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Angus Dawson [67]Angus J. Dawson [3]Angus James Dawson [1]
  1.  2
    An Ethics Framework for Making Resource Allocation Decisions Within Clinical Care: Responding to COVID-19.Angus Dawson, David Isaacs, Melanie Jansen, Christopher Jordens, Ian Kerridge, Ulrik Kihlbom, Henry Kilham, Anne Preisz, Linda Sheahan & George Skowronski - forthcoming - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-7.
    On March, 24, 2020, 818 cases of COVID-19 had been reported in New South Wales, Australia, and new cases were increasing at an exponential rate. In anticipation of resource constraints arising in clinical settings as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, a working party of ten ethicists was convened at the University of Sydney to draft an ethics framework to support resource allocation decisions. The framework guides decision-makers using a question-and-answer format, in language that avoids philosophical and medical technicality. The (...)
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  2.  72
    The Future of Bioethics: Three Dogmas and a Cup of Hemlock.Angus Dawson - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (5):218-225.
    In this paper I argue that bioethics is in crisis and that it will not have a future unless it begins to embrace a more Socratic approach to its leading assumptions. The absence of a critical and sceptical spirit has resulted in little more than a dominant ideology. I focus on three key issues. First, that too often bioethics collapses into medical ethics. Second, that medical ethics itself is beset by a lack of self-reflection that I characterize here as a (...)
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  3.  52
    Ethical Frameworks in Public Health Decision-Making: Defending a Value-Based and Pluralist Approach.Kalle Grill & Angus Dawson - 2017 - Health Care Analysis 25 (4):291-307.
    A number of ethical frameworks have been proposed to support decision-making in public health and the evaluation of public health policy and practice. This is encouraging, since ethical considerations are of paramount importance in health policy. However, these frameworks have various deficiencies, in part because they incorporate substantial ethical positions. In this article, we discuss and criticise a framework developed by James Childress and Ruth Bernheim, which we consider to be the state of the art in the field. Their framework (...)
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  4. The Meaning of 'Public' in 'Public Health'.Marcel Verweij & Angus Dawson - 2007 - In Angus Dawson & Marcel Verweij (eds.), Ethics, Prevention, and Public Health. Clarendon Press.
     
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  5.  6
    Pandemic Vaccine Trials: Expedite, but Don’T Rush.Angus Dawson - 2020 - Research Ethics 16 (3-4):1-12.
    It has been proposed that the urgency of having a vaccine as a response to SARS-CoV-2 is so great, given the potential health, economic and social benefits that we should override the established s...
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  6. Ethics, Prevention, and Public Health.Angus Dawson & Marcel Verweij (eds.) - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    In these twelve papers notable ethicists use the resources of ethical theory to illuminate important theoretical and practical topics, including the nature of public health, notions of community, population bioethics, the legitimate role of law, the use of cost-effectiveness as a methodology, vaccinations, and the nature of infectious disease.
     
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  7.  20
    SOLIDARITY in the Moral Imagination of Bioethics.Bruce Jennings & Angus Dawson - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (5):31-38.
    How important is the concept of solidarity in our society's calculus of consent as regards the legitimacy and ethical and political support for public health, health policy, and health services? By the term “calculus of consent,” we refer to the answer that people give to rationalize and justify their obedience to laws, rules, and policies that benefit others. The calculus of consent answers questions such as, Why should I care? Why should I help? Why should I contribute to the public (...)
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  8. Public Health Ethics: Key Concepts and Issues in Policy and Practice.Angus Dawson (ed.) - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Preface; Introduction Angus Dawson; Part I. Concepts: 1. Resetting the parameters: public health as the foundation for public health ethics Angus Dawson; 2. Health, disease and the goal of public health Bengt Brülde; 3. Selective reproduction, eugenics and public health Stephen Wilkinson; 4. Risk and precaution Stephen John; Part II. Issues: 5. Smoking, health and ethics Richard Ashcroft; 6. Infectious disease control Marcel Verweij; 7. Population screening Ainsley Newson; 8. Vaccination ethics Angus Dawson; 9. Environment, ethics (...)
