Results for 'Anja Bechmann'

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  1.  7
    Unsupervised by Any Other Name: Hidden Layers of Knowledge Production in Artificial Intelligence on Social Media.Geoffrey C. Bowker & Anja Bechmann - 2019 - Big Data and Society 6 (1).
    Artificial Intelligence in the form of different machine learning models is applied to Big Data as a way to turn data into valuable knowledge. The rhetoric is that ensuing predictions work well—with a high degree of autonomy and automation. We argue that we need to analyze the process of applying machine learning in depth and highlight at what point human knowledge production takes place in seemingly autonomous work. This article reintroduces classification theory as an important framework for understanding such seemingly (...)
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  2.  5
    Different Types of COVID-19 Misinformation Have Different Emotional Valence on Twitter.Anja Bechmann, Ida A. Nissen, Jessica G. Walter & Marina Charquero-Ballester - 2021 - Big Data and Society 8 (2).
    The spreading of COVID-19 misinformation on social media could have severe consequences on people's behavior. In this paper, we investigated the emotional expression of misinformation related to the COVID-19 crisis on Twitter and whether emotional valence differed depending on the type of misinformation. We collected 17,463,220 English tweets with 76 COVID-19-related hashtags for March 2020. Using Google Fact Check Explorer API we identified 226 unique COVID-19 false stories for March 2020. These were clustered into six types of misinformation. Applying the (...)
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  3.  5
    Interview: Joerg Tuske Talks to Anja Steinbauer.Joerg Tuske & Anja Steinbauer - 2019 - Philosophy Now 132:21-21.
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  4.  94
    Human Decisions in Moral Dilemmas Are Largely Described by Utilitarianism: Virtual Car Driving Study Provides Guidelines for Autonomous Driving Vehicles.Anja K. Faulhaber, Anke Dittmer, Felix Blind, Maximilian A. Wächter, Silja Timm, Leon R. Sütfeld, Achim Stephan, Gordon Pipa & Peter König - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (2):399-418.
    Ethical thought experiments such as the trolley dilemma have been investigated extensively in the past, showing that humans act in utilitarian ways, trying to cause as little overall damage as possible. These trolley dilemmas have gained renewed attention over the past few years, especially due to the necessity of implementing moral decisions in autonomous driving vehicles. We conducted a set of experiments in which participants experienced modified trolley dilemmas as drivers in virtual reality environments. Participants had to make decisions between (...)
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  5.  29
    Anthropomorphism in Social Robotics: Empirical Results on Human–Robot Interaction in Hybrid Production Workplaces.Anja Richert, Sarah Müller, Stefan Schröder & Sabina Jeschke - 2018 - AI and Society 33 (3):413-424.
    New forms of artificial intelligence on the one hand and the ubiquitous networking of “everything with everything” on the other hand characterize the fourth industrial revolution. This results in a changed understanding of human–machine interaction, in new models for production, in which man and machine together with virtual agents form hybrid teams. The empirical study “Socializing with robots” aims to gain insight especially into conditions of development and processes of hybrid human–machine teams. In the experiment, human–robot actions and interactions were (...)
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  6.  27
    A Theory of Unborn Life: From Abortion to Genetic Manipulation.Anja J. Karnein - 2012 - Oup Usa.
    In light of new biomedical technologies, such as artificial reproduction, stem cell research, genetic selection and design, the question of what we owe to future persons-and unborn life more generally-is as contested as ever. In A Theory of Unborn Life: From Abortion to Genetic Manipulation, author Anja J. Karnein provides a novel theory that shows how our commitments to persons can help us make sense of our obligations to unborn life. We should treat embryos that will develop into persons (...)
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  7.  14
    Anja Jauernig, The World According to Kant: Appearances and Things in Themselves in Critical Idealism. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press 2021, Xii+380 Pp. [REVIEW]Ekin Erkan - 2021 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 103 (4):764-769.
    Book review of Anja Jauernig, The World According to Kant: Appearances and Things in Themselves in Critical Idealism (2021) by Ekin Erkan.
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  8. Putting Fairness in Its Place: Why There Is a Duty to Take Up the Slack.Anja Karnein - 2014 - Journal of Philosophy 111 (11):593-607.
