Results for 'Anita Loughlin'

997 found
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  1.  4
    Patients' Knowledge of Key Messaging in Drug Safety Communications for Zolpidem and Eszopiclone: A National Survey.Aaron S. Kesselheim, Michael S. Sinha, Paula Rausch, Zhigang Lu, Frazer A. Tessema, Brian M. Lappin, Esther H. Zhou, Gerald J. Dal Pan, Lee Zwanziger, Amy Ramanadham, Anita Loughlin, Cheryl Enger, Jerry Avorn & Eric G. Campbell - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (3):430-441.
    Drug Safety Communications are used by the Food and Drug Administration to inform health care providers, patients, caregivers, and the general public about safety issues related to FDA-approved drugs. To assess patient knowledge of the messaging contained in DSCs related to the sleep aids zolpidem and eszopiclone, we conducted a large, cross-sectional patient survey of 1,982 commercially insured patients selected by stratified random sampling from the Optum Research Database who had filled at least two prescriptions for either zolpidem or eszopiclone (...)
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  2. Political Jurisprudence.Martin Loughlin - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
    A collection of brand new and revised essays from eminent scholar of public law, Martin Loughlin, that systematizes his work on political jurisprudence - a school of thought that contends the key to understanding the nature of legal order lies in how political authority is constituted.
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  3.  15
    Ethics, Management, and Mythology: Rational Decision Making for Health Service Professionals.Michael Loughlin - 2002 - Radcliffe Medical Press.
    Chapter 1 Who this book is for and who it is not for1 There are already too many books offering solutions to the problems of the health service. ...
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  4. The Concept of Constituent Power.M. Loughlin - 2014 - European Journal of Political Theory 13 (2):218-237.
    This article examines the meaning and significance of the concept of constituent power in constitutional thought by showing how it acts as a boundary concept with respect to three types of legal thought: normativism, decisionism and relationalism. The concept can be fully appreciated, it suggests, only by adopting a relationalist method. This relationalist method permits us to deal with the paradoxical aspects of constitutional founding creatively and to grasp how constituent power, as the generative aspect of the political power relationship, (...)
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  5.  62
    Medicine and Evidence: Knowledge and Action in Clinical Practice.Andrew Miles, Michael Loughlin & Andreas Polychronis - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (4):481-503.
  6.  86
    From Wide Cognition to Mechanisms: A Silent Revolution.Marcin Miłkowski, Robert Clowes, Zuzanna Rucińska, Aleksandra Przegalińska, Tadeusz Zawidzki, Joel Krueger, Adam Gies, Marek McGann, Łukasz Afeltowicz, Witold Wachowski, Fredrik Stjernberg, Victor Loughlin & Mateusz Hohol - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
    In this paper, we argue that several recent ‘wide’ perspectives on cognition (embodied, embedded, extended, enactive, and distributed) are only partially relevant to the study of cognition. While these wide accounts override traditional methodological individualism, the study of cognition has already progressed beyond these proposed perspectives towards building integrated explanations of the mechanisms involved, including not only internal submechanisms but also interactions with others, groups, cognitive artifacts, and their environment. The claim is substantiated with reference to recent developments in the (...)
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  7.  67
    Evidence‐Based Healthcare, Clinical Knowledge and the Rise of Personalised Medicine.Andrew Miles, Michael Loughlin & Andreas Polychronis - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):621-649.
  8.  49
    Models in the Balance: Evidence‐Based Medicine Versus Evidence‐Informed Individualized Care.Andrew Miles & Michael Loughlin - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):531-536.
  9.  35
    Taking Stock of Evidence‐Based Medicine: Opportunities for its Continuing Evolution.Stephen Buetow, Ross Upshur, Andrew Miles & Michael Loughlin - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (4):399-404.
  10.  34
    Continuing the Evidence‐Based Health Care Debate in 2006. The Progress and Price of EBM.Andrew Miles & Michael Loughlin - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (4):385-398.
  11. Reason and Value: Making Reasoning Fit for Practice.Michael Loughlin, Robyn Bluhm, Stephen Buetow, Ross E. G. Upshur, Maya J. Goldenberg, Kirstin Borgerson, Vikki Entwistle & Elselijn Kingma - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):929-937.
    Editors' introduction to 3rd thematic issue on philosophy of medicine.
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  12. Science, Practice and Mythology: A Definition and Examination of the Implications of Scientism in Medicine. [REVIEW]Michael Loughlin, George Lewith & Torkel Falkenberg - 2013 - Health Care Analysis 21 (2):130-145.