     
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  9.  9
    Sharing Responsibility: Responsibility for Health Is Not a Zero-Sum Game.Marcel Verweij & Angus Dawson - 2019 - Public Health Ethics 12 (2):99-102.
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  10.  18
    Reciprocity and Ethical Tuberculosis Treatment and Control.Diego S. Silva, Angus Dawson & Ross E. G. Upshur - 2016 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 13 (1):75-86.
    This paper explores the notion of reciprocity in the context of active pulmonary and laryngeal tuberculosis treatment and related control policies and practices. We seek to do three things: First, we sketch the background to contemporary global TB care and suggest that poverty is a key feature when considering the treatment of TB patients. We use two examples from TB care to explore the role of reciprocity: isolation and the use of novel TB drugs. Second, we explore alternative means of (...)
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  11.  32
    Research Ethics Governance in Times of Ebola.Doris Schopper, Raffaella Ravinetto, Lisa Schwartz, Eunice Kamaara, Sunita Sheel, Michael J. Segelid, Aasim Ahmad, Angus Dawson, Jerome Singh, Amar Jesani & Ross Upshur - 2017 - Public Health Ethics 10 (1).
    The Médecins Sans Frontières ethics review board has been solicited in an unprecedented way to provide advice and review research protocols in an ‘emergency’ mode during the recent Ebola epidemic. Twenty-seven Ebola-related study protocols were reviewed between March 2014 and August 2015, ranging from epidemiological research, to behavioural research, infectivity studies and clinical trials with investigational products at early development stages. This article examines the MSF ERB’s experience addressing issues related to both the process of review and substantive ethical issues (...)
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  12. Herd Protection as a Public Good: Vaccination and Our Obligations to Others.Angus Dawson - 2007 - In Angus Dawson & Marcel Verweij (eds.), Ethics, Prevention, and Public Health. Clarendon Press.
  13.  12
    Ebola: What It Tells Us About Medical Ethics.Angus J. Dawson - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (1):107-110.
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  14.  8
    Snakes and Ladders: State Interventions and the Place of Liberty in Public Health Policy.Angus J. Dawson - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (8):510-513.
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  15.  15
    What Makes Public Health Studies Ethical? Dissolving the Boundary Between Research and Practice.Donald J. Willison, Nancy Ondrusek, Angus Dawson, Claudia Emerson, Lorraine E. Ferris, Raphael Saginur, Heather Sampson & Ross Upshur - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):61.
    The generation of evidence is integral to the work of public health and health service providers. Traditionally, ethics has been addressed differently in research projects, compared with other forms of evidence generation, such as quality improvement, program evaluation, and surveillance, with review of non-research activities falling outside the purview of the research ethics board. However, the boundaries between research and these other evaluative activities are not distinct. Efforts to delineate a boundary – whether on grounds of primary purpose, temporality, underlying (...)
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  16.  46
    Innovations in Research Ethics Governance in Humanitarian Settings.Doris Schopper, Angus Dawson, Ross Upshur, Aasim Ahmad, Amar Jesani, Raffaella Ravinetto, Michael J. Segelid, Sunita Sheel & Jerome Singh - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):10.
    Médecins Sans Frontières is one of the world’s leading humanitarian medical organizations. The increased emphasis in MSF on research led to the creation of an ethics review board in 2001. The ERB has encouraged innovation in the review of proposals and the interaction between the ERB and the organization. This has led to some of the advances in ethics governance described in this paper.
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  17.  29
    The Steward of the Millian State.Angus Dawson & Marcel Verweij - 2008 - Public Health Ethics 1 (3):193-195.
