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Angela Ballantyne [27]Angela J. Ballantyne [2]
  1.  37
    How to Do Research Fairly in an Unjust World.Angela J. Ballantyne - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (6):26-35.
    International research, sponsored by for-profit companies, is regularly criticised as unethical on the grounds that it exploits research subjects in developing countries. Many commentators agree that exploitation occurs when the benefits of cooperative activity are unfairly distributed between the parties. To determine whether international research is exploitative we therefore need an account of fair distribution. Procedural accounts of fair bargaining have been popular solutions to this problem, but I argue that they are insufficient to protect against exploitation. I argue instead (...)
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  2.  82
    Consent and the Ethical Duty to Participate in Health Data Research.Angela Ballantyne & G. Owen Schaefer - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (6):392-396.
    The predominant view is that a study using health data is observational research and should require individual consent unless it can be shown that gaining consent is impractical. But recent arguments have been made that citizens have an ethical obligation to share their health information for research purposes. In our view, this obligation is sufficient ground to expand the circumstances where secondary use research with identifiable health information is permitted without explicit subject consent. As such, for some studies the Institutional (...)
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  3.  78
    'Fair Benefits' Accounts of Exploitation Require a Normative Principle of Fairness: Response to Gbadegesin and Wendler, and Emanuel Et Al.Angela Ballantyne - 2008 - Bioethics 22 (4):239–244.
    In 2004 Emanuel et al. published an influential account of exploitation in international research, which has become known as the 'fair benefits account'. In this paper I argue that the thin definition of fairness presented by Emanuel et al, and subsequently endorsed by Gbadegesin and Wendler, does not provide a notion of fairness that is adequately robust to support a fair benefits account of exploitation. The authors present a procedural notion of fairness – the fair distribution of the benefits of (...)
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  4.  35
    Prenatal Diagnosis and Abortion for Congenital Abnormalities: Is It Ethical to Provide One Without the Other?Angela Ballantyne, Ainsley Newson, Florencia Luna & Richard Ashcroft - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (8):48-56.
    This target article considers the ethical implications of providing prenatal diagnosis (PND) and antenatal screening services to detect fetal abnormalities in jurisdictions that prohibit abortion for these conditions. This unusual health policy context is common in the Latin American region. Congenital conditions are often untreated or under-treated in developing countries due to limited health resources, leading many women/couples to prefer termination of affected pregnancies. Three potential harms derive from the provision of PND in the absence of legal and safe abortion (...)
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  5.  67
    Benefits to Research Subjects in International Trials: Do They Reduce Exploitation or Increase Undue Inducement?Angela Ballantyne - 2008 - Developing World Bioethics 8 (3):178-191.
    There is an alleged tension between undue inducement and exploitation in research trials. This paper considers claims that increasing the benefits to research subjects enrolled in international, externally-sponsored clinical trials should be avoided on the grounds that it may result in the undue inducement of research subjects. This article contributes to the debate about exploitation versus undue inducement by introducing an analysis of the available empirical research into research participants' motivations and the influence of payments on research subjects' behaviour and (...)
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  6.  7
    Hiv International Clinical Research: Exploitation and Risk.Angela Ballantyne - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (5-6):476-491.
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  7.  15
    Gender and Trust in Medicine: Vulnerabilities, Abuses, and Remedies.Wendy Rogers & Angela Ballantyne - 2008 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (1):48-66.
    Trust is taken to be one of the foundational values in the doctor-patient relationship, facilitating access to the benefits of health care and providing a guarantee against possible harms. Despite this foundational role, some doctors betray the trust of their patients. Trusting involves granting discretionary powers and makes the truster vulnerable to the trustee. Patients trust medical practitioners to act with goodwill and to act competently. Some patients carry pre-existing vulnerabilities, for reasons such as gender, poverty, age, ethnicity, or disability, (...)
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  8.  28
    Wanted—Egg Donors for Research: A Research Ethics Approach to Donor Recruitment and Compensation.Angela Ballantyne & Sheryl de Lacey - 2008 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (2):145-164.
    As the demand for human eggs for stem cell research increases, debate about appropriate standards for recruitment and compensation of women intensifies. In the majority of cases, the source of eggs for research is women undergoing fertility treatment requiring ovarian stimulation and egg retrieval. The principle of "just participant selection" requires that research subjects be selected from the population that stands to benefit from the research. Based on this principle, infertile women should be actively recruited to donate eggs for fertility-related (...)
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  9.  19
    Justice in Health Research: What is the Role of Evidence-Based Medicine?Wendy Rogers & Angela Ballantyne - 2009 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52 (2):188-202.
  10.  31
    Exploitation in Cross-Border Reproductive Care.Angela Ballantyne - 2014 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 7 (2):75-99.
    This paper will focus on a subcategory of cross-border reproductive care—commercial contracts for the sale of reproductive goods and services. In these cases, the women are paid a fee for their reproductive goods and services . Such contracts have generated widespread concern about exploitation. Yet the term exploitation is used variably in the literature and conflated with concerns about harm, commodification, lack of autonomy of sellers, unjust conditions of poverty, and invalid consent. It is also often assumed that exploitation should (...)
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  11.  86
    Is Sex-Selective Abortion Morally Justified and Should It Be Prohibited?Wendy Rogers, Angela Ballantyne & Heather Draper - 2007 - Bioethics 21 (9):520–524.
  12.  6
    When is Sex-Specific Research Appropriate?Wendy Rogers & Angela Ballantyne - 2008 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (2):36-57.
