13 found
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  1. Climate Skepticism and the Manufacture of Doubt: Can Dissent in Science Be Epistemically Detrimental?Justin B. Biddle & Anna Leuschner - 2015 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 5 (3):261-278.
    The aim of this paper is to address the neglected but important problem of differentiating between epistemically beneficial and epistemically detrimental dissent. By “dissent,” we refer to the act of objecting to a particular conclusion, especially one that is widely held. While dissent in science can clearly be beneficial, there might be some instances of dissent that not only fail to contribute to scientific progress, but actually impede it. Potential examples of this include the tobacco industry’s funding of studies that (...)
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  2.  53
    Is It Appropriate to ‘Target’ Inappropriate Dissent? On the Normative Consequences of Climate Skepticism.Anna Leuschner - 2018 - Synthese 195 (3):1255-1271.
    As Justin Biddle and I have argued, climate skepticism can be epistemically problematic when it displays a systematic intolerance of producer risks at the expense of public risks : 261–278, 2015). In this paper, I will provide currently available empirical evidence that supports our account, and I discuss the normative consequences of climate skepticism by drawing upon Philip Kitcher’s “Millian argument against the freedom of inquiry.” Finally, I argue that even though concerns regarding inappropriate disqualification of dissent are reasonable, a (...)
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  3. Epistemic Corruption and Manufactured Doubt: The Case of Climate Science.Justin B. Biddle, Anna Leuschner & Ian James Kidd - 2017 - Public Affairs Quarterly 31 (3):165-187.
    Criticism plays an essential role in the growth of scientific knowledge. In some cases, however, criticism can have detrimental effects; for example, it can be used to ‘manufacture doubt’ for the purpose of impeding public policy making on issues such as tobacco consumption and greenhouse gas emissions (e.g., Oreskes & Conway 2010). In this paper, we build on previous work by Biddle and Leuschner (2015) who argue that criticism that meets certain conditions can be epistemically detrimental. We extend and refine (...)
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  4.  21
    Why So Low?Anna Leuschner - 2019 - Metaphilosophy 50 (3):231-249.
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  5.  57
    Pluralism and Objectivity: Exposing and Breaking a Circle.Anna Leuschner - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (1):191-198.
  6.  42
    Uncertainties, Plurality, and Robustness in Climate Research and Modeling: On the Reliability of Climate Prognoses.Anna Leuschner - 2015 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 46 (2):367-381.
    The paper addresses the evaluation of climate models and gives an overview of epistemic uncertainties in climate modeling; the uncertainties concern the data situation as well as the causal behavior of the climate system. In order to achieve reasonable results nonetheless, multimodel ensemble studies are employed in which diverse models simulate the future climate under different emission scenarios. The models jointly deliver a robust range of climate prognoses due to a broad plurality of theories, techniques, and methods in climate research; (...)
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  7.  16
    Literaturessay.Anna Leuschner - 2012 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 60 (2):285-295.
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  8.  33
    Social Exclusion in Academia Through Biases in Methodological Quality Evaluation: On the Situation of Women in Science and Philosophy.Anna Leuschner - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 54:56-63.
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  9.  33
    Katrina Hutchison and Fiona Jenkins : Women in Philosophy: What Needs to Change?Anna Leuschner - 2015 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 46 (1):245-249.
    The current situation of women in philosophy is not rosy at all. There are a raising number of complaints from female philosophers about their working situation, about getting harassed, discouraged, isolated, or simply ignored. Numerous anecdotes are posted in online forums and weblogs, such as beingawomaninphilosophy.wordpress.com/or feministphilosophers.wordpress.com/. Apart from that, one can simply observe that much more men than women are employed in philosophical departments, give talks at philosophical conferences, and have articles published in philosophical journals. Katrina Hutchison and Fiona (...)
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    Dimensions of Inductive Risk: Prospects, Boundaries, New Facets.Anna Leuschner & Anke Bueter - 2018 - Science & Education 27 (5-6):581-588.
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  11.  1
    Katrina Hutchison and Fiona Jenkins : Women in Philosophy: What Needs to Change?: Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2013, 271 Pp, $24.95, ISBN: 9780199325610. [REVIEW]Anna Leuschner - 2015 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 46 (1):245-249.
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  12.  10
    Quoten für Hauptvorträge? Moralische, soziale und epistemische Aspekte akademischer Quotenregelungen am Beispiel der Gendered Conference Campaign.Anna Leuschner - 2020 - Zeitschrift Für Praktische Philosophie 7 (1):325-346.
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  13. How Dissent on Gender Bias in Academia Affects Science and Society: Learning From the Case of Climate Change Denial.Manuela Fernández Pinto & Anna Leuschner - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    Gender bias is a recalcitrant problem in academia and society. However, dissent has been created on this issue. We focus on dissenting studies by Ceci and Williams, arguing that they reach conclusions that are unwarranted on the basis of the available evidence and that they ignore fundamental objections to their methodological decisions. Drawing on discussions from other contexts, particularly on manufactured dissent concerning anthropogenic climate change, we conclude that dissent on gender bias substantially contributes to (a) the exacerbation of biases (...)
     
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