Results for 'Animal consciousness'

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  1. Cognitive Neuroscience and Animal Consciousness.Matteo Grasso - 2014 - In Sofia Bonicalzi, Leonardo Caffo & Mattia Sorgon (eds.), Naturalism and Constructivism in Metaethics. Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 182-203.
    The problem of animal consciousness has profound implications on our concept of nature and of our place in the natural world. In philosophy of mind and cognitive neuroscience the problem of animal consciousness raises two main questions (Velmans, 2007): the distribution question (“are there conscious animals beside humans?”) and the phenomenological question (“what is it like to be a non-human animal?”). In order to answer these questions, many approaches take into account similarities and dissimilarities in (...)
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  2. Why the Question of Animal Consciousness Might Not Matter Very Much.Peter Carruthers - 2005 - Philosophical Psychology 18 (1):83-102.
    According to higher-order thought accounts of phenomenal consciousness it is unlikely that many non-human animals undergo phenomenally conscious experiences. Many people believe that this result would have deep and far-reaching consequences. More specifically, they believe that the absence of phenomenal consciousness from the rest of the animal kingdom must mark a radical and theoretically significant divide between ourselves and other animals, with important implications for comparative psychology. I shall argue that this belief is mistaken. Since phenomenal (...) might be almost epiphenomenal in its functioning within human cognition, its absence in animals may signify only relatively trivial differences in cognitive architecture. Our temptation to think otherwise arises partly as a side-effect of imaginative identification with animal experiences, and partly from mistaken beliefs concerning the aspects of common-sense psychology that carry the main explanatory burden, whether applied to humans or to non-human animals. (shrink)
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  3.  54
    Animal Consciousness.Robert W. Lurz - 1999 - Journal of Philosophical Research 24 (January):149-168.
    The question of the possibility of conscious experience in animals has had a rebirth recentIy in both philosophy and psychology. I argue that there is an account of consciousness that is perfectly consistent with many animals enjoying conscious experiences. In defending my thesis, I examine a recent account of consciousness by Peter Carruthers which denies animals conscious experiences. I argue that Carruthers’ account should be rejected on the grounds that it is unnecessarily complex, and that it fails to (...)
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  4. Animal Consciousness.Daisie M. Radner & Michael Radner - 1996 - Prometheus Books.
     
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  5.  38
    General Organizational Principles of the Brain as Key to the Study of Animal Consciousness.Ruud van den Bos - 2000 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 6.
    In this paper a framework to study consciousness in animals is proposed which is based on a hierarchical organizational feedback model of the central nervous system, the separation of a given mental state into two components, i.e. an invariant part, and a variant part, which are separately related to the organization of the central nervous system, i.e. 'a neural network' and 'momentary active connections within the neural network determined by in- and output of this neural network' respectively, and phylogeny (...)
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  6.  77
    Animal Consciousness.Rocco J. Gennaro - 2018 - Springer: Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior.
    This chapter addresses the extent to which nonhuman animals are conscious. Most important perhaps is what criteria should be used in making such a determination.
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  7. New Evidence of Animal Consciousness.Donald R. Griffin & G. B. Speck - 2004 - Animal Cognition 7 (1):5-18.
  8.  92
    Towards Welfare Biology: Evolutionary Economics of Animal Consciousness and Suffering. [REVIEW]Yew-Kwang Ng - 1995 - Biology and Philosophy 10 (3):255-285.
    Welfare biology is the study of living things and their environment with respect to their welfare. Despite difficulties of ascertaining and measuring welfare and relevancy to normative issues, welfare biology is a positive science. Evolutionary economics and population dynamics are used to help answer basic questions in welfare biology : Which species are affective sentients capable of welfare? Do they enjoy positive or negative welfare? Can their welfare be dramatically increased? Under plausible axioms, all conscious species are plastic and all (...)
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  9.  75
    Are Animals Capable of Deception or Empathy? Implications for Animal Consciousness and Animal Welfare.S. Kuczaj, K. Tranel, M. Trone & H. Hamner Hill - 2001 - Animal Welfare. Special Issue 10:161- 173.
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  10. Animal Minds: Beyond Cognition to Consciousness.Donald R. Griffin - 2001 - University of Chicago Press.