    The view that agents are not obliged to do more than their initial fair shares when their fellow duty bearers fail to comply has prominent defenders, including Liam Murphy and David Miller. While Murphy thinks that asking agents to take up other agents’ slack would be unfair, Miller claims that slack-taking cannot be required because primary responsibility does not migrate from noncompliers to compliers. This paper argues, by contrast, that there are a number of circumstances in which there is a (...)
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  9.  16
    The Effect of Background Music on Inhibitory Functions: An ERP Study.Anja Burkhard, Stefan Elmer, Denis Kara, Christian Brauchli & Lutz Jäncke - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  10. Francesco Petrarca: Pisma Prijateljem.Anja Božič - 2022 - Clotho 4 (1):129-141.
    Ko sem prenočeval v predmestju Vicenze, sem se domislil nove snovi za pisanje. Naneslo je namreč, da sem po opoldanskem odhodu iz Padove vrata tvojega mesta dosegel, ko se je sonce že nagibalo k zahodu. Preudarjal sem, ali naj prenočim tam ali naj nadaljujem pot – kajti mudilo se mi je, hkrati pa mi je zaradi dolžine dneva ostal še dobršen del svetlih ur – in ko sem se tako obotavljal, – glej – kdo bi se mogel skriti pred prijatelji? (...)
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  11.  29
    Roland Bechmann, Villard de Honnecourt: La Pensée Technique au XIIIe Siècle Et Sa Communication. Paris: Picard, 1991. Pp. 383, ISBN 2-7084-0367-2. 420 FF. [REVIEW]A. G. Keller - 1995 - British Journal for the History of Science 28 (4):461.
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  12.  20
    Grading of Frequency Spectral Centroid Across Resting-State Networks.Anja Ries, Catie Chang, Sarah Glim, Chun Meng, Christian Sorg & Afra Wohlschläger - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  13.  26
    The World According to Kant - Appearances and Things in Themselves in Critical Idealism.Anja Jauernig - 2021 - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    The World According to Kant offers an interpretation of Immanuel Kant’s critical idealism, as developed in the Critique of Pure Reason and associated texts. Critical idealism is understood as an ontological position, which comprises transcendental idealism, empirical realism, and a number of other basic ontological theses. According to Kant, the world, understood as the sum total of everything that has reality, comprises several levels of reality, most importantly, the transcendental level and the empirical level. The transcendental level is a mind-independent (...)
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  14.  21
    Commemorating Public Figures – In Favour of a Fictionalist Position.Anja Berninger - 2020 - Journal of Applied Philosophy.
    In this article, I discuss the commemoration of public figures such as Nelson Mandela and Yitzhak Rabin. In many cases, our commemoration of such figures is based on the admiration we feel for them. However, closer inspection reveals that most (if not all) of those we currently honour do not qualify as fitting objects of admiration. Yet, we may still have the strong intuition that we ought to continue commemorating them in this way. I highlight two problems that arise here: (...)
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  15.  86
    Thinking Sadly: In Favor of an Adverbial Theory of Emotions.Anja Berninger - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (6):799-812.
    Introspective as well as empirical evidence indicates that emotions shape our thinking in numerous ways. Yet, this modificatory aspect of emotions has received relatively little interest in the philosophy of emotion. I give a detailed account of this aspect. Drawing both on the work of William James and adverbialist conceptions of perception, I sketch a theory of emotions that takes these aspects into consideration and suggest that we should understand emotions as manners of thinking.
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  16.  7
    The Effects of Theta and Gamma tACS on Working Memory and Electrophysiology.Anja Pahor & Norbert Jaušovec - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  17.  43
    Climate Change and Justice Between Nonocerlapping Generations.Anja Karnein - 2015 - Global Justice: Theory Practice Rhetoric 8 (2).
    It is becoming less and less controversial that we ought to aggressively combat climate change. One main reason for doing so is concern for future generations, as it is they who will be the most seriously affected by it. Surprisingly, none of the more prominent deontological theories of intergenerational justice can explain why it is wrong for the present generation to do very little to stop worsening the problem. This paper discusses three such theories, namely indirect reciprocity, common ownership of (...)