  18. Vaccination Ethics.Angus Dawson - 2011 - In Public Health Ethics: Key Concepts and Issues in Policy and Practice. New York, USA: Cambridge University Press. pp. 143-153.
     
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  19.  15
    Bioethics and the Myth of Neutrality.Angus Dawson, Christopher F. C. Jordens, Paul Macneill & Deborah Zion - 2018 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 15 (4):483-486.
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  20.  34
    Public Health Ethics: A Manifesto.Angus Dawson & Marcel Verweij - 2008 - Public Health Ethics 1 (1):1--2.
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  21.  15
    Global Health and National Borders.Mira Johri, Ryoa Chung, Angus Dawson & Ted Schrecker - 2012 - Globalization and Health 8:19.
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The governments and citizens of the developed nations are increasingly called upon to contribute financially to health initiatives outside their borders. Although international development assistance for health has grown rapidly over the last two decades, austerity measures related to the 2008 and 2011 global financial crises may impact negatively on aid expenditures. The competition between national priorities and foreign aid commitments raises important ethical questions for donor nations. This paper aims to foster individual reflection and public debate on (...)
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  22.  3
    Developing and Implementing New TB Technologies: Key Informants’ Perspectives on the Ethical Challenges.Renaud F. Boulanger, Ana Komparic, Angus Dawson, Ross E. G. Upshur & Diego S. Silva - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (1):65-73.
    ObjectiveTo identify the ethical challenges associated with the development and implementation of new tuberculosis drugs and diagnostics.MethodsTwenty-three semi-structured qualitative interviews conducted between December 2015 and September 2016 with programme administrators, healthcare workers, advocates, policymakers, and funders based in the Americas, Europe, and Africa. Interviews were analysed using thematic analysis.ResultsDivergent interests and responsibilities, coupled with power imbalances, are a primary source of ethical challenges; the uncertain risk profiles of new drugs present an additional one. Although this challenge can be partially mitigated (...)
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  23. Public Health Ethics: Cases Spanning the Globe.Drue H. Barrett, Gail Bolan, Angus Dawson, Leonard Ortmann, Andreas Reis & Carla Saenz (eds.) - 2016 - Springer.
     
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  24.  25
    The Determination of the Best Interests in Relation to Childhood Immunisation.Angus Dawson - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (1):72-89.
    ABSTRACTThere are many different ethical arguments that might be advanced for and against childhood vaccinations. In this paper I explore one particular argument that focuses on the idea that such vaccinations are justifiable because they are held to be in the best interests of a particular child. Two issues arise from this idea. The first issue is how best interests are to be determined in this case. The second issue is what follows from this to justify potential interventions within the (...)
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  25.  52
    Public Health Research Ethics: A Research Agenda.Marcel Verweij & Angus Dawson - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (1):1-6.
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  26. Moral Realism and Twin Earth.Stephen Laurence, Eric Margolis & Angus Dawson - 1999 - Facta Philosophica 1:135-165.
    Hilary Putnam's Twin Earth thought experiment has come to have an enormous impact on contemporary philosophical thought. But while most of the discussion has taken place within the context of the philosophy of mind and language, Terence Horgan and Mark Timmons (H8cT) have defended the intriguing suggestion that a variation on the original thought experiment has important consequences for ethics.' In a series of papers, they' ve developed the idea of a Moral Twin Earth and have argued that its significance (...)
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  27.  35
    Public Health: Beyond the Role of the State.Angus Dawson & Marcel Verweij - 2015 - Public Health Ethics 8 (1):1-3.
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  28.  7
    A Failure in Solidarity: Ethical Challenges in the Development and Implementation of New Tuberculosis Technologies.Ana Komparic, Angus Dawson, Renaud F. Boulanger, Ross E. G. Upshur & Diego S. Silva - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (5):557-567.
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  29.  4
    Building an Ethics Framework for COVID-19 Resource Allocation: The How and the Why.Angus Dawson - forthcoming - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-4.