    Finally, in four chapters greatly expanded for this edition, Griffin considers the latest scientific research on animal consciousness, pro and con, and...
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  11.  11
    Bearing the Decline of Animal Sacrifice: Enhanced State of Consciousness, Illness, Taboos, and the Government in Southwest China.Wenyi Zhang - 2014 - Anthropology of Consciousness 25 (1):116-140.
    In this study, I analyze how economic development projects and the ethnic tourism project in Southwest China have contributed to the failure of the ethnic Kachin villagers to observe taboos involved in shamanic healing rituals. Such a failure, initially as a local response to politico-economic processes in Southwest China, exacerbates the increasingly poor health status of Kachin shamans in the local community. Taboos thus become an active site where the local decline of animal sacrifice intersects with regional processes of (...)
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  12. Being Conscious of Marc Bekoff: Thinking of Animal Self-Consciousness.Gregory R. Peterson - 2003 - Zygon 38 (2):247-256.
    The preceding article by Marc Bekoff reveals much about our current understanding of animal self-consciousness and its implications. It also reveals how much more there is to be said and considered. This response briefly examines animal self-consciousness from scientific, moral, and theological perspectives. As Bekoff emphasizes, self-consciousness is not one thing but many. Consequently, our moral relationship to animals is not simply one based on a graded hierarchy of abilities. Furthermore, the complexity of animal (...)
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  13. Kant on Animal Consciousness.Colin McLear - 2011 - Philosophers' Imprint 11.
    Kant is often considered to have argued that perceptual awareness of objects in one's environment depends on the subject's possession of conceptual capacities. This conceptualist interpretation raises an immediate problem concerning the nature of perceptual awareness in non-rational, non-concept using animals. In this paper I argue that Kant’s claims concerning animal representation and consciousness do not foreclose the possibility of attributing to animals the capacity for objective perceptual consciousness, and that a non-conceptualist interpretation of Kant’s position concerning (...)
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  14.  31
    Animal Consciousness and Ethics in Asia and the Pacific.Macer Darryl - 1997 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 10 (3):249-267.
    The interactions between humans, animals and the environment have shaped human values and ethics, not only the genes that we are made of. The animal rights movement challenges human beings to reconsider interactions between humans and other animals, and maybe connected to the environmental movement that begs us to recognize the fact that there are symbiotic relationships between humans and all other organisms. The first part of this paper looks at types of bioethics, the implications of autonomy and the (...)
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  15. Animal Consciousness.Majid Beshkar - 2008 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (3):5-33.
    There are several types of behavioural evidence in favour of the notion that many animal species experience at least some simple levels of consciousness. Other than behavioural evidence, there are a number of anatomical and physiological criteria that help resolve the problem of animal consciousness, particularly when addressing the problem in lower vertebrates and invertebrates. In this paper, I review a number of such behavioural and brain- based evidence in the case of mammals, birds, and some (...)
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  16. The Liabilities of Mobility: A Selection Pressure for the Transition to Consciousness in Animal Evolution.Bjorn H. Merker - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):89-114.
    The issue of the biological origin of consciousness is linked to that of its function. One source of evidence in this regard is the contrast between the types of information that are and are not included within its compass. Consciousness presents us with a stable arena for our actions—the world—but excludes awareness of the multiple sensory and sensorimotor transformations through which the image of that world is extracted from the confounding influence of self-produced motion of multiple receptor arrays (...)
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  17.  93
    Metamemory as Evidence of Animal Consciousness: The Type That Does the Trick.Nicholas Shea & Cecilia Heyes - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (1):95-110.
    The question of whether non-human animals are conscious is of fundamental importance. There are already good reasons to think that many are, based on evolutionary continuity and other considerations. However, the hypothesis is notoriously resistant to direct empirical test. Numerous studies have shown behaviour in animals analogous to consciously-produced human behaviour. Fewer probe whether the same mechanisms are in use. One promising line of evidence about consciousness in other animals derives from experiments on metamemory. A study by Hampton (Proc (...)
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  18.  40
    Sensation, Intentionality, and Animal Consciousness.N. Jolley - 1995 - Ratio 8 (2):128-42.