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  18.  4
    Achieving Reproductive Justice: Some Implications of Race for Abortion Activism in Northern Ireland.Anja Nyberg - 2020 - Feminist Review 124 (1):165-172.
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  19.  5
    Militärische Robotik als Herausforderung für das Verhältnis von menschlicher Kontrolle und maschineller Autonomie.Anja Dahlmann - 2017 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 61 (3):171-183.
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  20.  5
    Relational Labeling Unlocks Inert Knowledge.Anja Jamrozik & Dedre Gentner - 2020 - Cognition 196:104146.
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  21. Leibniz on Motion and the Equivalence of Hypotheses.Anja Jauernig - 2008 - The Leibniz Review 18:1-40.
    Contrary to popular belief, I argue that Leibniz is not hopelessly confused about motion: Leibniz is indeed both a relativist and an absolutist about motion, as suggested by the textual evidence, but, appearances to the contrary, this is not a problem; Leibniz’s infamous doctrine of the equivalence of hypotheses is well-supported and well-integrated within Leibniz’s physical theory; Leibniz’s assertion that the simplest hypothesis of several equivalent hypotheses can be held to be true can be explicated in such a way that (...)
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  22.  13
    Finite Minds and Their Representations in Leibniz and Kant.Anja Jauernig - 2019 - Internationales Jahrbuch des Deutschen Idealismus / International Yearbook of German Idealism 14:47-80.
    This essay examines some of the ways in which the assumption of the essential finitude of the human mind, in contrast to the infinitude of God’s mind, bears on Leibniz’s and Kant’s accounts of our representational capacities. This examination reveals several underappreciated similarities between their views, but also some notable differences that help us pinpoint where and in what ways Kant departs from his celebrated predecessor. The fruits of this examination are a better understanding of Kant’s conception of the discursivity (...)
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  23.  18
    Rawls and the Future: On the Possibility of Cooperation Across Time.Anja Karnein - 2022 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 50 (3):271-300.
    Philosophy &Public Affairs, Volume 50, Issue 3, Page 271-300, Summer 2022.
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  24. Culture Corrupts! A Qualitative Study of Organizational Culture in Corrupt Organizations.Jamie-Lee Campbell & Anja S. Göritz - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 120 (3):1-21.
    Although theory refers to organizational culture as an important variable in corrupt organizations, only little empirical research has addressed the characteristics of a corrupt organizational culture. Besides some characteristics that go hand in hand with unethical behavior and other features of corrupt organizations, we are still not able to describe a corrupt organizational culture in terms of its underlying assumptions, values, and norms. With a qualitative approach, we studied similarities of organizational culture across different corrupt organizations. In this study, we (...)
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  25. From Quantum State Targeting to Bell Inequalities.H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci - 2005 - Foundations of Physics 35 (11):1787-1804.
    Quantum state targeting is a quantum game which results from combining traditional quantum state estimation with additional classical information. We consider a particular version of the game and show how it can be played with maximally entangled states. The optimal solution of the game is used to derive a Bell inequality for two entangled qutrits. We argue that the nice properties of the inequality are direct consequences of the method of construction.
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  26.  10
    Reading Emotions From Body Movement: A Generalized Impairment in Schizophrenia.Anja Vaskinn, Kjetil Sundet, Tiril Østefjells, Katharina Nymo, Ingrid Melle & Torill Ueland - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  27.  20
    Compliance Through Company Culture and Values: An International Study Based on the Example of Corruption Prevention.Kai D. Bussmann & Anja Niemeczek - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 157 (3):797-811.
    The aim of this Web-based survey of 15 German companies with an international profile was to identify which higher-level values serve as a basis for a company culture that promotes integrity and can thereby also be used to promote crime prevention. Results on about 2000 managers in German parent companies and almost 600 managers in Central and North European branch offices show that a major preventive role can be assigned to a company culture that promotes integrity. This requires a ‘tone (...)
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  28.  54
    Temporal Experience, Emotions and Decision Making in Psychopathy.Anja Berninger - 2017 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 16 (4):661-677.
  29.  18
    Must Empiricism Be a Stance, and Could It Be One? How to Be an Empiricist and a Philosopher at the Same Time.Anja Jauernig - 2007 - In Bradley John Monton (ed.), Images of Empiricism: Essays on Science and Stances, with a Reply From Bas C. Van Fraassen. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 271-318.