    Scientism is a philosophy which purports to define what the world ‘really is’. It adopts what the philosopher Thomas Nagel called ‘an epistemological criterion of reality’, defining what is real as that which can be discovered by certain quite specific methods of investigation. As a consequence all features of experience not revealed by those methods are deemed ‘subjective’ in a way that suggests they are either not real, or lie beyond the scope of meaningful rational inquiry. This devalues capacities that (...)
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  13. Philosophy, Ethics, Medicine and Health Care: The Urgent Need for Critical Practice.Michael Loughlin, Ross E. G. Upshur, Maya J. Goldenberg, Robyn Bluhm & Kirstin Borgerson - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (2):249-259.
  14. Sketch This: Extended Mind and Consciousness Extension.Victor Loughlin - 2013 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (1):41-50.
    This paper will defend the claim that, under certain circumstances, the material vehicles responsible for an agent’s conscious experience can be partly constituted by processes outside the agent’s body. In other words, the consciousness of the agent can extend. This claim will be supported by the Extended Mind Thesis (EMT) example of the artist and their sketchpad (Clark 2001, 2003). It will be argued that if this example is one of EMT, then this example also supports an argument for consciousness (...)
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  15. What Is Left of the Active Externalism Debate?Victor Loughlin & Karim Zahidi - 2017 - European Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):1614-1639.
    Since the publication of Clark and Chalmers' Extended Mind paper, the central claims of that paper, viz. the thesis that cognitive processes and cognitive or mental states extend beyond the brain and body, have been vigorously debated within philosophy of mind and philosophy of cognitive science. Both defenders and detractors of these claims have since marshalled an impressive battery of arguments for and against “active externalism.” However, despite the amount of philosophical energy expended, this debate remains far from settled. We (...)
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  16. Diseases, Patients and the Epistemology of Practice: Mapping the Borders of Health, Medicine and Care.Michael Loughlin, Robyn Bluhm, Jonathan Fuller, Stephen Buetow, Benjamin R. Lewis & Brent M. Kious - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (3):357-364.
  17.  23
    Can Academic and Clinical Journals Be in Financial Conflict of Interest Situations? The Case of Evidence‐Based Incorporated.Ross Upshur, Stephen Buetow, Michael Loughlin & Andrew Miles - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (4):405-409.
  18.  19
    Treating Real People: Science and Humanity.Michael Loughlin, Mathew Mercuri, Alexandra Pârvan, Samantha Marie Copeland, Mark Tonelli & Stephen Buetow - 2018 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24 (5):919-929.
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  19.  25
    The Basis of Medical Knowledge: Judgement, Objectivity and the History of Ideas.Michael Loughlin - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (6):935-940.
  20.  5
    Patients and Agents – or Why We Need a Different Narrative: A Philosophical Analysis.Harald Walach & Michael Loughlin - 2018 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 13 (1):13.
    The success of medicine in the treatment of patients brings with it new challenges. More people live on to suffer from functional, chronic or multifactorial diseases, and this has led to calls for more complex analyses of the causal determinants of health and illness. Philosophical analysis of background assumptions of the current paradigmatic model. While these factors do not require a radical paradigm shift, they do give us cause to develop a new narrative, to add to existing narratives that frame (...)
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  21.  15
    Reason, Reality and Objectivity – Shared Dogmas and Distortions in the Way Both 'Scientistic' and 'Postmodern' Commentators Frame the EBM Debate.Michael Loughlin - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):665-671.
  22. Going Wide: Extended Mind and Wittgenstein.Victor Loughlin - 2018 - Adaptive Behavior.
    Extended mind remains a provocative approach to cognition and mentality. However, both those for and against this approach have tacitly accepted that cognition or mentality can be understood in terms of those sub personal processes ongoing during some task. I label this a process view of cognition (PV). Using Wittgenstein’s philosophical approach, I argue that proponents of extended mind should reject PV and instead endorse a ‘wide view’ of mentality. This wide view clarifies why the hypothesis of extended mind (HEM) (...)
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  23.  20
    The Future for Medical Epistemology? Commentary on Tonelli (2006), Integrating Evidence Into Clinical Practice: An Alternative to Evidence‐Based Approaches.Michael Loughlin - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (3):289-291.