    This paper expands on “An Ethics Framework for Making Resource Allocation Decisions within Clinical Care: Responding to COVID-19,” which is also published in this special issue of the Journal of Bioethical Inquiry. I first describe and explain the steps we took to develop this framework, drawing on previous experience and literature to explain what frameworks can and cannot do. I distinguish frameworks from other kinds of guidance and justify why our framework takes the form it does. Our key aim was (...)
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  30.  4
    Law, Ethics, and Politics in the Face of a Global Pandemic.Angus Dawson & Marcel Verweij - 2020 - Public Health Ethics 13 (1):1-3.
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  31.  43
    Professional Codes of Practice and Ethical Conduct.Angus James Dawson - 1994 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 11 (2):145-153.
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  32.  7
    Key Ethical Concepts and Their Application to COVID-19 Research.Angus Dawson, Ezekiel J. Emanuel, Michael Parker, Maxwell J. Smith & Teck Chuan Voo - forthcoming - Public Health Ethics:phaa017.
    During the WHO-GloPID COVID-19 Global Research and Innovation Forum meeting held in Geneva on the 11th and 12th of February 2020 a number of different ethical concepts were used. This paper briefly states what a number of these concepts mean and how they might be applied to discussions about research during the COVID-19 pandemic and related outbreaks. This paper does not seek to be exhaustive and other ethical concepts are, of course, relevant and important.
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  33.  8
    Prioritising Access to Pandemic Influenza Vaccine: A Review of the Ethics Literature. [REVIEW]Jane H. Williams & Angus Dawson - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-8.
    BackgroundThe world is threatened by future pandemics. Vaccines can play a key role in preventing harm, but there will inevitably be shortages because there is no possibility of advance stockpiling. We therefore need some method of prioritising access.Main textThis paper reports a critical interpretative review of the published literature that discusses ethical arguments used to justify how we could prioritise vaccine during an influenza pandemic. We found that the focus of the literature was often on proposing different groups as priorities. (...)
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  34.  28
    No Smoke Without Fire: Harm Reduction, E-Cigarettes and the Smoking Endgame.Angus Dawson & Marcel Verweij - 2017 - Public Health Ethics 10 (1):1-4.
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  35.  16
    IAB Presidential Address: Contextual, Social, Critical: How We Ought to Think About the Future of Bioethics.Angus Dawson - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (6):291-296.
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  36.  45
    Vaccination and the Prevention Problem.Angus Dawson - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (6):515–530.
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  37.  70
    A Dead Proposal: Levi and Green on Advance Directives.Angus Dawson & Anthony Wrigley - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):23 – 24.
    NThere are many problems with Levi and Green’s (2010) suggestion that a computer-based decision aid will overcome the major objections to advance directives (ADs). We focus on just two here. First, we argue that the key assumption underlying Levi and Green’s paper, that autonomy always ought to take priority over other values, is false. Second, we argue that the paper misses the point of the most telling objections to the use of ADs: they lack the relevant moral authority to determine (...)
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  38. Introduction: Ethics, Prevention, and Public Health.Angus Dawson & Marcel Verweij - 2007 - In Angus Dawson & Marcel Verweij (eds.), Ethics, Prevention, and Public Health. Clarendon Press.
  39.  72
    The Determination of 'Best Interests' in Relation to Childhood Vaccinations (Published in Bioethics 19(1)).Angus Dawson - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (2):187-205.
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  40.  3
    Information, Choice and the Ends of Health Promotion.Angus Dawson - 2014 - Monash Bioethics Review 32 (1-2):106-120.
    In this paper I provide a critique of a set of assumptions relating to agency, choice and the legitimacy of actions impacting health that can be seen in some approaches to health promotion. After a brief discussion about the definition of health promotion, I outline two contrasting approaches to this area of health care practice. The first is focused on the provision of information and the second is concerned with seeking to change people’s preferences in a particular way. It has (...)