    In his recent book, The Empirical Stance, Bas van Fraassen forcefully raises the question of what a philosophical position can or should be. He mainly discusses this question with regard to empiricism but his discussion makes it clear that he takes his proposed answer to be generalizable: not only empiricism but philosophical positions in general should be understood as stances rather than dogmata. The first part of this essay is devoted to an examination of van Fraassen’s critique of ‘naïve’ or (...)
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  30. Goal Pursuit in Organizational Health Interventions: The Role of Team Climate, Outcome Expectancy, and Implementation Intentions.Anja I. Lehmann, Rebecca Brauchli & Georg F. Bauer - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  31. Anja Weiß Unterschiede.Niklas Luhmann - 2004 - In Armin Nassehi & Gerd Nollmann (eds.), Bourdieu Und Luhmann: Ein Theorienvergleich. Suhrkamp. pp. 208.
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  32.  7
    Frequency-Dependent Spatial Distribution of Functional Hubs in the Human Brain and Alterations in Major Depressive Disorder.Anja Ries, Matthew Hollander, Sarah Glim, Chun Meng, Christian Sorg & Afra Wohlschläger - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  33.  79
    Non-Local Correlations in Therapeutic Settings? A Qualitative Study on the Basis of Weak Quantum Theory and the Model of Pragmatic Information.Anja Matschuck - 2011 - Axiomathes 21 (2):249-261.
    Weak Quantum Theory (WQT) and the Model of Pragmatic Information (MPI) are two psychophysical concepts developed on the basis of quantum physics. The present study contributes to their empirical examination. The issue of the study is whether WQT and MPI can not only explain ‘psi’-phenomena theoretically but also prove to be consistent with the empirical phenomenology of extrasensory perception (ESP). From the main statements of both models, 33 deductions for psychic readings are derived. Psychic readings are defined as settings, in (...)
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  34. Kant, the Leibnizians, and Leibniz.Anja Jauernig - 2011 - In Brandon C. Look (ed.), The Continuum Companion to Leibniz. New York, NY, USA: pp. 289-309.
    A popular story about Kant's relation to Leibniz presents Kant as a Leibniz-Wolffian by education who, inspired by his encounter with the teachings of Newton and Hume, took on the project of reconciling Leibniz-Wolffian metaphysics with Newtonian science and of responding to epistemological skepticism, a project that led him further and further away from his Leibniz-Wolffian roots and culminated in the total rejection of the Leibniz-Wolffian philosophy in the Critique of Pure Reason. In this essay, four shortcomings of the popular (...)
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  35.  22
    Perceptions of Privacy in the Care of Elderly People in Five European Countries.Anja Schopp, Helena Leino-Kilpi, Maritta Välimäki, Theo Dassen, Maria Gasull, Chryssoula Lemonidou, P. Anne Scott, Marianne Arndt & Anne Kaljonen - 2003 - Nursing Ethics 10 (1):39-47.
    The focus of this article is on elderly patients’ and nursing staff perceptions of privacy in the care of elderly patients/residents in five European countries. Privacy includes physical, social and informational elements. The results show that perceptions of privacy were strongest in the UK (Scotland) and weakest in Greece. Country comparisons revealed statistically significant differences between the perceptions of elderly patients and also between those of nurses working in the same ward or long-term care facility. Perceptions of privacy by patients (...)
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  36.  3
    Dealing With the COVID-19 Infodemic: Distress by Information, Information Avoidance, and Compliance With Preventive Measures.Katharina U. Siebenhaar, Anja K. Köther & Georg W. Alpers - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  37. Commentary: Emotion Perception in Members of Norwegian Mensa.Anja Vaskinn - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  38.  34
    Trade Associations and Corporate Social Responsibility: Evidence From the UK Water and Film Industries.Anja Schaefer & Finola Kerrigan - 2008 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 17 (2):171–195.
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  39.  47
    How Empathy With Fictional Characters Undermines Moral Self-Trust.Anja Berninger - 2021 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 79 (2):245-250.
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  40.  35
    Some Remarks on a Research Project of the Centre D'Etudes des Solidarites Sociales (CESOL) Integration: A Challenge for Business.Dan Bechmann - 1994 - World Futures 41 (1):65-66.