  24.  51
    Explanation, Understanding, Objectivity and Experience.Michael Loughlin, Robyn Bluhm, Drozdstoj S. Stoyanov, Stephen Buetow, Ross E. G. Upshur, Kirstin Borgerson, Maya J. Goldenberg & Elselijn Kingma - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (3):415-421.
  25. Contingency, Arbitrariness, and Failure.Michael Loughlin - 2003 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (3):261-264.
  26.  19
    The Search for Substance: A Quest for the Identity‐Conditions of Evidence‐Based Medicine and Some Comments on Djulbegovic, B., Guyatt, G. H. & Ashcroft, R. E. (2009) Cancer Control, 16, 158–168. [REVIEW]Michael Loughlin - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (6):910-914.
  27.  18
    Reasoning, Evidence, and Clinical Decision-Making: The Great Debate Moves Forward.Michael Loughlin, Robyn Bluhm, Stephen Buetow, Kirstin Borgerson & Jonathan Fuller - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (5):905-914.
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  28. Philosophy, Medicine and Health Care – Where We Have Come From and Where We Are Going.Michael Loughlin, Robyn Bluhm, Jonathan Fuller, Stephen Buetow, Ross E. G. Upshur, Kirstin Borgerson, Maya J. Goldenberg & Elselijn Kingma - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):902-907.
  29. Sensorimotor Knowledge and the Radical Alternative.Victor Loughlin - 2014 - In A. Martin (ed.), Contemporary Sensorimotor Theory, Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics. Springer Verlag. pp. 105-116.
    Sensorimotor theory claims that what you do and what you know how to do constitutes your visual experience. Central to the theory is the claim that such experience depends on a special kind of knowledge or understanding. I assess this commitment to knowledge in the light of three objections to the theory: the empirical implausibility objection, the learning/post-learning objection and the causal-constitutive objection. I argue that although the theory can respond to the first two objections, its commitment to know-how ultimately (...)
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  30.  95
    Virtue, Progress and Practice.Michael Loughlin, Robyn Bluhm, Stephen Buetow, Ross E. G. Upshur, Maya J. Goldenberg, Kirstin Borgerson & Vikki Entwistle - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):839-846.
  31.  19
    Ethics and Evidence‐Based Medicine: Fallibility and Responsibility in Clinical Science[Kenneth Goodman, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, ISBN 0 521 79653 9, £19.95 (Pbk), ISBN 0 521 81933 4, £55.00 (Hbk)]. [REVIEW]Michael Loughlin - 2003 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9 (2):141-144.
  32. Teaching Philosophy.Gillian Howie, Michael Mcghee, Phil Hutchinson, Michael Loughlin, Richard Shusterman & William Edelglass - 2009 - Continuum.
    In the current academic climate, teaching is often seen as secondary to research. Teaching Philosophy seeks to bring teaching philosophy higher on the academic agenda.An international team of contributors, all of whom share the view that philosophy is a subject that can transform students, offers practical guidance and advice for teachers of philosophy. The book suggests ways in which the teaching of philosophy at undergraduate level might be facilitated. Some of the essays place the emphasis on individual self discovery, others (...)
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  33.  16
    Criticizing the Data: Some Concerns About Empirical Approaches to Ethics.Michael Loughlin - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):970-975.
  34.  11
    Teaching by Example: What a Confused Attempt to “Advance” EBM Reveals About its Underlying Problems: Commentary on Jenicek, M. . Do We Need Another Discipline in Medicine? From Epidemiology and Evidence-Based Medicine to Cognitive Medicine And.Michael Loughlin, Peter Wyer & Sandra J. Tanenbaum - 2016 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 22 (4):628-633.
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  35. Mark Rowlands, The New Science of the Mind: From Extended Mind to Embodied Phenomenology. [REVIEW]Victor Loughlin - 2013 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (4):891-897.
    Andy Clark once remarked that we make the world smart so we don’t have to be (Clark, 1997). What he meant was that human beings (along with many other animals) alter and transform their environments in order to accomplish certain tasks that would prove difficult (or indeed impossible) without such transformations. This remarkable insight goes a long way towards explaining many aspects of human culture, ranging from linguistic notational systems to how we structure our cities. It also provides the basis (...)
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  36.  16
    On the Buzzword Approach to Policy Formation.Michael Loughlin - 2002 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 8 (2):229-242.
  37. Sensorimotor Theory, Cognitive Access and the ‘Absolute’ Explanatory Gap.Victor Loughlin - 2018 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 17 (3):611-627.