    In general, seventeenth‐century philosophers seem to have assumed that intentionality is an essential characteristic of our mental life. Malebranche is perhaps the only philosopher in the period who stands out clearly against the prevailing orthodoxy; he is committed to the thesis that there is a large class of mental items ‐ sensations ‐ which have no representational content. In this paper I argue that due attention to this fact makes it possible to mount at least a partial defence of his (...)
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  19.  76
    Animal Consciousness as a Test Case of Cognitive Science.Manuel Bremer - 2005 - In Bewusstsein: Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven.
    In our dealings with animals at least most of us see them as conscious beings. On the other hand the employment of human categories to animals seems to be problematic. Reflecting on the details of human beliefs, for example, casts serious doubt on whether the cat is able to believe anything at all. These theses try to reflect on methodological issues when investigating animal minds. Developing a theory of animal mentality seems to be a test case of the (...)
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  20. Metamemory as Evidence of Animal Consciousness: The Type That Does the Trick.Nicholas Shea Æ Cecilia Heyes - unknown
    The question of whether non-human animals are conscious is of fundamental importance. There are already good reasons to think that many are, based on evolutionary continuity and other considerations. However, the hypothesis is notoriously resistant to direct empirical test. Numerous studies have shown behaviour in animals analogous to consciously-produced human behaviour. Fewer probe whether the same mechanisms are in use. One promising line of evidence about consciousness in other animals derives from experiments on metamemory. A study by Hampton (Proc (...)
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  21.  2
    Sensation, Intentionality, and Animal Consciousness: Malebranche's Theory of the Mind.Nicholas Jolley - 1995 - Ratio 8 (2):128-142.
    In general, seventeenth‐century philosophers seem to have assumed that intentionality is an essential characteristic of our mental life. Malebranche is perhaps the only philosopher in the period who stands out clearly against the prevailing orthodoxy; he is committed to the thesis that there is a large class of mental items ‐ sensations ‐ which have no representational content. In this paper I argue that due attention to this fact makes it possible to mount at least a partial defence of his (...)
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  22.  35
    Animal Consciousness and Animal Ethics.M. Dol, Soemini Kasanmoentalib, Susanne Lijmbach, E. Rivas & Ruud van den Bos - 2002 - Van Gorcum and Co.
    Dutch investigators continue to play a key role in animal behavior studies today . The present collection of current Dutch writings on animal consciousness ...
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  23. Animal Consciousness (Routledge Handbook of Consciousness Ch.29).Sean Allen-Hermanson - 2018 - In Rocco J. Gennaro (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Consciousness. Routledge.
  24. Consciousness, Emotion and Animal Welfare: Insights From Cognitive Science.M. Mendl & E. S. Paul - 2004 - Animal Welfare 13:17- 25.
  25.  58
    The Inside and Outside Aspects of Consciousness: Complementary Approaches to the Study of Animal Emotion.F. Wemelsfelder - 2001 - Animal Welfare Supplement 10:129- 139.
  26.  83
    Higher-Order Thoughts, Animal Consciousness, and Misrepresentation: A Reply to Carruthers and Levine.Rocco J. Gennaro - 2004 - In Higher-Order Theories of Consciousness: An Anthology. John Benjamins.
  27. A Neuropsychological and Evolutionary Approach to Animal Consciousness and Animal Suffering.B. Bermond - 2001 - Animal Welfare Supplement 10:47- 62.
  28.  32
    What Do Neuronal Network Models of the Mind Indicate About Animal Consciousness?John G. Taylor - 2001 - Animal Welfare Supplement 10:63- 75.
  29. The Unheeded Cry: Animal Consciousness, Animal Pain, and Science.Bernard E. Rollin - 1989 - Oxford University Press.
  30. Animal Consciousness: What Matters and Why?Daniel C. Dennett - 1995 - Social Research 62:691-710.
    But perhaps we really don't want to know the answers to these questions. We should not despise the desire to be kept in ignorance--aren't there many facts about yourself and your loved ones that you would wisely choose not to know? Speaking for myself, I am sure that I would go to some lengths to prevent myself from learning all the secrets of those around me--whom they found disgusting, whom they secretly adored, what crimes and follies they had committed, or (...)