    (1994). Some remarks on a research project of the centre D'Etudes des solidarites sociales (CESOL) integration: A challenge for business. World Futures: Vol. 41, No. 1-3, pp. 65-66.
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  41. Minima Ethica.G. Bechmann - 1996 - Ethik Und Sozialwissenschaften 7 (2/3):211.
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  42.  21
    Perceptions of Informed Consent in the Care of Elderly People in Five European Countries.Anja Schopp, Maritta Välimäki, Helena Leino-Kilpi, Theo Dassen, Maria Gasull, Chryssoula Lemonidou, P. Anne Scott, Marianne Arndt & Anne Kaljonen - 2003 - Nursing Ethics 10 (1):48-57.
    The focus of this article is on elderly patients’ and nursing staff perceptions of informed consent in the care of elderly patients/residents in five European countries. The results suggest that patients and nurses differ in their views on how informed consent is implemented. Among elderly patients the highest frequency for securing informed consent was reported in Finland; the lowest was in Germany. In contrast, among nurses, the highest frequency was reported in the UK (Scotland) and the lowest in Finland. In (...)
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  43. .Anja Jauernig - 2021
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  44.  2
    ‚Gastmahl der Zeiten' und ‚Gastmahl des Lebens': Zur Bildlichkeit der Zeit und einem spätantiken Mosaik aus Antiochia‘.Anja Wolkenhauer - 2006 - Millennium 3 (1).
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  45. Popular or Prestigious? – A Study of Hierarchies and What is Translated, Directly and Indirectly, Into Swedish 2000–2015.Anja Allwood - forthcoming - Perspectives:1-19.
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  46. Wie is de Natie? : Een Analyse van de Betekenis van Taal En Territorialiteit in België.Anja Detant - 1998 - Res Publica 40 (1):59-78.
    The institutional reform of the Belgian state seems to run parallel with a redefinition of the whole of Belgian society. 'Subnationalism' has overtaken the traditional ethno-linguistic definitions which used to provide a basis for political identification and mobilisation. The territorial demarcation of the regions and the politicisation of cultural life on both sides of the linguistic border constitute basic ingredientsfor 'nationbuilding'projects in Flanders and Wallonia. A number of elements are distinguished to explain why the 'nationalism' of the regions will have (...)
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  47.  3
    Climate Change and Justice Between Nonoverlapping Generations.Anja Karnein - 2015 - Global Justice : Theory Practice Rhetoric 8 (2).
    It is becoming less and less controversial that we ought to aggressively combat climate change. One main reason for doing so is concern for future generations, as it is they who will be the most seriously affected by it. Surprisingly, none of the more prominent deontological theories of intergenerational justice can explain why it is wrong for the present generation to do very little to stop worsening the problem. This paper discusses three such theories, namely indirect reciprocity, common ownership of (...)
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  48. Kant, Xunzi and the Artificiality of Manners.Anja Berninger - 2017 - Asian Studies 5 (1):173-192.
  49.  9
    Transforming Subjectivity When Aiming for Mutually Transformative Processes in Research with Children.Anja Marschall - 2013 - Outlines. Critical Practice Studies 14 (2):160-183.
    The aim of this paper is to investigate how children use their participation in research as a potential transformative social practice in everyday life. The concept of transformative social practice will be discussed in relation to the notion of transformation. Through empirical examples provided by Holly (12) and Oliver (11), the article argues that research processes open up possibilities for understanding ourselves (researchers and participants) in new ways. ‘Life Mapping’ - as dialogical method in research with children - will be (...)
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  50.  73
    Managing Relationships with Environmental Stakeholders: A Study of U.K. Water and Electricity Utilities. [REVIEW]Brian Harvey & Anja Schaefer - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 30 (3):243 - 260.
    In this paper we report a study of the approach of six U.K. water and electricity companies towards managing the relationship with their ''green'' stakeholders. Stakeholders are accorded increasing importance in political discourse and stakeholder theory is emerging as a promising framework for the analysis of corporate social performance.We studied the companies'' general approach towards green stakeholders, their dealings with specific stakeholder groups and whether they emphasised the consultation or the information aspect of stakeholder management. We found that none of (...)
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