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  41. The Normative Status of the Requirement to Gain an Informed Consent in Clinical Trials : Comprehension, Obligations, and Empirical Evidence.Angus Dawson - 2008 - In Oonagh Corrigan (ed.), The Limits of Consent: A Socio-Ethical Approach to Human Subject Research in Medicine. Oxford University Press.
     
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  42. Health, Disease and the Goal of Public Health.Bengt Brülde & Angus Dawson - forthcoming - Public Health Ethics: Key Concepts and Issues in Policy and Practice:20--47.
     
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  43.  38
    Counterterrorism Policies and Practices: Health and Values at Stake.Lisa Eckenwiler, Matthew Hunt, Ayesha Ahmad, Philippe Calain, Angus Dawson, Robert Goodin, Daniel Messelken, Leonard Rubenstein & Verina Wild - 2015 - WHO Bulletin 93:737–738.
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  44.  31
    Public Health Ethics and the Justification of HIV Screening.Angus Dawson - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (4):48-49.
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  45.  35
    Obesity, Liberty and Public Health Emergencies.Jonathan Herington, Angus Dawson & Heather Draper - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (6):26-35.
    Widespread obesity poses a serious challenge to health outcomes in the developed world and is a growing problem in the developing world. There has been a raft of proposals to combat the challenge of obesity, including restrictions on the nature of food advertising, the content of prepared meals, and the size of sodas; taxes on saturated fat and on calories; and mandated “healthy-options” on restaurant menus. Many of these interventions seem to have a greater impact on rates of obesity than (...)
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  46.  32
    Some Ethical Issues Arising From Polio Eradication Programmes in India.Yash Paul & Angus Dawson - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (4):393–406.
    The World Health Organisation's programme for the eradication of poliomyelitis as currently practised in India raises many ethical issues. In this paper we concentrate on just two. The first is the balance to be struck between the risks and benefits generated by the eradication programme itself. The issue of risks and benefits arises in relation to the choice between two different vaccine types available for polio programmes: oral polio vaccine (OPV) and inactivated polio vaccine (IPV). OPV is the vaccine currently (...)
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  47.  29
    A Messy Business: Qualitative Research and Ethical Review.Angus J. Dawson - 2006 - Clinical Ethics 1 (2):114-116.
    This paper argues that qualitative research is both useful and necessary, as it provides an essential means of gaining a richer understanding of patients' perceptions, social processes and meanings. In their paper in this edition of Clinical Ethics, Hallowell and Lawton raise many issues relating to the way that qualitative research is treated by RECs in the UK. In this paper I discuss just three key topics stimulated by their paper: the way that methodology relates to ethics, the experience and (...)
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  48.  31
    The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority: Evidence Based Policy Formation in a Contested Context.Angus Dawson - 2004 - Health Care Analysis 12 (1):1-6.
    This article briefly reviews the various papers contained in this volume. They were originally presented at a research workshop held at Keele University in the UK in February 2003. It is suggested that the different papers raise a series of related legal, social and ethical issues and can be collectively seen to demonstrate the fact that policy formation in relation to reproductive matters is highly contested. It is concluded that ethical policy formation in this area needs to be based on (...)
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  49.  1
    Varicella Vaccination, Counting Harms and Benefits, and Obligations to Others.Angus Dawson & Arnaud Marchant - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (9):76-78.
    Volume 20, Issue 9, September 2020, Page 76-78.
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  50.  49
    Risk Perceptions and Ethical Public Health Policy: MMR Vaccination in the UK.Angus Dawson - 2005 - Poiesis and Praxis 3 (4):229-241.
    This paper is concerned with how public health policy makers should respond to the public’s perception of risks. I suggest that we can think of this issue in terms of two different models of responding to the public’s view of such perceived risks. The first model I will call the public perception view (PP view) and the second the public good view (PG view). The PP view suggests that the public’s perception of any risks is so important that public health (...)
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