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  31.  18
    Beast Machines? Questions of Animal Consciousness.Cecilia Heyes - 2008 - In Lawrence Weiskrantz & Martin Davies (eds.), Frontiers of Consciousness. Oxford University Press. pp. 259--274.
  32. Animal Consciousness.Colin Allen & Mark Bekoff - 2007 - In Max Velmans & Susan Schneider (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness. Blackwell.
     
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  33.  11
    Materialism and Reductionism in the Study of Animal Consciousness.Garland E. Allen - 1987 - In G. Greenberg & E. Tobach (eds.), Cognition, Language, and Consciousness: Integrative Levels. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 137--160.
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  34.  21
    Animal Consciousness, Cognition and Welfare.J. K. Kirkwood & R. Hubrecht - 2001 - Animal Welfare Supplement 10.
  35.  9
    Mind-Matter for Animals Matters: Science and the Denial of Animal Consciousness.Estiva Reus & David Olivier - 2007 - Between the Species 13 (7):6.
    Animal people are usually confident that Cartesianism is something of the past and that modern science clearly establishes that animals are sentient beings. But actually the scientific status of sentience is anything but firmly established. Not only is the subjective point of view absent from current science; it is precluded by construction from our fundamental realms of knowledge. Physics — the mother-science once we reject Cartesian dualism — is currently unable to include sentience in its account of the world. (...)
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  36.  2
    Animal Consciousness.Robert W. Lurz - 1999 - Journal of Philosophical Research 24:149-168.
    The question of the possibility of conscious experience in animals has had a rebirth recentIy in both philosophy and psychology. I argue that there is an account of consciousness that is perfectly consistent with many animals enjoying conscious experiences. In defending my thesis, I examine a recent account of consciousness by Peter Carruthers which denies animals conscious experiences. I argue that Carruthers’ account should be rejected on the grounds that it is unnecessarily complex, and that it fails to (...)
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  37. The Scientific Status of Animal Consciousness.J. P. Rushen - 1985 - Applied Animal Behaviour Science 13:387-390.
     
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  38. Animal Consciousness.Colin Allen & Michael Trestman - 2005 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  39. Through Our Eyes Only: The Search for Animal Consciousness.Marian S. Dawkins - 1993 - Oxford University Press.
     
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  40. Animal Consciousness, Anthromorphism and Heterophenomenology.Manuel Bremer - 2006 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 113 (2):397-410.
  41.  65
    Animal Consciousness: Paradigm Change in the Life Sciences.Martin Schönfeld - 2006 - Perspectives on Science 14 (3):354-381.
  42.  50
    Animal Consciousness: What Matters and Why.C. Dennett Daniel - 1995 - Social Research 62 (3).
  43. The Discovery of Animal Consciousness: An Optimistic Assessment. [REVIEW]Colin Allen - 1997 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 10 (3):217-225.
  44.  84
    Animal Consciousness and Human Self-Consciousness.John C. Eccles - 1982 - Experientia 38:1384-91.
  45. Thinking About Animal Consciousness.M. Rothschild - 1993 - Journal of Natural History 27:509-12.
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  46.  30
    The Problem of Animal Consciousness in Relation to Neuropsychology.Lawrence Weiskrantz - 1995 - Behavioral Brain Research 71:171-75.
  47.  48
    Marcel Dol, Soemini Kasanmoentalib, Susanne Lijmbch, Esteban Rivas, Ruud Van den Bos, Animal Consciousness and Animal Ethics: Perspectives From the Netherlands. [REVIEW]Hugh Lehman - 1998 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 11 (1):68-71.
  48.  16
    Daisie Radner and Michael Radner: Animal Consciousness.Steven Nadler - 1991 - Environmental Ethics 13 (2):187-191.
  49.  20
    Why Animals Matter: Animal Consciousness, Animal Welfare, and Human Well-Being by Marian Stamp Dawkins.Adam Shriver - 2014 - Environmental Ethics 36 (2):253-254.
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  50.  37
    The Unheeded Cry: Animal Consciousness, Animal Pain and Science.M. Balls - 1991 - Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (2):109-109.
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