  38.  15
    Patriotism and Citizenship Education. Edited by Bruce Haynes: Pp. 108. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell. 2009.£ 19.99 (pbk). ISBN 978-1-4051-9988-9. [REVIEW]Andrew Peterson - 2011 - British Journal of Educational Studies 59 (2):213-215.
  39.  3
    Young people on the margins: Priorities for action in education and youth.Andrew Peterson - 2021 - British Journal of Educational Studies 69 (4):497-498.
  40.  12
    Education, Epistemology and Critical Realism. By David Scott: Pp. 146. Routledge: Abingdon. 2010.£ 90.00 (hbk),£ 23.50 (pbk). ISBN 978-0-415-473491. [REVIEW]Andrew Peterson - 2011 - British Journal of Educational Studies 59 (4):487-488.
  41.  13
    Patriotism and Citizenship Education. Edited by Bruce Haynes.Andrew Peterson - 2011 - British Journal of Educational Studies 59 (2):213-215.
  42.  7
    Assessing Decision-Making Capacity After Severe Brain Injury.Andrew Peterson - unknown
    Severe brain injury is a leading cause of death and disability. Following severe brain injury diagnosis is difficult and errors frequently occur. Recent findings in clinical neuroscience may offer a solution. Neuroimaging has been used to detect preserved cognitive function and awareness in some patients clinically diagnosed as being in a vegetative state. Remarkably, neuroimaging has also been used to communicate with some vegetative patients through a series of yes/no questions. Some have speculated that, one day, this method may allow (...)
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  43.  8
    Education, Epistemology and Critical Realism. By David Scott.Andrew Peterson - 2011 - British Journal of Educational Studies 59 (4):487-488.
  44.  4
    Education in a Post-Welfare Society - by Sally Tomlinson.Andrew Peterson - 2007 - British Journal of Educational Studies 55 (2):224-226.
  45.  1
    Book review - Philosophy park: A beginner’s guide to great philosophers and their ideas. [REVIEW]Andrew Peterson - 2015 - Journal of Philosophy in Schools 2 (1):92-93.
    Those with at least in passing interest in Philosophy for Children will be aware of the work of Philip Cam. Cam’s corpus of texts have provided educators with countless insights, activities and resources for developing philosophical investigations and thinking with young people. Philosophy park: A beginner’s guide to great philosophers and their ideas is a significant addition to this body of work. Tackling the complex ideas of leading philosophers in the Western tradition, Cam has achieved something that is often rather (...)
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  46. Deciding with Others: Interdependent Decision‐Making.Emily A. Largent, Justin Clapp, Jennifer S. Blumenthal-Barby, Christine Grady, Amy L. McGuire, Jason Karlawish, Joshua D. Grill, Shana D. Stites & Andrew Peterson - 2022 - Hastings Center Report 52 (6):23-32.
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  47.  2
    Public Intellectuals and Education in a Changing Society.Gary McCulloch & Andrew Peterson - 2022 - British Journal of Educational Studies 70 (5):533-537.
    In an age of growing academic specialisation, one, moreover, in which experts and expertise are habitually derided in a ‘post-truth’ era, the notion of the ‘public intellectual’ has come to be wide...
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  48.  1
    Journeying to Ixtlan: Ethics of Psychedelic Medicine and Research for Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementias.Andrew Peterson, Emily A. Largent, Holly Fernandez Lynch, Jason Karlawish & Dominic Sisti - forthcoming - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience.
    In this paper, we examine the case of psychedelic medicine for Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias (AD/ADRD). These “mind-altering” drugs are not currently offered as treatments to persons with AD/ADRD, though there is growing interest in their use to treat underlying causes and associated psychiatric symptoms. We present a research agenda for examining the ethics of psychedelic medicine and research involving persons living with AD/ADRD, and offer preliminary analyses of six ethical issues: the impact of psychedelics on autonomy and consent; (...)
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  49.  2
    Skip the Trip? Five Arguments on the Use of Nonhallucinogenic Psychedelics in Psychiatry.Andrew Peterson & Dominic Sisti - 2022 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 31 (4):472-476.
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