    Sensorimotor Theory is the claim that it is our practical know-how of the relations between our environments and us that gives our environmental interactions their experiential qualities. Yet why should such interactions involve or be accompanied by experience? This is the ‘absolute’ gap question. Some proponents of SMT answer this question by arguing that our interactions with an environment involve experience when we cognitively access those interactions. In this paper, I aim to persuade proponents of SMT to accept the following (...)
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  38. Essay Review of Kenneth Goodman's 'Ethics and Evidence-Based Medicine: Fallibility and Responsibility in Clinical Science'.M. Loughlin - 2003 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9 (2):141-144.
  39.  21
    Style, Substance, Newspeak 'and All That': A Commentary on Murray Et Al. (2007) and an Open Challenge to Goldacre and Other 'Offended' Apologists for EBM.Michael Loughlin - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (4):517-521.
  40. Radical Enactivism, Wittgenstein and the Cognitive Gap.Victor Loughlin - 2014 - Adaptive Behavior 22 (5):350-359.
    REC or Radical Enactive (or Embodied) Cognition (Hutto and Myin, 2013) involves the claim that certain forms of mentality do not involve informational content and are instead to be equated with temporally and spatially extended physical interactions between an agent and the environment. REC also claims however that other forms of mentality do involve informational content and are scaffolded by socially and linguistically enabled practices. This seems to raise what can be called a cognitive gap question, namely, how do non-contentful (...)
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  41.  22
    The Commentaries.Samuel Gorovitz, Michael Loughlin & Tim Dare - 1994 - Health Care Analysis 2 (3):190-199.
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  42.  14
    Critique.Michael Loughlin - 1994 - Health Care Analysis 2 (2):135-139.
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  43.  15
    Wittgenstein’s Challenge to Enactivism.Victor Loughlin - forthcoming - Synthese:1-14.
    Many authors have identified a link between later Wittgenstein and enactivism. But few have also recognised how Wittgenstein may in fact challenge enactivist approaches. In this paper, I consider one such challenge. For example, Wittgenstein is well known for his discussion of seeing-as, most famously through his use of Jastrow’s ambiguous duck-rabbit picture. Seen one way, the picture looks like a duck. Seen another way, the picture looks like a rabbit. Drawing on some of Wittgenstein’s remarks about seeing-as, I show (...)
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  44.  18
    Blinded by ‘Science’: Commentary on Jenicek, M. ‘The Hard Art of Soft Science’Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice12, 410-419. [REVIEW]Michael Loughlin - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (4):423-426.
  45.  46
    Psychologism, Overpsychologism, and Action.Michael Loughlin - 2010 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 17 (4):305-309.
    To someone coming fairly fresh to this debate, Sykes’ paper is somewhat shocking. The psychogenic inference seems such an obvious fallacy, yet he shows, with detailed reference to both diagnostic practice and the literature on mental disorders, the extraordinary pervasiveness of its influence, extending even to the systematic ambiguities built into key diagnostic terms. Sykes characterizes the inference in the following terms: “If there is no known physical cause for a symptom or disorder, the cause must be psychological” (2010, 290). (...)
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  46. Jakob Hohwy: The Predictive Mind. [REVIEW]Victor Loughlin - 2017 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 16 (4):753-758.
    In the following review of Hohwy ‘The Predictive Mind’, I argue that enactive considerations can be used to challenge Hohwy’s claim that the brain is a ‘truth tracker’.
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  47.  13
    Camouflage is Still No Defence – Another Plea for a Straight Answer to the Question 'What is Bioethics?'.Michael Loughlin - 2004 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (1):75-83.
  48.  16
    Management, Science and Reality.Michael Loughlin - 2004 - Philosophy of Management 4 (2):35-44.
    Moss is right to state that management theory needs to address its epistemological foundations by considering questions in epistemology and the philosophy of science. Whether management theory needs Popper is a more tricky question. It is not clear that all theories should be falsifiable in Poppers terms. His proposed methodology for social scientific research is inherently conservative and threatens to inhibit intellectual and social progress. But Poppers philosophical realism and rationalism need to be preserved. Coherentism and associated forms of anti-rationalism (...)
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  49. Alienation and Value-Neutrality.A. J. Loughlin - 1998 - Ashgate.
  50.  12
    Critique. The Silence of Philosophy.M. Loughlin - 1994 - Health Care Analysis: Hca: Journal of Health Philosophy and Policy 2 (4):310-316.
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