    Inclusion in research is a question of both scientific validity of research results and just distribution of the benefits of medical research within a community. Therefore, inappropriate exclusions from research can be regulated as a matter of science or a matter of ethics. In this paper we examine the definitions of appropriate/fair inclusion in the Australian and U.S. regulatory systems and discuss the processes for interpreting and implementing these normative standards. In the second part of the paper, we present original (...)
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  13. Gender Inequalities in Health Research : An Australian Perspective.Belinda Bennett, Isabel Karpin, Angela Ballantyne & Wendy Rogers - 2008 - In Michael D. A. Freeman (ed.), Law and Bioethics / Edited by Michael Freeman. Oxford University Press.
  14.  2
    Data and Tissue Research Without Patient Consent: A Qualitative Study of the Views of Research Ethics Committees in New Zealand.Angela Ballantyne & Andrew Moore - 2018 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 9 (3):143-153.
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  15.  29
    Wanted—Egg Donors for Research: A Research Ethics Approach to Donor Recruitment and Compensation.Angela Ballantyne & Sheryl De Lacey - 2008 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (2):145 - 164.
    As the demand for human eggs for stem cell research increases, debate about appropriate standards for recruitment and compensation of women intensifies. In the majority of cases, the source of eggs for research is women undergoing fertility treatment requiring ovarian stimulation and egg retrieval. The principle of "just participant selection" requires that research subjects be selected from the population that stands to benefit from the research. Based on this principle, infertile women should be actively recruited to donate eggs for fertility-related (...)
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  16.  1
    Adjusting the Focus: A Public Health Ethics Approach to Data Research.Angela Ballantyne - forthcoming - Bioethics.
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  17.  12
    Humans and Hybrids: A Critique of the Western Moral Framework.Angela Ballantyne - 2004 - Essays in Philosophy 5 (2):3.
    This paper uses the advent of human-animal hybrids, created though somatic cell nuclear transfer experiments in America and Australia, as a tool to deconstruct and challenge the dualistic belief that humans are morally distinct and superior to animals. The view that moral value corresponds to species membership creates a scientific and cultural environment that prohibits or restricts human embryo experimentation whilst permitting the extensive use of animals for research. The dualistic premise therefore motivates the creation of human-animal hybrids for research (...)
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  18.  2
    From Protectionism to Inclusion: A New Zealand Perspective on Health‐Related Research Involving Adults Incapable of Giving Informed Consent.Alison Douglass & Angela Ballantyne - forthcoming - Bioethics.
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  19.  2
    Donor-Funded Research: Permissible, Not Perfect.Mike King & Angela Ballantyne - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (1):36-40.
    Donor-funded research is research funded by private donors in exchange for research-related benefits, such as trial participation or access to the trial intervention. This has been pejoratively referred to as ‘pay to play’ research, and criticised as unethical. We outline three models of donor-funded research, and argue for their permissibility on the grounds of personal liberty, their capacity to facilitate otherwise unfunded health research and their consistency with current ethical standards for research. We defend this argument against objections that donor-funded (...)
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  20.  7
    The Experiences of Pregnant Women in an Interventional Clinical Trial: Research In Pregnancy Ethics Study.Angela Ballantyne, Susan Pullon, Lindsay Macdonald, Christine Barthow, Kristen Wickens & Julian Crane - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (6):476-483.
    There is increasing global pressure to ensure that pregnant women are responsibly and safely included in clinical research in order to improve the evidence base that underpins healthcare delivery during pregnancy. One supposed barrier to inclusion is the assumption that pregnant women will be reluctant to participate in research. There is however very little empirical research investigating the views of pregnant women. Their perspective on the benefits, burdens and risks of research is a crucial component to ensuring effective recruitment. The (...)
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  21.  34
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “How to Do Research Fairly in an Unjust World”.Angela J. Ballantyne - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (6):4-6.
    (2010). Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “How to Do Research Fairly in an Unjust World”. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 10, No. 6, pp. W4-W6.
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  22.  12
    Richard E. Ashcroft is Professor of Bioethics in the School of Law at Queen Mary, at the University of London. He has Published Widely on Ethical Issues in Medical Research and in Public Health. His Current Research is on Bioethics and Human Rights and Equality and Difference in Reproductive Rights. [REVIEW]Angela Ballantyne, Belinda Bennett, Véronique Bergeron & Diana Buccafurni - 2008 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (2).
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  23.  11
    Under What Conditions is Clinical Research in Developing Countries Exploitative? A Framework for Assessing Exploitation in Mutually Advantageous Transactions.Angela Ballantyne - 2006 - Advances in Bioethics 9:209-244.
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  24.  4
    Introduction.Angela Ballantyne, Belinda Bennett, Isabel Karpin & Wendy Rogers - 2008 - Ijfab: International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (2):1-4.
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  25.  6
    In Favor of a No-Consent/Opt-Out Model of Research With Clinical Samples.Angela Ballantyne - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (9):65-67.
  26.  14
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Prenatal Diagnosis and Abortion for Congenital Abnormalities: Is It Ethical to Provide One Without the Other?”.Angela Ballantyne, Ainsley Newson, Florencia Luna & Richard Ashcroft - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (8):6-7.
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  27.  4
    Pregnancy and the Culture of Extreme Risk Aversion.Angela Ballantyne, Colin Gavaghan, John McMillan & Sue Pullon - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (2):21-23.
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  28.  1
    Wanted—Egg Donors for Research: A Research Ethics Approach to Donor Recruitment and Compensation.Angela Ballantyne & Sheryl de Lacey - 2008 - Ijfab: International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (2):145-164.
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  29. Exploitation in Cross-Border Reproductive Care.Angela Ballantyne - 2014 - Ijfab: International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 7 (2):75-99.
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